Ww I, New Deal, & Ww II

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Ww I,  New Deal, & Ww II - Quiz


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the “final blow” that led President Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress to declare war against the Central Powers in World War I?              

    • A.

      Anti-German propaganda in the United States

    • B.

      Attacks on American merchant ships

    • C.

      Sinking of the Lusitania

    • D.

      Zimmermann telegram

    Correct Answer
    D. Zimmermann telegram
    Explanation
    The Zimmermann telegram was the "final blow" that led President Woodrow Wilson to ask Congress to declare war against the Central Powers in World War I. The telegram was a secret message sent by German Foreign Secretary Arthur Zimmermann to Mexico, proposing a military alliance against the United States. When the British intercepted and decoded the telegram, they shared it with the United States, causing public outrage and increasing anti-German sentiment. This event, along with previous attacks on American merchant ships and the sinking of the Lusitania, pushed Wilson to take action and seek a declaration of war.

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  • 2. 

    At which Georgia military installation did infantry train in World War I?                        

    • A.

      Camp Augusta

    • B.

      Camp Benning

    • C.

      Camp Gordon

    • D.

      Camp McPherson

    Correct Answer
    B. Camp Benning
    Explanation
    During World War I, infantry training in Georgia took place at Camp Benning.

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  • 3. 

    What two events occurred causing Georgia’s and the rest of the South’s economies to be weakened long before the beginning of the Great Depression?         

    • A.

      Prohibition and disenfranchisement

    • B.

      The boll weevil and drought

    • C.

      Adoption of child labor laws and the county unit system

    • D.

      Election of Woodrow Wilson and the beginning of World War I

    Correct Answer
    B. The boll weevil and drought
    Explanation
    The boll weevil and drought are the two events that caused Georgia's and the rest of the South's economies to be weakened long before the Great Depression. The boll weevil, a destructive insect, destroyed cotton crops, which were a major source of income for the region. This led to a decline in agricultural productivity and financial hardship for farmers. Additionally, the drought further exacerbated the economic difficulties by causing water shortages and crop failures, resulting in widespread poverty and unemployment. These two factors significantly weakened the economies of Georgia and the rest of the South, setting the stage for the economic hardships that would later be experienced during the Great Depression.

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  • 4. 

    The boll weevil originally came from?                   

    • A.

      Texas

    • B.

      Florida

    • C.

      Mexico

    • D.

      Mississippi

    Correct Answer
    C. Mexico
    Explanation
    The boll weevil originally came from Mexico.

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  • 5. 

    Besides the boll weevil, Georgia cotton farmers in the 1920s were hurt by

    • A.

      Tornadoes.

    • B.

      Droughts.

    • C.

      Frosts.

    • D.

      Fires.

    Correct Answer
    B. Droughts.
    Explanation
    In the 1920s, Georgia cotton farmers faced various challenges, including the boll weevil, tornadoes, frosts, and fires. However, the correct answer is droughts. Droughts are prolonged periods of dry weather, which can have a devastating impact on agricultural crops like cotton. Lack of rainfall during a drought significantly reduces soil moisture, making it difficult for crops to grow and thrive. This can lead to crop failures, lower yields, and financial losses for farmers. Therefore, droughts were a major concern for Georgia cotton farmers in the 1920s.

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  • 6. 

    Use these events to answer this question: ● borrowing more money than could be repaid. ● speculating in the stock market ● overproducing farm products   These events led to...                 

    • A.

      The Great Depression

    • B.

      The Great Society

    • C.

      Hoover’s re-election

    • D.

      World War II

    Correct Answer
    A. The Great Depression
    Explanation
    The events of borrowing more money than could be repaid, speculating in the stock market, and overproducing farm products all contributed to the Great Depression. These actions created an economic bubble that eventually burst, leading to a severe economic downturn characterized by high unemployment, widespread poverty, and a collapse of the stock market. The Great Depression lasted from 1929 to the late 1930s and had a significant impact on the global economy.

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  • 7. 

