Medical Nursing Trivia Quiz

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 765

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Medical Nursing Trivia Quiz

Below is a Medical Nursing trivia quiz for those of us who are studying for their end year exams towards certification. It encompasses all that they have learned in their course and some of the questions they may be expected to tackle in the exam. Do give it a try if you are one of them and keep an eye out for others like it!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A patient is arriving on the orthopedic floor from the emergency room. While giving the report to the floor nurse, the emergency room nurse states that the patient has a fracture of the nose that has resulted in a skin tear and involvement of the mucous membranes of the nasal passages. The orthopedic nurse is aware that this description likely indicates which type of fracture?
    • A. 

      A) Compression

    • B. 

      B) Compound

    • C. 

      C) Impacted

    • D. 

      D) Transverse

  • 2. 
    A patient has sustained a long bone fracture. The nurse is preparing a care plan for this patient. Which intervention should the nurse include in the care plan to enhance fracture healing?
    • A. 

      A) Limit weight-bearing and exercising

    • B. 

      B) Monitor color, temperature, and pulses of the affected extremity

    • C. 

      C) Avoid immobilization of the fracture fragments

    • D. 

      D) Administration of high doses of corticosteroids

  • 3. 
    The nurse is assessing a patient's right knee. The assessment shows edema, tenderness, muscle spasms, and ecchymosis. The patient states that 2 days ago he ran 10 miles and now it hurts to stand up. Based on these symptoms, the nurse bases her teaching upon the fact that she anticipates the patient has experienced what?
    • A. 

      A) A first-degree strain

    • B. 

      B) A second-degree strain

    • C. 

      C) A first-degree sprain

    • D. 

      D) A second-degree sprain

  • 4. 
    The nurse is preparing the patient for discharge from the emergency room to home after incurring a sprain to the left ankle. While providing discharge teaching, the nurse is correct when they instruct the patient to what?
    • A. 

      A) Apply heat for the first 24 to 48 hours after injury

    • B. 

      B) Maintain the ankle in a dependent position

    • C. 

      C) Exercise hourly by performing rotation exercises of the ankle

    • D. 

      D) Apply an elastic compression bandage to the ankle

  • 5. 
    The nurse is writing a care plan for a patient admitted to the Emergency Department (ED) with an open fracture. The nurse will assign priority to what nursing diagnosis for a patient with an open fracture of the radius?
    • A. 

      A) Risk for infection

    • B. 

      B) Risk for activity intolerance

    • C. 

      C) Risk for imbalanced nutrition: less than body requirements

    • D. 

      D) Risk for powerlessness

  • 6. 
    While caring for a patient with a hip fracture, the nurse will instruct the patient to do what to prevent the most common complication associated with a hip fracture?
    • A. 

      A) Take the prescribed stool softener daily.

    • B. 

      B) Use the prescribed oxygen with ambulation.

    • C. 

      C) Increase fluid intake.

    • D. 

      D) Avoid movement of the feet and ankles.

  • 7. 
    A clinic nurse is caring for a patient who has a tibial fracture. The patient has just had a long-leg walking cast removed and a short leg cast applied. The nurse explains to the patient that the short leg cast will allow for what?
    • A. 

      A) Ankle motion

    • B. 

      B) Knee motion

    • C. 

      C) Hip motion

    • D. 

      D) Toe motion

  • 8. 
    The patient scheduled for a Syme amputation in the morning is concerned about the ability to stand on the amputated extremity. The patient asks the nurse about his ability to stand after surgery. What is the nurse's best response to this question?
    • A. 

      A) “You will be able to withstand full weight-bearing on this durable extremity after the amputation.”

    • B. 

      B) “You will have minimal weight-bearing on this extremity and will require the use of an assistive device.”

    • C. 

      C) “You will not be able to use this extremity and will receive teaching on use of a wheelchair.”

    • D. 

      D) “You will be fitted for a prosthesis and your commitment to rehabilitation will determine your functional abilities.”

  • 9. 
    A patient with a simple fracture is involved in discharge teaching with their nurse. What would the nurse instruct the patient to do?
    • A. 

      A) Elevate the affected extremity to shoulder level.

    • B. 

      B) Engage in exercises that strengthen the unaffected muscles.

    • C. 

      C) Take corticosteroids as prescribed.

    • D. 

      D) Expect to regain full strength and mobility in 2 to 4 weeks.

  • 10. 
    Six weeks after an above the knee (AKA) amputation, a patient returns to the outpatient office for a routine postoperative check-up.  During the nurse's assessment, the patient reports symptoms of phantom pain. What would the nurse correctly tell the patient to do to reduce the discomfort of the phantom pain?
    • A. 

      A) Apply hot compresses to the area of the amputation.

    • B. 

      B) Avoid rehabilitation exercises until the pain subsides.

    • C. 

      C) Comfortably increase their level of activity.

    • D. 

      D) Assess for a pulse in the extremity of the amputation every 4 to 6 hours.

  • 11. 
    The nurse is caring for a patient who had a right extremity below the knee amputation (BKA). The nurse recognizes the importance of implementing measures that focus on preventing flexion contracture of the hip and maintaining proper positioning. Which of the following measures will achieve these goals?
    • A. 

      A) Encouraging the patient to turn from side to side and to assume a prone position

    • B. 

      B) Initiating ROM exercises of the hip and knee 3 months after the amputation

    • C. 

      C) Minimizing movement of the flexor muscles of the hip

    • D. 

      D) Encouraging the patient to sit in the chair for at least 8 hours of the day

  • 12. 
    You are caring for a patient wearing a sling to support her arm after a clavicle fracture. What would the nurse instruct the patient to do?
    • A. 

      A) Elevate the arm above the shoulder 3 or 4 times daily.

