1.
What is the hamburger?
Correct Answer
B. A kind of food
Explanation
The correct answer is "A kind of food" because a hamburger is a type of food that consists of a cooked ground meat patty, typically beef, placed inside a sliced bun. It is commonly served with various toppings such as lettuce, tomato, cheese, and condiments like ketchup or mayonnaise. The hamburger is a popular and widely consumed food item around the world.
2.
Which number should come next in this series?
25,24,22,19,15
Correct Answer
D. 10
Explanation
The series is decreasing by a different number each time. The first number decreases by 1, the second number decreases by 2, the third number decreases by 3, and the fourth number decreases by 4. Therefore, the next number should decrease by 5, resulting in 15 - 5 = 10.
3.
Nia, twelve years old, is three times as old as her sister. How old will Nia be when she is twice as old as her sister?
Correct Answer
C. 16
Explanation
Nia is currently 12 years old and three times as old as her sister, who is 12/3 = 4 years old. In order for Nia to be twice as old as her sister, her sister would need to be 8 years old. Therefore, Nia will be 16 years old when she is twice as old as her sister.
4.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison? Brother is to sister as niece is to:
Correct Answer
E. NepHew
Explanation
The best comparison for the relationship between brother and sister is niece and nephew. A brother and sister are siblings, and a niece and nephew are the children of a sibling. Therefore, the correct answer is nephew.
5.
Which one of the five makes the best comparison? Milk is to glass as the letter is to:
Correct Answer
C. Envelope
Explanation
Milk is commonly served in a glass, so the relationship between milk and glass is that of a container and its contents. Similarly, the relationship between the letter and the envelope is that the letter is typically placed inside the envelope for protection and delivery. This makes envelope the best comparison.
6.
Which of the following words is closest in meaning to APPREHENSIVE?
Correct Answer
C. Anxious
Explanation
The word "apprehensive" means to feel anxious or worried about something that is going to happen. Therefore, the word "anxious" is the closest in meaning to "apprehensive" as it also refers to feeling worried or uneasy about something. "Thorough" means complete or detailed, "foolish" means lacking good sense or judgment, "distraught" means extremely upset or agitated, and "comprehensive" means covering or including everything. These words do not have the same meaning as "apprehensive."
7.
Two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours. How many people are needed to make 12 bicycles in 6 hours?
Correct Answer
B. 4
Explanation
If two people can make 2 bicycles in 2 hours, it means that each person can make 1 bicycle in 2 hours. Therefore, to make 12 bicycles in 6 hours, we need to find the number of people who can make 1 bicycle in 2 hours. Since each person can make 1 bicycle in 2 hours, we need 4 people to make 12 bicycles in 6 hours.
8.
Some months have 31 days; how many have 28?
Correct Answer
E. 12
Explanation
All months have at least 28 days. However, February is the only month that consistently has exactly 28 days, except during leap years when it has 29 days. Therefore, the correct answer is 12, as all 12 months have 28 days.
9.
Which number should come next in the series?
1-1-2-3-5-8-13
Correct Answer
C. 21
Explanation
The given series is a Fibonacci sequence, where each number is the sum of the two preceding numbers. The sequence starts with 1 and 1, and each subsequent number is the sum of the two previous numbers. Therefore, the next number in the sequence should be 21, which is obtained by adding 8 and 13.
10.
Which one of the five choices makes the best comparison?
Finger is to Hand as Leaf is to:
Correct Answer
C. Branch
Explanation
The analogy in this question is between the finger and hand, and the leaf and branch. Just as the finger is a part of the hand, the leaf is a part of the branch. The other options do not have a similar relationship. A twig is a smaller part of a branch, a tree is a larger entity than a leaf, a blossom is a part of a flower, and bark is the outer covering of a tree. Therefore, the best comparison is branch.
11.
John needs 13 bottles of water from the store. John can only carry 3 at a time. What's the minimum number of trips John needs to make to the store?
Correct Answer
D. 5
Explanation
John can only carry 3 bottles of water at a time. To determine the minimum number of trips John needs to make to the store, we divide the total number of bottles he needs (13) by the number of bottles he can carry at a time (3). The result is 4 with a remainder of 1. Since John cannot carry the remaining bottle in one trip, he needs to make an additional trip. Therefore, the minimum number of trips John needs to make to the store is 5.
