Physical Assessment Of Head And Neck

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 8,216
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Physical Assessment Of Head And Neck - Quiz

This quiz covers the physical assessment of the head and neck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which type of headache is usually described as throbbing or pounding, is sudden in onset, and is sometimes associated with nausea, photophobia, and visual problems?

    • A.

      Tension

    • B.

      Migrane

    • C.

      Hypertension

    • D.

      Sinus

    Correct Answer
    B. Migrane
    Explanation
    Tension headaches are usually described as being aching or as a feeling of pressure, are gradual in onset, and can be associated with tension or stress. Hypertension headaches are described as being pulsating and can be associated with exercise or withdrawal of caffeine. Stress headaches are described as being aching, dull, or shooting and are associated with allergies, coughing, sneezing, nasal congestion, and fever.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is an enlargement of the head and bony facial structures caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone?

    • A.

      Hydrocephalus

    • B.

      Agromegally

    • C.

      Craniosyntosis

    • D.

      Craniotabes

    Correct Answer
    B. Agromegally
    Explanation
    Option A is an enlargement of the head without enlargement of the facial structures caused by an accumulation of CSF in the skull. Option C is an abnormal shape of the head caused by premature closing of the suture lines of the skill prior to completion of bone growth. Option D is a softening of the skill caused by hydrocephalus, demineralization of the bone, hypervitaminosis A, or syphilis.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following is a clinical manifestation of Bell's palsy?

    • A.

      Asymmetry of the entire side of the face

    • B.

      Asymmetry of the lower face

    • C.

      Asymmetry of the mouth

    • D.

      Involuntary movements of the face

    Correct Answer
    A. Asymmetry of the entire side of the face
    Explanation
    Bell's palsy is also known as facial nerve paralysis and affects the entire side of the affected face. Asymmetry of just the lower face is caused by facial nerve weakness. Asymmetry of the mouth is caused by trigeminal nerve problems. Involuntary movements can be caused y pressure or degenerative changes to the facial nerve or psychogenic causes.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following could cause pain on flexion or rotation o the neck? Check all that apply.

    • A.

      Meningitis

    • B.

      Trauma

    • C.

      Muscle spasm

    • D.

      Torticollis

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Meningitis
    B. Trauma
    C. Muscle spasm
    Explanation
    Torticollis is a shortening of the sternocleidomastoid which presents as a holding of the head to one side.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following are causes of palpable, tender, hard lymph nodes? check all that apply.

    • A.

      Infection

    • B.

      Malignancies

    • C.

      AIDS

    • D.

      TB

    • E.

      Surgical procedures

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Infection
    B. Malignancies
    C. AIDS
    D. TB
    E. Surgical procedures
    Explanation
    Palpable, tender, hard lymph nodes can be caused by various factors. Infections such as bacterial or viral infections can lead to swollen and tender lymph nodes. Malignancies, including lymphomas and metastatic cancers, can also cause palpable and hard lymph nodes. AIDS, a condition caused by the HIV virus, can result in enlarged and tender lymph nodes. Tuberculosis (TB), a bacterial infection, can cause swollen and painful lymph nodes as well. Additionally, surgical procedures can sometimes lead to inflammation and enlargement of lymph nodes.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following are normal changes of aging? check all that apply.

    • A.

      Sunken eyes

    • B.

      Altered facial symmetry

    • C.

      Decreased range of motion

    • D.

      Fibrotic thyroid gland

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Sunken eyes
    B. Altered facial symmetry
    C. Decreased range of motion
    D. Fibrotic thyroid gland
    Explanation
    Eyes can appear sunken because of a loss of subcutaneous fat. Altered facial symmetry may be caused by dentures or the loss of teeth. Decreased range of motion may be caused by arthritic changes. It is normal for the thyroid to become nodular or irregular with age.

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