Professional Practice & Building Laws

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Professional Practice & Building Laws - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    It was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921 where the Maestros de Obra or the Master Builders are required to register as architects.

    • A.

      Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 2986

    • B.

      Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 2896

    • C.

      Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 9286

    • D.

      Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 8296

    Correct Answer
    A. Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 2986
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Engineers & Architects Law Act no. 2986 because it was the first law passed by the national assembly in 1921 that required the Maestros de Obra or the Master Builders to register as architects.

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  • 2. 

    It refers to contracts or arrangements involving the transfer of systematic knowledge for the manufacture of a product.

    • A.

      Technology Transfer

    • B.

      Transfer of Technology

    • C.

      Systematic Transfer

    • D.

      Technical Transfer

    Correct Answer
    A. Technology Transfer
    Explanation
    Technology transfer refers to the process of transferring systematic knowledge or technical expertise from one organization or individual to another for the purpose of manufacturing a product. This transfer can occur through contracts or arrangements, and it involves the exchange of knowledge, skills, and intellectual property. The term "technology transfer" is commonly used in business and scientific contexts to describe the transfer of technology between different entities.

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  • 3. 

    Within how many days from the date a change is ordered shall any claim for adjustment involving questions of facts be asserted?

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      10

    • C.

      15

    • D.

      30

    Correct Answer
    C. 15
    Explanation
    Within 15 days from the date a change is ordered, any claim for adjustment involving questions of facts should be asserted. This means that if there is a change in a situation or circumstance, and this change leads to a need for adjustment or clarification regarding factual matters, the claim should be made within 15 days. This allows for a reasonable amount of time to gather information, assess the situation, and assert the claim for adjustment.

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  • 4. 

    You were commissioned to do a master plan. What should you do first?

    • A.

      Study the existing laws

    • B.

      Survey the location

    • C.

      Research for historical background

    • D.

      Investigate

    Correct Answer
    A. Study the existing laws
    Explanation
    Before starting a master plan, it is crucial to study the existing laws. This step ensures that the plan aligns with the legal framework and regulations of the location. By understanding the laws, the planner can identify any restrictions, zoning regulations, or environmental requirements that need to be considered during the planning process. This initial study helps in creating a comprehensive and feasible master plan that complies with legal requirements and avoids potential conflicts or legal issues in the future.

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  • 5. 

    An architect was commissioned for a project amounting to 3.5 million pesos including a 12% VAT. How much would it be without the VAT?

    • A.

      Php 3,080,000.00

    • B.

      Php 3,208,000.00

    • C.

      Php 2,870,000.00

    • D.

      Php 3,125,000.00

    Correct Answer
    D. Php 3,125,000.00
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Php 3,125,000.00. To find the amount without the VAT, we need to divide the total amount (including VAT) by 1.12 (100% + 12% VAT). Dividing 3.5 million pesos by 1.12 gives us 3,125,000 pesos.

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  • 6. 

    Minimum width of access road for interior or rear lots.

    • A.

      6.00 meters

    • B.

      3000 millimeters

    • C.

      5.00 meters

    • D.

      4000 millimeters

    Correct Answer
    B. 3000 millimeters
    Explanation
    The minimum width of access road for interior or rear lots is given as 3000 millimeters. This means that the access road should have a width of at least 3000 millimeters to accommodate vehicles and allow for easy movement. This measurement is important for ensuring that there is enough space for vehicles to maneuver and access the lots without any obstruction. It is a standard requirement to ensure proper functionality and accessibility for the interior or rear lots.

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  • 7. 

    Which is NOT an Ancillary Permit?

    • A.

      Fencing Permit

    • B.

      Structural Permit

    • C.

      Sanitary Permit

    • D.

      Electrical Permit

    Correct Answer
    A. Fencing Permit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Fencing Permit. The question asks for the option that is NOT an Ancillary Permit. Ancillary permits are permits that are required for specific aspects of a construction project, such as structural, sanitary, or electrical permits. A fencing permit, on the other hand, is not directly related to the construction of a building or structure, but rather pertains to the installation of a fence on a property. Therefore, it is not considered an ancillary permit.

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  • 8. 

