# MPCBUA Entrance Exam: Quiz!

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This exam has been designed as the entrance exam for the Metropolitan Philadelphia Collegiate Baseball Umpires Association. The MPCBUA is affiliated with the CBUAO (Collegiate Baseball Umpires Assigning Organization).

• 1.

### R1, R3, no outs. R1 is stealing and gets caught in a rundown and is obstructed. After obstruction has been called on F4, R3 is thrown out at the plate.

• A.

The out on R3 stands

• B.

Award R1 third base on the obstruction.

• C.

R1 is returned to first base and R3 is awarded home.

• D.

R3 is awarded home since he was advancing to the plate when obstruction was called and R1 is awarded second base.

D. R3 is awarded home since he was advancing to the plate when obstruction was called and R1 is awarded second base.
Explanation
In this situation, R3 is awarded home because he was advancing to the plate when obstruction was called. R1 is awarded second base as a result of the obstruction. This ruling is based on the rules of obstruction, which state that if a runner is obstructed while advancing to a base, he is awarded the base he would have reached without the obstruction.

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• 2.

### R1, one out. Base hit. R1 is obstructed by F6 while the ball is in the air on a relay from F4 to F5. BR is then thrown out at 2B.

• A.

The out at second stands.

• B.

R1 is awarded third and the BR is awarded second.

• C.

R1 is awarded second.

• D.

R1 is awarded home and the BR is awarded third.

B. R1 is awarded third and the BR is awarded second.
Explanation
When R1 is obstructed by F6 while the ball is in the air, it is considered interference. As a result, R1 is awarded the next base, which is third, and the BR (batter-runner) is awarded the base that R1 was going to, which is second. This ruling is consistent with the obstruction rule in baseball.

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• 3.

### R1, R2, no outs. Ground ball to F5 who gets R2 in a rundown. F6 obstructs R2 (it is called). R2 avoids a tag and dives safely back into 2B. The BR has rounded first but notices R1 returning to first and then another rundown starts. Both R1 and the BR wind up standing on first. The fielder tags the BR and when R1 steps off the bag, the fielder tags him.

• A.

R1 is out and BR is awarded first base.

• B.

Award R2 home, R1 third and the BR second base.

• C.

Award R2 third, R1 second and the BR first base.

• D.

Award R2 third and the BR and R1 are both called out.

C. Award R2 third, R1 second and the BR first base.
Explanation
In this scenario, R2 was obstructed by F6, so R2 is awarded third base. R1, who was in a rundown with the BR, is forced to return to second base. The BR, who rounded first but noticed R1 returning, is also forced to return to first base. Therefore, R2 is awarded third base, R1 is awarded second base, and the BR is awarded first base.

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• 4.

### R2, R3, two outs. The pitcher bobbles a come-backer and seeing that he has no play at 1B, throws to F5 who tags out R2. However, R2 was obstructed by F6 on his way to third. The BR rounds first base too wide and F5 throws behind the BR and the BR is called out.

• A.

Inning is over, the out stands for the third out.

• B.

If R3 has not touched home when the BR is called out, the run would not count.

• C.

R2 is out for the third out. The other action occurred after the side had been retired.

• D.

The ball is "dead" on the obstruction of R2 by F6. Score R3, award R2 third and award BR second if he had touched first before the obstruction of R2.

D. The ball is "dead" on the obstruction of R2 by F6. Score R3, award R2 third and award BR second if he had touched first before the obstruction of R2.
Explanation
In this situation, the pitcher bobbled the ball and threw to F5 to tag out R2. However, R2 was obstructed by F6 while running to third base. The BR, who had rounded first base too wide, was then thrown out by F5. The out stands for the third out, so the inning is over. If R3 has not touched home when the BR is called out, the run would not count. The ball is considered "dead" on the obstruction of R2 by F6. Therefore, the umpire should score R3, award R2 third base, and award the BR second base if he had touched first before the obstruction occurred.

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• 5.

### R1, R3, two outs, bottom of the ninth. The ball is hit where either F3 or F4 could field it. F3 misses but F4 fields the ball and throws to the F6 covering second. F6 misplays the throw and the ball rolls far enough away for R1 to go to third and R3 to score. During his attempt to go to second, the BR was obstructed by F3. The defense appeals that the BR missed first base. The umpire rules that the BR touched first base.

• A.

If the BR missed first, call him out on appeal. The game is over since the BR never touched first.

• B.

Award the BR second base, R1 third and R3 home.

