United States, Policy Chapter 6

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United States Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The USDA agency responsible for administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program is the

    • A.

      Food Safety and Inspection Service.

    • B.

      Health Resources and Services Administration.

    • C.

      National Institutes of Health.

    • D.

      Food and Nutrition Service

    Correct Answer
    D. Food and Nutrition Service
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Food and Nutrition Service. The Food and Nutrition Service is the agency responsible for administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), which provides assistance to low-income individuals and families to purchase nutritious food. The Food Safety and Inspection Service is responsible for ensuring the safety of the nation's food supply. The Health Resources and Services Administration is responsible for improving access to healthcare services for underserved populations. The National Institutes of Health is responsible for conducting medical research.

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  • 2. 

    In the United States, policy is formulated by which branch(es) of the federal government?

    • A.

      Executive

    • B.

      Judicial

    • C.

      Legislative

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Policy in the United States is formulated by all three branches of the federal government - the Executive, Judicial, and Legislative branches. The Executive branch, headed by the President, plays a significant role in policy formulation through the creation of executive orders and the implementation of policies. The Judicial branch, consisting of the Supreme Court and other federal courts, interprets laws and ensures they align with the Constitution. The Legislative branch, comprising the Senate and the House of Representatives, creates and passes laws that shape policy. Therefore, all three branches contribute to policy formulation in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    After a bill has been introduced in Congress, the bill is published in the

    • A.

      Federal Register.

    • B.

      Code of Federal Regulations.

    • C.

      White House Journal.

    • D.

      Congressional Record.

    Correct Answer
    D. Congressional Record.
    Explanation
    The Congressional Record is the correct answer because it is a daily record of the proceedings and debates that take place in the United States Congress. It includes the full text of bills, resolutions, and other legislative actions. After a bill has been introduced in Congress, it is recorded and published in the Congressional Record, allowing the public and other members of Congress to review and track its progress. The Federal Register is a separate publication that contains proposed and final regulations, while the Code of Federal Regulations is a compilation of all current regulations. The White House Journal does not exist.

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  • 4. 

    In the federal budget process, the amounts of money that government agencies are allowed to spend in implementing their programs are called

    • A.

      Budget revenue.

    • B.

      Budget outlays.

    • C.

      Budget authority.

    • D.

      Entitlements.

    Correct Answer
    C. Budget authority.
    Explanation
    In the federal budget process, the amounts of money that government agencies are allowed to spend in implementing their programs are referred to as budget authority. This term signifies the legal authority given to these agencies to use funds for specific purposes and ensures that they have the necessary resources to carry out their programs effectively. Budget authority is a crucial aspect of the budget process as it provides the framework for allocating funds and ensuring accountability in government spending.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following should be avoided when issuing a press release to the media?

    • A.

      Writing the release in first person

    • B.

      Keeping the content of the release brief

    • C.

      Making a strong opening statement

    • D.

      Sending a fact sheet to accompany the release

    Correct Answer
    A. Writing the release in first person
    Explanation
    Writing a press release in first person should be avoided when issuing it to the media because press releases are supposed to be objective and provide information from a company or organization's perspective. Writing in first person can make the release sound biased or unprofessional. It is important to maintain a neutral tone and present the information in a clear and concise manner.

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  • 6. 

    Once a bill has been sent from the Congress to the President, the President may

    • A.

      Sign it into law, at which point it becomes an act.

    • B.

      Veto it, which means it cannot become law.

    • C.

      Allow it to become law without his signature, at which point it is given an "H.R." or "S." designation.

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Sign it into law, at which point it becomes an act.
    Explanation
    Once a bill has been sent from the Congress to the President, the President has the power to sign it into law, which means that the bill is approved and becomes an act. This is the process by which a bill is officially enacted as a law in the United States. The President also has the option to veto the bill, which means that it does not become law. Additionally, the President can choose to allow the bill to become law without his signature, in which case it is given an "H.R." or "S." designation. Therefore, all of the options mentioned are possible actions that the President can take with regards to a bill sent from the Congress.

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  • 7. 

    The first step in the policy cycle is

    • A.

      Formulation of alternatives.

    • B.

      Policy implementation.

    • C.

      Problem definition and agenda setting.

    • D.

      Policy adoption.