    As per NBC, a building/structure which is located partly in one (1) fire zone and partly in another shall be considered to be in the more highly restrictive fire zone, when more than _____ of its total floor area is located in such zone.

    • A.

      1/2

    • B.

      1/3

    • C.

      1/4

    • D.

      2/3

    Correct Answer
    B. 1/3
    Explanation
    According to NBC, when more than 1/3 of the total floor area of a building/structure is located in a more highly restrictive fire zone, it shall be considered to be in that zone.

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  • 9. 

    What is the minimum area for toilet and bath in square meters?

    • A.

      1.50 sq.m.

    • B.

      1.20 sq.m.

    • C.

      3.00 sq.m.

    • D.

      2.25 sq.m.

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.20 sq.m.
    Explanation
    The minimum area for a toilet and bath is typically determined by building codes and regulations. A standard minimum requirement is 1.20 sq.m. This area is considered sufficient for basic fixtures such as a toilet, sink, and shower or bathtub. It allows for comfortable movement and functionality within the space while also considering hygiene and safety requirements.

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  • 10. 

    What is the  minimum ceiling height for habitable rooms with artificial ventilation?

    • A.

      2.40 meters

    • B.

      2.70 meters

    • C.

      3.00 meters

    • D.

      2.10 meters

    Correct Answer
    A. 2.40 meters
    Explanation
    The minimum ceiling height for habitable rooms with artificial ventilation is 2.40 meters. This means that any habitable room, such as a bedroom or living room, must have a ceiling height of at least 2.40 meters when artificial ventilation, such as fans or air conditioning, is used. This ensures that there is enough space for occupants to move comfortably and that there is proper air circulation in the room.

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  • 11. 

    Given a room with floor area of  300 square meters, what shall be the total area required for window openings for said room?

    • A.

      10.00 sq.m.

    • B.

      15.00 sq.m.

    • C.

      25.00 sq.m.

    • D.

      30.00 sq.m.

    Correct Answer
    D. 30.00 sq.m.
    Explanation
    The total area required for window openings in a room is typically calculated based on a certain percentage of the floor area. This percentage can vary depending on factors such as building codes and design preferences. In this case, the total area required for window openings is equal to 10% of the floor area, which is 30 square meters (300 square meters multiplied by 0.10). Therefore, the correct answer is 30.00 sq.m.

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  • 12. 

    A toilet and bath shall have a minimum dimension of .90 meter x  ______ square meters.

    • A.

      3.00

    • B.

      2.25

    • C.

      1.50

    • D.

      1.20

    Correct Answer
    D. 1.20
    Explanation
    A toilet and bath shall have a minimum dimension of .90 meter x 1.20 square meters. This means that the minimum area of the toilet and bath should be 1.20 square meters.

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  • 13. 

    Plan, models and perspectives are?

    • A.

      Presentation Documents

    • B.

      Contract Documents

    • C.

      Project Documentation

    • D.

      Instrument of Practice

    Correct Answer
    D. Instrument of Practice
    Explanation
    The terms "plan," "models," and "perspectives" suggest that they are related to a practical application or implementation of something. In this context, an "instrument of practice" refers to a tool or resource that helps professionals in their practical work or field. Therefore, it is reasonable to conclude that "plan, models, and perspectives" are considered as an "instrument of practice" in this scenario.

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  • 14. 

    What offense is committed when an architect is found using the seal of another architect?

    • A.

      Misdemeanor

    • B.

      Illegal Practice

    • C.

      Malpractice

    • D.

      Fraud

    Correct Answer
    A. Misdemeanor
    Explanation
    Using the seal of another architect is considered a misdemeanor offense. This means that it is a minor criminal offense, punishable by fines or a short period of imprisonment. It is illegal for an architect to use another architect's seal without their permission, as it is a form of identity theft and misrepresentation. This offense undermines the integrity of the architectural profession and can lead to legal consequences for the offender.

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  • 15. 

    These preliminary studies involve the procurement, analysis and use of secondary information gathered for the project to aid the client in early decision-making.

    • A.

      Feasibility Studies

    • B.

      Pre-feasibility Studies

    • C.

      Architectural Research

    • D.

