Nationalism In Europe

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| By MandyKristek
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MandyKristek
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 10,854
Questions: 14 | Attempts: 3,594

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Nationalism In Europe - Quiz

German Unification, Italian Unification, Russia and Austria-Hungary--- 1800-1918


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Prince Metternich believed in which of the following:

    • A.

      Absolute monarchs

    • B.

      Democracies

    • C.

      Unified states throughout Europe

    Correct Answer
    A. Absolute monarchs
    Explanation
    Prince Metternich believed in absolute monarchs. This means that he supported a system of government where the ruler has complete and unrestricted power. He believed that this form of government was necessary to maintain stability and order in Europe. Metternich opposed the idea of democracies and instead favored a system where power was concentrated in the hands of a single ruler. He also believed in the importance of unified states throughout Europe, as he believed that this would help prevent conflicts and maintain peace among nations.

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  • 2. 

    The Vatican City is part of Italy.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Vatican City is an independent city-state and is not part of Italy. It is a sovereign territory ruled by the Pope and is considered the spiritual and administrative headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church. Although it is geographically located within the city of Rome, it has its own government, laws, and diplomatic relations, making it a separate entity from Italy.

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  • 3. 

    The first king of a united Italy was who?

    • A.

      Giuseppe Mazzini II

    • B.

      Fiuseppe Girabaldi II

    • C.

      Victor Emmanuel II

    Correct Answer
    C. Victor Emmanuel II
    Explanation
    Victor Emmanuel II was the first king of a united Italy. He played a crucial role in the unification of Italy and was crowned the king in 1861. His leadership and diplomacy helped bring together various states and regions of Italy into one nation. Under his reign, Italy underwent significant political and social reforms, and he is considered a key figure in the country's history.

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  • 4. 

    What modern group can we compare to the Zollverein?

    • A.

      The United States

    • B.

      The Soviet Union

    • C.

      The European Union

    Correct Answer
    C. The European Union
    Explanation
    The Zollverein was a customs union formed in the 19th century by several German states to promote economic unity and eliminate trade barriers. Similarly, the European Union (EU) is a modern group that aims to create a single market and promote economic integration among its member states. Both the Zollverein and the EU share the goal of facilitating trade and cooperation among member states, making the EU a suitable comparison to the Zollverein.

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  • 5. 

    Both Prussia and Italy fought Austria in their wars of unification.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Both Prussia and Italy fought Austria in their wars of unification. This statement is true. Prussia fought Austria in the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, which resulted in Prussia's victory and the exclusion of Austria from German affairs. Italy fought Austria in the Austro-Italian War of 1866, also known as the Third Italian War of Independence, which resulted in Italy's territorial gains. Therefore, both Prussia and Italy had conflicts with Austria during their respective wars of unification.

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  • 6. 

    Otto von Bismark provoked war with which country to gain support of the South German states?

    • A.

      Austria

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    B. France
    Explanation
    Otto von Bismark provoked war with France to gain support of the South German states. This was part of his strategy to unify Germany under Prussian leadership. By provoking a war with France, Bismark was able to rally the German states together in a common cause against a common enemy, thus strengthening the position of Prussia and paving the way for the eventual unification of Germany.

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  • 7. 

    Otto von Bismark led the German unification effort and also became the first king of unified Germany.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Otto von Bismark did lead the German unification effort, but he did not become the first king of unified Germany. Instead, Wilhelm I of Prussia became the first German Emperor in 1871 after the successful unification of Germany. Bismark served as the Chancellor of the German Empire under Wilhelm I, but he did not hold the title of king. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 8. 

    The Industrial Revolution did not spread to many parts of Europe because of the unification wars.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the unification wars, which occurred during the 19th century, disrupted the economic and political stability in many parts of Europe. These wars, such as the Napoleonic Wars and the Italian and German unification movements, created a climate of instability and conflict that hindered the spread of industrialization. Resources and efforts were diverted towards military purposes rather than industrial development, preventing the Industrial Revolution from spreading to these regions.

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  • 9. 

    Russians were initially unhappy with Czar Alexander II, but accepted his reforms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    They assassinated him .

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  • 10. 

    Followers of Karl Marx practice which form of government:

    • A.

      Communism

    • B.

      Socialism

    • C.

      Democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Communism
    Explanation
    Followers of Karl Marx practice Communism because Marx advocated for a classless society where the means of production are owned and controlled by the community as a whole. In a communist system, there is no private ownership of property or capital, and resources are distributed based on the principle of "from each according to his ability, to each according to his needs." This ideology aligns with Marx's belief in the abolition of social classes and the establishment of a society where wealth is shared equally among all members.

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  • 11. 

    Russians were initially unhappy with Czar Nicholas II, but accepted his reforms.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    There was a revolution and the czar was overthrown. Communists took over.

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  • 12. 

    The leader of the communists in the Russian Revolution was who?

    • A.

      Nicholas II

    • B.

      Alexander II

    • C.

      Vladimir Lenin

    Correct Answer
    C. Vladimir Lenin
    Explanation
    Vladimir Lenin was the leader of the communists in the Russian Revolution. He played a crucial role in leading the Bolshevik Party and overthrowing the Provisional Government in 1917. Lenin's ideology and leadership were instrumental in shaping the direction of the revolution and establishing the Soviet Union. His leadership and Marxist principles laid the foundation for the establishment of a communist state in Russia.

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  • 13. 

    Austria-Hungary became a dual monarchy to satisfy Hungarians.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Austria-Hungary became a dual monarchy to satisfy the Hungarians. This means that the establishment of a dual monarchy was a deliberate decision made by Austria-Hungary in order to address the demands and aspirations of the Hungarian population. By granting Hungary a greater degree of autonomy and recognition within the empire, Austria-Hungary aimed to appease the Hungarians and maintain stability within the multiethnic empire.

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  • 14. 

    When the Ottoman Empire weakened, its territory was divided up by other European and Asian countries.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because when the Ottoman Empire weakened, it was unable to maintain control over its territories. As a result, other European and Asian countries took advantage of the situation and partitioned the Ottoman Empire's territory among themselves. This led to the dissolution of the empire and the establishment of new nations in the region.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 28, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    MandyKristek
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