PSY3041- Quiz 1

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| By Catherine Antcliff
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Catherine Antcliff
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 5,245
Questions: 22 | Attempts: 1,077

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PSY3041- Quiz 1 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Q 1.  As used by your textbook authors, the term psychological assessment applies to

    • A.

      A. clinical settings only

    • B.

      B. self-administered tests only

    • C.

      C. employment, clinical, and educational settings only

    • D.

      D. the use of tests and other tools of evaluation

    Correct Answer
    D. D. the use of tests and other tools of evaluation
    Explanation
    The term psychological assessment, as used by the textbook authors, refers to the use of tests and other tools of evaluation. This means that it includes not only the use of tests, but also other methods and tools that are used to assess an individual's psychological functioning. This can be done in various settings, including employment, clinical, and educational settings. Therefore, option d is the correct answer as it encompasses the broad scope of psychological assessment.

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  • 2. 

    Q2. It is incorrect to conceive of error “creeping into” the measure process because

    • A.

      A. this implies that it appears slowly when in reality it is instantaneous

    • B.

      B. to do so is to imply that error is negative when in reality it is positive

    • C.

      C. error is a well acknowledged part of the measurement process

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    C. C. error is a well acknowledged part of the measurement process
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c. Error is a well-acknowledged part of the measurement process. This means that error is expected and accepted as a normal occurrence in any measurement. It is not something that "creeps into" the process slowly or appears instantaneously. Additionally, the answer choices b and d are not relevant to the explanation as they discuss the nature of error, which is not the main point of the question.

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  • 3. 

    Q3. A score earned by a testtaker on a psychological test may BEST be viewed as equal to 

    • A.

      A. the raw score plus the observed score

    • B.

      B. the error score

    • C.

      C. the true score

    • D.

      D. the true score plus error

    Correct Answer
    D. D. the true score plus error
    Explanation
    A score earned by a testtaker on a psychological test is best viewed as the combination of their true score and the error associated with the measurement. The true score represents the individual's actual ability or trait being measured, while the error represents the variability or imprecision in the measurement process. By considering both the true score and the error, we can have a more accurate understanding of the testtaker's performance on the psychological test.

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  • 4. 

    Q4. A panel interview is a tool of assessment that is MOST likely to be employed by

    • A.

      A. clinical psychologists

    • B.

      B. educators

    • C.

      C. human resource professionals

    • D.

      D. entry-level neuropsychologists

    Correct Answer
    C. C. human resource professionals
    Explanation
    A panel interview is a tool of assessment that is most likely to be employed by human resource professionals. This is because panel interviews involve multiple interviewers from different departments or levels within the organization. Human resource professionals often use panel interviews to gather diverse perspectives and opinions on candidates, as well as to assess their suitability for the job and fit within the company culture. Additionally, panel interviews allow for a more comprehensive evaluation of candidates and help to minimize bias in the hiring process.

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  • 5. 

    Q5. The directions for scoring a particular motor ability test instruct the examiner to “Give credit if the child holds his hands open most of the time.” Because what constitutes “most of the time” is not specifically defined, directions such as these could result in lower reliability estimates for

    • A.

      A. test-retest reliability

    • B.

      B. alternate-form reliability

    • C.

      C. inter-score reliability

    • D.

      D. parallel forms reliability

    Correct Answer
    C. C. inter-score reliability
    Explanation
    The directions for scoring the motor ability test are not specific enough in defining what constitutes "most of the time" that the child holds his hands open. This lack of specificity can lead to inconsistent scoring between different examiners, resulting in lower inter-score reliability. Inter-score reliability refers to the consistency of scores given by different examiners or raters, and in this case, the lack of clear instructions can lead to variation in how different examiners interpret and score the test.

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  • 6. 

    Q 6. Psychology testing

    • A.

      A. is typically more lengthy than assessment

    • B.

      B. may be one component of the process of assessment

    • C.

      C. is characteristically broader in scope than assessment

    • D.

      D. tends to be less accurate than assessment

    Correct Answer
    B. B. may be one component of the process of assessment
    Explanation
    Psychology testing is not necessarily more lengthy than assessment, as stated in option a. It is also not characteristically broader in scope than assessment, as stated in option c. However, option b accurately states that psychology testing may be one component of the process of assessment. This means that while assessment can involve various methods and techniques, psychology testing can be one of those methods used to gather information and make evaluations. The accuracy of psychology testing is not addressed in the given options.

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  • 7. 

    Q7. As the term is applied to a test, validity is a judgment or estimate of how well a test

    • A.

      A. measures what it purports to measure

    • B.

      B. measures what is purports to measure in a particular context

    • C.

      C. satisfies the deductions that could logically be made from inferences about it

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    Validity refers to the extent to which a test accurately measures what it is intended to measure. Option a states that validity is a judgment of how well a test measures what it purports to measure, which aligns with the definition of validity. Option b adds the context element, suggesting that validity can vary depending on the specific situation in which the test is used. Option c mentions logical deductions and inferences, which are also factors considered in determining the validity of a test. Therefore, option d, which includes all of these aspects, is the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    Q8. In calculating the content validity ratio, panelists are asked to determine

    • A.

