Cardiovascular System Quiz: NCLEX Questions On Hematologic Disorders

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Farah Naz, MBBS, Medicine |
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Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.
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Cardiovascular System Quiz: NCLEX Questions On Hematologic Disorders - Quiz

Step into the world of the cardiovascular system and test your knowledge of hematologic disorders with our captivating NCLEX quiz! Designed specifically for students, this quiz will challenge your understanding of key concepts related to hematology and help you prepare for the NCLEX exam.

Get ready to dive into a series of thought-provoking questions that cover a range of hematologic disorders. From anemia to bleeding disorders and blood cancers, this quiz will assess your ability to apply critical thinking skills and make sound clinical judgments.

Are you ready to test your skills and conquer hematologic disorders? Take the Hematology NCLEX Read moreQuestions quiz now and prove your expertise in the fascinating field of the cardiovascular system. Challenge yourself, track your progress, and prepare yourself for success on the NCLEX exam. Let the quiz begin!

With each question, you'll gain a deeper understanding of hematologic disorders and the complexities of their management. Whether you're a nursing student or a healthcare professional seeking to enhance your knowledge, our quiz offers an engaging and interactive way to assess your proficiency in this critical area of healthcare.
Are you ready to test your skills and conquer hematologic disorders? Take the Hematology NCLEX Questions quiz now and prove your expertise in the fascinating field of the cardiovascular system. Challenge yourself, track your progress, and prepare yourself for success on the NCLEX exam. Let the quiz begin!


Hematologic Disorders Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    Which of the following blood components is decreased in anemia?

    • A.

      Erythrocytes

    • B.

      Granulocytes

    • C.

      Leukocytes

    • D.

      Platelets

    Correct Answer
    A. Erythrocytes
    Explanation
    Anemia is a decreased number of erythrocytes (red blood cells).Option B: Granulocytopenia is a reduced number of granulocytes (a type of white blood cells).Option C: Leukopenia is a decreased number of leukocytes (white blood cell).Option D: Thrombocytopenia is a reduced number of platelets.

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  • 2. 

    A client with anemia may be tired due to a tissue deficiency of which of the following substances?

    • A.

      Carbon dioxide

    • B.

      Factor VIII

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      T-cell antibodies

    Correct Answer
    C. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Anemia stems from decreased red blood cells and the resulting deficiency in oxygen and body tissues. Clotting factors. Such as factor VIII. relate to the body’s ability to form blood clots and aren’t associated with anemia. Not is carbon dioxide of T antibodies.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following cells is the precursor to the red blood cell (RBC)?

    • A.

      B cell

    • B.

      Macrophage

    • C.

      Stem cell

    • D.

      T cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Stem cell
    Explanation
    The precursor to the RBC is the stem cell. B cells. Macrophages. And T cells and lymphocytes. Not RBC precursors.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following symptoms is expected with hemoglobin of 10 g/dl?

    • A.

      None

    • B.

      Pallor

    • C.

      Palpitations

    • D.

      Shortness of breath

    Correct Answer
    A. None
    Explanation
    Mild anemia usually has no clinical signs. Palpitations. SOB. and pallor are all associated with severe anemia.

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  • 5. 

    Which diagnostic findings are most likely for a client with aplastic anemia?

    • A.

      Decreased production of T-helper cells

    • B.

      Decreased levels of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets

    • C.

      Increased levels of WBCs. RBCs. and platelets

    • D.

      Reed-Sternberg cells and lymph node enlargement

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreased levels of white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets
    Explanation
    In aplastic anemia, the most likely diagnostic findings are decreased levels of all the cellular elements of the blood (pancytopenia). Option A: T-helper cell production doesn’t diminish in aplastic anemia. Option D: Reed-Sternberg cells and lymph node enlargement occur with Hodgkin’s disease.

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  • 6. 

    A client with iron deficiency anemia is scheduled for discharge. Which instruction about prescribed ferrous gluconate therapy should the nurse include in the teaching plan?

    • A.

      “Take the medication with an antacid.”

    • B.

      “Take the medication with a glass of milk.”

    • C.

      “Take the medication with cereal.”

    • D.

      “Take the medication on an empty stomach.”

