Msg77 US History Ch 16-17

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 137

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Msg77 US History Ch 16-17 - Quiz

Rise of Dictators/WWII


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Compare the ways in which Hitler, Churchill, and Roosevelt used their powers as gifted speakers to accomplish their political aims during World War II.
  • 2. 
    What is your interpretation of this political cartoon?
  • 3. 
    At the end of World War I, many new democracies were established in Europe. In the years between the two world wars, what happened to most of these democracies?
    • A. 

      They thrived

    • B. 

      They became communist

    • C. 

      They were torn apart by civil wars

    • D. 

      They were replaced by dictators

  • 4. 
    How were Britain and France drawn into war with Germany?
    • A. 

      Hitler had taken power in Germany

    • B. 

      Germany had attacked Poland

    • C. 

      Germany had attacked Czechoslovakia

    • D. 

      Germany had pulled out of the League of Nations

  • 5. 
    What happened during the Battle of Britain?
    • A. 

      Germany joined the Axis powers

    • B. 

      Germany engaged in a three-front war

    • C. 

      Germany bombed Britain for two months

    • D. 

      Germany entered into a nonaggression pact with Britain

  • 6. 
    On which of the following did Joseph Stalin and Benito Mussolini disagree?
    • A. 

      Nationalism

    • B. 

      Centralized government

    • C. 

      Militaristic expansionism

    • D. 

      Ownership of property

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements most accurately reflects Roosevelt's feelings toward joining the war?
    • A. 

      He agreed with the isolationists and promoted an isolationist policy.

    • B. 

      He wanted to help the Allies but had to appease U.S. citizens who opposed entering the war.

    • C. 

      He wanted to avoid the war because he did not see it as a threat to the United States.

    • D. 

      He did not understand the position of isolationists and was eager to join the war.

  • 8. 
    What was the Lend-Lease Act?
    • A. 

      A statement of war aims compiled by Roosevelt and Churchill

    • B. 

      A nonaggression pact between Germany and the Soviet Union

    • C. 

      A policy allowing the president to provide arms to certain foreign countries

    • D. 

      An order to shoot German U-boats on sight

  • 9. 
    To combat wartime inflation, the U.S. government did all of the following except
    • A. 

      Raise and extend the income tax.

    • B. 

      Impose wage and price controls.

    • C. 

      Encourage the purchase of war bonds.

    • D. 

      Increase production of consumer goods.

  • 10. 
    During the war, women in the WAACs served as
    • A. 

      Fighter pilots and foot soldiers.

    • B. 

      Shipbuilders and waitresses.

    • C. 

      Scientists and factory workers.

    • D. 

      Nurses and radio operators.

  • 11. 
    Germany's goal in the Battle of the Atlantic was to
    • A. 

      Invade the coast of Great Britain and then take over the entire country.

    • B. 

      Keep food and war supplies from reaching Great Britain and the Soviet Union.

    • C. 

      Prevent Allied forces from landing in Normandy and liberating France.

    • D. 

      Prevent the invasion of North Africa.

  • 12. 
    In the Battle of Stalingrad, all of the following contributed to the Soviet victory except
    • A. 

      A brutal winter.

    • B. 

      A massive Allied invasion.

    • C. 

      A massive Soviet counterattack.

    • D. 

      Hitler's refusal to order a German retreat.

  • 13. 
    In deciding to use the atomic bomb against Japan, President Truman's main goal was to
    • A. 

      End the war quickly.

    • B. 

      Weaken Japan for a long time.

    • C. 

      Get revenge for Pearl Harbor.

    • D. 

      Save Japanese lives.

  • 14. 
    The GI Bill of Rights made it possible for
    • A. 

      African Americans to serve in combat positions.

    • B. 

      Soldiers to take short leaves from fighting

    • C. 

      Veterans to attend college for free.

    • D. 

      Enlisted men to receive officer training.

  • 15. 
    Roosevelt's decision to remove people of Japanese ancestry to internment camps was a response to
    • A. 

      Strong anti-Japanese sentiment.

    • B. 

      Verified reports of Japanese Americans acting as spies.

    • C. 

      The lack of Japanese Americans serving in the armed forces.

    • D. 

      Rumors that the Japanese were developing an atomic bomb.

  • 16. 
    An example of racial tensions during the war years is
    • A. 

      Sit-ins in the South staged by CORE

    • B. 

      The actions of the Tuskegee Airmen.

    • C. 

      Anti-Mexican demonstrations in Detroit.

    • D. 

      The zoot suit riots in LA

  • 17. 
    What did the United States do after Japan surrendered at the end of World War II?
    • A. 

      Severely punished Japan for its role in the war

    • B. 

      Allowed Japan to keep its government, as long as different people were in control

    • C. 

      Refused to help rebuild Japan's economy

    • D. 

      Occupied Japan and helped it to establish a constitution and democratic government

  • 18. 
    Which description accurately defines the Nuremberg Trials?
    • A. 

      A series of trials to sentence U.S. military deserters from World War II

    • B. 

      A series of trials in which Americans were accused of being communists

    • C. 

      An international tribunal to try Nazi officials for crimes against humanity

    • D. 

      The lawsuits brought by German Americans against the United States over internment

  • 19. 
    Which statement best describes women workers during World War II?
    • A. 

      They were paid much less than men for the same jobs.

    • B. 

      They were paid as much as men for the same jobs.

    • C. 

      They worked mainly in secretarial and office jobs.

    • D. 

      They showed that they couldn't perform many of the jobs men normally did.

  • 20. 
    World War II changed U.S. industries because U.S. industry
    • A. 

      Began to export more products to South America than to Europe.

    • B. 

      Most assembly jobs to Mexico.

    • C. 

      Began to manufacture more products in Japan rather than in the United States.

    • D. 

      Spread to the South and West, historically dominated by ranching and mining.

  • 21. 
    World War II sparked many technological developments. After the war, the world was changed the most by
    • A. 

      The start of the motion picture industry.

    • B. 

      Faster and more powerful trains.

    • C. 

      The invention of the atomic bomb.

    • D. 

      The start of the automobile industry.

  • 22. 
    People who argued against using the atomic bomb maintained that
    • A. 

      The United States should wait until the USSR had developed one before using it.

    • B. 

      Its power was greater than needed to defeat the Japanese.

    • C. 

      It should be kept a secret for several more years.

    • D. 

      The Japanese would retaliate against U.S. cities.

  • 23. 
    Stalin did not keep the promises he had made to Roosevelt and Churchill before the end of World War II. One promise was to
    • A. 

      Limit the aid the USSR would give Turkey and Greece.

    • B. 

      Allow free elections in Eastern Europe.

    • C. 

      Allow Italy to retain its previous form of government.

    • D. 

      Allow capitalism in Poland and Austria.

  • 24. 
    Which statement best describes the relationship between the United States and Japan at the time of the attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941?
    • A. 

      Their ships had engaged in several naval battles in the Pacific.

    • B. 

      They did not have diplomatic relations and had not formally talked for several years.

    • C. 

      They shared control of military bases on the island of Midway.

    • D. 

      Diplomats on both sides had agreed to talk to avoid a showdown.

  • 25. 
    After the Allies won the hard-fought battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa, they realized
    • A. 

      How strong the Japanese military could be if the Allies did not have USSR support.

    • B. 

      That an invasion of Japan might involve too many Allied casualties.

    • C. 

      That the Allies should do most of their fighting by air, without risking ground troops.

    • D. 

      How weak Japanese resistance would be to an invasion of the mainland.

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