    Correct Answer
    C. Problem definition and agenda setting.
    Explanation
    The first step in the policy cycle is problem definition and agenda setting. This involves identifying and defining a problem that requires a policy response, as well as setting the agenda by prioritizing the problem and determining the need for policy action. Formulation of alternatives, policy implementation, and policy adoption are subsequent steps in the policy cycle that follow after problem definition and agenda setting.

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  • 8. 

    The Food and Drug Administration is an agency of the

    • A.

      National Institutes of Health.

    • B.

      Food and Nutrition Service.

    • C.

      Department of Health and Human Services.

    • D.

      Department of Agriculture.

    Correct Answer
    C. Department of Health and Human Services.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Department of Health and Human Services. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is an agency that is responsible for protecting and promoting public health through the regulation and supervision of food safety, dietary supplements, prescription and over-the-counter pharmaceutical drugs, vaccines, biopharmaceuticals, blood transfusions, medical devices, electromagnetic radiation emitting devices, cosmetics, animal foods & feed and veterinary products. The FDA is a part of the Department of Health and Human Services, which is a federal agency responsible for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services.

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  • 9. 

    Evaluation of a public policy needs to occur after the policy has been terminated.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Evaluation of a public policy does not necessarily need to occur after the policy has been terminated. Evaluation can be conducted at any stage of the policy implementation process, including during and after the policy is in effect. It is important to assess the effectiveness and impact of the policy to make informed decisions and improvements. Therefore, the statement that evaluation must occur after the policy has been terminated is incorrect.

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  • 10. 

    While Congress sets the policy, the enforcing agencies, such as the USDA and DHHS, are responsible for interpreting the law and providing detailed rules that put the policy into place.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Congress is responsible for setting the policy, but it is the enforcing agencies like the USDA and DHHS that have the responsibility of interpreting the law and creating detailed rules to implement the policy. This division of labor allows for a more efficient and effective implementation of policies, as the enforcing agencies have the expertise and knowledge to provide specific guidelines and regulations.

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  • 11. 

    What two agencies sanction most nutrition programs at the federal level?

    • A.

      USDA and FDA

    • B.

      DHHS and USDA

    • C.

      DHHS and NIH

    • D.

      NIH and FDA

    Correct Answer
    B. DHHS and USDA
    Explanation
    DHHS (Department of Health and Human Services) and USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) are the two agencies that sanction most nutrition programs at the federal level. DHHS is responsible for promoting and protecting the health of all Americans, while USDA oversees policies related to agriculture, food, and nutrition. These two agencies work together to ensure the safety and quality of nutrition programs and to promote healthy eating habits among the population.

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  • 12. 

    Which is not an entitlement?

    • A.

      Social Security benefits

    • B.

      Medicare benefits

    • C.

      Agricultural subsidies

    • D.

      Funding for elderly nutrition programs

    Correct Answer
    D. Funding for elderly nutrition programs
    Explanation
    Funding for elderly nutrition programs is not an entitlement because it is not a guaranteed benefit or right. Entitlements, such as Social Security benefits and Medicare benefits, are provided by the government as a form of social insurance, ensuring that individuals receive certain benefits based on their eligibility and contributions. Agricultural subsidies are also considered entitlements as they provide financial assistance to farmers. However, funding for elderly nutrition programs is typically provided through discretionary spending and can vary depending on budget allocations and priorities.

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  • 13. 

    _____ means talking to public officials and legislators to persuade them to consider information you provide on an issue you believe is important.

    • A.

      Policy making

    • B.

      Lobbying

    • C.

      PACs

    • D.

      Coalition building

    Correct Answer
    B. Lobbying
    Explanation
    Lobbying refers to the act of talking to public officials and legislators to persuade them to consider information provided on an issue that is believed to be important. It involves advocating for a particular cause or interest and attempting to influence the decision-making process. Lobbyists often use various strategies such as providing evidence, making arguments, and building relationships to effectively communicate their viewpoints and influence policy outcomes.

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  • 14. 

    Which of the following is not a public policy priority issue for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics?

    • A.

      Aging

    • B.

      Child nutrition

    • C.

      Nutrition monitoring and research

    • D.

      Increased funding for WIC

    Correct Answer
    D. Increased funding for WIC
    Explanation
    Increased funding for WIC is not a public policy priority issue for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics focuses on promoting the health and well-being of individuals through nutrition and dietetics. Aging, child nutrition, and nutrition monitoring and research are all priority issues that align with their mission. However, increased funding for WIC, which is a federal assistance program for low-income women, infants, and children, is not specifically mentioned as a priority issue for the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

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  • 15. 