    In Franklin D. Roosevelt’s 1933 inaugural address, he said, “We are stricken by no plague of locust.  Compared with the perils which our forefathers conquered because they believed and were not afraid, we have still much to be thankful for.  Nature still offers her bounty and human efforts have multiplied it.  Plenty is at our doorstep…”   This statement was meant to give the American people hope to overcome

    • A.

      World War I.

    • B.

      World War II.

    • C.

      The Great Depression.

    • D.

      The nationwide drought.

    Correct Answer
    C. The Great Depression.
    Explanation
    In Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1933 inaugural address, he mentioned that the American people were not facing a plague of locusts, implying that they were not experiencing a natural disaster like the nationwide drought. He also mentioned that nature still offered its bounty and human efforts had multiplied it, suggesting that there was still plenty available. Therefore, the statement was meant to give hope to the American people during a time of economic crisis, specifically the Great Depression.

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  • 8. 

    What United States president’s "Laizze Faire"economic policies are blamed for the Great Depression?

    • A.

      Dwight Eisenhower

    • B.

      Herbert Hoover

    • C.

      Franklin D. Roosevelt

    • D.

      Harry Truman

    Correct Answer
    B. Herbert Hoover
    Explanation
    Herbert Hoover's "Laizze Faire" economic policies are blamed for the Great Depression. "Laizze Faire" refers to a hands-off approach to government intervention in the economy. Hoover believed that the economy would naturally correct itself and that government intervention would only make things worse. However, his policies of limited government involvement and refusal to provide direct relief to the unemployed and struggling businesses exacerbated the economic crisis. This lack of intervention allowed the depression to deepen and prolonged the suffering of the American people.

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  • 9. 

    Laissez-faire policies(hands off) of the U. S. government helped bring about the depression by

    • A.

      Overextending trade agreements.

    • B.

      Giving businesses too many loans.

    • C.

      Encouraging people to invest in the stock market.

    • D.

      Not doing anything to help solve the country’s economic problems.

    Correct Answer
    D. Not doing anything to help solve the country’s economic problems.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Not doing anything to help solve the country’s economic problems." Laissez-faire policies refer to a hands-off approach by the government, where they do not intervene or regulate the economy. By not taking any action to address the economic problems, the government allowed the depression to worsen. This lack of intervention prevented the implementation of necessary measures to stimulate the economy and provide relief to those affected by the economic downturn.

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  • 10. 

    Georgians did not feel the impact of the stock market crash because

    • A.

      The state was already in a depression.

    • B.

      Banks were protected by state insurance.

    • C.

      Citizens had little money invested in the stock market.

    • D.

      The state constitution prohibited investing tax dollars in the stock market.

    Correct Answer
    A. The state was already in a depression.
    Explanation
    During a stock market crash, the value of stocks and investments decreases significantly, leading to financial losses for those who have invested in the market. In this case, the explanation suggests that Georgians did not feel the impact of the stock market crash because the state was already in a depression. This implies that the state's economy was already in a downturn, with high unemployment rates and low economic activity. Therefore, the stock market crash would have had little additional impact on the already struggling economy, resulting in Georgians not feeling the effects as much.

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  • 11. 

    What action by Eugene Talmadge resulted in the loss of accreditation of ten Georgia public colleges and universities, including the University of Georgia?

    • A.

      He withheld federal funds from Georgia’s colleges and universities.

    • B.

      He ordered the Confederate flag to be flown at all colleges in Georgia.

    • C.

      He fired two University System administrators who supported integration.

    • D.

      He approved the admission of several black students at two all-white colleges.

    Correct Answer
    C. He fired two University System administrators who supported integration.
    Explanation
    Eugene Talmadge's action of firing two University System administrators who supported integration resulted in the loss of accreditation of ten Georgia public colleges and universities, including the University of Georgia. This action undermined the efforts towards racial integration and showed a lack of commitment to equal opportunities in education, which led to the loss of accreditation for these institutions.

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  • 12. 

    What Georgia governor served during the Great Depression and spent a great deal of his time speaking out against the New Deal, blacks, and the metropolitan areas?

    • A.