      A. if the test item has face vailidity and an acceptable level of reliability

    • B.

      B. if the item is too long or too short

    • C.

      C. if the test item is ambiguous

    • D.

      D. if the skill or knowledge measured by the item is essential

    Correct Answer
    D. D. if the skill or knowledge measured by the item is essential
    Explanation
    The content validity ratio is a measure used to determine the extent to which a test item measures the essential skills or knowledge required for a particular task or domain. Panelists are asked to evaluate the test item and determine if the skill or knowledge being measured is essential. This helps ensure that the test is valid and accurately assesses the intended construct.

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  • 9. 

    Q9. A standard against which a test or test score is evaluated is known as a

    • A.

      A. facet

    • B.

      B. correlation coefficient

    • C.

      C. validity coefficient

    • D.

      D. criterion

    Correct Answer
    D. D. criterion
    Explanation
    A criterion is a standard or reference point against which something is evaluated. In the context of the question, a criterion is used to evaluate a test or test score. It provides a benchmark or guideline to determine the quality or accuracy of the test or score. The other options, such as facet, correlation coefficient, and validity coefficient, do not specifically refer to a standard of evaluation like a criterion does.

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  • 10. 

    Q10. Predictive and concurrent validity can be subsumed under

    • A.

      A. content validity

    • B.

      B. criterion-related validity

    • C.

      C. face validity

    • D.

      D. true score validity

    Correct Answer
    B. B. criterion-related validity
    Explanation
    Criterion-related validity refers to the extent to which a measure is able to predict or correlate with a specific criterion or outcome. Predictive validity specifically assesses the ability of a measure to predict future outcomes, while concurrent validity assesses the ability of a measure to correlate with a criterion that is measured at the same time. Therefore, both predictive and concurrent validity fall under the category of criterion-related validity.

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  • 11. 

    Q11.      Which is NOT a possible source of error variance?

    • A.

      A) Test administration

    • B.

      B) Test scoring

    • C.

      C) Test interpretation

    • D.

      D) All are possible sources of error variance

    Correct Answer
    D. D) All are possible sources of error variance
    Explanation
    All aspects mentioned in options a), b), and c) can contribute to error variance in testing. Test administration refers to the process of conducting the test, which can introduce errors if not done properly. Test scoring involves the subjective judgment of the scorer, which can lead to errors. Test interpretation also involves subjective judgment and can introduce errors if not done accurately. Therefore, all three options are possible sources of error variance in testing.

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  • 12. 

    Q12      The term psychometrics

    • A.

      A) Was derived from the Latin for “to confuse and befuddle”

    • B.

      B) Is used to refer collectively to test catalogues, manuals, and reports

    • C.

      C) May be defined as the science of psychological measurement

    • D.

      D) All of these

    Correct Answer
    C. C) May be defined as the science of psychological measurement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is c) May be defined as the science of psychological measurement. Psychometrics is the field of study that focuses on the measurement of psychological attributes such as personality traits, intelligence, and attitudes. It involves the development and administration of tests and scales to assess these attributes. The term itself does not have any connection to confusion or test materials, as suggested in options a) and b). Therefore, option c) is the correct explanation.

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  • 13. 

    Q13.      An approach to personality assessment that does not employ self-report methods is referred to as:

    • A.

      A) A reflective method

    • B.

      B) A projective method

    • C.

      C) A factorial method

    • D.

      D) A nonempirical method

    Correct Answer
    B. B) A projective method
    Explanation
    A projective method is an approach to personality assessment that does not rely on self-report methods. Instead, it involves presenting individuals with ambiguous stimuli, such as inkblots or pictures, and asking them to interpret or respond to them. The idea is that the individual's responses will reveal unconscious thoughts, motivations, and personality traits. This method is often used in psychoanalysis and can provide insights into a person's unconscious mind and underlying psychological processes.

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  • 14. 

     Q14. Norms come in many different forms. Which of the following is NOT referred to by the term “norms”?

    • A.

      A) Trait norms

    • B.

      B) Age norms

    • C.

      C) Grade norms

    • D.

      D) Percentile norms

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Trait norms
    Explanation
    Trait norms are not referred to by the term "norms" because trait norms refer to the average level of a specific trait or characteristic within a population, rather than the expected or typical behavior or performance in a particular context or situation. Trait norms are more related to individual differences and psychological traits, while the other options (age norms, grade norms, and percentile norms) are all examples of norms that define expected behavior or performance based on age, grade level, or percentile rank.

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  • 15. 

    Q15.      Which of the following is TRUE about error in psychological measurement?

    • A.

      A) As with other fields, error is synonymous with “mistake”

    • B.

      B) Error only refers to deliberate misinterpretation of results rather than carelessness

    • C.

      C) Error is an expected component of measurement

    • D.

      D) Error can be eliminated only by care and vigilance

    Correct Answer
    C. C) Error is an expected component of measurement
    Explanation
    Error is an expected component of measurement. This means that in psychological measurement, it is understood that there will always be some degree of error present. This could be due to various factors such as the limitations of the measurement tools or instruments used, the subjective nature of psychological phenomena, or the inherent variability in human behavior. It is important to acknowledge and account for this error in order to ensure accurate and reliable measurement results.