12.
Choose the word most similar to "Trustworthy":
Correct Answer
E. Reliable
Explanation
The word "trustworthy" refers to someone or something that can be relied upon or trusted. The word "reliable" has a similar meaning as it also implies dependability and trustworthiness. Therefore, "reliable" is the word most similar to "trustworthy" among the given options.
13.
Desert is to oasis as ocean is to:
Correct Answer
B. Sand
Explanation
The analogy "desert is to oasis as ocean is to sand" is based on the relationship between a desert and an oasis. In a desert, sand is the predominant feature, while an oasis is a small area with water and vegetation. Similarly, in the given analogy, the ocean is compared to sand. Just as sand is a characteristic feature of a desert, water is a characteristic feature of an ocean.
14.
Choose the conclusion that validly follows from the argument below.
All kittens are playful
Some pets are kittens
Therefore
Correct Answer
A. All kittens are pets
Explanation
The conclusion "All kittens are pets" is valid because the argument states that all kittens are playful, and some pets are kittens. Since all kittens are pets and all kittens are playful, it logically follows that all kittens are pets.
15.
A rancher is building an open-ended (straight) fence by stringing wire between posts 25 meters apart. If the fence is 100 meters long how many posts should the rancher use?
Correct Answer
D. 5
Explanation
To determine the number of posts needed, we divide the total length of the fence (100 meters) by the distance between each post (25 meters). This calculation gives us 4, meaning that 4 posts would be enough to build the fence. However, since the fence is open-ended, we need to add one more post at the end to secure the wire properly. Therefore, the rancher should use a total of 5 posts.
16.
If the day before yesterday is two days after Monday then what day is it today?
Correct Answer
D. Friday
Explanation
If the day before yesterday is two days after Monday, then the day before yesterday would be Wednesday. Counting two days after Wednesday, we arrive at Friday. Therefore, today is Friday.
17.
If a red house is made from red bricks, a blue house is made from blue bricks, a pink house is made from pink bricks, and a black house is made from black bricks. What is a greenhouse made from?
Correct Answer
C. Glass
Explanation
A greenhouse is made from glass because it is a structure that is primarily made of transparent or translucent material such as glass or plastic, allowing sunlight to enter and heat the interior for plant growth.
18.
John digs a hole that is 2 yards wide, 3 yards long, and 1 yard deep. How many cubic feet of dirt is in it?
Correct Answer
A. 0
19.
You are participating in a race. You've just passed the second person. What position are you now in?
Correct Answer
B. 2nd
Explanation
If you have just passed the second person in the race, it means that you have overtaken them and are now ahead of them. This implies that you are in the position that the second person was previously in, which is the second position. Therefore, the correct answer is 2nd.
20.
Do the words flammable and inflammable have the same or opposite meaning?
Correct Answer
A. Same
Explanation
The words "flammable" and "inflammable" have the same meaning. Both words are used to describe something that can easily catch fire or burn. The prefix "in-" in "inflammable" might suggest that it means the opposite, but in this case, it actually intensifies the meaning of "flammable." Therefore, both words can be used interchangeably to convey the same idea.
21.
Where did the real Boston Tea Party take place?
Correct Answer
B. Boston
Explanation
The real Boston Tea Party took place in Boston.
22.
What is the capital of Florida?
Correct Answer
A. Tallahassee
Explanation
Tallahassee is the correct answer because it is the capital of Florida. It is located in the northern part of the state and is known for its government buildings and universities. Miami, Orlando, Tampa Bay, and New York are not the capital of Florida.
23.
The word "mineral" can be spelled using only the letters found in the word, "parliament."
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The word "mineral" can indeed be spelled using only the letters found in the word "parliament." Both words contain the same letters, including the necessary letters to form "mineral." Therefore, the statement is true.
24.
This sequence of four words, "triangle, glove, clock, bicycle," corresponds to this sequence of numbers "3, 5, 12, 2."