      Ellis Arnall

    • B.

      Eurith Rivers

    • C.

      Richard Russell

    • D.

      Eugene Talmadge

    Correct Answer
    D. Eugene Talmadge
    Explanation
    Eugene Talmadge served as the Georgia governor during the Great Depression and was known for his strong opposition to the New Deal policies implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. He also held racist views and frequently spoke out against African Americans. Additionally, Talmadge criticized metropolitan areas, possibly due to his support for rural communities and agriculture. Overall, Talmadge's tenure as governor was marked by his controversial and divisive positions on various issues.

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  • 13. 

    What was NOT a purpose of the New Deal?

    • A.

      To provide loans to students

    • B.

      To improve lifestyles for Americans

    • C.

      To reform the defects in the economy

    • D.

      To relieve the suffering of the unemployed

    Correct Answer
    A. To provide loans to students
    Explanation
    The New Deal was a set of programs and policies implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression. Its main goals were to improve the economy, provide relief for those suffering from unemployment, and reform the defects in the economy. However, providing loans to students was not one of the purposes of the New Deal. The focus of the New Deal was primarily on addressing the immediate economic crisis and implementing long-term economic reforms, rather than providing financial assistance specifically for students.

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  • 14. 

    Which New Deal program was responsible for such projects in Georgia as Roosevelt State Park in Pine Mountain, Tybee Island’s seawall, Augusta’s Savannah River Levee, and Macon’s airport?

    • A.

      CCC

    • B.

      NYA

    • C.

      TVA

    • D.

      WPA

    Correct Answer
    A. CCC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is CCC. The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) was a New Deal program that aimed to provide employment to young men during the Great Depression. The CCC was responsible for various conservation and infrastructure projects across the country, including the development of parks, construction of walls and levees, and improvement of airports. The projects mentioned in Georgia, such as Roosevelt State Park, Tybee Island's seawall, Augusta's Savannah River Levee, and Macon's airport, were likely undertaken by the CCC as part of their efforts to stimulate the economy and provide jobs.

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  • 15. 

    Why did the Agricultural Adjustment Act fail to benefit African-Americans in Georgia?

    • A.

      Subsidies were paid to property owners, not the tenant farmers.

    • B.

      Only whites qualified for Social Security and Medicare benefits.

    • C.

      Only whites were hired by the Works Progress Administration.

    • D.

      Young blacks were not hired under the National Youth Administration.

    Correct Answer
    A. Subsidies were paid to property owners, not the tenant farmers.
    Explanation
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act failed to benefit African-Americans in Georgia because the subsidies provided by the act were only given to property owners, not the tenant farmers. Since many African-Americans in Georgia were tenant farmers and did not own land, they were not eligible to receive the subsidies. This further perpetuated the economic disparities and inequalities faced by African-American farmers, as they were unable to access the financial support provided by the act.

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  • 16. 

    Which group of Georgians benefited most from the Agricultural Adjustment Act?

    • A.

      Property owners

    • B.

      Tenant farmers

    • C.

      Alcoholics

    • D.

      Blacks

    Correct Answer
    A. Property owners
    Explanation
    The group of Georgians that benefited the most from the Agricultural Adjustment Act were property owners. This act aimed to increase crop prices by reducing production, and property owners were able to receive subsidies for reducing their crop output. They could also benefit from increased land values as a result of the act. On the other hand, tenant farmers, who did not own the land they cultivated, were often displaced or faced financial difficulties due to the act. Alcoholics and blacks are not directly mentioned in relation to the Agricultural Adjustment Act, so it can be inferred that they did not specifically benefit from it.

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  • 17. 

    What New Deal program resulted from President Franklin Roosevelt’s view of rural Georgia while sitting on his porch in the evening?

    • A.

      CCC

    • B.

      FDIC

    • C.

      REA

    • D.

      WPA

    Correct Answer
    C. REA
    Explanation
    The Rural Electrification Administration (REA) was a New Deal program that resulted from President Franklin Roosevelt's view of rural Georgia while sitting on his porch in the evening. This program aimed to bring electricity to rural areas of the United States, which were largely underserved at the time. The REA provided loans and grants to rural electric cooperatives, enabling them to build power lines and bring electricity to rural communities. This program was significant in improving the quality of life for rural Americans and promoting economic development in these areas.