      Architectural Programming

    Correct Answer
    B. Pre-feasibility Studies
    Explanation
    Pre-feasibility studies are conducted as a part of preliminary research for a project. They involve gathering and analyzing secondary information to assess the feasibility of the project. This information helps the client make early decisions regarding the project's viability. These studies are conducted before the actual feasibility study and provide valuable insights into the project's potential success. They help the client understand the project's risks, costs, and benefits, allowing them to make informed decisions about whether to proceed with the project or not.

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  • 16. 

    When the Owner fails to implement the plans and documents for construction as prepared by the Architect, the Architect is entitled to receive, as compensation, the sum corresponding to ___ of the Architect's fee.

    • A.

      65%

    • B.

      80%

    • C.

      85%

    • D.

      90%

    Correct Answer
    D. 90%
    Explanation
    When the owner fails to implement the plans and documents for construction as prepared by the architect, the architect is entitled to receive a higher compensation, specifically 90% of the architect's fee. This is likely because the architect has put in significant time, effort, and expertise into creating the plans and documents, and if they are not used, it would be unfair for the architect to receive a lower compensation for their work.

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  • 17. 

    The Architect in this area of practice recommends the systematic process of ensuring that a building/structure's array of systems is planned, designed, installed and tested to perform according to the design intent and the building's operational needs.

    • A.

      Building Systems Design and Commissioning

    • B.

      Building Maintenance & Administration

    • C.

      Building Testing and Commissioning

    • D.

      Building Systems & Testing Compliance

    Correct Answer
    C. Building Testing and Commissioning
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Building Testing and Commissioning. This is because the architect in this area of practice is responsible for ensuring that the building's systems are planned, designed, installed, and tested to perform according to the design intent and operational needs. Building testing and commissioning involves the thorough inspection and testing of all building systems to ensure they are functioning properly and meeting the required standards. This process is crucial to ensure the overall performance and functionality of the building.

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  • 18. 

    Minimum air space for workshop, factories, and offices. (in cubic meters per person)

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      14

    • C.

      16

    • D.

      18

    Correct Answer
    A. 12
    Explanation
    The minimum air space required for workshops, factories, and offices is 12 cubic meters per person. This means that each person should have a minimum of 12 cubic meters of air space in these environments to ensure proper ventilation and air quality. This requirement is necessary to maintain a healthy and comfortable working environment for employees and to comply with safety regulations.

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  • 19. 

    Enclosed attic spaces of combustible construction shall be divided into horizontal areas not exceeding ____ sq. meters by fire-resistive partitions extending from the ceiling to the roof.

    • A.

      150

    • B.

      200

    • C.

      250

    • D.

      300

    Correct Answer
    C. 250
    Explanation
    Enclosed attic spaces of combustible construction must be divided into horizontal areas not exceeding 250 square meters by fire-resistive partitions extending from the ceiling to the roof. This is important to prevent the spread of fire from one area to another and to provide a barrier that can contain the fire within a limited space. By limiting the size of the areas, the partitions can effectively compartmentalize the attic, allowing for better fire control and protection.

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  • 20. 

    As per NBC, the total width of exits in meters shall not be less than the total occupant load served divided by _____. Such width of exits shall be divided approximately equally among the separate exits.

    • A.

      185

    • B.

      165

    • C.

      150

    • D.

      200

    Correct Answer
    B. 165
    Explanation
    As per NBC regulations, the total width of exits in meters should be divided approximately equally among the separate exits. To determine the width of exits, the total occupant load served should be divided by a certain number. In this case, the correct answer is 165. This means that the total occupant load served should be divided by 165 to determine the width of exits in meters.

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  • 21. 

    As per Fire Code, what is the occupant load factor for a Conference Room?

    • A.

      1.40 sq.m./person

    • B.

      1.80 sq.m./person

    • C.

      3.40 sq.m./person

    • D.

      2.40 sq.m./person

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.40 sq.m./person
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1.40 sq.m./person. The occupant load factor for a conference room is the amount of space required per person in order to comply with fire safety regulations. This factor ensures that there is enough room for each occupant to safely exit the room in case of an emergency. In this case, the occupant load factor is 1.40 sq.m./person, meaning that there should be at least 1.40 square meters of space per person in the conference room.

