National Unification And The National State (Chapter 19 SEC. 3)

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National Unification And The National State (Chapter 19 SEC. 3) - Quiz

A quiz to help you on the the Chapter 19 Section 3 Quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the result of the Cirmean War?

    • A.

      Britain's economy was destroyed

    • B.

      France lost a sizeable amount of territory

    • C.

      The Concert of Europe brokedown

    • D.

      Russia gained most of Poland

    Correct Answer
    C. The Concert of Europe brokedown
    Explanation
    The result of the Crimean War was the breakdown of the Concert of Europe. The Concert of Europe was a system of alliances and agreements among major European powers to maintain peace and stability on the continent. However, the war disrupted this system as it exposed the weaknesses and disagreements among the powers involved. The conflict undermined the trust and cooperation among the European nations, leading to the breakdown of the Concert of Europe.

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  • 2. 

    Russia was interested in aquiring land in the Balkans that had been under the control of

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Spain

    • C.

      The Netherlands

    • D.

      The Ottoman Empire

    Correct Answer
    D. The Ottoman Empire
    Explanation
    Russia was interested in acquiring land in the Balkans that had been under the control of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire was a declining power in the 19th century, and Russia saw an opportunity to expand its influence in the region. The Balkans were strategically important for Russia due to their proximity to the Black Sea and access to warm-water ports. Additionally, Russia had a historical and cultural connection with the Orthodox Christians in the Balkans, which further fueled their interest in the region.

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  • 3. 

    Why did Great Britain and France declare war on Russia?

    • A.

      They feared that gaining territory would make Russia too powerful

    • B.

      Russia refused to participate in the Concert of Europe

    • C.

      Russia boycotted French goods

    • D.

      Russia invaded territory belonging to Great Britain

    Correct Answer
    A. They feared that gaining territory would make Russia too powerful
    Explanation
    Great Britain and France declared war on Russia because they feared that if Russia gained more territory, it would become too powerful. By preventing Russia from expanding its territory, they aimed to maintain a balance of power in Europe and protect their own interests.

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  • 4. 

    Which Italian state took the lead in achieving the unification of Italy?

    • A.

      Sardinia

    • B.

      Piedmont

    • C.

      The Papal States

    • D.

      Savoy

    Correct Answer
    B. Piedmont
    Explanation
    Piedmont is the correct answer because it played a crucial role in the unification of Italy. The Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia, led by King Victor Emmanuel II and his Prime Minister Count Camillo di Cavour, pursued a policy of modernization and expansion. Through diplomatic alliances and military campaigns, Piedmont was able to annex various regions and states, gradually uniting Italy under its leadership. The successful unification process culminated in 1861 when the Kingdom of Italy was officially proclaimed, with Victor Emmanuel II as its king.

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  • 5. 

    Which man was the Prime Minister of Piedmont ad the dedicatd political leader that helped unify northern Italy?

    • A.

      Garibaldi

    • B.

      Von Bismarck

    • C.

      Louis-Napoleon

    • D.

      Cavour

    Correct Answer
    D. Cavour
    Explanation
    Cavour was the Prime Minister of Piedmont and a dedicated political leader who played a crucial role in the unification of northern Italy. He was a skilled diplomat and strategist, who worked towards modernizing Piedmont and forming alliances with other European powers to weaken Austrian influence in Italy. Cavour's efforts paved the way for the eventual unification of Italy under the leadership of King Victor Emmanuel II.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following helped Cavour defeat the Austrians?

    • A.

      Great Britain

    • B.

      France

    • C.

      Prussia

    • D.

      Corsica

    Correct Answer
    B. France
    Explanation
    Cavour was able to defeat the Austrians with the help of France. France provided military support to Cavour's forces during the Italian Wars of Independence, which ultimately led to the defeat of the Austrians. The French army played a crucial role in several key battles, including the Battle of Magenta and the Battle of Solferino. With the assistance of the French, Cavour was able to achieve his goal of unifying Italy under the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia.

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  • 7. 

    Who was the leader who helped unify southern Italy?

    • A.

      Cavour

    • B.

      Garibaldi

    • C.

      Von Bismarck

    • D.

      Louis-Napoleon

    Correct Answer
    B. Garibaldi
    Explanation
    Garibaldi was the leader who helped unify southern Italy. He played a crucial role in the Italian unification movement known as the Risorgimento. Garibaldi was a skilled military strategist and led the famous "Red Shirts" in various successful campaigns. He captured Sicily and Naples, which were important territories in southern Italy, and his actions contributed significantly to the unification of Italy under the leadership of King Victor Emmanuel II.

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  • 8. 

    Two separate wars helped Italy gain which last two pieces of unification?

    • A.

