Mttc Language Arts Elementary Practice Test

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Elementary Test Quizzes & Trivia

The Michigan Test for Teacher Certification (MTTC) Language Arts Elementary practice test is a quiz that is aimed at helping you revise and prepare for your arts elementary exams. How ready are you for the exam? Find out below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Students in a middle school socialstudies class are learning about the CivilWar. They have read various historicaland fictional accounts about the peoplewho experienced the war firsthand.Which of the following activities wouldbe most likely to extend the students'understanding of the social andemotional issues surrounding the war?

    • A.

      Creating a videotaped reenactment of various Civil War battles

    • B.

      Writing historically accurate fictional letters home from the viewpoint of one of the soldiers

    • C.

      Presenting oral reports based on research from history resources

    • D.

      Creating timelines that chart the significant events leading up to the Civil War period

    Correct Answer
    B. Writing historically accurate fictional letters home from the viewpoint of one of the soldiers
    Explanation
    Writing historically accurate fictional letters home from the viewpoint of one of the soldiers would be most likely to extend the students' understanding of the social and emotional issues surrounding the war. This activity would require students to empathize with the experiences and emotions of the soldiers, allowing them to gain a deeper understanding of the social and emotional impact of the war. It would also require research into the historical context, promoting a more comprehensive understanding of the time period. Additionally, the act of writing the letters would encourage critical thinking and creativity.

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  • 2. 

    Adolescents frequently developtheir own style of communication,embellishing their language withhyperbole and slang, and moving awayfrom the standards of speech modeledby their parents. This occurrence isbest described as an attempt to uselanguage to:

    • A.

      Move from one social class to another.

    • B.

      Demonstrate their ability to use multiple modes of communication to express themselves.

    • C.

      Complete a rite of passage into adulthood.

    • D.

      Differentiate themselves from their parents' social group and assimilate into a community of their peers.

    Correct Answer
    D. Differentiate themselves from their parents' social group and assimilate into a community of their peers.
    Explanation
    Adolescents often develop their own style of communication as a way to differentiate themselves from their parents' social group and assimilate into a community of their peers. By using hyperbole and slang, they establish a unique way of expressing themselves that sets them apart from their parents and allows them to fit in with their peers. This behavior is a common part of adolescent development as they strive to find their own identity and establish connections with their peer group.

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  • 3. 

    When using gestures to help emphasizea point during a speech presented to anunfamiliar audience, it is most importantfor the speaker to understand thatgestures:

    • A.

      May be interpreted differently depending on an individual's cultural background.

    • B.

      Are usually comprehended quickly and easily and may sometimes substitute for verbal language.

    • C.

      Must be repeated frequently to ensure that the audience understands their purpose.

    • D.

      Should be used sparingly to prevent the audience from relying too heavily on nonverbal language.

    Correct Answer
    A. May be interpreted differently depending on an individual's cultural background.
    Explanation
    Gestures may be interpreted differently depending on an individual's cultural background. Different cultures have different meanings and interpretations for various gestures, so it is important for the speaker to be aware of this and adjust their gestures accordingly. By understanding the cultural background of the audience, the speaker can ensure that their gestures are appropriate and effectively convey their intended message.

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  • 4. 

    To determine whether a fifth-gradestudent is a fluent reader, which ofthe following language skills wouldbe most important for the student todemonstrate?

    • A.

      Spelling high-frequency and irregular words accurately

    • B.

      Reading a text with appropriate intonation and no hesitations

    • C.

      Understanding vocabulary associated with a particular field or topic

    • D.

      Writing paragraphs with topic sentences and supporting details

    Correct Answer
    B. Reading a text with appropriate intonation and no hesitations
    Explanation
    The most important language skill for a fifth-grade student to demonstrate in order to determine if they are a fluent reader is reading a text with appropriate intonation and no hesitations. This skill indicates that the student is able to read with proper expression and fluency, showing that they have a good understanding of the text and can read it smoothly without stumbling or pausing. Spelling high-frequency and irregular words accurately, understanding vocabulary associated with a particular field or topic, and writing paragraphs with topic sentences and supporting details are also important language skills, but they do not directly demonstrate fluency in reading.

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  • 5. 

    Reading aloud to children tends tosupport their reading acquisitionprimarily by:

    • A.

      Pointing out the link between a conversation and written dialogue.

    • B.

