Greece/Persia/Rome

39 Questions | Total Attempts: 430

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Greece Quizzes & Trivia

There are many similarities between the ancient Persian Empire, the ancient Romans and the Greeks, such as all these empires grew up in the same general area; that being around the Mediterranean Sea. Just how much do you know about the history of these three powerful empires? Take the test and find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A system of government by elected representatives.
    • A. 

      Dictatorship

    • B. 

      Republic

    • C. 

      Commonwealth

    • D. 

      Province

  • 2. 
    All of the following were highly esteemed by the Athenians, but which one was valued by the Spartans?
    • A. 

      Physical strength

    • B. 

      Freedom of thought

    • C. 

      Art and beauty

    • D. 

      Individuality

  • 3. 
    Christianity succeeded in Rome when the powers there were against it. Which of the following is NOT a reason for its success?
    • A. 

      It taught about Jesus who was a real man, not mythological.

    • B. 

      It taught equality and mercy for the downtrodden of Rome.

    • C. 

      It offered relevance and hope for life after death to even the lowest.

    • D. 

      It taught that the Bible would lead the Romans to salvation

  • 4. 
    Democracy in ancient Athens gave rights and privileges to which group below?
    • A. 

      Women

    • B. 

      Foreigners

    • C. 

      Citizens

    • D. 

      Men

  • 5. 
    Greece influenced Rome in all of the following EXCEPT _________________ .
    • A. 

      Language

    • B. 

      Philosophy

    • C. 

      Art/architecture

    • D. 

      Christian religion

  • 6. 
    How did Cyrus the Great rule and keep peace in the Persian Empire during the 6th century BC?
    • A. 

      With enforcement of his legal codes

    • B. 

      With taxation for his building projects

    • C. 

      With violence from his military’s tactics

    • D. 

      With tolerance for his people’s cultures

  • 7. 
    How did Judaism differ from many other early religions prior to the classical period?
    • A. 

      Judaism imposed strict dietary laws.

    • B. 

      Judaism emphasized a belief in one God.

    • C. 

      Judaism relied on the interpretations of religious scholars.

    • D. 

      Judaism encouraged missionaries to convert non-believers.

  • 8. 
    In ancient Sparta, which activity was a defining feature of citizenship for men?
    • A. 

      Financial contribution to public-works projects

    • B. 

      Attendance at religious ceremonies

    • C. 

      Participation in public assemblies

    • D. 

      Membership in the military

  • 9. 
    In what way were the Code of Hammurabi and the Twelve Tables of Rome similar?
    • A. 

      They allowed for belief in one God

    • B. 

      They established written legal standards

    • C. 

      They provided records of economic activity

    • D. 

      They legalized democratic government

  • 10. 
    In what ways were ancient Egyptians, Hellenistic, and Roman civilizations similar?
    • A. 

      They failed to develop a system of writing

    • B. 

      They extended their control over other peoples

    • C. 

      They established advanced industrial economies

    • D. 

      They all had democratically elected governments

  • 11. 
    One effect of rugged, mountainous geography on the civilization of ancient Greece was the development of 
    • A. 

      Absolute monarchies

    • B. 

      Extensive trade

    • C. 

      Separate, independent city states

    • D. 

      Belief in one God

  • 12. 
    Roman society remained staunchly male until conquests brought wealth to Italy in the second century B.C.E. Changes that accompanied the booty of empire gave women a measure of economic and marital independence that is illustrated by a loosening of legal restriction against women’s property ownership. —Sarah Shaver Hughes and Brady Hughes, Women in Ancient Civilizations, 2005Based on the information in the excerpt, how did the role of women in Roman society change during the classical period?
    • A. 

      Roman women became landowners.

    • B. 

      Roman women started voting in elections.

    • C. 

      Roman women began serving in the army.

    • D. 

      Roman women began serving in the legislatures.

  • 13. 
    Roman women could own property and make wills, leaving their property to whomever they chose. What conclusion could be drawn from this statement?
    • A. 

      Roman women had the right to vote.

    • B. 

      Roman women enjoyed some legal rights.

    • C. 

      Roman women were equal to men.

    • D. 

      Roman women could hold political offices.

  • 14. 
    Socrates : __________________ :: Plato : ______________________.
    • A. 

      Teacher, writer

    • B. 

      Writer, teacher

    • C. 

      Philosopher, dramatist

    • D. 

      Dramatist, philosopher

  • 15. 
    The period of time from 27 B.C. to 395 A.D. in which Rome brought peace to the lands they controlled was called 
    • A. 

      Democratic Athens

    • B. 

      Golden Age of Rome

    • C. 

      Pax Romana

    • D. 

      Fall of the Roman Empire

  • 16. 
    The Roman system of justice is considered a milestone because it
    • A. 

      Greatly limited the government's power

    • B. 

      Served as a model for many later European legal systems

    • C. 

      Provided the first democratic constitution

    • D. 

      Both A & B

  • 17. 
    What Greek word was used to describe the city-states and surrounding lands that made up the Greek Empire?
    • A. 

      Phalanx

    • B. 

      Polis

    • C. 

      Acropolis

    • D. 

      Acropolis

  • 18. 
    What major contribution to classical civilizations came from the ancient Jewish tribes?
    • A. 

      Polytheism

    • B. 

      Secularism

    • C. 

      Monotheism

    • D. 

      Unitheism

  • 19. 
    What was the impact of the fall of Rome on Western Europe?
    • A. 

      It ended the brilliance of the Classical Era of civilizations.

    • B. 

      It allowed the Muslims to get a foothold in Spain.

    • C. 

      It led to a nationalistic spirit among European nations.

    • D. 

      It ended the spread of Christianity throughout Europe.

  • 20. 
    When Rome split near the end of its existence, why did the West fall when the East survived a thousand years longer?
    • A. 

      The Eastern Empire had a powerful army which the West did not.

    • B. 

      The Western Empire had no slaves to use for fighting the barbarians.

    • C. 

      The Eastern Empire had a more sustainable and advanced economy.

    • D. 

      The Western Empire had the political system that the East did not.

  • 21. 
    Which classical civilization is identified by label C?
    • A. 

      India

    • B. 

      Persia

    • C. 

      Greece

    • D. 

      Ancient Rome

  • 22. 
    Which classical Greek political practice was adopted by the classical Romans?
    • A. 

      Allowing a supreme court of impartial judges

    • B. 

      Creating a system of public baths for sanitation

    • C. 

      Granting citizens the right to participate in government through the voting process

    • D. 

      Establishing a council of the 500 largest landowners to serve as advisers to legislators

  • 23. 
    Which Greek historian wrote the History of the Persian War and is considered the "father of history"?
    • A. 

      Sophocles

    • B. 

      Herodotus

    • C. 

      Aeschylus

    • D. 

      Thucydides

  • 24. 
    Which Greek mathematician showed the Earth was round and calculated its circumference?
    • A. 

      Archimedes

    • B. 

      Herodotus

    • C. 

      Eratosthenes

    • D. 

      Thucydides

  • 25. 
    Which Greek philosopher used questioning method to determine moral questions?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      None of the above