    • B. 

      B) Avoid moving the elbow, wrist, and fingers for about 2 months.

    • C. 

      C) Engage in active range of motion using the affected bone.

    • D. 

      D) Use the arm for light activities within the range of motion.

  • 13. 
    The orthopedic nurse is precepting a graduate nurse. They are caring for four fracture patients. The orthopedic nurse asks the graduate nurse which of their patients is at an increased risk for Volkmann's contracture. What should the graduate nurse respond?
    • A. 

      A) Femur

    • B. 

      B) Humerus

    • C. 

      C) Radial head

    • D. 

      D) Clavicle

  • 14. 
    The nurse at the pediatrician's office is assessing a 17-year-old soccer player who presented to the clinic stating that he sustained an injury that resulted in the knee being struck medially while his foot is firmly planted on the ground. The nurse knows that the patient likely has experienced what?
    • A. 

      A) Lateral collateral ligament injury

    • B. 

      B) Medial collateral ligament injury

    • C. 

      C) Anterior cruciate ligament injury

    • D. 

      D) Posterior cruciate ligament injury

  • 15. 
    A 16-year-old girl is taken to the emergency department after being kicked in the lower leg during a volleyball match. The leg area has become swollen and discolored.  The triage nurse recognizes that the patient has likely sustained what?
    • A. 

      A) Sprain

    • B. 

      B) Strain

    • C. 

      C) Contusion

    • D. 

      D) Dislocation

  • 16. 
    Radiographs were ordered for a 10-year-old boy who had his right upper arm injured. The radiographs show that the humerus appears to be fractured on one side and slightly bent on the other. What type of fracture is this an example of?
    • A. 

      A) Impacted

    • B. 

      B) Compound

    • C. 

      C) Compression

    • D. 

      D) Greenstick

  • 17. 
    The nurse is performing a shift assessment on an elderly patient who is recovering after surgery for a hip fracture. The nurse notes that the patient is complaining of chest pain, has an increased heart rate and respiratory rate. The nurse further notes that the patient is febrile and hypoxic, coughing and producing large amounts of thick white sputum. The nurse recognizes that this is a medical emergency and calls for assistance, as she recognizes that this patient is likely demonstrating symptoms related to what?
    • A. 

      A) Avascular necrosis of bone

    • B. 

      B) Compartment syndrome

    • C. 

      C) Fat embolism syndrome

    • D. 

      D) Complex regional pain syndrome

  • 18. 
    A 28-year-old man with a fractured humerus calls the nurse into his room. Upon assessment, the nurse finds the patient to be tachycardic, pale, and confused. The nurse suspects the patient may be experiencing which of the following complications?
    • A. 

      A) Disseminated intravascular coagulopathy

    • B. 

      B) Compartment syndrome

    • C. 

      C) Fat emboli

    • D. 

      D) Deep vein thrombosis

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing intervention for the nursing diagnosis of Impaired physical mobility related to fractured hip?
    • A. 

      A) Administer analgesics as required.

    • B. 

      B) Place pillow between legs when turning.

    • C. 

      C) Monitor vital signs.

    • D. 

      D) Assess wound appearance.

  • 20. 
    A patient with a fractured left femur is being cared for by an orthopedic nurse. The nurse would know that what signs indicate potential fat emboli?
    • A. 

      A) Increased partial pressure of arterial oxygen (PaO2), reduced sensation in left leg or foot

    • B. 

      B) Left leg pain, dyspnea

    • C. 

      C) Bradycardia, skin bruises

    • D. 

      D) Cyanosis, decreased PaO2

  • 21. 
    21.  A 55-year-old male is brought to the emergency department by ambulance after stepping in a hole and falling. While assessing him the nurse notes that his right leg is shorter than his left leg; his right hip is deformed and he is in acute pain. What would the nurse suspect has happened to this patient?
    • A. 

      A) Subluxated right hip

    • B. 

      B) Fractured right hip

    • C. 

      C) Right pelvic fracture

    • D. 

      D) Traumatic dislocation of right hip

  • 22. 
    22.  The nursing instructor is discussing dislocations and subluxations with the beginning nursing students. Why would the instructor tell the students that dislocation and subluxations are medical emergencies and need to be reduced immediately?
    • A. 

      A) The longer the joint is misplaced, the harder it is to get it back in place

    • B. 

      B) Because the pain is so bad

    • C. 

      C) The longer the joint is misplaced, the more difficult it is to apply splints to immobilize the extremity

    • D. 

      D) Avascular necrosis may develop

  • 23. 
    23.  According to the U.S. Department of Labor, occupation-related musculoskeletal disorders are illnesses or injuries of what? (Mark all that apply.)
    • A. 

      A) Nerves

    • B. 

      B) Cartilage

    • C. 

      C) Tendons

    • D. 

      D) Arteries

    • E. 

      E) Veins

  • 24. 
    24.  A hockey player is brought to the emergency department after a game because of an injury. He is complaining of not being able to move his left arm, and his left arm appears longer than his right arm. The triage nurse suspects the hockey player has what?
    • A. 

      A) Dislocated left shoulder

    • B. 

      B) Fractured left clavicle

    • C. 

      C) Dislocated left elbow

    • D. 

      D) Fractured left humerus

  • 25. 
    25.  A patient has presented to the emergency department with an injury to the wrist. The patient is diagnosed with a third-degree strain. Why would the physician order an x-ray of the wrist?
    • A. 

      A) Nerve damage is associated with third-degree strains.

    • B. 

      B) Compartment syndrome is associated with third-degree strains.

    • C. 

      C) Avulsion fractures are associated with third-degree strains.

    • D. 

      D) Greenstick fractures are associated with third-degree strains.