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  • 18. 

    How did Franklin Roosevelt’s time spent in Georgia bring about the establishment of the Rural Electrification Authority?

    • A.

      He made a campaign promise to provide electricity to rural Georgia.

    • B.

      He wanted to reduce the cost of electricity for the poor.

    • C.

      He noticed that his neighbors did not have electricity.

    • D.

      He owned rural land and wanted to have electricity.

    Correct Answer
    C. He noticed that his neighbors did not have electricity.
    Explanation
    Franklin Roosevelt's time spent in Georgia brought about the establishment of the Rural Electrification Authority because he noticed that his neighbors did not have electricity. This observation likely made him realize the need for electricity in rural areas and the potential benefits it could bring. As a result, he took action to address this issue by establishing the Rural Electrification Authority, which aimed to provide electricity to rural communities across the country.

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  • 19. 

    What did the New Deal’s rural electrification project (REA) do for Georgia’s farmers?

    • A.

      It provided loans to farmers’ cooperatives so they could run power lines in rural areas.

    • B.

      It provided funds for power companies to run lines in rural areas.

    • C.

      It required power companies to provide power at a lower rate.

    • D.

      It enabled farms to double their size.

    Correct Answer
    A. It provided loans to farmers’ cooperatives so they could run power lines in rural areas.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that the New Deal's rural electrification project (REA) provided loans to farmers' cooperatives so they could run power lines in rural areas. This allowed farmers in Georgia to have access to electricity, which would have greatly improved their quality of life and productivity on their farms. By providing loans to cooperatives, the REA ensured that farmers had the necessary financial support to bring electricity to their communities.

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  • 20. 

    The purpose of social security is to

    • A.

      Create a system to save the banks.

    • B.

      Protect the financial sovereignty of the federal government

    • C.

      Create a system of retirement and unemployment insurance.

    • D.

      Give all workers in the United States a savings plan for the future.

    Correct Answer
    C. Create a system of retirement and unemployment insurance.
    Explanation
    The purpose of social security is to create a system of retirement and unemployment insurance. This means that social security aims to provide financial support and protection to individuals who are retired or unemployed. It is designed to ensure that these individuals have a source of income and are financially secure during periods of unemployment or after retirement.

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  • 21. 

    Why did the United States start a lend-lease system of war equipment?

    • A.

      Its allies ran out of money with which to purchase the equipment.

    • B.

      It would get the materials back at the end of the war.

    • C.

      It could charge interest and make more money.

    • D.

      The allies preferred to lease the equipment.

    Correct Answer
    A. Its allies ran out of money with which to purchase the equipment.
    Explanation
    During World War II, the United States implemented the lend-lease system as a way to support its allies who were running out of funds to purchase war equipment. By providing equipment on a lend-lease basis, the United States could ensure that its allies had the necessary resources to continue fighting the war. This system allowed the United States to maintain its neutrality while still assisting its allies. The intention was not to make a profit or charge interest, but rather to support the war effort and strengthen alliances.

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  • 22. 

    Which describes the involvement of the United States in World War II before the bombing of Pearl Harbor?

    • A.

      The United States provided lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union.

    • B.

      The United States maintained strict neutrality with no involvement at all.

    • C.

      The United States provided advisory troops to aid Germany.

    • D.

      The United States secretly sank German submarines.

    Correct Answer
    A. The United States provided lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union.
    Explanation
    Before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, the United States provided lend-lease aid to Great Britain and the Soviet Union. Lend-lease was a program that allowed the United States to provide military supplies, equipment, and other resources to its allies during World War II. This aid was crucial in supporting the British and Soviet war efforts against Germany and helped strengthen their ability to resist German aggression. The United States' involvement in lend-lease signified its support for the Allies and its recognition of the threat posed by Nazi Germany.

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  • 23. 