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  • 22. 

    Minimum door width for hospital nursing units?

    • A.

      .91 meter

    • B.

      1.12 meter

    • C.

      1.22 meter

    • D.

      1.02 meter

    Correct Answer
    B. 1.12 meter
    Explanation
    The minimum door width for hospital nursing units is 1.12 meters. This width is necessary to accommodate the movement of hospital beds, wheelchairs, and medical equipment. It allows for easy access and ensures that patients can be transported safely through the doors. A wider door also provides enough space for healthcare professionals to enter and exit the nursing units comfortably, especially during emergencies.

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  • 23. 

    As per Fire Code, under what classification does fire in flammable liquids and gasses belong to?

    • A.

      Class A

    • B.

      Class B

    • C.

      Class C

    • D.

      Class D

    Correct Answer
    B. Class B
    Explanation
    Fire in flammable liquids and gases belongs to Class B classification according to the Fire Code. Class B fires involve flammable liquids and gases such as gasoline, oil, alcohol, propane, and butane. These fires are typically extinguished using foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide extinguishers, as water may spread the fire or cause an explosion. Class B fires can be extremely dangerous and require specialized knowledge and equipment for effective suppression.

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  • 24. 

    As per Fire Code, what is the maximum number of seats in rows of seats between aisles for places of assembly?

    • A.

      12

    • B.

      14

    • C.

      10

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    B. 14
    Explanation
    According to the Fire Code, the maximum number of seats in rows of seats between aisles for places of assembly is 14.

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  • 25. 

    As per Fire Code, where the total occupant load of all storeys served by the stair is less than 50, the minimum width clear of all obstructions, shall be _____ millimeters.

    • A.

      812

    • B.

      915

    • C.

      1120

    • D.

      1221

    Correct Answer
    B. 915
    Explanation
    According to the Fire Code, when the total occupant load of all storeys served by the stair is less than 50, the minimum width clear of all obstructions should be 915 millimeters.

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  • 26. 

    Maximum number of rowhouse units in a block.

    • A.

      10

    • B.

      20

    • C.

      25

    • D.

      30

    Correct Answer
    B. 20
    Explanation
    The maximum number of rowhouse units in a block is 20. This means that in a single block, the highest number of rowhouse units that can be accommodated is 20.

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  • 27. 

    What is the minimum lot frontage (in meters) for rowhouse units in economic housing as provided for BP 220?

    • A.

      3.5

    • B.

      4.0

    • C.

      5.0

    • D.

      6.0

    Correct Answer
    B. 4.0
    Explanation
    BP 220, or Batas Pambansa 220, sets standards for the development of economic and socialized housing projects in the Philippines. According to these standards, the minimum lot frontage for rowhouse units in economic housing is specified to ensure adequate space and livability.

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  • 28. 

    What is the minimum lot area for rowhouse socialized housing units as provided for in BP 220?

    • A.

      26

    • B.

      28

    • C.

      30

    • D.

      32

    Correct Answer
    B. 28
    Explanation
    The minimum lot area for rowhouse socialized housing units as provided for in BP 220 is 28. This means that any rowhouse socialized housing unit must have a minimum lot area of 28 square units.

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  • 29. 

    As per BP 220, how many percent of the gross subdivision area shall be allocated for Community Facilities if the density is not more than 150 dwelling units per hectare in a socialized housing?

    • A.

      1.0%

    • B.

      1.5%

    • C.

      2.0%

    • D.

      3.5%

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.0%
    Explanation
    As per BP 220, if the density is not more than 150 dwelling units per hectare in a socialized housing, 1.0% of the gross subdivision area shall be allocated for Community Facilities.

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  • 30. 

    What does A & E stands for?

    • A.

      Aesthetic and Essentials

    • B.

      Architecture and Engineering

    • C.

      Arts and Expressions

    • D.

      Architecture and Examples

    Correct Answer
    B. Architecture and Engineering
    Explanation
    The acronym A&E stands for Architecture and Engineering. This refers to the fields of study and practice that involve designing and constructing buildings and other structures. Architecture focuses on the aesthetic and functional aspects of designing spaces, while engineering deals with the technical and structural aspects of construction. Together, these disciplines collaborate to create safe, efficient, and visually appealing structures.

