PSAT/SSAT Vocabulary List #2

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PSAT/SSAT Vocabulary List #2 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Absolve (v)

    • A.

      To fuse or cause to grow together

    • B.

      To grant remission of a sin

    • C.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    • D.

      To express strong disapproval of

    Correct Answer
    B. To grant remission of a sin
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to grant remission of a sin". The word "absolve" is commonly used in a religious context, meaning to forgive or pardon someone for their sins. It implies the act of freeing someone from guilt or blame for their wrongdoing. The other options - to fuse or cause to grow together, to terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end, and to express strong disapproval of - do not accurately capture the meaning of "absolve" in this context.

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  • 2. 

    Acrimony (n.)

    • A.

      A rough and bitter manner

    • B.

      The quality of being honest and straightforward

    • C.

      Suitable to your needs

    • D.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    Correct Answer
    A. A rough and bitter manner
    Explanation
    The word "acrimony" refers to a rough and bitter manner. It implies a sense of hostility, animosity, or resentment in someone's behavior or attitude. It denotes a lack of harmony or pleasantness in interactions, often characterized by harsh words, anger, or resentment.

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  • 3. 

    Amenable (adj.) 

    • A.

      Heedful of potential consequences

    • B.

      Characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

    • C.

      Disposed or willing to comply

    • D.

      Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

    Correct Answer
    C. Disposed or willing to comply
    Explanation
    The word "amenable" means being disposed or willing to comply. This means that someone who is amenable is open to following instructions, suggestions, or requests. They are willing to cooperate and comply with what is asked of them.

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  • 4. 

    Banal (adj.) 

    • A.

      A rough and bitter manner

    • B.

      Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

    • C.

      Courteous regard for people's feelings

    • D.

      Disposed or willing to comply

    Correct Answer
    B. Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse". This means that something is banal when it becomes dull or unoriginal due to being said or done too many times. It suggests that the subject lacks freshness or creativity because it has become overly familiar or common.

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  • 5. 

    Candor (adj.) 

    • A.

      Instructive, especially excessively

    • B.

      Disposed or willing to comply

    • C.

      Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

    • D.

      The quality of being honest and straightforward

    Correct Answer
    D. The quality of being honest and straightforward
    Explanation
    The word "candor" refers to the quality of being honest and straightforward. It implies that a person is open and sincere in their communication, without any intention of hiding the truth or being deceptive. Candor is often valued in relationships and professional settings as it fosters trust and transparency.

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  • 6. 

    Caricature (n.)

    • A.

      Lack of agreement or harmony

    • B.

      A comedy characterized by broad satire

    • C.

      A representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

    • D.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    Correct Answer
    C. A representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect." A caricature is a form of art or drawing that exaggerates certain features or characteristics of a person in order to create a humorous or satirical effect. It is often used to highlight and emphasize certain traits or qualities of the individual in a comical way.

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  • 7. 

    Circumspect (adj.)

    • A.

      Heedful of potential consequences

    • B.

      Easily handled or managed

    • C.

      Showing modest reserve

    • D.

      Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

    Correct Answer
    A. Heedful of potential consequences
    Explanation
    The word "circumspect" means being cautious and careful, considering the potential consequences of one's actions. It implies being mindful and aware of the possible outcomes before making decisions or taking actions. This word suggests a sense of thoughtfulness and prudence in order to avoid any negative or harmful outcomes.

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  • 8. 

    Coalesce (v.)

    • A.

      To grant remission of a sin

    • B.

      To give evidence for

    • C.

      To make weak

    • D.

      To fuse or cause to grow together

    Correct Answer
    D. To fuse or cause to grow together
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to fuse or cause to grow together." Coalesce means to combine or merge separate elements into one entity or to cause separate parts to grow together and become one. In this context, it refers to the act of fusing or causing things to grow together.

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  • 9. 

    Corroborate (v.) 

    • A.

      To express a negative opinion of

    • B.

      To give evidence for

    • C.

      To reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

    • D.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    Correct Answer
    B. To give evidence for
    Explanation
    The word "corroborate" means to give evidence for. When someone corroborates something, they provide additional evidence or support for a statement or claim. This can strengthen the credibility or validity of the information being presented.