    What type of aircraft was built at the Bell Aircraft Marietta plant?

    • A.

      727s

    • B.

      B-29 bombers

    • C.

      Fighter jets

    • D.

      Umbo jets

    Correct Answer
    B. B-29 bombers
    Explanation
    B-29 bombers were built at the Bell Aircraft Marietta plant.

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  • 24. 

    The United States entered World War II when Japan attacked

    • A.

      China.

    • B.

      Manchuria.

    • C.

      Midway.

    • D.

      Pearl Harbor.

    Correct Answer
    D. Pearl Harbor.
    Explanation
    The United States entered World War II when Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. This surprise attack on the naval base in Hawaii on December 7, 1941, prompted the United States to declare war on Japan the following day. The attack on Pearl Harbor was a major turning point for the United States, leading to their full involvement in the war and ultimately shaping the outcome of World War II.

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  • 25. 

    What were Liberty ships?

    • A.

      Battleships

    • B.

      Cargo ships

    • C.

      Landing craft

    • D.

      Submarines

    Correct Answer
    B. Cargo ships
    Explanation
    Liberty ships were cargo ships. During World War II, they were mass-produced by the United States to transport goods and supplies to support the war effort. These ships were known for their simple design and quick production time, allowing for a large number of them to be built in a short period. The Liberty ships played a crucial role in the Allied victory by ensuring the transportation of vital resources across the oceans.

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  • 26. 

    Where in Georgia were Liberty ships built during World War II?

    • A.

      Atlanta and Augusta

    • B.

      Brunswick and Jekyll Island

    • C.

      Brunswick and Savannah

    • D.

      St. Simons Island and Augusta

    Correct Answer
    C. Brunswick and Savannah
    Explanation
    During World War II, Liberty ships were built in Brunswick and Savannah in Georgia. These two cities were chosen as shipbuilding locations due to their strategic coastal positions and access to waterways. Brunswick, located on the southeastern coast of Georgia, had a deepwater port and was ideal for ship construction. Savannah, located on the Savannah River, also had a deepwater port and was well-suited for the production of Liberty ships. These ships played a crucial role in the war effort, transporting troops, supplies, and equipment to support the Allied forces.

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  • 27. 

    Because of Senator Richard Russell’s sponsorship of a program for schoolchildren, what nickname did he earn?

      • A.

        Father of the graded school

      • B.

        Father of the unified curriculum

      • C.

        Father of the county school system

      • D.

        Father of the school lunch program

      Correct Answer
      D. Father of the school lunch program
      Explanation
      Senator Richard Russell earned the nickname "Father of the school lunch program" because he sponsored a program for schoolchildren that provided them with nutritious meals during the school day. This initiative aimed to address the issue of malnutrition among students and ensure that they had access to proper nourishment, which would ultimately improve their academic performance and overall well-being. By advocating for and supporting this program, Senator Russell played a significant role in the establishment and expansion of school lunch programs across the United States.

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    1. 28. 

      Use these actions to answer this question: ● consolidating state offices ● running state government like a successful business ● establishing the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia   Which Depression-era governor implemented these changes?

      • A.

        Walter George

      • B.

        Richard Russell

      • C.

        Eugene Talmadge

      • D.

        Carl Vinson

      Correct Answer
      B. Richard Russell
      Explanation
      Richard Russell implemented these changes as the Depression-era governor. He took actions such as consolidating state offices, running the state government like a successful business, and establishing the Board of Regents of the University System of Georgia. These changes aimed to streamline government operations, improve efficiency, and promote economic growth during a challenging period.

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    2. 29. 

       In referring to his active involvement with military advancements, Carl Vinson once said, “I devoutly hope that the casting of every gun and the building of every ship will be done with a prayer for the peace of America.  I have at heart no sectional nor political interest, but only the Republic’s safety.”  Which statement best describes the meaning of Carl Vinson’s statement?

      • A.

        Peace is better than war.

      • B.

        War may be necessary to protect our country

      • C.

        The United States needs a strong military to defend itself.

      • D.

        The United States needs to manufacture guns and build ships to keep up with other nations.