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The sequence of numbers corresponds to the number of sides in each word. A triangle has 3 sides, a glove does not have sides so it is 0, a clock has 12 numbers which can be considered as sides, and a bicycle has 2 wheels which can be considered as sides. Therefore, the sequence of numbers accurately represents the number of sides in each corresponding word.
25.
27 minutes before 7 o'clock is 33 minutes past 5 o'clock.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because 27 minutes before 7 o'clock would be 6:33, not 33 minutes past 5 o'clock.
26.
The word, "slackers," is spelled by using the first letters of the words in the following sentence: "Silent large anteaters calmly kiss each roasted snack."
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The word "slackers" is spelled using the first letters of the words in the sentence "Silent large anteaters calmly kiss each roasted snack." The first letters of these words form the word "slackers." Therefore, the statement is true.
27.
If written backward, the number, "one thousand, one hundred twenty-five," would be written "five thousand, two hundred eleven."
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because when the number "one thousand, one hundred twenty-five" is written backward, it becomes "five thousand, two hundred eleven."
28.
Gary has only forty-eight dollars, but he can buy a bicycle that costs one hundred twenty dollars, (disregarding tax) if he borrows fifty-seven dollars from Jane and fifteen dollars from Jill.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
Gary has only forty-eight dollars, which is not enough to buy a bicycle that costs one hundred twenty dollars. However, if he borrows fifty-seven dollars from Jane and fifteen dollars from Jill, he will have a total of forty-eight dollars plus fifty-seven dollars plus fifteen dollars, which equals one hundred twenty dollars. Therefore, he can buy the bicycle with the borrowed money.
29.
A round wall clock that has been rotated until it is hanging upside down will have a minute hand that points to your right when it is two forty-five.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
When a round wall clock is rotated until it is hanging upside down, the minute hand will still point towards the 9 o'clock position when it is two forty-five. This is because the minute hand always moves in a clockwise direction, regardless of the orientation of the clock. Therefore, the statement that the minute hand points to the right when it is two forty-five is false.
30.
If the word, "quane," is understood to mean the same as the word, "den," then the following sentence is grammatically correct: "Looking out from my quane, I could see a wolf enter quane."
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The given sentence is grammatically incorrect because it uses the word "quane" twice in different ways. In the first instance, it is used as a noun to mean a place or location, similar to the word "den." However, in the second instance, it is used as a verb to mean entering a location. This inconsistency in the usage of the word makes the sentence grammatically incorrect.
31.
If Richard looks into a mirror and touches his left ear with his right hand, Richard's image seems to touch its right ear with its left hand.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
When Richard looks into a mirror, his image is reflected as a mirror image. This means that the left side of his body appears on the right side of his image and vice versa. So when Richard touches his left ear with his right hand, his image in the mirror appears to touch its right ear with its left hand. Therefore, the statement is true.
32.
If you leave the letters in the same order, but rearrange the spaces in the phrase, "Them eats on," it can be read as, "Theme at son."
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
By rearranging the spaces in the phrase "Them eats on," we can obtain "Theme at son." This rearrangement changes the meaning of the phrase but keeps the letters in the same order. Therefore, the statement is true.
33.
The words, "auctioned, education, and cautioned," all use the exact same letters.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is true because all three words, "auctioned," "education," and "cautioned," use the exact same letters. This means that each word can be formed by rearranging the letters of the other words.
34.
John weighs 85 pounds. Jeff weighs 105 pounds. Jake weighs 115 pounds. Two of them standing together on the same scale could weigh 200 pounds.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The combined weight of John and Jeff is 85 + 105 = 190 pounds. Since the combined weight of any two of them standing on the scale is 200 pounds, it is possible for John and Jeff to weigh 200 pounds together. Therefore, the statement is true.
35.
The seventh vowel appearing in this sentence is the letter "a."
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The seventh vowel appearing in this sentence is not the letter "a."
36.
Nine chickens, two dogs, and three cats have a total of forty legs.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because chickens have 2 legs each, dogs have 4 legs each, and cats have 4 legs each. If there are 9 chickens, 2 dogs, and 3 cats, the total number of legs would be (9 x 2) + (2 x 4) + (3 x 4) = 18 + 8 + 12 = 38, not 40.
