Basic Climatic Parameters Quiz

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| By Reich343
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Reich343
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 99
Questions: 20 | Attempts: 99

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Basic Climatic Parameters Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    1/3 of incoming insolation is lost to the atmosphere immediately.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Think of albedo. Remember: the Earth has an albedo of 30%.

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  • 2. 

    Select all of the following that has high albedo.

    • A.

      Clouds

    • B.

      Ice

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Deserts

    • E.

      Forests

    • F.

      Asphalt

    • G.

      Snow

    • H.

      Grass

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Clouds
    B. Ice
    D. Deserts
    G. Snow
    Explanation
    Remember: surfaces with lighter color reflect more insolation, while those with dark surface color absorb more insolation.

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  • 3. 

    Midlatitudes experience pronounced seasonality that are reflected in the types of plant life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Midlatitudes are between 23 degrees and 66 degrees.

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  • 4. 

    The intertropical convergence zone is where convergence and orographic uplift occur.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The ITCZ experiences convergence and convection.

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  • 5. 

    The intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) stays fixed at the equator throughout the course of a year.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Remember: the ITCZ follows the subsolar point. In summer, the ITCZ shifts north near the Tropic of Cancer; in winter, the ITCZ shifts south near the Tropic of Capricorn.

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  • 6. 

    During an El Nino, there is increases wetness in _________.

    Correct Answer
    North America, north america, south america, South America, North and South America, North and south america, North and south America, north and south america, north and south America, north and South America, north and america
    Explanation
    During an El Nino, there is an increase in wetness in North America and South America.

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  • 7. 

    During an El Nino, there jet stream in North America shifts ______.

    Correct Answer
    Down, down, Downward, downward, south, South
    Explanation
    During an El Nino, the jet stream in North America shifts downwards and towards the south. This shift in the jet stream's position is a characteristic of El Nino weather patterns. It results in changes to the typical weather patterns in North America, such as bringing warmer and wetter conditions to the southern regions and potentially causing droughts in the northern regions. The repetition of "down," "downward," and "south" in the answer emphasizes the direction and extent of the shift in the jet stream during an El Nino.

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  • 8. 

    When plants die, less carbon is in the atmosphere.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Remember: plants need carbon to photosynthesize. In the winter months, there is more carbon in the Northern Hemisphere because plant parts are decomposing and plants and not photosynthesizing. In the summer months, there is less carbon the Northern Hemisphere because plants and taking in carbon to create new plant parts.

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  • 9. 

    In general, the annual precipitation map shows wet areas on the west coast and dry areas from the Rocky Mountains and east to the Atlantic Ocean.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The Gulf of Mexico pulls moisture up the Mississippi River and creates an overall wet east coast and eastern midwest.

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  • 10. 

    Evapotranspiration varies from one location to another and across the course of the year.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Remember: evapotranspiration is the ability of plants to transport water into the atmosphere through the soil surface and into the plant or immediately from the vegetation. It always depends on temperature and precipitation.

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  • 11. 

    Dry locations are lack plantlife.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Remember: plants adapt! They are not devoid of plant life, the plants simple adapt to meet the conditions in which it lives. Ex. Atacama Desert.

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  • 12. 

    Rainforests are warm and humid areas that are full of life. Rainforest plants compete for light.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rainforests are warm and humid environments that support a diverse range of plant and animal species. In order to thrive in these conditions, rainforest plants have evolved to compete for light, as sunlight is a limited resource in the dense canopy. They have developed various strategies such as growing tall or having large leaves to maximize their access to sunlight. Therefore, it is true that rainforest plants compete for light.

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  • 13. 

    Deserts are dry warm locations where plants compete for a scarce water supply.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Deserts are characterized by their dry and warm climate, which creates a challenging environment for plants. In these regions, water is limited and plants have to compete for this scarce resource. This competition for water is a key factor in shaping the plant communities and adaptations found in deserts. Therefore, the statement that deserts are dry warm locations where plants compete for a scarce water supply is true.

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  • 14. 

    What biome is represented by these climographs?

    • A.

      Tropical Savanna/Dry Tropical Forest

    • B.

      Desert

    • C.

      Tundra

    • D.

      Temperate Deciduous Forest

    Correct Answer
    A. Tropical Savanna/Dry Tropical Forest
    Explanation
    The climographs represent a biome characterized by a tropical savanna or dry tropical forest. This biome typically has a distinct wet and dry season, with high temperatures and moderate to low precipitation. The graph would show a clear pattern of high temperatures throughout the year, with a spike in precipitation during the wet season and a significant drop in precipitation during the dry season. This is consistent with the characteristics of a tropical savanna or dry tropical forest biome.

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  • 15. 

    What biome is represented by these climographs?

    • A.

      Desert

    • B.

      Tundra

    • C.

      Taiga/Boreal forest

    • D.

      Tropical Rainforest

    Correct Answer
    C. Taiga/Boreal forest
    Explanation
    The climographs in the question likely show a biome with a cold climate and moderate precipitation, which is characteristic of the Taiga/Boreal forest biome. This biome is found in the northern regions of North America, Europe, and Asia, and is characterized by coniferous forests and long, cold winters. The graph would show low temperatures throughout the year, with a moderate amount of precipitation, typically in the form of snow.

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  • 16. 

    What biome is represented by these climographs?

    • A.

      Desert

    • B.

      Tundra

    • C.

      Tropical Rainforest

    • D.

      Tropical Savanna

    Correct Answer
    A. Desert
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Desert because the climograph shows a low amount of precipitation throughout the year, which is characteristic of desert biomes. Additionally, the temperature is high and there is little variation between seasons, which aligns with the hot and arid conditions found in deserts.

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