"Have To" (なきゃ/なければ) Test ┃japanese Ammo

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| By Japaneseammo
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 1,236
Questions: 13 | Attempts: 140


If you don't know kanji yet, you can also answer the questions all in ひらがな.DO NOT put "私は(わたしは)" when answering.When it says informally, use "なきゃ (most common)" or "なくちゃ (a bit feminine / less urgent)" or "ないと" without "いけない".When it says formally, use "なければいけません (most common)" or "なきゃいけません (semi-formal)" or "なければなりません".

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    How do you say "have to eat" informally?

    In informal speech, we usually do NOT put "いけない" after "なきゃ / なくちゃ" like "食べなきゃいけない".

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  • 2. 

    Translate :Tomorrow I have to wake up early.= 明日早く ________.(あした はやく  ______)Informally or formally.

    The correct answer is "起きなきゃ" or "おきなきゃ" which is an informal way of saying "I have to wake up". It is a contraction of "起きなければいけません" or "おきなければいけません" which is a more formal way of expressing the same meaning. Other informal options such as "起きないと" or "おきないと" can also be used.

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  • 3. 

    Translate : I have to study. (formally)*DO NOT put the を particle.*

    The correct answer is 勉強しなければいけません,べんきょうしなければいけません,勉強しなきゃいけません,べんきょうしなきゃいけません,べんきょうしなければなりません, 勉強しなければなりません. These phrases all convey the meaning "I have to study" in a formal manner. They are all variations of the same grammar structure, using the negative form of the verb 勉強する (study) followed by しなければ (must do) and いけません or なりません (must, have to). The use of なければ emphasizes the necessity of studying, while いけません and なりません indicate the obligation or requirement to do so.

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  • 4. 

    Translate : I have to practice. (infromally)

    The correct answer is "練習しなきゃ,れんしゅうしなきゃ,renshuu shinakya". This is the informal way of saying "I have to practice" in Japanese. The phrase "しなきゃ" is a contraction of "しなければならない" (shinakereba naranai), which means "have to". Adding "練習" (renshuu) before it specifies that the action to be done is practice. Therefore, the correct answer accurately translates the given phrase into informal Japanese.

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  • 5. 

    I have to go home. (informally)

    The correct answer is 家に帰らなきゃ,うちに帰らなきゃ,うちにかえらなきゃ,家にかえらなきゃ, uchi ni kaeranakya,帰らなきゃ,かえらなきゃ,kaeranakya.
    These options all mean "I have to go home" in an informal way. They are different variations of the same phrase, using different ways to express "go home" such as 帰る (kaeru) and かえる (kaeru), and different ways to express "have to" such as なきゃ (nakya) and なければ (nakereba).

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  • 6. 

    Translate:I have to buy new shoes. (informally)________を________。*For "new shoes", write without a space. (e.g. かわいいねこ = cute cat) 

    In Japanese, the phrase "I have to buy new shoes" can be translated as "新しい靴を買わなきゃ" or "あたらしいくつをかわなきゃ" in an informal way. The word "新しい" means "new" and "靴" means "shoes". The phrase "買わなきゃ" is a contraction of "買わなければ" which means "have to buy". Therefore, the correct answer is "新しい靴,あたらしいくつ,買わなきゃ,かわなきゃ".

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  • 7. 

    Translate:I have to sing in front of everyone. (informally)みんなの________、________.

    + in front of = の まえ で
    + in front of = ~のまえ に + verb

    The verb "to sing" 歌う(うたう) has the hiragana "う" ending, so you need to change the last う into わ to put put なきゃ.

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  • 8. 

    Translate:I have to wait for my friend.友達を ________。 (informally)ともだちをhave to wait.

    つ always becomes た.

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  • 9. 

    Translate:I have to tell (say) my mum. (informally)お母さんに________.おかあさん に have to say.

    う → わ + ない

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  • 10. 

    Conjugate the following verbs into "なきゃ" form.捨てる(すてる) → have to  ________ (throw away)見つける(みつける) → have to  ________  (find)立つ(たつ) → have to  ________  (stand)会う(あう) → have to  ________  (meet)送る(おくる) → have to  ________  (send) 

    The correct answer is the third option for each verb. The verb "捨てる" (すてる) conjugates to "捨てなきゃ" (すてなきゃ), meaning "have to throw away." The verb "見つける" (みつける) conjugates to "見つけなきゃ" (みつけなきゃ), meaning "have to find." The verb "立つ" (たつ) conjugates to "立たなきゃ" (たたなきゃ), meaning "have to stand." The verb "会う" (あう) conjugates to "会わなきゃ" (あわなきゃ), meaning "have to meet." The verb "送る" (おくる) conjugates to "送らなきゃ" (おくらなきゃ), meaning "have to send."

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