# Elektronicki Logicki Sklopovi I Registri

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Nastavnica
N
Nastavnica
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 498
Questions: 32 | Attempts: 498

Settings

.

• 1.

### Tablica istinitosti predstavlja:

• A.

SKLOP I (AND)

• B.

SKLOP NE (NOT)

• C.

SKLOP ILI (OR)

• D.

Ništa od navedenog

A. SKLOP I (AND)
Explanation
The given correct answer, "SKLOP I (AND)", refers to the logical operator "AND" in Croatian. In logic, the "AND" operator returns true only if both of the operands are true. Therefore, the tablica istinitosti (truth table) represents the logical operator "AND" where the result is true only when both inputs are true. This means that for any combination of true and false values for the inputs, the output will be false except when both inputs are true.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### Tablica istinitosti predstavlja:

• A.

SKLOP I (AND)

• B.

SKLOP ILI (OR)

• C.

SKLOP DA (YES)

• D.

SKLOP NE (NOT)

D. SKLOP NE (NOT)
Explanation
The correct answer is "SKLOP NE (NOT)". The given options represent logical operators. "SKLOP NE (NOT)" is a logical operator that negates the truth value of a proposition. It returns true if the proposition is false and false if the proposition is true.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Na slici je sklop:

• A.

DA (YES)

• B.

I (AND)

• C.

NE (NOT)

• D.

ILI (OR)

C. NE (NOT)
Explanation
The correct answer is "NE (NOT)" because in the given circuit diagram, "NE (NOT)" represents the logical operation of negation. It indicates that the output of the circuit will be the opposite of the input.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### Tablica istinitosti predstavlja:

• A.

SKLOP I (AND)

• B.

SKLOP ILI (OR)

• C.

SKLOP NE (NOT)

• D.

SKLOP DA (YES)

B. SKLOP ILI (OR)
Explanation
The correct answer is "SKLOP ILI (OR)". This is because the given options represent logical operations, and "SKLOP ILI" is the term for the logical operation "OR" in Croatian. The "OR" operation returns true if at least one of the operands is true. Therefore, the table of truth represents the "OR" operation.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Na slici je sklop:

• A.

SKLOP I (AND)

• B.

Sklop ILI (OR)

• C.

Sklop NE (NOT)

• D.

Sklop DA (YES)

B. Sklop ILI (OR)
Explanation
The correct answer is "Sklop ILI (OR)". This is because the question states that there is a circuit depicted in the image, and among the options given, "Sklop ILI (OR)" is the only one that matches the description of a circuit. The other options, "SKLOP I (AND)", "Sklop NE (NOT)", and "Sklop DA (YES)", do not represent circuit components.

Rate this question:

• 6.

### Na slici je sklop:

• A.

ILI (OR)

• B.

NET (NOT)

• C.

DA (YES)

• D.

I (AND)

D. I (AND)
Explanation
The correct answer is "I (AND)". This suggests that the circuit depicted in the image is an AND gate. An AND gate is a logic gate that outputs a high signal (1) only when all of its inputs are high. In this case, "I" represents the input of the AND gate.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### Konjunkcija, disjunkcija i negacija su:

• A.

Osnovne logičke operacije

• B.

Aritmetičko-logičke operacije

• C.

Aritmetičke operacije

• D.

Računske operacije

A. Osnovne logičke operacije
Explanation
The given correct answer is "Osnovne logičke operacije". This is because "konjunkcija" means "and" in logic, "disjunkcija" means "or", and "negacija" means "not". These three operations are fundamental in logic and are used to combine or manipulate logical statements. They are not related to arithmetic or computation, which is why the other options are not correct.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### Ako struja ne teče kroz neki sklop, to stanje označavamo kao:

• A.

LAŽNO (1)

• B.

ISTINITO (0)

• C.

LAŽNO (0)

• D.

ISTINITO (1)

C. LAŽNO (0)
Explanation
The correct answer is "LAŽNO (0)". This is because when the current does not flow through a circuit, it is considered to be in a "false" or "off" state, which is represented by the value 0.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Ako struja teče kroz neki sklop, to stanje označavamo kao:

• A.

