Ekologija, životna Sredina, Ekosistem

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| By Ugrenovic
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Ugrenovic
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Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 3,273
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 1,455

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Ekologija, životna Sredina, Ekosistem - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Nauka koja proučava odnose između živih bića, i odnose između živih bića i životne sredine naziva se evolucija.

    • A.

      Tačno

    • B.

      Netačno

    Correct Answer
    B. Netačno
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The study of relationships between living beings and their environment is called ecology, not evolution. Evolution is the study of how species change over time.

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  • 2. 

    Kopnena životna sredina može biti nadzemna, podzemna i vazdušna.

    • A.

      Tačno

    • B.

      Netačno

    Correct Answer
    A. Tačno
    Explanation
    The statement is correct. It states that the terrestrial environment can exist in three forms: above ground, underground, and in the air. This implies that the terrestrial environment encompasses all land-based ecosystems, including those found on the surface, below the surface, and in the atmosphere. Therefore, the answer is correct.

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  • 3. 

    Savremen čovek utiče na svoju okolinu na različite načine, a te uticaje nazivamo antropogeni uticaji

    • A.

      Tačno

    • B.

      Netačno

    Correct Answer
    A. Tačno
    Explanation
    The given statement states that modern humans have various ways of influencing their environment, and these influences are referred to as anthropogenic impacts. This is true because human activities such as industrialization, deforestation, pollution, and urbanization have significantly altered ecosystems and natural resources, leading to environmental degradation and climate change. Therefore, the statement is correct.

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  • 4. 

    Uticaji nežive prirode, fizičko - hemijski uslovi života i uticaj klime na živa bića predstavljaju .............. faktore.

    Correct Answer
    abiotičke
    Explanation
    The question asks for the factors that include the influence of the non-living nature, physical-chemical conditions of life, and the influence of climate on living beings. The correct answer is "abiotičke," which is the Serbian term for "abiotic." Abiotic factors refer to the non-living components of an ecosystem that can influence living organisms, such as temperature, sunlight, water, and soil composition. These factors play a crucial role in shaping the environment and determining the survival and distribution of organisms.

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  • 5. 

    Mogućnost zemljišta da snabde biljke mineralnim materijama i vodom, naziva se ..........

    Correct Answer
    plodnost
    Explanation
    The ability of soil to supply plants with mineral nutrients and water is referred to as fertility.

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  • 6. 

    Nivo ekološke organizacije koji uključije biotop i životne zajednice, koje u njemu žive i u kojem je ostvareno jedinstvo žive i nežive prirode, nazivamo ...........

    Correct Answer
    ekosistem
    Explanation
    An ecosystem is a term used to describe the level of ecological organization that includes both the biotope (physical environment) and the living communities that inhabit it. It refers to the unity of living and non-living nature within a specific area.

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  • 7. 

    Deo prostora na Zemlji na kojem je moguć život određenih organizama jeste........

    Correct Answer
    životna sredina
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "životna sredina" which translates to "environment" in English. This answer suggests that the area on Earth where certain organisms can live is determined by their specific environment. The environment includes factors such as climate, temperature, availability of resources, and other physical and biological conditions that are necessary for the survival and reproduction of organisms.

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  • 8. 

    Prostor, deo nežive prirode sa određenim klimatskim obeležjima u kojem žive živa bića naziva se životno stanište ili 

    Correct Answer
    biotop
    Explanation
    A biotop is a specific area or space within the non-living natural environment that has certain climatic characteristics and supports the existence and survival of living organisms. It refers to the physical and environmental conditions in which a particular community of organisms lives. Biotops can vary in size and can include various habitats such as forests, deserts, rivers, or even a small pond. It provides the necessary resources and conditions for the organisms to thrive and interact with each other.

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  • 9. 

    Promene u prirodi nastale ljudskom aktivnošću, uzroke nastalih promena, kao i njihove posledice proučava

    • A.

      Ekologija biljaka

    • B.

      Ekologija gljiva

    • C.

      Humana ekologija

    • D.