      Exposing them to book language and a richer oral vocabulary.

    • C.

      Showing them that words have a meaning and correct spelling.

    • D.

      Demonstrating the symbolic nature and flexibility of language.

    Correct Answer
    B. Exposing them to book language and a richer oral vocabulary.
    Explanation
    Reading aloud to children exposes them to book language and a richer oral vocabulary. When children are read to, they are exposed to a variety of words and phrases that they may not encounter in their everyday conversations. This exposure helps to expand their vocabulary and develop their understanding of language. Additionally, hearing stories read aloud helps children to develop an appreciation for literature and storytelling, which can further support their reading acquisition.

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  • 6. 

    Use the sentence fragment below toanswer the question that follows.I am unable to go to the movies with himand his friends tonight, . . .Based on the stressed word in thesentence fragment above, which of thefollowing sentence completions mostaccurately interprets the speaker'smeaning?

    • A.

      . . . but I may be able to go to the movies tonight with him alone.

    • B.

      . . . but I may be able to go somewhere else with him and his friends tonight.

    • C.

      . . . but I may be able to go to the movies tonight with my own friends.

    • D.

      . . . but I may be able to go to the movies with him and his friends tomorrow night.

    Correct Answer
    B. . . . but I may be able to go somewhere else with him and his friends tonight.
    Explanation
    The speaker is unable to go to the movies with him and his friends tonight, but suggests the possibility of going somewhere else with him and his friends instead.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following sentencescontains a misplaced modifier?

    • A.

      A plane landed on the runway with a broken propeller.

    • B.

      The lawyer joined my brother and me outside the courtroom for a brief conference.

    • C.

      Driving along the road, we saw a beautiful field of flowers.

    • D.

      The governor's major objective, conserving our natural resources, was well supported.

    Correct Answer
    A. A plane landed on the runway with a broken propeller.
    Explanation
    The sentence "A plane landed on the runway with a broken propeller" contains a misplaced modifier. The phrase "with a broken propeller" is modifying the runway instead of the plane. It suggests that the runway has a broken propeller, which is illogical. The modifier should be placed closer to the word it is intended to modify, such as "The plane with a broken propeller landed on the runway."

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following componentsof grammar determines the patternsof sound, intonation, timing, and stressin a language?

    • A.

      Syntax

    • B.

      Morphology

    • C.

      Semantics

    • D.

      Phonology

    Correct Answer
    D. Phonology
    Explanation
    Phonology is the branch of grammar that deals with the patterns of sound, intonation, timing, and stress in a language. It focuses on the study of phonemes, which are the smallest units of sound that can distinguish meaning in a language. Phonology helps to explain how sounds are organized and used in a particular language, including the rules and patterns that govern their pronunciation and use. It is essential for understanding and producing the correct sounds and rhythms of a language.

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  • 9. 

    Poetry characteristically relies mostheavily upon which of the following toconvey meaning?

    • A.

      Logic and reason

    • B.

      Narrative metamorphosis

    • C.

      Sequential action

    • D.

      Figurative language and form

    Correct Answer
    D. Figurative language and form
    Explanation
    Poetry is known for its use of figurative language and unique forms to convey meaning. Unlike prose, which often relies on logic and reason or narrative metamorphosis, poetry uses techniques such as metaphors, similes, symbolism, and imagery to evoke emotions and create vivid imagery. Additionally, the form of a poem, including its structure, rhyme scheme, and line breaks, can also contribute to its meaning. Therefore, figurative language and form are the primary tools that poetry employs to convey its messages and themes.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following guidelinesshould teachers use when evaluatingthe quality of multicultural books forclassroom use?

    • A.

      Multicultural books should generally cover several cultural groups.

    • B.

      Only books written by a member of the culture represented should be used.

    • C.

      A book must accurately reflect the culture it represents.

    • D.

      All cultures in a book should be represented only in positive ways.

    Correct Answer
    C. A book must accurately reflect the culture it represents.
    Explanation
    Teachers should use the guideline that a book must accurately reflect the culture it represents when evaluating the quality of multicultural books for classroom use. This means that the book should provide an accurate and authentic portrayal of the culture, including its traditions, values, and perspectives. By ensuring that the book accurately represents the culture, teachers can promote understanding, respect, and appreciation for different cultures among their students.

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  • 11. 

    Which of the following techniquesis most likely to effectively influencean audience to accept a particularperspective?

