Elements And Compounds Short Quiz! Trivia

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Elements And Compounds Short Quiz! Trivia - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sulfur (S) is a nonmetal.  Which would be a porperty of Sulfur?

    • A.

      Ductile

    • B.

      Dull

    • C.

      Malleable

    • D.

      Shiny

    Correct Answer
    B. Dull
    Explanation
    ductile, malleable and shiny are all characteristics of metals

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  • 2. 

    The smallest part of all matter is a(n)

    • A.

      Molecule

    • B.

      Element

    • C.

      Atom

    • D.

      Cell

    Correct Answer
    C. Atom
    Explanation
    All solids, liquids, and gases are made up of tiny particles called atoms.

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  • 3. 

    Substances that contain atoms that are all the same are called

    • A.

      Elements

    • B.

      Compounds

    • C.

      Mixtures

    Correct Answer
    A. Elements
    Explanation
    Elements are substances that contain atoms that are all the same. Each element is made up of atoms with the same number of protons in their nucleus. These atoms cannot be broken down into simpler substances through chemical reactions. Examples of elements include oxygen, carbon, and gold. Compounds, on the other hand, are substances made up of two or more different elements chemically combined. Mixtures are combinations of different substances that are physically mixed together but not chemically bonded.

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  • 4. 

    Compounds are substances that are made of

    • A.

      One type of atom

    • B.

      Two or more different types of atoms

    Correct Answer
    B. Two or more different types of atoms
    Explanation
    Compounds are substances that are made up of two or more different types of atoms. This means that in order for a substance to be considered a compound, it must consist of atoms from at least two different elements. This is because compounds are formed through chemical bonding between different elements, resulting in the creation of a new substance with unique properties. Therefore, the correct answer is "two or more different types of atoms".

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  • 5. 

    Sodium (Na) is considered an element while sodium chloride (NaCl) is considered a compound.  This is because of sodium chloride 

    • A.

      Is a solid at room temperature

    • B.

      Is used to flavor foods

    • C.

      Is made from two different elements

    • D.

      Is made from the same types of atoms

    Correct Answer
    C. Is made from two different elements
    Explanation
    Sodium chloride (NaCl) is considered a compound because it is made from two different elements, sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl). Compounds are formed when two or more different elements chemically combine together. In the case of sodium chloride, sodium and chlorine atoms combine in a fixed ratio to form a stable compound with distinct properties. Sodium, on the other hand, is considered an element because it consists of only one type of atom.

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  • 6. 

    What is the difference between CO and Co?

    • A.

      CO is made from one type of atom

    • B.

      CO is an element and Co is a compound

    • C.

      Co is made from two types of atoms

    • D.

      CO is a compound and Co is an element

    Correct Answer
    D. CO is a compound and Co is an element
    Explanation
    CO is a combination of the two elements Carbon (C) and Oxygen (O). Co is the symbol for the element Cobalt. Remember, there are no elements with two capital letters as a symbol.

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  • 7. 

    How many atoms of nitrogen are in NH4?

    • A.

      0

    • B.

      1

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1
    Explanation
    When a symbol in a chemical formula (in this example N for Nitrogen) does not have a little number in front of it, there is only one atom of that element.

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  • 8. 

    Which is not a compound?

    • A.

      OH

    • B.

      CO

    • C.

      Fe

    • D.

      NO

    Correct Answer
    C. Fe
    Explanation
    Two capital letters mean two DIFFERENT elements (OH - Oxygen and Hydrogen, CO - Carbon and Oxygen, NO - Nitrogen and Oxygen)

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  • 9. 

    Because of its location on the Periodic Table, Calcium (Ca) is a 

    • A.

      Metal

    • B.

      Nonmetal

    • C.

      Metalloid

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    A. Metal
    Explanation
    Calcium (Ca) is on the left side of the Periodic Table.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following elements would be malleable?

    • A.

      Carbon (C)

    • B.

      Iron (Fe)

    • C.

      Option 3

    • D.

      Option 4

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron (Fe)
    Explanation
    Metals are malleable or easy to bend. Iron (Fe) is found on the left side of the Periodic Table so it is a metal.

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  • 11. 

    Which would  most likely be brittle?

    • A.

      Potassium (K)

    • B.

      Platinum (Pt)

    • C.

      Phosphorus (P)

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Phosphorus (P)
    Explanation
    Nonmetals are brittle or easy to break. Phosphorus is on the right side of the Table and is, therefore, a nonmetal.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 08, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Etate
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