Bentley Ch. 35 Test Nationalism And Political Identity

18 Questions | Total Attempts: 1160

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Bentley Ch. 35 Test Nationalism And Political Identity

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Of the following regions, which one was least affected by the Great Depression and why?
    • A. 

      The Middle East because it had oil deposits

    • B. 

      Latin America because it had oil deposits

    • C. 

      Southern Africa because its economy was so remote

    • D. 

      The mainland of East Asia because it was largely agrarian

  • 2. 
    What is the most important reason that the U.S. moved from a policy of deep involvement to one of being the good neighbor in the 1930s?
    • A. 

      It could no longer sustain economic ties during the Great Depression

    • B. 

      It was concerned about the unchallenged rise of Marxism

    • C. 

      It wanted to improve its image in the region

    • D. 

      It realized that it could no longer sustain costly military incursions.

  • 3. 
    Of the following global periods, which one most closely resembles the era after the Great War?
    • A. 

      The period after Mongolian expansion

    • B. 

      The period at the height of Japanese feudalism

    • C. 

      The period after the height of the Roman Empire

    • D. 

      The period following the Seven Years War

  • 4. 
    Where did reformers learn of radical alternatives to the dependent economies that kept most people impoverished?
    • A. 

      Soviet advisers

    • B. 

      Guerilla fighters

    • C. 

      Mexican revolution

    • D. 

      Universities

  • 5. 
    Which European economic practice most affected the ability of Africans to run their own economies?
    • A. 

      Forced labor

    • B. 

      Restrictions on crop choice

    • C. 

      Divisions among labor force

    • D. 

      Heavy taxation

  • 6. 
    What three challenges faced the Guomindang in the 1930s?
    • A. 

      Warlords, Japanese occupation, and European control

    • B. 

      The Great Depression, leadership rivalries, and the communists

    • C. 

      Peasant rebellions, warlords, and the communists

    • D. 

      Japanese occupation, the communists, and warlords

  • 7. 
    Who had the most influence over the Japanese government by the mid-1930s?
    • A. 

      Militant conservatives

    • B. 

      Liberal legislators

    • C. 

      Restive shoguns

    • D. 

      The imperial household

  • 8. 
    What part of the Great War most changed African thinking toward European colonial powers?
    • A. 

      Violence in the trenches

    • B. 

      Forced conscription

    • C. 

      Poor treatment in the military

    • D. 

      Exposure to racist attitudes

  • 9. 
    Why did Indian Muslims believe that the Indian National Congress could NOT meet their needs?
    • A. 

      The animosity between Hindus and Muslims had been serious and consistently violent over the last two centuries.

    • B. 

      The Muslims generally held a more impoverished position than Hindus so they felt they would never have an equal role.

    • C. 

      Muslims believed British concerns that a combined Hindu-Muslim state was not viable.

    • D. 

      The Indian National Congress had never allowed Muslims to be in leadership positions despite pleas by prominent businessmen.

  • 10. 
    What influences prompted Gandhi to devise his system of nonviolent protest?   
    • A. 

      His caste position, his education in England, and a deep-seated pragmatism

    • B. 

      British education and experience in segregated South Africa

    • C. 

      Experience with British bureaucrats and deep-seated pragmatism

    • D. 

      British education, South African experience, and mysticism

  • 11. 
    When comparing China with Latin America in the 1920s and 1930s, to what extent was Marxism a viable policy? 
    • A. 

      In Latin America, there were merely dicussions in university settings while in China, Marxists vied for control of government.

    • B. 

      Both Latin America and Chinese reformers were able to build political parties around Marxist principles.

    • C. 

      The Chinese government persecuted Marxists while Latin American Marxists were ignored by their governments.

    • D. 

      Neither the Chinese nor Latin American public believed that Marxism offered any improvements for them.

  • 12. 
    One significant outcome of the Long March was
    • A. 

      The defeat of the Communist Party in China

    • B. 

      The emergence of Mao Zedong as the undisputed leader of the Chinese communists

    • C. 

      An alliance between the CCP and the nationalists against the Japanese

    • D. 

      The elimination of the warlords in western China

  • 13. 
    All of the following are true about Sun Yatsen, EXCEPT that he
    • A. 

      Was a leading opponent of the Qing dynasty

    • B. 

      Proclaimed a Chinese republic in 1912

    • C. 

      Led the Chinese in resisting Japanese military aggression

    • D. 

      Established the Guomindang

  • 14. 
    Which of the following blended artistic vision and radical political ideas in large murals that were created specifically for working people?
    • A. 

      Carmen Miranda

    • B. 

      Lazaro Cardenas

    • C. 

      Diego Rivera

    • D. 

      Anastacio Somoza Garcia

  • 15. 
    Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding AFrica during the decades after the Great War?
    • A. 

      Colonial taxation policies were designed to drive Africans into the labor market

    • B. 

      Using African labor and tax monies, Europeans built economic infrastructure

    • C. 

      Europeans promoted rapid, intensive industrialization among their colonial possessions

    • D. 

      In areas with extensive white settlement, settler agriculture was most prominent

  • 16. 
    The May Fourth Movement
    • A. 

      Was a significant turning point in the evolution of M. Garvey's political efforts

    • B. 

      Was a sign of growing Japanese nationalism

    • C. 

      Became the pretext for Japan to invade Manchuria

    • D. 

      Galvanized the Chinese against foreign influence

  • 17. 
    Why did the ethnic diversity of migrant workers in the U.S. change after the 1920s?
    • A. 

      Europeans were prevented from immigration by the war

    • B. 

      During the 1920s, the U.S. passed several laws restricting migration

    • C. 

      The political power of agribusiness prevented the U.S. government from restricting Mexican migration

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 18. 
    Satyagraha was
    • A. 

      Gandhi's philosophy of passive resistance

    • B. 

      The Islamic leader who called for the creation of Pakistan

    • C. 

      Mao Zedong's adapted philosophy of Chinese communism

    • D. 

      The original name of the Pan-African movement

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