      Correct Answer
      C. The United States needs a strong military to defend itself.
      Explanation
      Carl Vinson's statement suggests that he believes in the importance of having a strong military in order to defend the United States. He emphasizes the need for the casting of guns and building of ships, indicating that he supports military advancements to ensure the safety and security of the country. This aligns with the statement that best describes the meaning of his words: "The United States needs a strong military to defend itself."

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    3. 30. 

      What Georgian is known as the “father of the two-ocean navy?”

      • A.

        Ben Epps

      • B.

        Walter F. George

      • C.

        Richard B. Russell, Jr.

      • D.

        Carl Vinson

      Correct Answer
      D. Carl Vinson
      Explanation
      Carl Vinson is known as the "father of the two-ocean navy" because of his significant contributions to the expansion and modernization of the United States Navy. He served as a U.S. Representative from Georgia for 50 years and played a crucial role in the development of naval aviation and the establishment of naval bases in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Vinson was a strong advocate for a strong navy and his efforts helped shape the U.S. Navy into a global force capable of operating in multiple theaters of operation.

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    4. 31. 

      )  Why did Franklin Roosevelt spend so much time in Georgia?

      • A.

        Roosevelt used the warm mineral waters of Warm Springs to ease his polio.

      • B.

        Roosevelt was a native of Augusta and traveled widely across the state.

      • C.

        Roosevelt’s wife was a native of Calhoun and visited relatives.

      • D.

        Roosevelt had originally been a farmer and he loved farm life.

      Correct Answer
      A. Roosevelt used the warm mineral waters of Warm Springs to ease his polio.
    5. 32. 

      Why was the bombing of Pearl Harbor a significant event during World War II?

      • A.

        It was the first use of nuclear weapons in war.

      • B.

        It caused the United States to get involved in the war.

      • C.

        It put an end to the lend-lease program.

      • D.

        It was the first use of nuclear weapons in war.

      Correct Answer
      B. It caused the United States to get involved in the war.
      Explanation
      The bombing of Pearl Harbor was a significant event during World War II because it caused the United States to get involved in the war. Prior to the attack, the United States had remained neutral, but the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor by the Japanese on December 7, 1941, led to the U.S. declaring war on Japan the following day. This event marked a turning point for the United States, as it shifted from a position of neutrality to active participation in the war, ultimately playing a crucial role in the Allied victory.

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    6. 33. 

      Why did President Franklin Roosevelt frequently visit Georgia before and during his time in office?

      • A.

        He felt the key to winning World War II was getting Georgia’s support.

      • B.

        To visit his house at Warm Springs and receive medical treatment.

      • C.

        His family was instrumental in Georgia politics at the time.

      • D.

        Because he did not enjoy being in the Northeast.

      Correct Answer
      B. To visit his house at Warm Springs and receive medical treatment.
      Explanation
      President Franklin Roosevelt frequently visited Georgia before and during his time in office to visit his house at Warm Springs and receive medical treatment.

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    7. 34. 

      Make the correct selection of events that would be next.   1.  The Lusitania is sunk by a German U-boat. 2.  Zimmerman Telegram is intercepted by the Unites States. 3.  ???                               

      • A.

        Germany invades Mexico

      • B.

        The United States declares war on Germany

      • C.

        The United States stays neutral

      • D.

        France invades Hitler’s Germany

      Correct Answer
      B. The United States declares war on Germany
      Explanation
      The correct answer is the United States declares war on Germany. This event follows the interception of the Zimmerman Telegram, which was a communication between Germany and Mexico proposing a military alliance against the United States. The interception of this telegram caused outrage in the United States and eventually led to their declaration of war on Germany.

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    8. 35. 

      Savannah and Brunswick were important to Georgia’s efforts in World War II in which way?

      • A.

        Those are the two places where most of Georgia’s infantry were trained.

      • B.

        Franklin Roosevelt used those locations as his primary headquarters in Georgia.

      • C.

        These were the two cities selected to build Bell Aircrafts.

      • D.

