3DX7X Vol 1: Unit 5

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| By Denise Buffoni
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Denise Buffoni
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 3,643
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3DX7X Vol 1: Unit 5 - Quiz

Networks and Network Devices


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The design of communications network is known as

    • A.

      An internet suite

    • B.

      The physical layer

    • C.

      Network architecture

    • D.

      Network implementation

    Correct Answer
    C. Network architecture
    Explanation
    The design of a communications network is known as network architecture. Network architecture refers to the overall structure and organization of a network, including the arrangement of its components, protocols, and technologies. It involves determining the network's layout, connectivity, and functionality, as well as selecting the appropriate hardware and software components. Network architecture plays a crucial role in ensuring efficient and reliable communication between devices and systems within a network.

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  • 2. 

    What kind of network is a group of computers and associated devices that share a common communications line within a small geographic area?

    • A.

      Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)

    • B.

      Virtual Private Network (VPN)

    • C.

      Local Area Network (LAN)

    • D.

      Wide Area Network (WAN)

    Correct Answer
    C. Local Area Network (LAN)
    Explanation
    A Local Area Network (LAN) is a network that connects computers and devices within a small geographic area, such as a home, office, or building. It allows for the sharing of resources, such as files, printers, and internet connections, among the connected devices. LANs typically use Ethernet cables or Wi-Fi to establish the network connection. In contrast to LANs, a Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) covers a larger geographic area, a Wide Area Network (WAN) covers an even larger area, and a Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a secure network that allows remote access to a private network over the internet.

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  • 3. 

    What kind of network interconnects users with computer resources in a geographic area or a region like a city?

    • A.

      Local Area Network (LAN)

    • B.

      Wide Area Network (WAN)

    • C.

      Virtual Private Network (VPN)

    • D.

      Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)

    Correct Answer
    D. Metropolitan Area Network (MAN)
    Explanation
    A Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a type of network that interconnects users with computer resources within a specific geographic area or region, such as a city. It covers a larger area than a Local Area Network (LAN) but is smaller than a Wide Area Network (WAN). MANs are typically used by organizations or institutions to connect multiple LANs together, allowing for efficient communication and resource sharing within a specific metropolitan area.

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  • 4. 

    Which 802.11 standard is designed to operate at both 2.4GHz and 5 GHz?

    • A.

      802.11a

    • B.

      802.11b

    • C.

      802.11g

    • D.

      802.11n

    Correct Answer
    D. 802.11n
    Explanation
    802.11n is the correct answer because it is the only standard among the given options that is designed to operate at both 2.4GHz and 5 GHz. 802.11a operates only at 5 GHz, 802.11b operates only at 2.4GHz, and 802.11g operates at 2.4GHz but not at 5 GHz. 802.11n, on the other hand, is a dual-band standard that can operate at both frequencies, providing greater flexibility and compatibility with different devices and networks.

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  • 5. 

    Which 802.11 standard has a throughput of 11 Mbps and runs at the 2.4 GHz frequency?

    • A.

      802.11a

    • B.

      802.11b

    • C.

      802.11g

    • D.

      802.11n

    Correct Answer
    B. 802.11b
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 802.11b. This standard has a throughput of 11 Mbps and operates at the 2.4 GHz frequency. It was one of the earliest Wi-Fi standards and provided a significant improvement over the previous 802.11a standard in terms of cost and compatibility. However, it has since been surpassed by newer standards such as 802.11g and 802.11n, which offer faster speeds and better performance.

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  • 6. 

    What topology defines the layout of a network's devices and media?

    • A.

      Physical

    • B.

      Logical

    • C.

      Hybrid

    • D.

      Star

    Correct Answer
    A. Physical
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Physical. Physical topology refers to the physical arrangement of devices and media in a network. It defines how the devices are connected and the physical layout of the network, including the cables, connectors, and devices such as switches and routers. This topology determines how the data flows through the network and how devices communicate with each other physically.

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  • 7. 

    What topology consists of cable segments from each computer connected to a centralized component?

    • A.

      Star

    • B.

      Bus

    • C.

      Ring

    • D.

      Hybrid

    Correct Answer
    A. Star
    Explanation
    A star topology consists of cable segments from each computer connected to a centralized component, usually a switch or hub. In this topology, each computer has its own dedicated cable that connects directly to the central component, forming a star-like shape. This centralized component manages the communication between the computers, allowing them to transmit data to each other. This topology is commonly used in Ethernet networks and provides better performance and reliability compared to other topologies like bus or ring.

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  • 8. 

    Over a single pair cable, Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) is capable of transmission rates of

    • A.

      256 Kbps

    • B.

      256 Mbps

    • C.

      144 Mbps

    • D.

      144 Kbps

    Correct Answer
    D. 144 Kbps
    Explanation
    ISDN (Integrated Services Digital Network) is a digital telecommunications network that can transmit voice, video, and data simultaneously over a single pair cable. It operates at a transmission rate of 144 Kbps (Kilobits per second), which is the correct answer. This speed is sufficient for basic internet browsing, email, and low-quality video streaming. However, it is relatively slow compared to modern broadband connections, which offer much higher speeds in Mbps (Megabits per second). Hence, the correct answer is 144 Kbps.