    • A.

      Appealing to the audience's intellect and emotions

    • B.

      Evoking the audience's sense of nostalgia

    • C.

      Appealing to the audience's aesthetic sensibilities

    • D.

      Entertaining the audience while informing them

    Correct Answer
    A. Appealing to the audience's intellect and emotions
    Explanation
    Appealing to the audience's intellect and emotions is most likely to effectively influence an audience to accept a particular perspective. By presenting logical and rational arguments, the audience's intellect is engaged, making them more likely to consider the perspective. Additionally, appealing to their emotions helps create a personal connection and can evoke empathy, making the perspective more relatable and persuasive. Combining both intellectual and emotional appeals can create a powerful influence on the audience's acceptance of a particular perspective.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following criteria is mostfrequently used to evaluate the formalcharacteristics of a literary work?

    • A.

      The author's intent when writing the work

    • B.

      The relationship between the work and the society in which it was written

    • C.

      The coherence of each part of the work with the whole

    • D.

      The length of the work in comparison to other works in the same genre

    Correct Answer
    C. The coherence of each part of the work with the whole
    Explanation
    The most frequently used criteria to evaluate the formal characteristics of a literary work is the coherence of each part of the work with the whole. This means that the different elements of the work, such as plot, characters, and themes, should come together in a cohesive and meaningful way. A work that is coherent will have a clear structure and organization, with each part contributing to the overall meaning and impact of the work. Evaluating the coherence of a literary work helps to assess its artistic merit and effectiveness in conveying its intended message or theme.

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  • 13. 

    To best ensure an audience will be ableto understand the information andconcepts in an informative speech, aresponsible speaker will do which of thefollowing while preparing a speech?

    • A.

      Investigate the background of the audience to adapt the ideas in the speech to existing views and beliefs.

    • B.

      Analyze the prospective audience to determine its needs and persuadability with regard to the topic of the speech.

    • C.

      Determine the knowledge level and goals of the audience in relation to the subject matter of the speech.

    • D.

      Provide an advance copy of the outline or notes of the speech to a representative of the audience for review.

    Correct Answer
    C. Determine the knowledge level and goals of the audience in relation to the subject matter of the speech.
    Explanation
    A responsible speaker will determine the knowledge level and goals of the audience in relation to the subject matter of the speech to ensure that the information and concepts are presented in a way that the audience can understand. This allows the speaker to tailor the speech to meet the needs and interests of the audience, making it more engaging and persuasive. By understanding the audience's existing knowledge and goals, the speaker can effectively communicate the information and concepts in a way that is relevant and meaningful to the audience.

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  • 14. 

    For which of the following words wouldit be most effective for a student to usestructural analysis to determine itsmeaning?

    • A.

      Guffaw

    • B.

      Neurologist

    • C.

      Hacienda

    • D.

      Sonar

    Correct Answer
    B. Neurologist
    Explanation
    Structural analysis involves breaking down a word into its constituent parts, such as prefixes, roots, and suffixes, to determine its meaning. In the case of "neurologist," the word can be broken down into "neuro," which refers to the nervous system, and "logist," which means a specialist or practitioner. By analyzing the structure of the word, a student can infer that a neurologist is someone who specializes in the nervous system.

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  • 15. 

    Which of the following strategies wouldbe most effective for students to use toformulate a research topic that is narrowand focused?

    • A.

      Learning whether others have written about the topic

    • B.

      Identifying a topic that is interesting to them

    • C.

      Ensuring that information about the topic is available

    • D.

      Posing the topic as a question to be answered

    Correct Answer
    D. Posing the topic as a question to be answered
    Explanation
    Posing the topic as a question to be answered would be the most effective strategy for students to use in formulating a narrow and focused research topic. By phrasing the topic as a question, students can clearly define what they want to investigate and what specific information they need to gather. This approach helps them stay focused and ensures that their research is directed towards finding answers to their specific question, rather than exploring a broad or general topic. Additionally, posing a question allows students to develop a clear objective for their research and helps them structure their study accordingly.

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  • 16. 

    Presentation software would be mosteffective for presenting information inwhich of the following contexts?

    • A.

      Sharing a personal anecdote

    • B.

      Making points during a debate

    • C.

      Explaining the steps in a process

    • D.