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  • 31. 

    As per NBC, what would be the minimum ceiling height of a habitable room with natural ventilation?

    • A.

      2.40 meters

    • B.

      2.70 meters

    • C.

      3.00 meters

    • D.

      2.10 meters

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.70 meters
    Explanation
    According to NBC (National Building Code), the minimum ceiling height for a habitable room with natural ventilation should be 2.70 meters. This means that any room intended for human occupancy and designed to have natural airflow must have a minimum height of 2.70 meters from the floor to the ceiling. This requirement ensures adequate air circulation and promotes a comfortable and healthy living environment.

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  • 32. 

    As per PD 957, what is the prescribed ratio for saleable and non-saleable lots?

    • A.

      60% : 40%

    • B.

      40% : 60%

    • C.

      70% : 30%

    • D.

      30% : 70%

    Correct Answer
    C. 70% : 30%
    Explanation
    As per PD 957, the prescribed ratio for saleable and non-saleable lots is 70% : 30%. This means that 70% of the lots in a development should be designated for sale, while 30% should be non-saleable, such as for common areas, parks, roads, or other shared facilities. This ratio ensures that there is enough space for the development's amenities and infrastructure, while still maximizing the number of lots available for sale.

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  • 33. 

    As per PD 957, what is the minimum lot frontage of an interior lot for single-detached units?

    • A.

      3.50 meters

    • B.

      3.00 meters

    • C.

      4.00 meters

    • D.

      6.00 meters

    Correct Answer
    B. 3.00 meters
    Explanation
    PD 957 refers to the Philippine law known as the Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree. According to this law, the minimum lot frontage required for an interior lot with single-detached units is 3.00 meters. This means that the width of the lot facing the road must be at least 3.00 meters to comply with the regulations set forth in PD 957.

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  • 34. 

    As per BP 220, which is second to water in the hierarchy of basic needs of human settlements, the provision of which shall be based on the actual setting which the project is located?

    • A.

      Parks & Playgrounds

    • B.

      Movement & Circulation

    • C.

      Water

    • D.

      Storm Drainage

    Correct Answer
    B. Movement & Circulation
    Explanation
    As per BP 220, the provision of Movement & Circulation is second to water in the hierarchy of basic needs of human settlements. This means that after ensuring access to clean water, the next priority is to establish efficient and safe systems for movement and circulation within the project location. This includes the design and construction of roads, sidewalks, pathways, and transportation infrastructure to facilitate the movement of people and vehicles. By prioritizing Movement & Circulation, BP 220 aims to create well-connected and accessible human settlements that promote convenience, efficiency, and safety for its residents.

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  • 35. 

    As per PD 957, what is the maximum block length with an alley or pathwalk?

    • A.

      100 meters

    • B.

      200 meters

    • C.

      300 meters

    • D.

      400 meters

    Correct Answer
    D. 400 meters
    Explanation
    PD 957 refers to the Philippine law known as the Subdivision and Condominium Buyers' Protective Decree. According to this law, the maximum block length with an alley or pathwalk is 400 meters. This means that in a subdivision or condominium development, the distance between two intersecting roads or paths cannot exceed 400 meters. This regulation is in place to ensure proper access, circulation, and convenience within the development, as well as to promote safety and ease of movement for residents and visitors.

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  • 36. 

    Grab bar height in millimeter for disabled in a toilet cubicle?

    • A.

      600

    • B.

      700

    • C.

      800

    • D.

      900

    Correct Answer
    C. 800
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 800. This is the recommended height for grab bars in a toilet cubicle for disabled individuals. Grab bars are essential for providing support and stability for people with mobility issues. The height of 800 millimeters ensures that the grab bars are easily accessible and can be used effectively by individuals with disabilities.

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  • 37. 

    What is the height of lighting switches for the handicapped?

    • A.

      1.02m - 1.22m

    • B.

      0.96m - 1.12m

    • C.

      1.10m - 1.12m

    • D.