    All states have state licensure laws for practicing dietitians.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Not all states have state licensure laws for practicing dietitians. Some states may have voluntary certification or registration programs instead of mandatory licensure. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 16. 

    Before a problem can be addressed, a majority of people must be convinced that it is public issue.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In order to address a problem effectively, it is important for a majority of people to recognize it as a public issue. This is because public issues require collective action and support from a large number of individuals. If only a few people perceive the problem as a public issue, it may not receive the necessary attention, resources, and efforts to be effectively resolved. Therefore, the statement "Before a problem can be addressed, a majority of people must be convinced that it is a public issue" is true.

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  • 17. 

    In the House of Representatives, which committee has jurisdiction over revenue bills?

    • A.

      Executive Committee

    • B.

      Economic Development Committee

    • C.

      Ways and Means Committee

    • D.

      Economic Stimulus Committee

    Correct Answer
    C. Ways and Means Committee
    Explanation
    The Ways and Means Committee in the House of Representatives has jurisdiction over revenue bills. This committee is responsible for reviewing and making recommendations on tax legislation, trade agreements, and other matters related to revenue generation. They play a crucial role in shaping the country's fiscal policies and ensuring that revenue bills are properly considered and debated before being passed into law.

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  • 18. 

    Rules for day-to-day operation that are established so that laws can be carried out are called

    • A.

      Legislation.

    • B.

      Bills

    • C.

      Appropriations

    • D.

      Regulations

    Correct Answer
    D. Regulations
    Explanation
    Regulations are rules that are established to ensure that laws are effectively implemented and carried out in day-to-day operations. They provide specific guidelines and instructions for individuals and organizations to follow in order to comply with the law. While legislation refers to the process of creating laws, bills refer to proposed laws, and appropriations refer to the allocation of funds for specific purposes. Therefore, regulations are the correct answer as they directly address the establishment of rules for the enforcement of laws.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following is an appropriate method of communicating with elected officials?

    • A.

      Lobbying

    • B.

      Sending an e-mail

    • C.

      Making a telephone call

    • D.

      Sending a letter

    • E.

      All of these are appropriate methods.

    Correct Answer
    E. All of these are appropriate methods.
    Explanation
    All of the options listed, lobbying, sending an e-mail, making a telephone call, and sending a letter, are appropriate methods of communicating with elected officials. Lobbying involves directly advocating for a specific cause or issue to elected officials. Sending an e-mail, making a telephone call, or sending a letter are all forms of direct communication that allow individuals to express their concerns, opinions, or support to elected officials. Each method has its own advantages and may be used depending on the individual's preference or the urgency of the matter.

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  • 20. 

    Medical nutrition therapy for which disease state is currently reimbursed by Medicare?

    • A.

      Hypertension

    • B.

      Obesity

    • C.

      Diabetes

    • D.

      Pre-diabetes

    Correct Answer
    C. Diabetes
    Explanation
    Medical nutrition therapy for diabetes is currently reimbursed by Medicare. This means that Medicare provides coverage and reimbursement for individuals with diabetes who require medical nutrition therapy as part of their treatment plan. This is because diabetes is a chronic disease that requires ongoing management, including dietary modifications, and medical nutrition therapy plays a crucial role in helping individuals manage their blood sugar levels and overall health.

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  • 21. 

    The purpose of policy termination is to determine whether a program is achieving its stated goals and reaching its intended audience.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The purpose of policy termination is not to determine whether a program is achieving its stated goals and reaching its intended audience. Policy termination refers to the end or discontinuation of a policy, usually due to factors such as changes in circumstances or the achievement of desired outcomes. It does not involve evaluating the program's effectiveness or target audience.

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  • 22. 

    After a bill is introduced in either body of Congress, the bill is sent

    • A.

      To the President

    • B.

      From the House to the Senate or vice versa

    • C.

      To a committee

    • D.

      To the systemic agenda

    Correct Answer
    C. To a committee
    Explanation
    After a bill is introduced in either body of Congress, it is sent to a committee. Committees are an essential part of the legislative process in Congress. They review and analyze bills, hold hearings, and make recommendations on whether the bill should proceed or not. The committee members, who are experts in the relevant field, thoroughly examine the bill and may make amendments or revisions before it is considered for further action. This step allows for a more detailed examination of the bill and ensures that it is thoroughly evaluated before being brought to the full House or Senate for a vote.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 28, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Cumminsc10
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