Cardiovascular System: NCLEX Questions On Hematologic Disorders

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 1983

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Cardiovascular System: NCLEX Questions On Hematologic Disorders

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
      Which of the following blood components is decreased in anemia?
    • A. 

      Erythrocytes

    • B. 

      Granulocytes

    • C. 

      Leukocytes

    • D. 

      Platelets

  • 2. 
      A client with anemia may be tired due to a tissue deficiency of which of the following substances?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Factor VIII

    • C. 

      Oxygen

    • D. 

      T-cell antibodies

  • 3. 
      Which of the following cells is the precursor to the red blood cell (RBC)?
    • A. 

      B cell

    • B. 

      Macrophage

    • C. 

      Stem cell

    • D. 

      T cell

  • 4. 
      Which of the following symptoms is expected with hemoglobin of 10 g/dl?
    • A. 

      None

    • B. 

      Pallor

    • C. 

      Palpitations

    • D. 

      Shortness of breath

  • 5. 
      Which of the following diagnostic findings are most likely for a client with aplastic anemia?
    • A. 

      Decreased production of T-helper cells

    • B. 

      Decreased levels of white blood cells. red blood cells. and platelets

    • C. 

      Increased levels of WBCs. RBCs. and platelets

    • D. 

      Reed-Sternberg cells and lymph node enlargement

  • 6. 
      A client with iron deficiency anemia is scheduled for discharge. Which instruction about prescribed ferrous gluconate therapy should the nurse include in the teaching plan?
    • A. 

      “Take the medication with an antacid.”

    • B. 

      “Take the medication with a glass of milk.”

    • C. 

      “Take the medication with cereal.”

    • D. 

      “Take the medication on an empty stomach.”

  • 7. 
      Which of the following disorders results from a deficiency of factor VIII?
    • A. 

      Sickle cell disease

    • B. 

      Christmas disease

    • C. 

      Hemophilia A

    • D. 

      Hemophilia B

  • 8. 
      The nurse explains to the parents of a 1-year-old child admitted to the hospital in a sickle cell crisis that the local tissue damage the child has on admission is caused by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Autoimmune reaction complicated by hypoxia

    • B. 

      Lack of oxygen in the red blood cells

    • C. 

      Obstruction to circulation

    • D. 

      Elevated serum bilirubin concentration.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      “The placenta bars passage of the hemoglobin S from the mother to the fetus.”

    • B. 

      “The red bone marrow does not begin to produce hemoglobin S until several months after birth.”

    • C. 

      “Antibodies transmitted from you to the fetus provide the newborn with temporary immunity.”

    • D. 

      “The newborn has a high concentration of fetal hemoglobin in the blood for some time after birth.”

  • 10. 
      Which of the following would the nurse identify as the priority nursing diagnosis during a toddler’s vaso-occlusive sickle cell crisis?
    • A. 

      Ineffective coping related to the presence of a life-threatening disease

    • B. 

      Decreased cardiac output related to abnormal hemoglobin formation

    • C. 

      Pain related to tissue anoxia

    • D. 

      Excess fluid volume related to infection