      0.92m - 1.22m

    Correct Answer
    D. 0.92m - 1.22m
    Explanation
    The height of lighting switches for the handicapped is between 0.92m and 1.22m. This range allows for easy access and operation of the switches for individuals with disabilities, including those who may be using a wheelchair or have limited mobility. The lower height of 0.92m ensures that individuals in wheelchairs can reach and operate the switches comfortably, while the upper height of 1.22m accommodates individuals of varying heights and abilities. This range is designed to promote inclusivity and accessibility for all individuals.

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  • 38. 

    Preferred width of central refuge as per BP 344?

    • A.

      1.50 meters

    • B.

      2.00 meters

    • C.

      1.80 meters

    • D.

      2.25 meters

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.00 meters
    Explanation
    The preferred width of a central refuge as per BP 344 is 2.00 meters. This width allows for sufficient space for pedestrians to safely wait in the refuge area while crossing the road. A wider refuge provides more room for pedestrians and can accommodate individuals with disabilities or those using mobility aids. Additionally, a wider refuge can also help improve visibility for drivers, ensuring that pedestrians are easily seen while crossing the road.

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  • 39. 

    Defining "open space" in residential subdivisions and attending section 31 of Presidential Decree no. 957 requiring subdivision owners to provide roads, alleys, sidewalks and reserve open space for parks and recreational use.

    • A.

      PD 1216

    • B.

      PD 1612

    • C.

      PD 1215

    • D.

      PD 1512

    Correct Answer
    A. PD 1216
    Explanation
    PD 1216 is the correct answer because it is the Presidential Decree that defines "open space" in residential subdivisions and also refers to section 31 of Presidential Decree no. 957. This decree requires subdivision owners to provide roads, alleys, sidewalks, and reserve open space for parks and recreational use.

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  • 40. 

    A registered & licensed architect, who is academically & professionally qualified, & with exceptional or recognized specialization in any branch of Architecture.

    • A.

      Architect of Record

    • B.

      Consulting Architect

    • C.

      Architect

    • D.

      Architect in charge of construction

    Correct Answer
    B. Consulting Architect
    Explanation
    A consulting architect is a registered and licensed architect who has both academic and professional qualifications. They also have exceptional or recognized specialization in any branch of architecture. This means that they have extensive knowledge and expertise in a specific area of architecture, allowing them to provide specialized advice and guidance to clients and other architects. They may be hired to provide consultation services on specific projects or to assist with complex design or technical issues.

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  • 41. 

    Air space requirement for a habitable room.

    • A.

      12 cu.m.

    • B.

      14 cu.m.

    • C.

      3.00 cu.m.

    • D.

      10.00 cu.m.

    Correct Answer
    B. 14 cu.m.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 14 cu.m. This is the air space requirement for a habitable room. It is important to have sufficient air space in a room to ensure proper ventilation and a comfortable living environment. A room with a larger air space will have better air circulation and can accommodate more people. Therefore, 14 cu.m. is the most suitable option for a habitable room.

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  • 42. 

    A room for human habitation shall have a minimum dimension of ______ x 3.00 meters.

    • A.

      1.50 meters

    • B.

      2.00 meters

    • C.

      3.00 meters

    • D.

      4.00 meters

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.00 meters
    Explanation
    A room for human habitation must have a minimum dimension of 2.00 meters x 3.00 meters. This means that the room must be at least 2.00 meters wide and 3.00 meters long in order to meet the minimum requirements for human habitation.

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  • 43. 

    Minimum ceiling height at the third floor of a building provided with natural ventilation.

    • A.

      2.10 meters

    • B.

      2.40 meters

    • C.

      2.70 meters

    • D.

      3.00 meters

    Correct Answer
    C. 2.70 meters
    Explanation
    The minimum ceiling height at the third floor of a building provided with natural ventilation is 2.70 meters. This height allows for proper airflow and ventilation in the space, ensuring a comfortable and healthy environment. A higher ceiling height would further enhance the ventilation, while a lower height may restrict the movement of air and lead to poor air quality. Therefore, 2.70 meters is the optimal height for natural ventilation on the third floor of a building.

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  • 44. 

    Within how many month/s shall be the release of retention from date of final payment?

    • A.

      1

    • B.

      2

    • C.

      3

    • D.