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  • 10. 

    Congenial (adj.) 

    • A.

      The quality of being honest and straightforward

    • B.

      Selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

    • C.

      Suitable to your needs

    • D.

      Heedful of potential consequences

    Correct Answer
    C. Suitable to your needs
    Explanation
    The word "congenial" means suitable or compatible with one's needs or preferences. Therefore, the correct answer is "suitable to your needs."

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  • 11. 

    Curtail (v.)

    • A.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    • B.

      To fuse or cause to grow together

    • C.

      To express strong disapproval of

    • D.

      To give evidence for

    Correct Answer
    A. To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end." This means that when something is curtailed, it is cut short or ended before it was supposed to be. This could apply to various situations where something is stopped prematurely, such as a project, a performance, or a conversation.

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  • 12. 

    Dearth (n.) 

    • A.

      The act of treating with contempt

    • B.

      A representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

    • C.

      A compound obtained from another compound

    • D.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    Correct Answer
    D. An insufficient quantity or number
    Explanation
    The word "dearth" refers to an insufficient quantity or number of something. This means that there is not enough of a particular thing, whether it be food, resources, or any other item. It does not relate to treating with contempt, a representation for comic effect, or a compound obtained from another compound.

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  • 13. 

    Debilitate (v.)

    • A.

      To make weak

    • B.

      To choose and follow

    • C.

      To cause to separate and go in different directions

    • D.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    Correct Answer
    A. To make weak
    Explanation
    The word "debilitate" means to make weak. This means that it causes someone or something to become less strong or less effective. So, the correct answer is "to make weak".

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  • 14. 

    Decorous (adj.) 

    • A.

      Containing or based on incorrect reasoning

    • B.

      Suitable to your needs

    • C.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    • D.

      Characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

    Correct Answer
    D. Characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste
    Explanation
    The correct answer for the word "decorous" is "characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste." This means that something that is decorous is appropriate, respectable, and displays good judgment and refinement. It suggests that the behavior or appearance is in accordance with accepted social norms and is done with elegance and grace.

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  • 15. 

    Decry (v.) 

    • A.

      To grant remission of a sin

    • B.

      To express strong disapproval of

    • C.

      Fuse or cause to grow together

    • D.

      To make weak

    Correct Answer
    B. To express strong disapproval of
    Explanation
    The word "decry" means to express strong disapproval of something. This means that when someone "decries" something, they are openly and strongly expressing their disapproval or criticism towards it.

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  • 16. 

    Deference (adj.) 

    • A.

      Courteous regard for people's feelings

    • B.

      Attempting to win favor by flattery

    • C.

      A rough and bitter manner

    • D.

      Showing inappropriate levity

    Correct Answer
    A. Courteous regard for people's feelings
    Explanation
    Deference refers to showing courteous regard for people's feelings. This means being respectful, considerate, and mindful of how one's actions and words may impact others. It involves treating others with kindness, empathy, and understanding, and taking their emotions into account. Deference is about showing respect and acknowledging the importance of others' feelings and opinions.

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  • 17. 

    Demean (v.) 

    • A.

      To reduce in worth or character, usually verbally

    • B.

      To cause to separate and go in different directions

    • C.

      To make weak

    • D.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    Correct Answer
    A. To reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
    Explanation
    The word "demean" means to reduce someone or something in worth or character, usually by using verbal means. This implies that through words or actions, one is belittling or degrading someone or something, causing them to appear less valuable or respectable.

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  • 18. 

    Deplore (v.) 

    • A.

      To make weak

    • B.

      To choose and follow

    • C.

      To express strong disapproval of

    • D.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    Correct Answer
    C. To express strong disapproval of
    Explanation
    The word "deplore" means to express strong disapproval of something. This means that when someone deplores something, they strongly disapprove of it and express their disapproval.

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  • 19. 

    Derision (n.) 

    • A.

      A representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

    • B.

      The act of treating with contempt

    • C.