ISTINITO (0)

• B.

LAŽNO (0)

• C.

LAŽNO (1)

• D.

ISTINITO (1)

D. ISTINITO (1)
Explanation
The given answer, "ISTINITO (1)", is the correct one because when current flows through a circuit, it indicates that the circuit is closed and functioning properly. Therefore, the state of the circuit is considered "ISTINITO" or "TRUE". The value "1" represents the logical value of "TRUE" in this context.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Najsloženiji logički sklop  koji obrađuje podatke naziva se:

• A.

MEMORIJA

• B.

HARD DISK

• C.

PROCESOR

• D.

SABIRNICA

C. PROCESOR
Explanation
The correct answer is "PROCESOR". The processor is the most complex logic circuit that processes data in a computer system. It is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and controlling the overall operation of the computer. The other options listed, such as "MEMORIJA" (memory), "HARD DISK" (storage), and "SABIRNICA" (bus), are all important components of a computer system but do not handle the same level of data processing as the processor.

Rate this question:

• 11.

### Računalo se sastoji od:

• A.

Logičkih funkcija

• B.

Elektroničkih sklopova

• C.

Programa (software)

• D.

Booleove algebre

B. Elektroničkih sklopova
Explanation
A computer consists of electronic circuits that perform various functions and operations. These circuits are responsible for processing and manipulating data, as well as controlling the flow of information within the computer system. Without these electronic circuits, a computer would not be able to function properly or carry out any tasks. Therefore, the presence of electronic circuits is essential for the operation of a computer.

Rate this question:

• 12.

### Logička izjava može biti:

• A.

Istinita

• B.

Lažna

• C.

Istinita ili lažna

• D.

C. Istinita ili lažna
Explanation
The correct answer is "istinita ili lažna" because a logical statement can be either true or false. It can't be both true and false at the same time, but it can be either one of them.

Rate this question:

• 13.

### Koji dio računala prepoznaje kada kroz pojedine sklopove računala teče struja, a kada ne?

• A.

• B.

Matična ploča

• C.

Tvrdi disk

• D.

Procesor

D. Procesor
Explanation
The processor is responsible for recognizing when electricity is flowing through individual computer components and when it is not. It is the central processing unit of the computer and is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing data flow between different components. The processor constantly monitors the flow of electricity and controls the timing and sequencing of operations within the computer system. It also manages the flow of data between the memory, hard disk, and other components, ensuring that the correct instructions are executed at the right time.

Rate this question:

• 14.

### Miš, tipkovnica, mikrofon, skener svrstavamo u:

• A.

Ulazne uređaje računala

• B.

Izlazne uređaje računala

• C.

Središnje jedinice računala

A. Ulazne uređaje računala
Explanation
The given answer is "Ulazne uređaje računala" which translates to "Input devices of the computer" in English. The question asks about the classification of the items listed (mouse, keyboard, microphone, scanner) and the correct answer states that they are input devices of a computer. Input devices are used to enter data or instructions into a computer system.

Rate this question:

• 15.

### Monitor, pisač, zvučnici, slušalice svrstavamo u:

• A.

Ulazne uređaje računala

• B.

Izlazne uređaje računala

• C.

Središnje jedinice računala

B. Izlazne uređaje računala
Explanation
Monitor, printer, speakers, and headphones are classified as output devices of a computer. These devices are responsible for providing information or data from the computer to the user. The monitor displays visual output, the printer produces hard copies of documents, and the speakers and headphones produce audio output. Therefore, these devices fall under the category of output devices rather than input devices or central processing units (CPUs).

Rate this question:

• 16.

• A.

Procesor

• B.

• C.

Trajna memorija (ROM)

• D.

Operacijski sustav

D. Operacijski sustav
Explanation
The correct answer is "Operacijski sustav" because it is responsible for managing data traffic and controlling the computer's operations. The processor is responsible for executing instructions, the RAM is used for temporary storage of data, and the ROM is a type of non-volatile memory that stores permanent instructions. However, the operating system acts as a bridge between the hardware and software, managing the resources and coordinating the execution of programs.