    Correct Answer
    D. “Take the medication on an empty stomach.”
    Explanation
    Preferably, ferrous gluconate should be taken on an empty stomach. Options A. B. and C: Ferrous gluconate should not be taken with antacids. milk. or whole-grain cereals because these foods reduce iron absorption.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following disorders results from a deficiency of factor VIII?

    • A.

      Sickle cell disease

    • B.

      Christmas disease

    • C.

      Hemophilia A

    • D.

      Hemophilia B

    Correct Answer
    C. Hemophilia A
    Explanation
    Hemophilia A results from a deficiency of factor VIII. Option A: Sickle cell disease is caused by a defective hemoglobin molecule. Option B: Christmas disease, also called hemophilia B, results in a factor IX deficiency.

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  • 8. 

    The nurse explains to the parents of a 1-year-old child admitted to the hospital in a sickle cell crisis that the child's local tissue damage on admission is caused by which of the following?

    • A.

      Autoimmune reaction complicated by hypoxia

    • B.

      Lack of oxygen in the red blood cells

    • C.

      Obstruction to circulation

    • D.

      Elevated serum bilirubin concentration.

    Correct Answer
    C. Obstruction to circulation
    Explanation
    Characteristic sickle cells tend to cause "log jams" in capillaries. This results in poor circulation to local tissues. Leading to ischemia and necrosis. Option A: Sickle cell disease is an inherited disease. Not an autoimmune reaction. Option B: The primary defect in sickle cell disease is an abnormality in the structure of RBCs. The erythrocytes are sickle-shaped. Rough in texture and rigid. Option D: Elevated serum bilirubin concentrations are associated with jaundice, not sickle cell disease.

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  • 9. 

    The mother asks the nurse why her child's hemoglobin was normal at birth, but now the child has S hemoglobin. Which of the following responses by the nurse is most appropriate?

    • A.

      "The placenta bars the passage of the hemoglobin S from the mother to the fetus."

    • B.

      "The red bone marrow does not produce hemoglobin S until several months after birth."

    • C.

      “Antibodies transmitted from you to the fetus provide the newborn with temporary immunity.”

    • D.

      “The newborn has a high concentration of fetal hemoglobin in the blood for some time after birth.”

    Correct Answer
    D. “The newborn has a high concentration of fetal hemoglobin in the blood for some time after birth.”
    Explanation
    Sickle cell disease is an inherited disease that is present at birth. However, 60% to 80% of a newborn's hemoglobin is fetal hemoglobin. Which has a structure different from that of hemoglobin S or hemoglobin A. Sickle cell symptoms usually occur about four months after birth. When hemoglobin S begins to replace fetal hemoglobin. Option A: The gene for sickle cell disease is transmitted at conception. Not passed through the placenta. Option B: Some hemoglobin S is produced by the fetus near term. The fetus has all its hemoglobin from the earliest production in the first trimester. Option C: Passive immunity conferred by maternal antibodies is unrelated to sickle cell disease. But this transmission of antibodies is essential to protect the infant from various infections during early infancy.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following would the nurse identify as the priority nursing diagnosis during a toddler’s vaso-occlusive sickle cell crisis?

    • A.

      Ineffective coping is related to the presence of a life-threatening disease.

    • B.

      Decreased cardiac output related to abnormal hemoglobin formation

    • C.

      Pain related to tissue anoxia

    • D.

      Excess fluid volume related to infection

    Correct Answer
    C. Pain related to tissue anoxia
    Explanation
    For the child in a sickle cell crisis. Pain is the priority nursing diagnosis because the sickled cells clump and obstruct the blood vessels. It leads to occlusion and subsequent tissue ischemia. Option A: Although ineffective coping may be necessary. It is not the priority. Option B: Decreased cardiac output is not a problem with this type of vaso-occlusive crisis. Option D: Typically. a sickle cell crisis can be precipitated by a fluid volume deficit or dehydration.

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Farah Naz |MBBS, Medicine |
Medical Expert
Farah holds a Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) from Dow University of Health Sciences. She gained valuable experience through internships in Radiology, Cardiology, and Neurosurgery, and has contributed to two research publications in medical journals. Passionate about healthcare education, Farah excels in crafting medical content, including articles, literature reviews, and e-learning courses. Leveraging her expertise, she meticulously reviews medical science quizzes, ensuring accuracy and educational value for aspiring healthcare professionals.

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  • Apr 09, 2024
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  • Sep 21, 2017
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