• C.

Award the BR first, R1 second and R3 stays at third since he had not touched home when the obstruction occurred.

• D.

Ignore the BR's missing of first base since the obstruction on the BR was recognized and called.

B. Award the BR second base, R1 third and R3 home.
Explanation
The umpire's ruling that the BR touched first base means that the BR is considered to have successfully reached first base. Therefore, the correct answer is to award the BR second base, R1 third base, and R3 home. This is because the obstruction on the BR occurred after he touched first base, so his advancement to second base is allowed. R1 is able to advance to third base because the ball rolled far enough away during the obstruction, and R3 is able to score because he was already on base when the obstruction occurred.

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• 6.

### The pitcher's glove must:

• A.

Be any color except gray or white.

• B.

Be black or brown.

• C.

Not have any white logo even if the umpire does not deem it distracting.

• D.

Be two-tone black and gray.

B. Be black or brown.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Be black or brown." This means that the pitcher's glove can only be black or brown in color. Any other color, including gray or white, is not allowed. The answer also states that even if the umpire does not find a white logo on the glove distracting, it is still not allowed.

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• 7.

### A half swing shall be called a strike if the barrel of the bat:

• A.

Passes any part of the plate.

• B.

Passes the batter's front hip.

• C.

Passes the batter's front knee.

• D.

Passes the front edge of home plate.

B. Passes the batter's front hip.
Explanation
A half swing shall be called a strike if the barrel of the bat passes the batter's front hip.

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• 8.

### When a pitcher chooses to wear a neoprene sleeve he must:

• A.

Choose a sleeve that matches the color of the undershirts of the other defensive players on the field.

• B.

Wear neoprene sleeves on both arms.

• C.

Wear a uniform undershirt over the neoprene sleeve that is of the same color as that of his teammates.

• D.

The pitcher can only wear a neoprene sleeve if all the other defensive players are wearing one.

C. Wear a uniform undershirt over the neoprene sleeve that is of the same color as that of his teammates.
Explanation
The correct answer is to wear a uniform undershirt over the neoprene sleeve that is of the same color as that of his teammates. This ensures that the pitcher's attire matches that of his teammates, creating a cohesive and uniform appearance on the field.

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• 9.

### Type 1 Obstruction is:

• A.

Obstruction that occurs on a runner that is not being played upon.

• B.

• C.

• D.

Explanation
Type 1 Obstruction is an immediate dead ball. This means that if there is an obstruction on a runner who is not being played upon, the play is immediately stopped and considered dead.

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• 10.

### R1. F1 fails to stop before delivering the pitch. The base umpire properly calls a "balk." The batter gets a base hit to centerfield. R1 advances to second but the batter believes that the balk is an automatic dead ball, does not advance to first. The defense returns the ball to the infield where F6 throws the ball to first base and appeals that the batter should be declared out for not touching first base.

• A.

The umpires should sustain the defensive appeal. The batter is out, R1 remains at second base.

• B.

The appeal is irrelevant. The ball should have been declared dead immediately. B2 remains at the plate. R1 is awarded second on the balk.

• C.

The appeal is granted. However, since B2 and R1 did not advance one base, the balk is enforced. Award R1 second base and B2 remains at the plate with the count the same as it was before the balk.

• D.

The appeal is unnecessary. Because the batter had the opportunity to advance and failed to do so, he is called out for abandoning the bases. R1 remains at second. The balk is ignored.

C. The appeal is granted. However, since B2 and R1 did not advance one base, the balk is enforced. Award R1 second base and B2 remains at the plate with the count the same as it was before the balk.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the appeal is granted. However, since B2 and R1 did not advance one base, the balk is enforced. This means that R1 is awarded second base and B2 remains at the plate with the count the same as it was before the balk. This is because even though the batter believed the balk was a dead ball, he still had the opportunity to advance to first base but failed to do so. Therefore, the appeal is valid and the balk is enforced.

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• 11.

### R3, R2, one out. The infield is in to cut off the run at the plate. The batter hits a sharp ground ball to the left side of the infield. The batted ball passes between F5 and F6 and then hits R2.

• A.

The ball remains live and in play.

• B.

R2 is out, R3 returns to third and the batter is awarded first base.

• C.

By playing in, the defense can never benefit when a ball strikes a runner.

• D.

None of the provided responses.

