Nature Of Matter Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By CharlieC23
C
CharlieC23
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 15 | Total Attempts: 23,704
Questions: 25 | Attempts: 1,966

SettingsSettingsSettings
Nature Of Matter Quiz - Quiz

Nature of Matter


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chemistry is indeed the study of matter and how it changes. It focuses on the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of substances, as well as the energy changes that occur during these processes. By studying chemistry, scientists are able to understand and explain various phenomena in the physical world, from the behavior of elements and compounds to the formation of new substances. Therefore, the statement "Chemistry is the study of matter and how it changes" is accurate.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The two types of pure substances are elements and compounds.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because elements and compounds are indeed the two types of pure substances. Elements are substances that cannot be broken down into simpler substances by chemical means, and they are made up of only one type of atom. Compounds, on the other hand, are substances that are made up of two or more different types of atoms chemically bonded together in fixed proportions. Therefore, elements and compounds are the two fundamental categories of pure substances.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Light is matter.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Light is matter" is false. Light is not matter, but rather a form of energy. Matter refers to physical substances that have mass and occupy space, while light is a form of electromagnetic radiation that does not have mass and does not occupy space.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    An atom is the smallest particle of matter that has the properties of a particular element. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An atom is indeed the smallest particle of matter that retains the properties of a particular element. Atoms are composed of protons, neutrons, and electrons, and they cannot be broken down further without losing their elemental properties. This fundamental unit of matter is responsible for the unique characteristics and behavior of each element.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Molecules join together to form atoms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is incorrect. In reality, atoms join together to form molecules, not the other way around. Atoms are the basic building blocks of matter, and when they combine, they form molecules. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Energy is the ability to change or move matter. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Energy is defined as the capacity or ability to do work or cause a change in matter. It is the force that enables movement, transformation, and the ability to perform tasks. Therefore, energy is indeed the ability to change or move matter, making the statement "True."

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The Law of Conservation of Mass states that mass CAN be created and destroyed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Law of Conservation of Mass states that mass cannot be created or destroyed, but only transformed or transferred from one form to another. This principle is a fundamental concept in chemistry and physics, and it supports the idea that the total mass of a closed system remains constant over time, regardless of any physical or chemical changes that may occur within the system.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy CAN be created and destroyed.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Law of Conservation of Energy states that energy cannot be created or destroyed, but it can only be transferred or transformed from one form to another. This principle is known as the First Law of Thermodynamics. It implies that the total amount of energy in a closed system remains constant over time. Therefore, the given statement is incorrect, as it contradicts the fundamental principle of energy conservation.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    There are only 3 states of matter. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "There are only 3 states of matter" is false. There are actually four states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, and plasma.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Liquids have a fixed volume and fixed shape. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Liquids do not have a fixed shape, but they do have a fixed volume. Unlike solids, liquids can flow and take the shape of their container. Therefore, the statement that liquids have a fixed shape is incorrect.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Solids have a fixed volume and shape. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Solids have a fixed volume and shape because the particles in a solid are closely packed together and vibrate in fixed positions. This arrangement gives solids a definite shape and volume, as the particles cannot move freely like in liquids or gases. The strong intermolecular forces between the particles keep them in place, maintaining the solid's shape and preventing it from easily changing its volume. Therefore, the statement that solids have a fixed volume and shape is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Gases have a variable volume and shape.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Gases have a variable volume and shape because they do not have a fixed structure or arrangement of particles. The particles in a gas are constantly moving and can spread out to fill the entire volume of their container. Additionally, gases do not have a definite shape and can take on the shape of their container. This is why gases can be compressed or expanded to occupy different volumes. Therefore, the statement "Gases have a variable volume and shape" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    The viscosity of a fluid is its resistance to flow. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The viscosity of a fluid refers to its ability to resist flowing easily. It is a measure of the internal friction within the fluid, determining how easily it can be poured or moved. A high viscosity means the fluid is thick and resistant to flow, while a low viscosity means the fluid is thin and flows easily. Therefore, the statement "The viscosity of a fluid is its resistance to flow" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    The Kinetic Theory states that all matter is made of large items that are always still. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Kinetic Theory states that all matter is made up of small particles (atoms or molecules) that are constantly in motion. These particles have kinetic energy, and their movement determines the properties of matter. Therefore, the correct answer is false, as the statement contradicts the fundamental principles of the Kinetic Theory.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    A piece of tin has a mass of 16.52 g and a volume of 2.26 cubic centimeters.  What is the density of the tin?