37.
Sixteen hours are to one day as twenty days are to June's length.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The statement is comparing the ratio of hours to days with the ratio of days to the length of June. Since there are 24 hours in a day and June typically has 30 days, the ratio of hours to days is 16:1. Similarly, if we consider 20 days as the ratio, then the length of June would be 20 times the number of days, which is also true. Therefore, the statement is true.
38.
In the English alphabet, there are exactly four letters between the letter "M" and the letter "G."
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
There are actually five letters between the letter "M" and the letter "G" in the English alphabet. Starting from "M", the letters that come before "G" are "N", "O", "P", "Q", and then "R". Therefore, the statement is false.
39.
If the word, "TAN," is written under the word, "SLY," and the word, "TOT," is written under "TAN," then the word, "SAT," is formed diagonally.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
If the word "TAN" is written under the word "SLY" and the word "TOT" is written under "TAN," then the word "SAT" is formed diagonally. This means that the letters "S," "A," and "T" are aligned diagonally when the words are stacked on top of each other. Therefore, the statement is true.
40.
By removing seven letters from the word, "motherhood," the word, "home," can be formed.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The word "motherhood" contains only one "o" and one "e," so it is not possible to form the word "home" by removing seven letters from it. Therefore, the answer is false.
41.
If a thumb is a finger, then three gloves and three shoes normally hold thirty-five fingers and toes.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because a thumb is not considered a finger in anatomical terms. In anatomy, fingers are the four digits apart from the thumb on each hand. Therefore, if a thumb is not classified as a finger, then three gloves and three shoes would only hold twenty-eight fingers and toes, not thirty-five.
42.
The words, "every, how, hand, ever," can form common compound words using, respectively, "one, ever, finger, more."
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the words "every, how, hand, ever" cannot form common compound words using "one, ever, finger, more." There is no logical connection between these words and their corresponding options.
43.
If Monday is the first day of the month, the very next Saturday is the fifth day of the month.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
If Monday is the first day of the month, the very next Saturday would be the sixth day of the month, not the fifth day. Therefore, the statement is false.
44.
Three of the following numbers add up to the number 31: 17, 3, 2, 19, 5.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because there are actually four numbers (17, 3, 2, and 9) that add up to 31, not three. Therefore, the correct answer is false.
45.
Fred will be four blocks from his starting place if he travels two blocks north, then three blocks east, and then two blocks south.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
If Fred travels two blocks north, he will be two blocks away from his starting place. If he then travels three blocks east, he will still be two blocks away from his starting place since the eastward movement does not change his distance from the starting point. Finally, if he travels two blocks south, he will be four blocks away from his starting place, which means the statement is true.
46.
The following words are the opposites of words that begin with the letter R: unreal, street, grasp, unwind, wrong.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because the given words (unreal, street, grasp, unwind, wrong) are not opposites of words that begin with the letter R. The opposites of words that begin with R would be real, retreat, grasp, rewind, right.
47.
The following, disregarding punctuation, is spelled the same forwards as it is backward: "Drat Saddam, a mad dastard!"
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The given statement "Drat Saddam, a mad dastard!" is spelled the same forwards as it is backward, disregarding punctuation. This means that if we remove the punctuation and read the sentence from left to right or from right to left, it remains the same. Therefore, the correct answer is True.
48.
The letters of the word, "sponged," appear in reverse alphabetical order.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The word "sponged" consists of the letters S, P, O, N, G, E, and D. When arranged in reverse alphabetical order, the letters appear as S, P, O, N, G, E, D. Therefore, the statement is true.
49.
The numbers, 3-7-2-4-8-1-5, are read backward as 5-1-8-4-2-7-3.
Correct Answer
A. True
Explanation
The given statement is true because the numbers 3-7-2-4-8-1-5 are indeed read backward as 5-1-8-4-2-7-3.
50.
The odd numbers in this group add up to an even number: 15, 32, 5, 13, 82, 7, 1.
Correct Answer
B. False
Explanation
The odd numbers in the group do not add up to an even number. The sum of the odd numbers 15, 5, 13, and 7 is 40, which is an even number. Therefore, the correct answer is False.