Latihan Soal Sistem Pencernaan Pada Manusia

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Ardyafatma
A
Ardyafatma
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 3,960
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 4,014

SettingsSettingsSettings
Latihan Soal Sistem Pencernaan Pada Manusia - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Enzim ptialin terdapat di …

    • A.

      Lambung

    • B.

      Usus halus

    • C.

      Air liur

    • D.

      Usus besar

    Correct Answer
    C. Air liur
    Explanation
    Pepsin is an enzyme found in the stomach that helps break down proteins. Amylase is an enzyme found in saliva that helps break down carbohydrates. Since the question mentions the enzyme "ptialin," which is another name for amylase, and asks where it is found, the correct answer is "air liur" or saliva.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Urutan saluran percernaan manusia yang benar  Ialah.....

    • A.

      Mulut - kerongkongan - lambung - usus halus - usus besar - anus

    • B.

      Mulut - kerongkongan - lambung - usus besar - usus halus - anus

    • C.

      Mulut- lambung - kerongkongan - usus halus - anus - usus besar.

    • D.

      Mulut - kerongkongan - usus besar - usus halus - anus

    Correct Answer
    A. Mulut - kerongkongan - lambung - usus halus - usus besar - anus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mulut - kerongkongan - lambung - usus halus - usus besar - anus." This is the correct sequence of the human digestive system. Food enters the mouth (mulut), then passes through the esophagus (kerongkongan) and into the stomach (lambung). From the stomach, it moves into the small intestine (usus halus), where most of the digestion and absorption of nutrients occur. The remaining undigested food then enters the large intestine (usus besar), where water is absorbed and waste is formed. Finally, the waste is eliminated through the anus.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Fungsi enzim pepsin adalah….

    • A.

      Mengubah lemak menjadi asam lemak

    • B.

      Mengubah karbohidrat menjadi gula

    • C.

      mengubah protein menjadi asam amino

    • D.

      Mengubah protein menjadi pepton

    Correct Answer
    D. Mengubah protein menjadi pepton
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "mengubah protein menjadi pepton". Pepsin is an enzyme that is produced in the stomach and plays a crucial role in the digestion of proteins. It breaks down proteins into smaller peptides called peptones, which can be further broken down into amino acids by other enzymes. This process is essential for the absorption and utilization of proteins in the body. Pepsin works optimally in the acidic environment of the stomach and helps in the breakdown of dietary proteins into smaller, more manageable molecules.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    gambar yang ditunjukkan dengan angka 3 menghasilkan enzim..

    • A.

      Enzim pepsin dan Renin

    • B.

      Enzim pepsin dan tripsin

    • C.

      Enzim ptialin dan Renin

    • D.

      Enzim Lipase dan HCL

    Correct Answer
    A. Enzim pepsin dan Renin
    Explanation
    The image shown with the number 3 represents the enzymes pepsin and renin. These enzymes are responsible for the digestion of proteins in the stomach. Pepsin breaks down proteins into smaller peptides, while renin helps in the digestion of milk proteins.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Gigi yang berfungsi mengunyah dan menggerus makanan adalah ...

    • A.

      Taring

    • B.

      Graham

    • C.

      Seri

    • D.

      Gusi

    Correct Answer
    B. Graham
    Explanation
    Gigi yang berfungsi mengunyah dan menggerus makanan adalah graham. Graham adalah sejenis biskuit yang memiliki tekstur yang keras dan serat yang tinggi. Ketika dikunyah, graham dapat membantu menghancurkan makanan menjadi partikel-partikel yang lebih kecil sehingga lebih mudah dicerna oleh tubuh. Selain itu, graham juga dapat memberikan rasa yang gurih dan renyah saat dikonsumsi.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Pada saat terjangkit penyakit maag, perut akan terasa sangat perih hal ini desebabkan karena di lambung menghasilkan HCL secara berlebihan.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During a gastric disease, such as gastritis, the stomach produces an excessive amount of hydrochloric acid (HCL), leading to a burning sensation and pain in the stomach. Therefore, the statement "Pada saat terjangkit penyakit maag, perut akan terasa sangat perih hal ini desebabkan karena di lambung menghasilkan HCL secara berlebihan" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Mengapa ketika kita mengunyah nasi lama kelamaan akan terasa rasa manis?