Rate this question:

• 17.

### Kako nazivamo prekidače koji usmjeruju tijek podataka u računalu?

• A.

Logički sklopovi

• B.

Registri

• C.

Sabirnice

• D.

Izlazne jedinice

A. Logički sklopovi
Explanation
Logički sklopovi su prekidači koji usmjeravaju tijek podataka u računalu. Oni su odgovorni za izvršavanje logičkih operacija i upravljanje protokom podataka unutar računalnog sustava. Registri su memorijske lokacije koje se koriste za pohranu podataka, sabirnice služe za prijenos podataka između različitih dijelova računalnog sustava, dok su izlazne jedinice uređaji koji omogućavaju prikazivanje ili prijenos podataka iz računala.

Rate this question:

• 18.

### Dva najvažnija elektronička sklopa računala su:

• A.

Procesor i tvrdi disk

• B.

Procesor i ROM

• C.

Registar i sabirnica

• D.

Procesor i RAM

D. Procesor i RAM
Explanation
The two most important electronic components of a computer are the processor and RAM. The processor is responsible for executing instructions and performing calculations, while RAM (Random Access Memory) is used for temporary storage of data and instructions that the processor needs to access quickly. Both components are crucial for the overall performance and functionality of a computer system.

Rate this question:

• 19.

### Za rješavanje složenijih operacija, logički elektronički sklopovi se povezuju u složenije sklopove koje nazivamo:

• A.

Negacija

• B.

Konjunkcija

• C.

Disjunkcija

• D.

Kombinirani logički sklopovi

D. Kombinirani logički sklopovi
Explanation
Netočan odgovor!

Rate this question:

• 20.

### Podatci u računalu pohranjeni su u _______________ spremnike.

pomoćne
Explanation
The correct answer is "pomoćne". In Croatian, the word "pomoćne" means "auxiliary" or "secondary". Therefore, the statement "Podatci u računalu pohranjeni su u pomoćne spremnike" translates to "Data in the computer is stored in auxiliary storage devices." This suggests that the data in the computer is stored in secondary storage devices such as hard drives or external storage devices.

Rate this question:

• 21.

### Glavni spremnik ili ___________.

RAM
Explanation
Netočan odgovor!

Rate this question:

• 22.

### Tvrdi disk, DVD, CD, USB svrstavamo u ______________________ spremnike.

pomoćne
Explanation
The given question asks us to classify hard disks, DVDs, CDs, and USBs into a category. The correct answer is "pomoćne," which translates to "auxiliary" or "secondary" in English. This implies that these storage devices are considered additional or supplementary to the main storage system, such as a computer's internal hard drive.

Rate this question:

• 23.

### Binarno predstavljeni podatci pohranjuju se u spremnicima na mjesta (lokacije) koja su određena adresom. To su takozvane _____________ ili memorijske lokacije.

spremničke
Explanation
The given answer is "spremničke". It is suggested that binarno predstavljeni podatci (binary data) are stored in spremnicima (storage units) at specific locations determined by their address. These locations are referred to as "spremničke" or memory locations.

Rate this question:

• 24.

### Kako se naziva najsloženiji logički sklop u računalu, izgrađen od više stotina milijuna osnovnih logičkih sklopova?

• A.

RAM

• B.

Procesor

• C.

ROM

• D.

Pomoćni spremnik

B. Procesor
Explanation
The correct answer is "Procesor" because the processor is the most complex logical circuit in a computer, consisting of hundreds of millions of basic logical circuits. It is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and managing the overall operation of the computer.

Rate this question:

• 25.

### Dio procesora koji je zadužen za izvršavanje aritmetičko - logičkih operacija naziva se:

• A.

Registri

• B.

Upravljačka jedinica

• C.

Aritmetičko - logička jedinica

• D.