    • A.

      D= 7.31 g/cubic centimeter

    • B.

      D= .731 g/cubic centimeter

    • C.

      D= 731 g/cubic centimeter

    • D.

      D= 7310 g/cubic centimeter

    Correct Answer
    A. D= 7.31 g/cubic centimeter
    Explanation
    The density of a substance is calculated by dividing its mass by its volume. In this case, the mass of the tin is given as 16.52 g and the volume is given as 2.26 cubic centimeters. Therefore, the density can be calculated as 16.52 g / 2.26 cubic centimeters = 7.31 g/cubic centimeter.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    What is the mass of an object that has a density of 8 g/per cubic centimeter and a volume of 64 cubic centimeters?

    • A.

      M= 8 g/per cubic centimeter

    • B.

      M= 50 g

    • C.

      M= 500 g

    • D.

      M= 64 cubic centimeters

    Correct Answer
    C. M= 500 g
    Explanation
    The mass of an object can be calculated by multiplying its density by its volume. In this case, the density is given as 8 g per cubic centimeter and the volume is given as 64 cubic centimeters. Therefore, the mass can be calculated as 8 g/cm3 * 64 cm3 = 512 g. However, none of the given options match this calculation. Therefore, the correct answer is not available.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What is the volume of 325 g of metal with a density of 9 g/cubic centimeters?

    • A.

      V= 325 g

    • B.

      V= 36 cubic centimeters

    • C.

      V= 9 g/cubic centimeters

    • D.

      V= 360 cubic centimeters

    Correct Answer
    B. V= 36 cubic centimeters
    Explanation
    The volume of a substance can be calculated by dividing its mass by its density. In this case, the mass of the metal is given as 325 g and the density is given as 9 g/cubic centimeters. By dividing the mass by the density, we can determine the volume. Therefore, the volume of the metal is 36 cubic centimeters.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    The formula for density is: Density equals mass over volume 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The formula for density is indeed "Density equals mass over volume." This means that to calculate the density of an object, you divide its mass by its volume. Density is a measure of how much mass is contained within a given volume, so the formula accurately represents this relationship. Therefore, the correct answer is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Chemical properties can be observed when one substance reacts with another.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Chemical properties refer to the behavior of a substance when it undergoes a chemical reaction with another substance. These properties can only be observed when substances interact and result in a chemical change. Therefore, it is true that chemical properties can be observed when one substance reacts with another.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    The density of a substance is equal to its mass divided by its volume.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The density of a substance is determined by dividing its mass by its volume. Density is a measure of how much mass is contained within a given volume. By dividing the mass of a substance by its volume, we can calculate its density. Therefore, the statement that the density of a substance is equal to its mass divided by its volume is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the composition of matter. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Physical properties are characteristics of matter that can be observed or measured without altering the substance's chemical composition. This means that even though physical properties can be observed or measured, they do not involve any chemical reactions or changes in the substance's molecular structure. Examples of physical properties include color, shape, size, density, melting point, boiling point, and conductivity. Since physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the composition of matter, the statement "Physical properties can be observed or measured without changing the composition of matter" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Changes of state, including melting, subliming, evaporating, boiling, condensing and freezing, are physical changes. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Changes of state refer to the transformation of matter from one state to another, such as from solid to liquid, liquid to gas, or vice versa. These changes do not involve any chemical reactions and the composition of the substance remains the same. Therefore, they are considered physical changes.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Anything that has mass and takes up space is the definition of space.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is incorrect. The definition of space is the unlimited or boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events occur and have relative position and direction. Anything that has mass and takes up space is the definition of matter, not space. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Na, Sodium, is a pure substance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Na, which stands for sodium, is a chemical element that exists as a pure substance. It is a highly reactive metal and is commonly found in compounds rather than in its pure form in nature. Therefore, the statement "Na, Sodium, is a pure substance" is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Fe, Iron, is a pure substance.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Iron (Fe) is a pure substance because it is an element that consists of only one type of atom. Pure substances have a fixed composition and cannot be separated into simpler substances by physical means. Iron is a solid metal that is commonly found in ores and is widely used in various industries due to its strength and durability. Therefore, the statement "Fe, Iron, is a pure substance" is true.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.