      Lack of agreement or harmony

    • D.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    Correct Answer
    B. The act of treating with contempt
    Explanation
    Derision refers to the act of treating someone or something with contempt. This means that it involves mocking, ridiculing, or showing disdain towards a person or thing. It is a form of disrespect or scornful behavior towards someone or something, often done to belittle or humiliate them.

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  • 20. 

    Derivative (n.)

    • A.

      A comedy characterized by broad satire

    • B.

      Courteous regard for people's feelings

    • C.

      A representation of a person exaggerated for comic effect

    • D.

      A compound obtained from another compound

    Correct Answer
    D. A compound obtained from another compound
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a compound obtained from another compound." This is because a derivative, in chemistry, refers to a compound that is derived or obtained from another compound through a chemical reaction or process. It is a term commonly used in organic chemistry to describe the products formed when a functional group is added or substituted on a parent compound.

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  • 21. 

    Didactic (adj.) 

    • A.

      Instructive, especially excessively

    • B.

      Repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse

    • C.

      Disposed or willing to comply

    • D.

      Heedful of potential consequences

    Correct Answer
    A. Instructive, especially excessively
    Explanation
    The word "didactic" means instructive, especially excessively. This means that something is intended to teach or educate, but in an excessive or overly forceful manner. It implies that the instruction may be repetitive or overused.

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  • 22. 

    Diffident (adj.) 

    • A.

      Suitable to your needs

    • B.

      Easily handled or managed

    • C.

      Characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

    • D.

      Showing modest reserve

    Correct Answer
    D. Showing modest reserve
    Explanation
    The word "diffident" means lacking self-confidence or being hesitant in one's abilities. When someone shows modest reserve, they are displaying a level of shyness or restraint in their actions or words. This fits the definition of "diffident" as it implies a lack of assertiveness or self-assuredness. Therefore, the answer "showing modest reserve" is the most appropriate choice that aligns with the meaning of the word "diffident".

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  • 23. 

    Discord (n.) 

    • A.

      A lack of agreement or harmony

    • B.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    • C.

      A rough and bitter manner

    • D.

      A compound obtained from another compound

    Correct Answer
    A. A lack of agreement or harmony
    Explanation
    The word "discord" refers to a lack of agreement or harmony. It signifies a state of disagreement or conflict where there is a lack of unity or agreement among individuals or groups. This can be in terms of opinions, ideas, or actions. It implies a sense of disharmony or dissonance, where there is a lack of understanding, cooperation, or consensus.

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  • 24. 

    Disparage (v.)

    • A.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    • B.

      To express a negative opinion of

    • C.

      To grant remission of a sin

    • D.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    Correct Answer
    B. To express a negative opinion of
    Explanation
    The word "disparage" means to express a negative opinion of someone or something. It does not refer to pronouncing someone not guilty of criminal charges, granting remission of a sin, or terminating something before its intended end. Therefore, the correct answer is "to express a negative opinion of."

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  • 25. 

    Dissipate (v.) 

    • A.

      To express strong disapproval of

    • B.

      To choose and follow

    • C.

      To cause to separate and go in different directions

    • D.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    Correct Answer
    C. To cause to separate and go in different directions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to cause to separate and go in different directions". Dissipate means to scatter or disperse, causing something to separate and move in different directions. This explanation aligns with the definition provided.

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  • 26. 

    Docile (adj.) 

    • A.

      A rough and bitter manner

    • B.

      Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

    • C.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    • D.

      Easily handled or managed

    Correct Answer
    D. Easily handled or managed
    Explanation
    The word "docile" means easily handled or managed. This means that something or someone who is docile is compliant, submissive, and easy to control or work with. They are not resistant or difficult to handle.

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  • 27. 

    Eclectic (adj.) 

    • A.

      Containing or based on incorrect reasoning

    • B.

      Attempting to win favor by flattery

    • C.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    • D.

      Selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

    Correct Answer
    D. Selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas." This is because the word "eclectic" refers to the act of choosing or combining elements from different sources or styles. It implies a selection process where the best or most suitable options are chosen from a range of possibilities. The other options, such as "containing or based on incorrect reasoning," "attempting to win favor by flattery," and "giving careful attention to detail," do not accurately capture the meaning of the word "eclectic."

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  • 28. 

    Ephemeral (adj.) 

