Greece/Persia/Rome

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 572

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Greece Quizzes & Trivia

There are many similarities between the ancient Persian Empire, the ancient Romans and the Greeks, such as all these empires grew up in the same general area; that being around the Mediterranean Sea. Just how much do you know about the history of these three powerful empires? Take the test and find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What Greek word was used to describe the city-states and surrounding lands that made up the Greek Empire?
    • A. 

      Phalanx

    • B. 

      Polis

    • C. 

      Acropolis

    • D. 

      Acropolis

  • 2. 
    All of the following were highly esteemed by the Athenians, but which one was valued by the Spartans?
    • A. 

      Physical strength

    • B. 

      Freedom of thought

    • C. 

      Art and beauty

    • D. 

      Individuality

  • 3. 
    Democracy in ancient Athens gave rights and privileges to which group below?
    • A. 

      Women

    • B. 

      Foreigners

    • C. 

      Citizens

    • D. 

      Men

  • 4. 
    Which group below received better treatment under the Romans than they had under the Greeks? 
    • A. 

      Slaves

    • B. 

      Foreigners

    • C. 

      Citizens

    • D. 

      Women

  • 5. 
    Socrates : __________________ :: Plato : ______________________.
    • A. 

      Teacher, writer

    • B. 

      Writer, teacher

    • C. 

      Philosopher, dramatist

    • D. 

      Dramatist, philosopher

  • 6. 
    Which of the following aspects of American culture has been most influenced by ancient Greek society?
    • A. 

      Dance

    • B. 

      Music

    • C. 

      Sports

    • D. 

      Travel

  • 7. 
    In ancient Sparta, which activity was a defining feature of citizenship for men?
    • A. 

      Financial contribution to public-works projects

    • B. 

      Attendance at religious ceremonies

    • C. 

      Participation in public assemblies

    • D. 

      Membership in the military

  • 8. 
    Which of these geographic factors did NOT influence the development of Ancient Greek civilization?
    • A. 

      Mountains led to the development of independent city-states

    • B. 

      Deep natural harbors and proximity to the sea encouraged trade

    • C. 

      Its location made a strong navy an ideal method of defense

    • D. 

      Fertile mountain valleys made farming easy

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE concerning the difference between river valley civilizations and later classical civilizations?
    • A. 

      River valley civilizations were much larger than the classical ones that followed.

    • B. 

      Classical civilizations tended to control more territories and people.

    • C. 

      River valley civilizations were more advanced in technological development.

    • D. 

      Classical civilizations were free from invasions from nomadic tribes.

  • 10. 
    What major contribution to classical civilizations came from the ancient Jewish tribes?
    • A. 

      Polytheism

    • B. 

      Secularism

    • C. 

      Monotheism

    • D. 

      Unitheism

  • 11. 
    Which classical Greek political practice was adopted by the classical Romans?
    • A. 

      Allowing a supreme court of impartial judges

    • B. 

      Creating a system of public baths for sanitation

    • C. 

      Granting citizens the right to participate in government through the voting process

    • D. 

      Establishing a council of the 500 largest landowners to serve as advisers to legislators

  • 12. 
    Which of the following best explains how river valley civilizations influenced the development of Classical civilizations?
    • A. 

      The belief in monotheism was advanced by the river valley civilizations.

    • B. 

      The idea of religious freedom was promoted by the river valley civilizations.

    • C. 

      The tradition of hunting and gathering was introduced by the river valley civilizations.

    • D. 

      The foundations of political centralization were established by the river valley civilizations.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following is characteristic of classical Greek sculpture?
    • A. 

      Emphasis on religion

    • B. 

      Importance of democracy

    • C. 

      Interest in the human body

    • D. 

      Equality of men and women

  • 14. 
    Which classical civilization is identified by label C?
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      Persia

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Ancient Rome

  • 15. 
    How did Judaism differ from many other early religions prior to the classical period?
    • A. 

      Judaism imposed strict dietary laws.

    • B. 

      Judaism emphasized a belief in one God.

    • C. 

      Judaism relied on the interpretations of religious scholars.

    • D. 

      Judaism encouraged missionaries to convert non-believers.

  • 16. 
    Roman society remained staunchly male until conquests brought wealth to Italy in the second century B.C.E. Changes that accompanied the booty of empire gave women a measure of economic and marital independence that is illustrated by a loosening of legal restriction against women’s property ownership. —Sarah Shaver Hughes and Brady Hughes, Women in Ancient Civilizations, 2005Based on the information in the excerpt, how did the role of women in Roman society change during the classical period?
    • A. 

      Roman women became landowners.

    • B. 

      Roman women started voting in elections.

    • C. 

      Roman women began serving in the army.

    • D. 

      Roman women began serving in the legislatures.

  • 17. 
    How did Cyrus the Great rule and keep peace in the Persian Empire during the 6th century BC?
    • A. 

      With enforcement of his legal codes

    • B. 

      With taxation for his building projects

    • C. 

      With violence from his military’s tactics

    • D. 

      With tolerance for his people’s cultures

  • 18. 
    Greece influenced Rome in all of the following EXCEPT _________________ .
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Philosophy

    • C. 

      Art/architecture

    • D. 

      Christian religion

  • 19. 
    Christianity succeeded in Rome when the powers there were against it. Which of the following is NOT a reason for its success?
    • A. 

      It taught about Jesus who was a real man, not mythological.

    • B. 

      It taught equality and mercy for the downtrodden of Rome.

    • C. 

      It offered relevance and hope for life after death to even the lowest.

    • D. 

      It taught that the Bible would lead the Romans to salvation

  • 20. 
    When Rome split near the end of its existence, why did the West fall when the East survived a thousand years longer?
    • A. 

      The Eastern Empire had a powerful army which the West did not.

    • B. 

      The Western Empire had no slaves to use for fighting the barbarians.

    • C. 

      The Eastern Empire had a more sustainable and advanced economy.

    • D. 

      The Western Empire had the political system that the East did not.

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is NOT part of the legacy of the Roman Empire in the West?
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Architecture

    • C. 

      Law code

    • D. 

      City states

  • 22. 
    What was the impact of the fall of Rome on Western Europe?
    • A. 

      It ended the brilliance of the Classical Era of civilizations.

    • B. 

      It allowed the Muslims to get a foothold in Spain.

    • C. 

      It led to a nationalistic spirit among European nations.

    • D. 

      It ended the spread of Christianity throughout Europe.

  • 23. 
    Which society was the first to practice direct democracy?
    • A. 

      Empire of Alexander the Great

    • B. 

      City state of Sparta

    • C. 

      City state of Athens

    • D. 

      Persian Empire

  • 24. 
    Which statement would most likely represent the view of a citizen of ancient Athens visiting Sparta?
    • A. 

      "I feel as though I have never left home. Everything here is the same as it is in Athens."

    • B. 

      "This society allows more freedom of expression that I have ever experienced in Athens."

    • C. 

      "I have never seen a society that so valued its citizens as here in Sparta."

    • D. 

      "The government and society of Sparta are too strict. The people have little voice in government."

  • 25. 
    One effect of rugged, mountainous geography on the civilization of ancient Greece was the development of 
    • A. 

      Absolute monarchies

    • B. 

      Extensive trade

    • C. 

      Separate, independent city states

    • D. 

      Belief in one God

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