      Venetia and Sardinia

    • B.

      Piedmont and Nice

    • C.

      Venetia and Rome

    • D.

      Rome and Corsica

    Correct Answer
    C. Venetia and Rome
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Venetia and Rome. These were the last two pieces of unification that Italy gained. Venetia was acquired after the Austro-Prussian War in 1866, while Rome was annexed in 1870 after the capture of the city during the Franco-Prussian War. These victories allowed Italy to finally achieve its goal of unifying the entire Italian peninsula under one nation.

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  • 9. 

    Prussia was known for its

    • A.

      Democracy

    • B.

      Militarism

    • C.

      Navy

    • D.

      Triumvirate

    Correct Answer
    B. Militarism
    Explanation
    Prussia was known for its militarism because it had a strong emphasis on military power and a highly organized and disciplined army. The Prussian military played a significant role in shaping the country's politics and foreign policy, with the belief that a powerful military was essential for national security and expansion. This militaristic culture was further strengthened under the leadership of King Frederick II, who modernized and expanded the Prussian army, making it one of the most formidable in Europe during the 18th and 19th centuries. Prussia's militarism ultimately contributed to its rise as a major European power.

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  • 10. 

    Who did King Wilhelm I appoint as prime minister?

    • A.

      Cavour

    • B.

      Garibaldi

    • C.

      Von Bismarck

    • D.

      Louis-Napoleon

    Correct Answer
    C. Von Bismarck
    Explanation
    King Wilhelm I appointed von Bismarck as prime minister because he believed in Bismarck's political skills and ability to unite the German states under Prussian leadership. Bismarck was known for his strong conservative views and his willingness to use diplomacy and military force to achieve his goals. He successfully implemented a series of policies that led to the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire, making him a crucial figure in German history.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following terms means "the politics of reality"?

    • A.

      Militarism

    • B.

      Realpolitik

    • C.

      Kaiser

    • D.

      Bismarck

    Correct Answer
    B. Realpolitik
    Explanation
    Realpolitik is a term that means "the politics of reality." It refers to a political approach that prioritizes practical considerations and the pursuit of national interests, rather than moral or ideological principles. This term is often associated with the German statesman Otto von Bismarck, who practiced a realpolitik approach during his time as Chancellor of the German Empire in the late 19th century. It emphasizes the use of power and diplomacy to achieve strategic goals, often without regard for ethical or moral considerations.

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  • 12. 

    Complete Bismarck's quote:  "The great questions of the day are decided by ______ and _____?"

    • A.

      Politicians, clergy

    • B.

      Justice, liberty

    • C.

      Freedom, democracy

    • D.

      Blood, iron

    Correct Answer
    D. Blood, iron
    Explanation
    Bismarck's quote suggests that the important issues of the time are ultimately resolved through conflict and warfare (blood) and the strength and power of a nation's military (iron). This implies that Bismarck believed that military might and the willingness to use force were crucial factors in shaping the outcome of significant political and social questions.

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  • 13. 

    Bismarck goaded which European country into a war?

    • A.

      Russia

    • B.

      Great Britain

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. France
    Explanation
    Bismarck goaded France into a war. This is because Bismarck, the Chancellor of Prussia, wanted to unify the German states under Prussian leadership and believed that a war with France would help achieve this goal. In 1870, Bismarck manipulated a diplomatic crisis with France, known as the Ems Dispatch, to provoke a war. This resulted in the Franco-Prussian War, which ultimately led to the unification of Germany under Prussian dominance.

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  • 14. 

    Where was William the I crowned emperor of the Second German Empire? (Second Reich)

    • A.

      Berlin

    • B.

      Moscow

    • C.

      Versailles

    • D.

      Alsace

    Correct Answer
    C. Versailles
    Explanation
    William I was crowned emperor of the Second German Empire in Versailles. Versailles is a city in France, and the coronation took place there after the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. This event marked the establishment of the German Empire, with William I as its first emperor. The choice of Versailles for the coronation was significant, as it symbolized the defeat of France and the rise of German power.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following was the German term for emperor?

    • A.

      Czar

    • B.

      Kaiser

    • C.

      King

    • D.

      Ceasar

    Correct Answer
    B. Kaiser
    Explanation
    The German term for emperor is "kaiser". This term was used to refer to the ruler of the German Empire, which existed from 1871 to 1918. The title of kaiser was adopted by the German monarchs and was derived from the Latin word "Caesar", which was also used to refer to Roman emperors. The term "czar" refers to the title used by the rulers of Russia, "king" refers to the ruler of a kingdom, and "Caesar" was the title used by Roman emperors.

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  • 16. 

    Following the Franco-Prussian war, Prussia became a part of the new

    • A.

      Italian state

    • B.

