While inhaling through an open mouth.
While exhaling through pursed lips
After exhaling but before inhaling.
While taking a deep breath and holding it.
Clubbing of nail beds
Normal breath sounds
Normal chest movement
Coarse crackles and rhonchi
Increased oxygen saturation
Low fat. low cholesterol
Bland. soft diet
High calorie. high-protein diet
Take a deep abdominal breath. bend forward. and cough 3 to 4 times on exhalation.
Lie flat on back. splint the thorax. take two deep breaths and cough.
Take several rapid. shallow breaths and then cough forcefully.
Assume a side-lying position. extend the arm over the head. and alternate deep breathing with coughing.
Initiate oxygen therapy and reassess the client in 10 minutes.
Draw blood for an ABG analysis and send the client for a chest x-ray.
Encourage the client to relax and breathe slowly through the mouth
Decreased PaCO2. increased PaO2. and decreased pH.
Increased PaCO2. decreased PaO2. and decreased pH.
Increased PaCO2. increased PaO2. and increased pH.
Decreased PaCO2. decreased PaO2. and increased pH.
Corticosteroids promote bronchodilation
Corticosteroids act as an expectorant
Corticosteroids have an anti-inflammatory effect
Corticosteroids prevent development of respiratory infections.