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  • 16. 

    Q16.      An individual being evaluated for employment as a police officer is asked to put himself in the place of an arresting officer who has just been threatened by a suspect. This sort of evaluation is BEST described as:

    • A.

      A) Role play

    • B.

      B) Portfolio analysis

    • C.

      C) Case history

    • D.

      D) Behavioural observation

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Role play
    Explanation
    This question asks about a specific type of evaluation used in the context of employment as a police officer. The evaluation involves asking the individual to imagine themselves in the position of an arresting officer who has been threatened by a suspect. This type of evaluation is commonly known as "role play," where the individual is asked to simulate a real-life situation to assess their ability to handle the challenges and responsibilities of the job.

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  • 17. 

    Q17.      Which of the following represents a problem unique to self-report personality tests?

    • A.

      A) Respondents might be unwilling to reveal something negative about themselves

    • B.

      B) Respondents maybe too “low” on the construct being measured for the trait to register properly on the test.

    • C.

      C) The reading ability of the respondents may prevent them from responding accurately to items

    • D.

      D) All of these

    Correct Answer
    A. A) Respondents might be unwilling to reveal something negative about themselves
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a) Respondents might be unwilling to reveal something negative about themselves. This is a problem unique to self-report personality tests because individuals may be hesitant to disclose negative aspects of their personality or behavior, leading to inaccurate results.

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  • 18. 

    Q18. The term psychometric soundness refers to

    • A.

      A. The general psychiatric health of an assessee

    • B.

      B. Mental status of an individual during assessment

    • C.

      C. Technical quality of a test or other tool of assessment

    • D.

      D. Competence of a defendant to stand trial

    Correct Answer
    C. C. Technical quality of a test or other tool of assessment
    Explanation
    Psychometric soundness refers to the technical quality of a test or other tool of assessment. It indicates how well the test measures what it is supposed to measure and how reliable and valid the results are. A psychometrically sound test is one that has been developed using rigorous scientific methods, has good reliability (consistency) and validity (accuracy), and is free from biases or errors. It ensures that the test is fair and consistent in measuring the construct it is intended to measure, and that the results can be trusted for making decisions or drawing conclusions.

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  • 19. 

    Q19. Face validity refers to  

    • A.

      A. the most preferred method for determining validity

    • B.

      B. another name for content validity

    • C.

      C. the appearance of relevancy of the test items

    • D.

      D. validity determined by means of face-to-face interviews

    Correct Answer
    C. C. the appearance of relevancy of the test items
    Explanation
    Face validity refers to the extent to which a test appears to measure what it is intended to measure. It is concerned with the subjective judgment of whether the test items appear to be relevant to the construct being measured. It does not necessarily determine the actual validity of the test, but rather focuses on the perception of relevance by the test takers and other stakeholders. Face validity can be assessed by reviewing the test items and determining if they align with the construct being measured.

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  • 20. 

    Q20. The publication of which psychologocial test served as a catalyst for the early, international growth of the field of psychological measures?

    • A.

      A. the Binet Intelligence Test

    • B.

      B. the Rorschach Inkblot Test

    • C.

      C. the OSS assessment battery

    • D.

      D. the Mooney Problem Checklist

    Correct Answer
    A. A. the Binet Intelligence Test
    Explanation
    The publication of the Binet Intelligence Test served as a catalyst for the early, international growth of the field of psychological measures. This test, developed by Alfred Binet and Theodore Simon, was one of the first standardized tests to measure intelligence. Its publication in 1905 provided a framework for assessing and measuring intelligence, leading to the development of similar tests in different countries and the establishment of intelligence testing as a fundamental aspect of psychology.

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  • 21. 

    Q21. When a test must be administered with an aid of a translator,

    • A.

      A. subtle nuances of meaning may be ‘lost in translation’

    • B.

      B. pre-training of the translator is desirable

    • C.

      C. pre-training of the assessor is desirable

    • D.

      D. all of these

    Correct Answer
    D. D. all of these
    Explanation
    When a test must be administered with the aid of a translator, there are several potential challenges that may arise. Firstly, subtle nuances of meaning may be 'lost in translation', as the translator may not be able to accurately convey the exact meaning of the test items. Secondly, pre-training of the translator is desirable to ensure that they are familiar with the content and format of the test, as well as any specific instructions or guidelines. Lastly, pre-training of the assessor is also desirable, as they need to understand how to effectively work with a translator and interpret the results of the test. Therefore, all of these factors are important when administering a test with the aid of a translator.

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  • 22. 

    Q22. In general, approximately what percentage of scores would be expected to fall within two standard deviations above or below the standard error of measurement of the ‘true score’ on a test?

    • A.

      A. 85%

    • B.

      B. 90%

    • C.

      C. 95%

    • D.

      D. 99%

    Correct Answer
    C. C. 95%
    Explanation
    Approximately 95% of scores would be expected to fall within two standard deviations above or below the standard error of measurement of the 'true score' on a test. This is because in a normal distribution, about 95% of the data falls within two standard deviations of the mean.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jun 10, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Antcliff
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