    • A.

      Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

    • B.

      Showing inappropriate levity

    • C.

      Attempting to win favor by flattery

    • D.

      Containing or based on incorrect reasoning

    Correct Answer
    A. Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day." The word "ephemeral" is used to describe something that lasts for a very short period of time. In this context, it is compared to an insect that has a lifespan of only one day, emphasizing the brevity and transience of the thing being described.

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  • 29. 

    Espouse (v.) 

    • A.

      To express a negative opinion of

    • B.

      To choose and follow

    • C.

      To cause to separate and go in different directions

    • D.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    Correct Answer
    B. To choose and follow
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to choose and follow". This is because the word "espouse" means to adopt or support a particular belief, cause, or idea. It implies a deliberate choice to follow and advocate for something.

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  • 30. 

    Exonerate (v.) 

    • A.

      To express strong disapproval of

    • B.

      To terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end

    • C.

      To make weak

    • D.

      To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges

    Correct Answer
    D. To pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to pronounce not guilty of criminal charges." This is the only option that accurately defines the term "exonerate." When someone is exonerated, it means they are declared not guilty of the criminal charges brought against them.

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  • 31. 

    Fallacious (adj.) 

    • A.

      Selecting what seems best of various styles or ideas

    • B.

      Showing modest reserve

    • C.

      Containing or based on incorrect reasoning

    • D.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    Correct Answer
    C. Containing or based on incorrect reasoning
    Explanation
    The word "fallacious" refers to something that is based on incorrect reasoning. This means that the argument or statement is flawed and does not follow logical or rational thinking. It implies that the reasoning used is deceptive or misleading, leading to incorrect conclusions.

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  • 32. 

    Farce (n.)

    • A.

      A comedy characterized by broad satire

    • B.

      An insufficient quantity or number

    • C.

      A lack of agreement or harmony

    • D.

      A compound obtained from another compound

    Correct Answer
    A. A comedy characterized by broad satire
    Explanation
    Farce is a type of comedy that is known for its use of exaggerated and ridiculous situations, often involving mistaken identities, misunderstandings, and slapstick humor. It relies heavily on satire, which is the use of humor, irony, or ridicule to expose and criticize human foolishness or vices. In a farce, the humor is often derived from the absurdity of the situations and the exaggerated actions and reactions of the characters. Therefore, the correct answer is "a comedy characterized by broad satire."

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  • 33. 

    Fastidious (adj.) 

    • A.

      Containing or based on incorrect reasoning

    • B.

      Attempting to win favor by flattery

    • C.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    • D.

      Showing inappropriate levity

    Correct Answer
    C. Giving careful attention to detail
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "giving careful attention to detail." This is because the word "fastidious" means being very attentive to and concerned about accuracy and detail. It implies being meticulous, thorough, and precise in one's work or actions. Therefore, the option that best captures this meaning is "giving careful attention to detail."

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  • 34. 

    Fawning (adj.) 

    • A.

      Instructive, especially excessively

    • B.

      Courteous regard for people's feelings

    • C.

      Attempting to win favor by flattery

    • D.

      Characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste

    Correct Answer
    C. Attempting to win favor by flattery
    Explanation
    Fawning, as an adjective, refers to the act of attempting to win favor by flattery. This means that someone who is fawning is excessively flattering and ingratiating in order to gain someone's favor or approval. They may use excessive compliments or praise to try to win the person over. This behavior is often seen as insincere and manipulative, as the person is not genuinely interested in the individual but rather in gaining something from them.

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  • 35. 

    Flippant (adj.)

    • A.

      Suitable to your needs

    • B.

      Showing inappropriate levity

    • C.

      Anything short-lived, as an insect that lives only for a day

    • D.

      Giving careful attention to detail

    Correct Answer
    B. Showing inappropriate levity
    Explanation
    The word "flippant" means showing inappropriate levity. This means that someone is being disrespectful or not taking a situation seriously. The other options, such as "suitable to your needs" or "giving careful attention to detail," do not convey the same meaning as "flippant." Therefore, the correct answer is "showing inappropriate levity."

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  • Current Version
  • Aug 31, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 22, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Ltourtellotte

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