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  • 9. 

    A modem is a device that

    • A.

      Transmits on every link attached to it

    • B.

      Modulates and demodulates data signals

    • C.

      Uses algorithms to determine optimal path to end destination

    • D.

      Operates on the Network layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) modelr

    Correct Answer
    B. Modulates and demodulates data signals
    Explanation
    A modem is a device that modulates and demodulates data signals. Modulation refers to the process of converting digital data into analog signals that can be transmitted over a communication channel. Demodulation, on the other hand, involves converting the analog signals back into digital data. Therefore, a modem enables the transmission of data over communication networks by converting the signals between digital and analog formats.

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  • 10. 

    What Data Link Layer network device logically separates a single network into two segments or collision domains in Ethernet networks?

    • A.

      Hub

    • B.

      Bridge

    • C.

      Switch

    • D.

      Router

    Correct Answer
    B. Bridge
    Explanation
    A bridge is a Data Link Layer network device that logically separates a single network into two segments or collision domains in Ethernet networks. It operates by examining the MAC addresses of incoming frames and making forwarding decisions based on the destination address. By doing so, it reduces collisions and improves network performance by creating separate collision domains. Unlike a hub, which simply broadcasts all incoming frames to all connected devices, a bridge selectively forwards frames to the appropriate segment, thereby improving network efficiency.

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  • 11. 

    Two basic routing activities are determining optimal routing paths and

    • A.

      Modulation of Datagram through an internetwork

    • B.

      Layer-1 error determination and correction through an internetwork

    • C.

      Virtual Private Network (VPN) tunnel determination through an internetwork

    • D.

      Transporting information groups (packets) through an internetwork

    Correct Answer
    D. Transporting information groups (packets) through an internetwork
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Transporting information groups (packets) through an internetwork," is the correct explanation because it accurately describes one of the basic routing activities. Routing involves the process of forwarding packets from a source to a destination through an internetwork, which can include multiple networks and routers. This process ensures that information is successfully transported across the internetwork, allowing communication between different devices and networks.

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  • 12. 

    Dynamic routing automatically calculates the best path between how many nodes?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      4

    • D.

      5

    Correct Answer
    A. 2
    Explanation
    Dynamic routing automatically calculates the best path between two nodes. This means that the routing algorithm determines the most efficient route for data packets to travel from the source node to the destination node in a network. The algorithm takes into consideration factors such as network congestion, link quality, and other metrics to determine the optimal path. Therefore, the correct answer is 2.

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  • 13. 

    What type of encryption is applied to each end of a communications line in a distributed network, and ensures all information flowing is unintelligible to an unauthorized intruder?

    • A.

      Line encryption

    • B.

      Link encryption

    • C.

      Device encryption

    • D.

      End-to-End encryption

    Correct Answer
    B. Link encryption
    Explanation
    Link encryption is the type of encryption applied to each end of a communications line in a distributed network, ensuring that all information flowing through the line is unintelligible to unauthorized intruders. This type of encryption specifically focuses on securing the communication link itself, protecting the data as it travels between different points in the network. It is an important security measure to prevent eavesdropping and unauthorized access to sensitive information.

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  • 14. 

    Which type of cable is associated with the original designs of the Ethernet standard?

    • A.

      Coaxial cable

    • B.

      Fiber optic cable

    • C.

      Shielded twisted-pair (STP)

    • D.

      Unshielded twisted-pair (UTP)

    Correct Answer
    A. Coaxial cable
    Explanation
    Coaxial cable is associated with the original designs of the Ethernet standard. This type of cable consists of a central conductor surrounded by an insulating layer, a metallic shield, and an outer insulating layer. It was commonly used in early Ethernet networks to transmit data signals. Coaxial cable provides good transmission quality and can support high data rates, making it suitable for Ethernet connections. However, it has been largely replaced by twisted-pair cables, such as shielded twisted-pair (STP) and unshielded twisted-pair (UTP), due to their lower cost and easier installation.

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  • 15. 

    Which transmission medium is the primary carrier of voice communications?

    • A.

      Twisted pair cable

    • B.

      Fiber optic cable

    • C.

      Coaxial cable

    • D.

      Twinax cable

    Correct Answer
    A. Twisted pair cable
    Explanation
    Twisted pair cable is the primary carrier of voice communications because it is a type of copper cable that consists of two insulated wires twisted together. This design helps to minimize electromagnetic interference and crosstalk, ensuring clear and reliable transmission of voice signals. Twisted pair cable is widely used in telephone networks and is capable of carrying analog voice signals efficiently over long distances. It is also cost-effective and easy to install, making it a popular choice for voice communication systems.

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  • 16. 

    What is the most common wireless networking standard?

    • A.

      802.3

    • B.

      802.9

    • C.

      802.11

    • D.

      802.14

    Correct Answer
    C. 802.11
    Explanation
    The most common wireless networking standard is 802.11. This standard is widely used for wireless local area networks (WLANs) and provides high-speed internet access and network connectivity. It is commonly known as Wi-Fi and is used in various devices such as smartphones, laptops, and routers.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 13, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Denise Buffoni
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