      Austrian empire

    • C.

      British empire

    • D.

      German state

    Correct Answer
    D. German state
    Explanation
    After the Franco-Prussian war, Prussia became a part of the German state. This war, which took place in 1870-1871, resulted in the defeat of France by Prussia and its allies. As a consequence, the German Empire was proclaimed in 1871, with Prussia as its dominant state. The unification of Germany under Prussian leadership marked a significant shift in the balance of power in Europe and laid the foundation for the later development of Germany as a major world power.

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  • 17. 

    Following the Franco-Prussian war, which country became the most power on the European continent?

    • A.

      France

    • B.

      Prussia

    • C.

      Germany

    • D.

      Italy

    Correct Answer
    C. Germany
    Explanation
    Following the Franco-Prussian war, Germany became the most powerful country on the European continent. The war resulted in the defeat of France and the unification of the German states under Prussian leadership. This led to the establishment of the German Empire in 1871, with Prussia as its dominant state. Germany's newfound power and industrial strength allowed it to exert significant influence in Europe, challenging the traditional power balance and establishing itself as a major player on the continent.

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  • 18. 

    Thanks to a vote of the people, what title did Louis-Napoleon assume?

    • A.

      Kaiser Napoleon

    • B.

      Czar Napoleon

    • C.

      Empreror Napoleon III

    • D.

      King Napoleon

    Correct Answer
    C. Empreror Napoleon III
    Explanation
    Louis-Napoleon assumed the title of Emperor Napoleon III. This was thanks to a vote of the people, indicating that the majority of the population supported his ascension to the throne. The title "Emperor" signifies the highest position of power and authority, indicating that Louis-Napoleon became the ruler of the nation with the support of the people.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following resulted in the end of the Second French Empire?

    • A.

      Authoritarian policies of Emperor Napoleon III

    • B.

      A peasant uprising

    • C.

      Invasion by Britain

    • D.

      Defeat in the Franco-Prussian war

    Correct Answer
    D. Defeat in the Franco-Prussian war
    Explanation
    The end of the Second French Empire was a result of the defeat in the Franco-Prussian war. The war, which took place from 1870 to 1871, led to the capture of Emperor Napoleon III and the collapse of his regime. The defeat not only marked the end of the empire but also resulted in the establishment of the Third French Republic.

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  • 20. 

    Great Britain managed to avoid the revolutionary upheavals of the 1800's because of the strong rule of

    • A.

      Prince Charles

    • B.

      Czar Alexander

    • C.

      Queen Victoria

    • D.

      Queen Elizabeth

    Correct Answer
    C. Queen Victoria
    Explanation
    Great Britain managed to avoid the revolutionary upheavals of the 1800's because of the strong rule of Queen Victoria. Queen Victoria's reign, which lasted from 1837 to 1901, was characterized by stability, economic growth, and social reforms. She was a popular and influential monarch who maintained a strong hold on power, ensuring political stability and preventing widespread unrest. Her reign also coincided with the Industrial Revolution, during which Britain experienced significant economic growth and development. Queen Victoria's strong rule and the favorable conditions during her reign contributed to Great Britain's ability to avoid the revolutionary upheavals that other countries experienced during the 1800s.

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  • 21. 

    Nationalistic Hungarians were able to force the creation of

    • A.

      An Austrian empire

    • B.

      A dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary

    • C.

      An Italian state

    • D.

      A German state

    Correct Answer
    B. A dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a dual monarchy of Austria-Hungary. This is because the nationalistic Hungarians were able to exert enough pressure and influence to establish a dual monarchy, where Austria and Hungary were separate entities with their own governments, but shared a common monarch. This arrangement allowed Hungary to have more autonomy and control over its own affairs, while still being part of a larger empire.

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  • 22. 

    What was the biggest reform instituted by Czar Alexander II in Russia?

    • A.

      National Income Tax

    • B.

      National Healthcare

    • C.

      Emancipation of the Serfs

    • D.

      Censorship of the Press

    Correct Answer
    C. Emancipation of the Serfs
    Explanation
    Czar Alexander II's biggest reform in Russia was the emancipation of the serfs. This reform abolished serfdom, granting freedom to millions of serfs who were previously bound to the land and owned by the nobility. The emancipation aimed to modernize Russia's economy and society by transforming the serfs into free laborers and allowing them to own property. This reform had a significant impact on Russian society and marked a major step towards social and economic changes in the country.

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  • 23. 

    What happened to Alexander II?

    • A.

      Assassinated

    • B.

      Died in battle

    • C.

      Died of a heart attack

    • D.

      Died in his sleep

    Correct Answer
    A. Assassinated
    Explanation
    Alexander II was assassinated.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 19, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Kevhugh

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