      Ekologija životinja

    Correct Answer
    C. Humana ekologija
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "humana ekologija" because it refers to the study of changes in nature caused by human activity, the causes of these changes, and their consequences. This field of study focuses on the relationship between humans and their environment, including the impact of human actions on ecosystems, biodiversity, and natural resources. It examines how human activities such as urbanization, industrialization, and pollution affect the natural world and explores ways to mitigate these impacts for sustainable development.

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  • 10. 

    Termin ekologija uveo je 1866. godine

    • A.

      Čarls Darvin

    • B.

      Ernest Hekel

    • C.

      Robert Huk

    • D.

      Rejčel Karson

    Correct Answer
    B. Ernest Hekel
    Explanation
    Ernest Hekel introduced the term "ecology" in 1866.

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  • 11. 

    Životna sredina se prema osnovnim obeležjima prostora deli na vodenu i kopnenu.

    • A.

      Tačno

    • B.

      Netačno

    Correct Answer
    A. Tačno
    Explanation
    The statement is correct because it states that the environment can be divided into two basic characteristics: water and land. This division is commonly accepted as it recognizes the distinct features and elements present in aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems.

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  • 12. 

    Svi ekološki faktori su veoma promenjivi.

    • A.

      Tačno

    • B.

      Netačno

    Correct Answer
    A. Tačno
    Explanation
    The statement "Svi ekološki faktori su veoma promenjivi" translates to "All ecological factors are highly variable." The answer "Tačno" (True) is correct because it aligns with the statement. It implies that all ecological factors are subject to change and fluctuation, indicating that they are not constant or stable.

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  • 13. 

    Uticaji žive prirode, kao uzajamni uticaji mikroorganizama, biljaka, gljiva, životinja i čoveka, i njihov uticaj na neživu prirodu nazivaju se ............... faktori.

    Correct Answer
    biotički
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "biotički". The question is asking for the term that describes the mutual influences of microorganisms, plants, fungi, animals, and humans, and their impact on the non-living nature. The term "biotički" refers to these biotic factors, which include all living organisms and their interactions within an ecosystem.

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  • 14. 

    Zajednički način života dva različita organizma gde oba člana imaju korist naziva se ...........

    Correct Answer
    simbioza
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "simbioza." In this context, "simbioza" refers to a mutually beneficial relationship between two different organisms where both members benefit. This term is commonly used in biology to describe various types of symbiotic relationships, such as mutualism, where both organisms benefit, or commensalism, where one organism benefits while the other is unaffected.

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  • 15. 

    Nadmorska visina, nagib terena i položaj terena u odnosu na strane sveta (ekspoziciju) spadaju u faktore.....

    Correct Answer
    reljefa
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "reljefa". The question is asking about factors that include coastal height, slope of the terrain, and the position of the terrain in relation to the sides of the world (exposure). These factors are all related to the relief or the physical features of the land.

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  • 16. 

    Savremen čovek utiče na svoju okolinu na različite načine, a te uticaje nazivamo ........... uticaji.

    Correct Answer
    antropogeni
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the term used to describe the influences that contemporary humans have on their environment. The correct answer is "antropogeni" which is a Serbian term that translates to "anthropogenic" in English. Anthropogenic refers to the impacts, changes, or influences that are caused by human activity.

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  • 17. 

    Jedinke iste vrste međusobno su povezane odnosima ............

    Correct Answer
    razmnožavanja
    Explanation
    Jedinke iste vrste su međusobno povezane odnosima razmnožavanja. Ovo se odnosi na proces u kojem se jedinke reproduciraju kako bi stvorile nove jedinke iste vrste. Razmnožavanje je ključni mehanizam koji omogućava održavanje populacije jedne vrste i prenošenje genetskog materijala na buduće generacije. Ovaj odnos razmnožavanja osigurava kontinuitet vrste i održava genetsku raznolikost unutar populacije.

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  • 18. 

    U abiotičke faktore ne spada

    • A.

      Klima

    • B.

      Zemljište

    • C.

      Reljef

    • D.

      živo biće

    Correct Answer
    D. živo biće
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "živo biće" because it refers to living organisms, while the other options (klima, zemljište, reljef) are abiotic factors, meaning they are non-living components of the environment.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 03, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Ugrenovic
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