Latihan Soal Vermes

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Latihan Soal Vermes - Quiz

Latihan soal materi Vermes kelas X (Platyhelminthes, Nemathelminthes,Annelida)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Berdasarkan lapisan embrioniknya, Platyhelminthes termasuk dalam kelompok...

    • A.

      Diploblastik selomata

    • B.

      Diploblastik aselomata

    • C.

      Monoblastik selomata

    • D.

      Triploblastik pseudoselomata

    • E.

      Triploblastik aselomata

    Correct Answer
    E. Triploblastik aselomata
    Explanation
    Platyhelminthes is a group of organisms that belong to the category of triploblastik, meaning they have three embryonic germ layers. Aselomata refers to organisms that lack a body cavity, and Platyhelminthes falls under this category. Therefore, the correct answer is triploblastik aselomata.

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  • 2. 

    Platyhelminthes dibedakan menjadi tiga kelas, yaitu...

    • A.

      Taenia, Cestoda, Turbellaria

    • B.

      Turbellaria, Nematoda, Cestoda

    • C.

      Turbellaria, Cestoda, Trematoda

    • D.

      Nematoda, Trematoda, Annelida

    • E.

      Trematoda, Cestoda, Nematoda

    Correct Answer
    C. Turbellaria, Cestoda, Trematoda
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Turbellaria, Cestoda, Trematoda. Platyhelminthes is divided into three classes: Turbellaria, which includes free-living flatworms; Cestoda, which includes tapeworms; and Trematoda, which includes flukes.

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  • 3. 

    Terdapat jenis cacing yang memiliki ciri-ciri sbb :
    • cacing jantan berukuran lebih kecil, ujung posterior bengkok
    • parasit pada usus halus manusia
    • reproduksi secara internal
    • menginfeksi melalui makanan yang tidak higienis
    • penyebab penyakit askariasis
    Berdasarkan cirinya, dapat diketahui cacing tersebut adalah...

    • A.

      Ancylostoma duodenale

    • B.

      Ascaris lumbricoides

    • C.

      Enterobius vermicularis

    • D.

      Necator americanus

    • E.

      Wuchereria bancrofti

    Correct Answer
    B. Ascaris lumbricoides
    Explanation
    The given characteristics of the worm, such as being smaller in size, having a curved posterior end, being a parasite in the human small intestine, reproducing internally, and infecting through unhygienic food, are all indicative of Ascaris lumbricoides. This worm is known to cause the disease ascariasis.

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  • 4. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini. Bagian yang ditunjukkan oleh nomor 2 adalah...

    • A.

      Sucker

    • B.

      Skoleks

    • C.

      Rostelum

    • D.

      Proglotid

    • E.

      Strobila

    Correct Answer
    C. Rostelum
  • 5. 

    Untuk menjaga agar tidak tercerna oleh inangnya, tubuh cacing parasit umumnya dilapisi oleh...

    • A.

      Lapisan lendir

    • B.

      Lapisan kutikula

    • C.

      Lapisan pinakosit

    • D.

      Lapisan mantel

    • E.

      Lapisan kapur

    Correct Answer
    B. Lapisan kutikula
    Explanation
    Parasitic worms have a protective layer called the cuticle to prevent them from being digested by their host. The cuticle is a tough, flexible, and non-living layer that covers the outer surface of the worm's body. It acts as a barrier against the host's digestive enzymes and helps the worm survive in the host's digestive system. The cuticle also helps in maintaining the worm's shape and providing support to its body.

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  • 6. 

    Fase cacing hati (Fasciola hepatica) yang menempel pada sayur-sayuran air, seperti kangkung, dapat tertelan oleh manusia. Fase tersebut adalah...

    • A.

      Redia

    • B.

      Serkaria

    • C.

      Metaserkaria

    • D.

      Mirasidium

    • E.

      Sporokis

    Correct Answer
    C. Metaserkaria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is metaserkaria. The given passage states that the liver fluke (Fasciola hepatica) larvae can be ingested by humans when they are attached to water vegetables like water spinach. The larvae of the liver fluke go through several stages of development, and the metacercaria stage is the infective stage for humans. Therefore, metaserkaria is the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    Cacing tambang (Ancylostoma duodenale) memiliki gigi dari zat kitin yang berfungsi untuk...