Sabirnice

C. Aritmetičko - logička jedinica
Explanation
The correct answer is "Aritmetičko - logička jedinica". This is because the arithmetic-logic unit (ALU) is responsible for performing arithmetic and logical operations in a processor. It is the component that carries out calculations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and logical operations like AND, OR, and NOT. The ALU is an essential part of the central processing unit (CPU) and works in conjunction with other components like the control unit and registers to execute instructions and process data.

Rate this question:

• 26.

### Dio procesora koji omogućuje, upravlja i nadzire sve procese te upravlja radom svih dijelova računala naziva se:

• A.

Aritmetičko-logička jedinica

• B.

Upravljačka jedinica

• C.

Registri

• D.

Sabirnice

B. Upravljačka jedinica
Explanation
The correct answer is "Upravljačka jedinica". The question is asking for the name of the processor that enables, controls, and supervises all processes and manages the operation of all parts of the computer. The "Upravljačka jedinica" (Control Unit) is responsible for coordinating and directing the flow of data and instructions within the computer, ensuring that all components work together harmoniously.

Rate this question:

• 27.

### Male i vrlo brze spremnike procesora određene širine (32 ili 64 bita) nazivamo:

• A.

Sabirnice

• B.

Registri

• C.

Logičke operacije

• D.

Aritmetičke operacije

B. Registri
Explanation
Registri su male i vrlo brze spremnike procesora određene širine (32 ili 64 bita). Oni se koriste za privremeno pohranjivanje podataka i instrukcija koje se trenutno izvršavaju ili se često koriste. Registri omogućavaju brži pristup podacima u odnosu na memoriju jer se nalaze unutar samog procesora. Ova funkcionalnost registara je ključna za efikasno izvršavanje instrukcija i optimizaciju performansi procesora.

Rate this question:

• 28.

### Svi dijelovi računala međusobno su povezani različitim vrstama vodiča koji se zovu  _______________.

sabirnice
Explanation
Netočan odgovor!

Rate this question:

• 29.

### Količina podataka koju sabirnica prenosi u nekoj jedinici vremena, a mjeri se ubitovima nazivamo:

• A.

Visina sabirnice

• B.

Dubina sabirnice

• C.

širina sabirnice

C. širina sabirnice
Explanation
The correct answer is "širina sabirnice". In computer science and data communication, the term "širina sabirnice" refers to the amount of data that a bus can transmit in a given unit of time. It measures the capacity or bandwidth of the bus to carry information. The wider the bus, the more data it can transmit simultaneously, resulting in faster data transfer rates.

Rate this question:

• 30.

### Vrste sabirnica koje povezuju komponente unutar procesora nazivaju se:

• A.

Vanjske

• B.

Unutarnje

• C.

Gornje

B. Unutarnje
Explanation
The correct answer is "Unutarnje" (Internal). This refers to the types of buses that connect components within a processor. These internal buses are responsible for transferring data and instructions between different parts of the processor, such as the arithmetic logic unit, control unit, and memory. They allow for efficient communication and coordination between these components, ensuring smooth operation and execution of tasks within the processor.

Rate this question:

• 31.

### Sabirnice koje povezuju sve ostale komponente  računala nazivamo:

• A.

Vanjske

• B.

Unutarnje

• C.

Gornje

A. Vanjske
Explanation
The correct answer is "Vanjske" because it is stated that these are the cables that connect all other components of the computer. "Vanjske" translates to "external" in English, which aligns with the idea that these cables are connecting components outside of the computer's main body.

Rate this question:

• 32.

### Sklopovi elektroničkih elemenata (prekidača) koji  usmjeravaju tijek podataka u komponentama računala nazivaju se _____________________   ________________.

logički sklopovi
Explanation
The correct answer is "logički sklopovi". This is because the question is asking for the name of the electronic components (prekidača) that direct the flow of data in computer components (komponentama računala). The term "logički sklopovi" refers to logical circuits, which are electronic circuits that perform logical operations and control the flow of data in a computer system.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Oct 06, 2015
Quiz Created by
Nastavnica