        A large number of military ships and sea vessels were built in the shipyards in these cities.

      Correct Answer
      D. A large number of military ships and sea vessels were built in the shipyards in these cities.
      Explanation
      During World War II, Savannah and Brunswick played a crucial role in Georgia's efforts. The correct answer states that a large number of military ships and sea vessels were built in the shipyards in these cities. This indicates that both Savannah and Brunswick had significant naval and shipbuilding industries, contributing to the war effort. These shipyards would have been instrumental in constructing the necessary vessels for the military, supporting the transportation and logistics needed for the war.

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    9. 36. 

      How did a hands-off or laissez-faire approach cause the depression?

      • A.

        The US overextended its trade agreements

      • B.

        The US government encouraged people to invest in the stock market

      • C.

        The US government did nothing to help solve the depression

      • D.

        The US gave businesses too many loans

      Correct Answer
      C. The US government did nothing to help solve the depression
      Explanation
      The hands-off or laissez-faire approach refers to the government's policy of not intervening in the economy during the Great Depression. By not taking any action to address the economic crisis, the US government failed to provide relief measures or implement policies that could have stimulated economic growth and recovery. This lack of intervention worsened the effects of the depression, as it allowed unemployment rates to soar and businesses to fail without any support or assistance.

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    10. 37. 

      1. What crop was greatly affected by the boll weevil?

      • A.

        Apples

      • B.

        Peanuts

      • C.

        Cotton

      • D.

        Peaches

      Correct Answer
      C. Cotton
      Explanation
      The boll weevil greatly affected the crop of cotton. The boll weevil is a type of beetle that feeds on the cotton plant, specifically the cotton bolls where the fibers are produced. This pest caused significant damage to cotton crops by destroying the bolls and reducing the yield of cotton fibers. The infestation of boll weevils had a major economic impact on the cotton industry, leading to significant losses for cotton farmers.

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    11. 38. 

      1. Which of the following is not a goal of the New Deal?

      • A.

        Relief

      • B.

        Recovery

      • C.

        Reform

      • D.

        23.) Which of the following is not a goal of the New Deal? a. Relief b. Recovery c. Reform Restoration

      Correct Answer
      D. 23.) Which of the following is not a goal of the New Deal? a. Relief b. Recovery c. Reform Restoration
      Explanation
      The New Deal was a series of programs and policies implemented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in response to the Great Depression. Its main goals were relief, recovery, and reform. Restoration is not a goal of the New Deal, as it is not mentioned or included in the programs and policies that were implemented to address the economic crisis.

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    12. 39. 

      1. Social security was enacted to help which group of people?

      • A.

        Elderly and injured citizens

      • B.

        Young men

      • C.

        Pregnant women and children

      • D.

        Pre-school age children

      Correct Answer
      A. Elderly and injured citizens
      Explanation
      Social security was enacted to provide financial assistance and support to elderly individuals and those who are injured or disabled. It aims to ensure that these individuals have access to basic necessities and healthcare services, helping them maintain a decent standard of living and cope with the financial challenges that may arise due to their age or disability.

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    13. 40. 

      How did it all come to this?  Looking back we all should have known better.    All of Europe is fighting with one another and all over some silly Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand.  Sure he was assassinated, but was that really a reason for so many countries to go to war?  But with all the alliances each country had with one another there was bound to be trouble once the first shot was fire.  Of course, for years all these countries had been building up there militaries, each looking for a reason to expand their power and Empires.  It was a situation just ready to erupt into war! Well, at least our leader President Wilson was smart enough to keep the United States out of the war at least for a while.  But the pressure on President Wilson to declare war on the Central Powers is becoming so great!  I was angry when I read about those poor Americans who died when the Germany U-Boat sank that innocent Passenger Liner Lusitania.  Now the propaganda we are hearing and seeing is telling us how the Germans are really cruel and ruthless killers.  It made me so mad I was almost ready to fight them myself. Finally, when I heard that Germany had sent that Zimmerman telegram to Mexico promising to give them part of our country if they attacked us, any thought of neutrality was gone forever.  It was time to stand up and do the right thing.   Read the following passage and answer the question below.   Using the clues given in the passage, the writer is a citizen of what country?