    • A.

      Karena nasi mengandung vitamin B

    • B.

      Nasi yang telah lumat mengalami pencernaan kimiawi oleh enzim lipase

    • C.

      Karbohidrat pada nasi dirombak menjadi glukosa oleh enzim ptialin

    • D.

      Nasi mengeluarkan enzim amilase

    Correct Answer
    C. Karbohidrat pada nasi dirombak menjadi glukosa oleh enzim ptialin
    Explanation
    When we chew rice, the carbohydrates in the rice are broken down into glucose by the enzyme called ptialin. This process is a part of the chemical digestion of rice. Glucose is a type of sugar, and it has a sweet taste. Therefore, as the carbohydrates in the rice are broken down into glucose, the rice starts to taste sweeter over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Enzim amilase, lipase dan tripsin dihasilkan di usus halus

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The correct answer is False. Enzymes such as amylase, lipase, and trypsin are not produced in the small intestine. They are actually produced in the pancreas and then released into the small intestine to aid in the digestion of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins, respectively. The small intestine does produce other enzymes such as maltase, sucrase, and lactase, which help break down sugars.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    renin dihasilkan di lambung

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Renin is actually produced in the kidneys, not in the stomach. It is an enzyme that plays a crucial role in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, which helps regulate blood pressure and fluid balance in the body. The production of renin is stimulated by various factors such as low blood pressure, low blood volume, and low sodium levels. Once released, renin acts on angiotensinogen to convert it into angiotensin I, which is further converted into angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor. Therefore, the given answer is incorrect.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    fungsi organ yang ditunjukkan nomor 4 adalah untuk menyerap air.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The function of the organ indicated by number 4 is not to absorb water.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    enzim lipase dapat mengubah lemak menjadi asam amino

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Lipase is an enzyme that helps in the digestion and breakdown of fats, not the conversion of fats into amino acids. Therefore, the statement that lipase can convert fats into amino acids is false.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    nama organ no.3 dan fungsinya adalah...

    • A.

      Usus Halus untuk menyerap sari-sari makanan

    • B.

      Usus halus untuk reabsorbsi air

    • C.

      Lambung untuk pencernaan kimiawi

    • D.

      Usus besar untuk mengubah protein menjadi pepton

    Correct Answer
    A. Usus Halus untuk menyerap sari-sari makanan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Usus Halus untuk menyerap sari-sari makanan." The small intestine is responsible for absorbing nutrients from the digested food. It has specialized structures called villi and microvilli that increase the surface area for absorption. These structures absorb nutrients such as carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals into the bloodstream, which are then transported to the cells throughout the body for energy and other functions.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    fungsi asam lambung (HCL) yang dihasilkan dilambung adalah...

    • A.

      Mengendapkan kasein susu

    • B.

      Membunuh kuman

    • C.

      Menyaring kotoran

    • D.

      Mengubah protein dan lemak

    Correct Answer
    B. Membunuh kuman
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "membunuh kuman". The function of stomach acid (HCL) is to kill bacteria. Stomach acid has a low pH level, which creates an acidic environment that is hostile to many types of bacteria. This helps to prevent infections and ensures that the food we consume is safe for digestion.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    berikut merupakan gangguan pada sistem pencernaan manusia, kecuali....

    • A.

      Diare dan sembelit

    • B.

      Gastritis dan diare

    • C.

      Disentri dan radang usus buntu

    • D.

      Gastritis dan bronkhitis

    Correct Answer
    D. Gastritis dan bronkhitis
    Explanation
    The given options list various disorders of the digestive system, including diarrhea, constipation, gastritis, dysentery, and appendicitis. However, gastritis and bronchitis are not disorders of the digestive system. Gastritis refers to the inflammation of the stomach lining, while bronchitis is the inflammation of the bronchial tubes in the lungs. Therefore, the correct answer is gastritis and bronchitis, as they do not belong to the disorders of the digestive system.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.