      4

    Correct Answer
    C. 3
    Explanation
    The release of retention is expected to occur within 3 months from the date of final payment. This means that after the final payment is made, it will take approximately 3 months for the retention to be released.

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  • 45. 

    The value of extra work or change in construction plans requested by the owner.

    • A.

      Unit prices provided credit does not exceed 10% of original contract.

    • B.

      Actual direct cost plus 15% for profit, overhead & tax

    • C.

      Value included in contingencies

    • D.

      Estimate & acceptance in lump sum

    Correct Answer
    B. Actual direct cost plus 15% for profit, overhead & tax
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Actual direct cost plus 15% for profit, overhead & tax." This means that the value of extra work or change in construction plans requested by the owner will be calculated based on the actual direct cost of the work, and an additional 15% will be added to cover profit, overhead, and taxes. This ensures that the contractor is compensated for the extra work or changes while still accounting for the additional costs associated with it.

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  • 46. 

    The approved form of security furnished by the contractor as a guarantee of good faith on the part of the contractor to execute the work in accordance with terms of the contract.

    • A.

      Guarantee Bond

    • B.

      Surety Bond

    • C.

      Performance Bond

    • D.

      Proposal Bond

    Correct Answer
    C. Performance Bond
    Explanation
    A performance bond is a type of security provided by a contractor to ensure that they will fulfill their obligations as stated in the contract. It serves as a guarantee of good faith on the part of the contractor to complete the work according to the agreed terms. This bond provides protection to the project owner in case the contractor fails to meet their contractual obligations, such as delays or substandard work. It ensures that the owner will be compensated for any financial losses incurred due to the contractor's non-performance.

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  • 47. 

    Stipulation of the use of specific products or purposes without provision for substitution is a?

    • A.

      Closed Specification

    • B.

      Performance Specification

    • C.

      Reference Specification

    • D.

      Descriptive Specification

    Correct Answer
    A. Closed Specification
    Explanation
    A closed specification is an explanation for the given correct answer. It refers to a type of specification that stipulates the use of specific products or purposes without allowing for any substitutions. In other words, it requires the use of a particular product or service without any alternatives. This type of specification is commonly used when there is a need for consistency or when specific requirements must be met.

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  • 48. 

    A written document describing in detail the scope of work, materials to be used, methods of installation, and quality of workmanship.

    • A.

      Bill Of Materials

    • B.

      Bid Documents

    • C.

      Contract Documents

    • D.

      Specifications

    Correct Answer
    D. Specifications
    Explanation
    Specifications are a written document that provides detailed information about the scope of work, materials to be used, methods of installation, and quality of workmanship. They outline the requirements and expectations for a project or job, ensuring that all parties involved have a clear understanding of what needs to be done. Specifications help to ensure consistency and quality in the work being performed and serve as a reference for contractors, suppliers, and other stakeholders. They are an essential part of contract documents and bid documents, providing crucial information for the successful completion of a project.

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  • 49. 

    A statement from the architect confirming the amount of money due the contractor once work is accomplished.

    • A.

      Certificate of Completion

    • B.

      Request for Payment

    • C.

      Statement of Account

    • D.

      Billing Statement

    Correct Answer
    A. Certificate of Completion
    Explanation
    A Certificate of Completion is a document issued by the architect to confirm that the work has been successfully completed. It serves as proof that all the required tasks and specifications have been fulfilled according to the contract. This certificate is crucial for the contractor as it signifies the completion of the project and allows them to request payment for their services. It is not a request for payment itself, but rather a confirmation of the work done and the amount due to the contractor.

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  • 50. 

    Preparation of shop drawing is the sole function of the:

    • A.

      Owner

    • B.

      Architect

    • C.

      Contractor

    • D.

      Project Manager

    Correct Answer
    C. Contractor
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Contractor. The preparation of shop drawings, which are detailed drawings that provide specific information about the fabrication and installation of components in a construction project, is typically the responsibility of the contractor. The contractor is responsible for coordinating and managing the construction process, including the preparation of shop drawings that conform to the design plans and specifications provided by the architect. The contractor uses these drawings to communicate with subcontractors, suppliers, and other stakeholders involved in the construction process.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 20, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 06, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Annyxmix
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