Respiratory System | Asthma & COPD NCLEX Quiz 32

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 2078

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Respiratory System | Asthma & COPD NCLEX Quiz 32

All questions are shown, but the results will only be given after you’ve finished the quiz. You are given 1 minute per question, a total of 10 minutes in this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A nurse is suctioning fluids from a client via a tracheostomy tube. When suctioning. the nurse must limit the suctioning to a maximum of:
    • A. 

      5 seconds

    • B. 

      10 seconds

    • C. 

      30 seconds

    • D. 

      1 minute

  • 2. 
    A nurse is suctioning fluids from a client through an endotracheal tube. During the suctioning procedure. the nurse notes on the monitor that the heart rate decreases. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing intervention?
    • A. 

      Continue to suction

    • B. 

      Ensure that the suction is limited to 15 seconds

    • C. 

      Stop the procedure and reoxygenated the client

    • D. 

      Notify the physician immediately.

  • 3. 
    An unconscious client is admitted to an emergency room. Arterial blood gas measurements reveal a pH of 7.30. a low bicarbonate level. a normal carbon dioxide level. and a normal oxygen level. An elevated potassium level is also present. These results indicate the presence of:
    • A. 

      Metabolic acidosis

    • B. 

      Respiratory acidosis

    • C. 

      Combined respiratory and metabolic acidosis

    • D. 

      Over compensated respiratory acidosis

  • 4. 
    A nurse is caring for a client hospitalized with acute exacerbation of COPD. Which of the following would the nurse expect to note on assessment of this client?
    • A. 

      Increased oxygen saturation with exercise

    • B. 

      Hypocapnia

    • C. 

      A hyperinflated chest on x-ray film

    • D. 

      A widened diaphragm noted on chest x-ray film

  • 5. 
    An oxygenated delivery system is prescribed for a client with COPD to deliver a precise oxygen concentration. Which of the following types of oxygen delivery systems would the nurse anticipate to be prescribed?
    • A. 

      Venturi mask

    • B. 

      Aerosol mask

    • C. 

      Face tent

    • D. 

      Tracheostomy collar

  • 6. 
    Theophylline (Theo-Dur) tablets are prescribed for a client with chronic airflow limitation. and the nurse instructs the client about the medication. Which statement by the client indicates a need for further teaching?
    • A. 

      “I will take the medication on an empty stomach.”

    • B. 

      “I will take the medication with food.”

    • C. 

      “I will continue to take the medication even if I am feeling better.”

    • D. 

      “Periodic blood levels will need to be obtained.”

  • 7. 
    A nurse is caring for a client with emphysema. The client is receiving oxygen. The nurse assesses the oxygen flow rate to ensure that it does not exceed
    • A. 

      1 L/min

    • B. 

      2 L/min

    • C. 

      6 L/min

    • D. 

      10 L/min

  • 8. 
    The nurse reviews the ABG values of a client. The results indicate respiratory acidosis. Which of the following values would indicate that this acid-base imbalance exists?
    • A. 

      PH of 7.48

    • B. 

      PCO2 of 32 mm Hg

    • C. 

      PH of 7.30

    • D. 

      HCO3- of 20 mEq/L

  • 9. 
    A nurse instructs a client to use the pursed lip method of breathing. The client asks the nurse about the purpose of this type of breathing. The nurse responds. knowing that the primary purpose of pursed lip breathing is:
    • A. 

      Promote oxygen intake

    • B. 

      Strengthen the diaphragm

    • C. 

      Strengthen the intercostal muscles

    • D. 

      Promote carbon dioxide elimination

  • 10. 
    A nurse reviews the ABG values and notes a pH of 7.50. a PCO2 of 30 mm Hg. and an HCO3 of 25 mEq/L. The nurse interprets these values as indicating:
    • A. 

      Respiratory acidosis uncompensated

    • B. 

      Respiratory alkalosis uncompensated

    • C. 

      Metabolic acidosis uncompensated

    • D. 

      Metabolic acidosis partially compensated.

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