      Orally interpreting a literary text

    Correct Answer
    C. Explaining the steps in a process
    Explanation
    Presentation software is designed to visually organize and present information effectively. It allows for the use of slides, graphics, and multimedia to enhance the understanding of complex processes. Therefore, it would be most effective for explaining the steps in a process, as it provides a clear and structured way to present information in a visually appealing manner.

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  • 17. 

    Read the letter below to a publisher; then answer the question that follows.To whom it may concern:1 I am writing to suggest a revision to the Third Edition of your anthology on children'sliterature One Before the Mast: Sailing on a Sea of Stories. 2 One of the stories, "Janey onBoard," contains images and language that are biased against girls.3 In this story, the girls are always described as cute and sweet. 4 They all wear pink or pastel colored clothing, and are described with weak, passive language. 5 In contrast, the boys aredescribed as tough and strong, and are usually described with bold, active language. 6 WhileI realize an author may sometimes make this choice in order to prove a particular point, thisis not the case in this story. 7 Rather, the author simply lacks sensitivity to gender bias.8 I think it is crucial to children's development for boys and girls to be treated equally,especially in literature. 9 Frankly, I am surprised to encounter this kind of bias in a highqualitypublication such as yours, and am disappointed to find this story among so manyother good ones. 10 My favorite was the trilogy about the mermaid's adventures among thewhales, which reminded me of dreams I had as a child vacationing with my family by thesea. 11 Please consider eliminating "Janey on Board" from your next edition. Thank you.Which of the following sentencesinterferes with the development of themain point in this passage?

    • A.

      Sentence 1

    • B.

      Sentence 7

    • C.

      Sentence 8

    • D.

      Sentence 10

    Correct Answer
    D. Sentence 10
    Explanation
    Sentence 10 interferes with the development of the main point in this passage. The main point of the passage is to suggest a revision to the anthology due to biased language and imagery against girls in the story "Janey on Board." However, sentence 10 deviates from this main point and instead discusses the author's favorite story from the anthology, which is unrelated to the issue of gender bias.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following types ofsoftware is most likely to be useful increating a printed media product thatcontains both text and graphics?

    • A.

      Hypermedia software

    • B.

      Desktop publishing software

    • C.

      Data management software

    • D.

      Word-processing software

    Correct Answer
    B. Desktop publishing software
    Explanation
    Desktop publishing software is the most likely to be useful in creating a printed media product that contains both text and graphics. This type of software is specifically designed for creating and formatting documents that combine text and visual elements, such as brochures, newsletters, and magazines. It provides various tools and features for arranging and manipulating text, images, and other graphical elements, allowing users to create professional-looking printed materials.

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  • 19. 

    For the purpose of self-reflection, whichof the following questions would bemost important for students to considerwhen they select the pieces to save intheir developmental portfolio?

    • A.

      Is this one of the best pieces that I have completed this year?

    • B.

      What could I have done differently to make this piece better?

    • C.

      Are there parts of this piece that I could work on later?

    • D.

      What does this piece show about what I have been learning?

    Correct Answer
    D. What does this piece show about what I have been learning?
    Explanation
    This question is the most important for students to consider when selecting pieces for their developmental portfolio because it encourages self-reflection and assessment of their learning progress. By evaluating what the piece demonstrates about their learning, students can gain insight into their strengths, weaknesses, and areas for improvement. This question also allows students to showcase their growth and development over time, which is essential for a comprehensive developmental portfolio.

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  • 20. 

    During an open house at an elementaryschool, a fourth-grade teacher is askedwhy students in his class save work withmechanical errors in their portfolios. Topromote a greater understanding of theportfolio process, it would be mostimportant for the teacher to pointout that:

    • A.

      Portfolio pieces provide a picture of a student's learning at a particular point during the school year.

    • B.

      Students do not worry about errors in their work unless an adult does.

    • C.

      Students need to feel approval from their teacher for every writing assignment that they complete.

    • D.

      Portfolio pieces are selected by the students based on their own criteria.

    Correct Answer
    A. Portfolio pieces provide a picture of a student's learning at a particular point during the school year.
    Explanation
    The teacher should point out that portfolio pieces provide a picture of a student's learning at a particular point during the school year. This explanation would help promote a greater understanding of the portfolio process by emphasizing that the purpose of the portfolio is to showcase the progress and growth of the students over time. It also highlights the importance of including work with mechanical errors, as it reflects the student's learning journey and allows for reflection and improvement.

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