      • A.

        Germany

      • B.

        Great Britain

      • C.

        United States of America

      • D.

        France

      Correct Answer
      C. United States of America
      Explanation
      The passage mentions the leader President Wilson and the pressure on him to declare war on the Central Powers. It also mentions the sinking of the Lusitania and the Zimmerman telegram. These events are all related to the involvement of the United States in World War I. Therefore, the writer is a citizen of the United States of America.

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    14. 41. 

      How did it all come to this?  Looking back we all should have known better.    All of Europe is fighting with one another and all over some silly Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand.  Sure he was assassinated, but was that really a reason for so many countries to go to war?  But with all the alliances each country had with one another there was bound to be trouble once the first shot was fire.  Of course, for years all these countries had been building up there militaries, each looking for a reason to expand their power and Empires.  It was a situation just ready to erupt into war! Well, at least our leader President Wilson was smart enough to keep the United States out of the war at least for a while.  But the pressure on President Wilson to declare war on the Central Powers is becoming so great!  I was angry when I read about those poor Americans who died when the Germany U-Boat sank that innocent Passenger Liner Lusitania.  Now the propaganda we are hearing and seeing is telling us how the Germans are really cruel and ruthless killers.  It made me so mad I was almost ready to fight them myself. Finally, when I heard that Germany had sent that Zimmerman telegram to Mexico promising to give them part of our country if they attacked us, any thought of neutrality was gone forever.  It was time to stand up and do the right thing.   Read the following passage and answer the question below. In Paragraph 2, what does the word propaganda mean? 

      • A.

        Information that is spread to for the purpose of promoting some cause

      • B.

        Lies

      • C.

        Pride one has for his own country

      • D.

        Agreement between countries to support one another

      Correct Answer
      A. Information that is spread to for the purpose of promoting some cause
      Explanation
      The word "propaganda" in this context refers to information that is spread in order to promote a specific cause or viewpoint. It suggests that the information being heard and seen about the Germans being cruel and ruthless killers is being intentionally spread to influence public opinion and generate support for declaring war on the Central Powers.

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    15. 42. 

      How did it all come to this?  Looking back we all should have known better.    All of Europe is fighting with one another and all over some silly Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand.  Sure he was assassinated, but was that really a reason for so many countries to go to war?  But with all the alliances each country had with one another there was bound to be trouble once the first shot was fire.  Of course, for years all these countries had been building up there militaries, each looking for a reason to expand their power and Empires.  It was a situation just ready to erupt into war! Well, at least our leader President Wilson was smart enough to keep the United States out of the war at least for a while.  But the pressure on President Wilson to declare war on the Central Powers is becoming so great!  I was angry when I read about those poor Americans who died when the Germany U-Boat sank that innocent Passenger Liner Lusitania.  Now the propaganda we are hearing and seeing is telling us how the Germans are really cruel and ruthless killers.  It made me so mad I was almost ready to fight them myself. Finally, when I heard that Germany had sent that Zimmerman telegram to Mexico promising to give them part of our country if they attacked us, any thought of neutrality was gone forever.  It was time to stand up and do the right thing.   Read the following passage and answer the question below.    In Paragraph 3, what does the author mean by the word neutrality? 

      • A.

        Pride one has for his own country

      • B.

        Building up strong armed forces to be bigger than other countries

      • C.

        A agreement between countries to support one another

      • D.

        A policy to remain out of any potential conflict and not chose a side

      Correct Answer
      D. A policy to remain out of any potential conflict and not chose a side
      Explanation
      In paragraph 3, the author refers to neutrality as a policy to remain out of any potential conflict and not choose a side. This means that the author is talking about the idea of not getting involved in the war and staying neutral, not taking a side in the conflict. The author mentions President Wilson's decision to keep the United States out of the war as an example of this policy. The word "neutrality" is used to describe the stance of not getting involved in the conflict.

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    • May 31, 2024
      Quiz Edited by
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      Michael Linton
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