    • A.

      Mencerna makanan

    • B.

      Mempertahankan diri

    • C.

      Merobek dinding usus

    • D.

      Membantu menelan makanan

    • E.

      Menghasilkan racun

    Correct Answer
    C. Merobek dinding usus
    Explanation
    Cacing tambang (Ancylostoma duodenale) memiliki gigi dari zat kitin yang berfungsi untuk merobek dinding usus. Gigi-gigi ini memungkinkan cacing tambang untuk melekat pada dinding usus dan merobek jaringan usus untuk mendapatkan nutrisi yang mereka butuhkan. Dengan merobek dinding usus, cacing tambang dapat mengakses darah dan nutrisi yang ada di dalam tubuh inangnya.

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  • 8. 

    Cacing Filaria hidup parasit pada tubuh manusia, yaitu pada bagian...

    • A.

      Pembuluh darah

    • B.

      Pembuluh getah bening

    • C.

      Saluran pencernaan

    • D.

      Saluran pernafasan

    • E.

      Organ hati

    Correct Answer
    B. Pembuluh getah bening
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pembuluh getah bening". Filaria worms are parasitic worms that live and reproduce in the lymphatic system of humans. The lymphatic system includes lymph vessels, lymph nodes, and other lymphoid organs, such as the spleen and thymus. Therefore, the correct answer is the lymphatic vessels or "pembuluh getah bening".

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  • 9. 

    Perhatikan gambar di bawah ini. Penyebaran cacing kremi pada gambar diatas disebut...

    • A.

      Retro infeksi

    • B.

      Auto infeksi

    • C.

      Auto injeksi

    • D.

      Oxyuris infeksi

    • E.

      Oxyuris injeksi

    Correct Answer
    B. Auto infeksi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is auto infeksi. Auto infeksi refers to the spread or reinfection of a parasitic infection within the same individual. In the given image, the spread of the kremi worms is indicated, suggesting that the individual is infecting themselves with the parasites.

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  • 10. 

    Ciri utama Filum Annelida adalah tubuhnya mempunyai segmen menyerupai cincin atau ruas-ruas yang disebut...

    • A.

      Sommit

    • B.

      Selom

    • C.

      Sadel

    • D.

      Kokon

    • E.

      Klitelum

    Correct Answer
    A. Sommit
    Explanation
    The main characteristic of the phylum Annelida is that its body has segments resembling rings or sections called "somites".

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  • 11. 

    Kelas Polychaeta yang dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai makanan berprotein tinggi adalah...

    • A.

      Eunice viridis & Tubifex sp

    • B.

      Eunice viridis & Hirudo medicinalis

    • C.

      Haemadipsa reliance & Lumbricus terrestis

    • D.

      Lysidice oele & Lumbricus terrestis

    • E.

      Lysidice oele & Eunice viridis

    Correct Answer
    E. Lysidice oele & Eunice viridis
    Explanation
    Lysidice oele and Eunice viridis are the Polychaeta species that can be utilized as a high protein food source.

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  • 12. 

    Saat ini, lintah (Hirudo medicinalis) banyak digunakan untuk pengobatan, karena lintah menyekresikan substansi yang dapat membuat darah tidak membeku, zat tersebut adalah...

    • A.

      Heparin

    • B.

      Hemoglobin

    • C.

      Hirudin

    • D.

      Penicilin

    • E.

      Trombin

    Correct Answer
    E. Trombin
    Explanation
    The question asks for the substance secreted by leeches that prevents blood from clotting. The correct answer is "trombin." Heparin is also a substance that prevents blood clotting, but it is not secreted by leeches. Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells and is not related to preventing blood clotting. Hirudin is a substance secreted by leeches, but it acts as an anticoagulant, not a clotting agent. Penicillin is an antibiotic and has no effect on blood clotting. Therefore, the correct answer is trombin.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 07, 2014
    Quiz Created by
    Arrina_asikbio
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