A. The ball remains live and in play.
Explanation
When the batter hits a sharp ground ball that passes between F5 and F6 and then hits R2, the ball remains live and in play. This means that the play is still ongoing and the defense can still make a play to get an out or prevent the runners from advancing. In this specific scenario, R2 is out, R3 returns to third base, and the batter is awarded first base. The defense cannot benefit from the ball striking a runner, so the correct answer is that the ball remains live and in play.

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• 12.

### What is the penalty for the first violation by the defense of the new 20-second clock protocol?

• A.

A ball is awarded to the first batter.

• B.

A team warning is issued. Any subsequent violation by any pitcher of that team results in a ball being awarded to the first batter of that inning.

• C.

A warning is issued that applies only to that pitcher. The initial violation by other pitchers from that team is also penalized with a warning.

• D.

The pitcher and coach are ejected after a warning.

C. A warning is issued that applies only to that pitcher. The initial violation by other pitchers from that team is also penalized with a warning.
Explanation
The penalty for the first violation by the defense of the new 20-second clock protocol is a warning that applies only to that pitcher. Additionally, the initial violation by other pitchers from that team is also penalized with a warning. This means that the pitcher who committed the first violation will receive a warning, and if any other pitchers from the same team commit a violation, they will also receive a warning.

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• 13.

### What is the penalty for the first violation by the defense of the new 90-second pitch clock protocol?

• A.

A ball is awarded to the first batter.

• B.

A team warning is issued. Any subsequent violation by any pitcher of that team results in a ball being awarded to the first batter of that inning.

• C.

A warning is issued that only applies to that pitcher. The initial violation by other pitchers from that team is also penalized with a warning.

• D.

The pitcher is ejected if this is his second violation.

A. A ball is awarded to the first batter.
Explanation
The penalty for the first violation by the defense of the new 90-second pitch clock protocol is that a ball is awarded to the first batter.

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• 14.

### Regarding legal bats for the 2011 season:

• A.

Only bats stamped with the BBCOR logo are legal in 2011.

• B.

The only non-wood bats that are legal in 2011 are those stamped with the BBCOR logo.

• C.

A BESR stamped bat that was legal in 2010 remains legal in 2011.

• D.

Only wood bats are legal in 2011.

B. The only non-wood bats that are legal in 2011 are those stamped with the BBCOR logo.
Explanation
The correct answer states that the only non-wood bats that are legal in 2011 are those stamped with the BBCOR logo. This means that any non-wood bat without the BBCOR stamp is not allowed and would be considered illegal for use in the 2011 season.

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• 15.

### Regarding the batter's box rule:

• A.

It only applies with no runners on base.

• B.

There are no exceptions. The batter may not leave the box.

• C.

Umpires are instructed to enforce the rule both verbally and visually.

• D.

Upon violation, the ball is declared dead and a strike is awarded.

C. Umpires are instructed to enforce the rule both verbally and visually.
Explanation
The given correct answer states that umpires are instructed to enforce the batter's box rule both verbally and visually. This means that umpires are responsible for ensuring that batters stay within the designated batter's box during their at-bat. They are expected to communicate this rule to the batter verbally and also visually indicate any violations. If a batter leaves the box without permission, the ball is declared dead and a strike is awarded.

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• 16.

### If the head coach of the defensive team leaves his position to argue a call:

• A.

The umpires must get together to "get the call right."

• B.

The coach is charged a defensive conference unless the call is overturned.

• C.

If the coach has already visited the mound that inning, he must replace his pitcher unless the call is overturned.

• D.

None of the above are correct.

D. None of the above are correct.
Explanation
The correct answer is "None of the above are correct" because none of the options provided accurately describe the consequences for a head coach of the defensive team leaving his position to argue a call. The correct consequences may vary depending on the specific rules and regulations of the sport being played.

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• 17.

### Regarding the pitcher or pitching mound.

• A.

He is allowed to wear a glove that is black and gray.

• B.

Neoprene-type sleeves do not need to be covered by an undershirt.

• C.

A pitcher may not pause during his delivery from the wind-up position.

• D.

The home team is responsible for providing a rosin bag.

D. The home team is responsible for providing a rosin bag.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the home team is responsible for providing a rosin bag. This means that it is the duty of the home team to supply a rosin bag for the pitcher to use on the pitching mound. Rosin is a substance that pitchers use to improve their grip on the ball, especially in humid or sweaty conditions. Having a rosin bag available ensures that pitchers have the necessary tools to perform at their best.

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• 18.

### The jurisdiction of the umpires, as it relates to any personal confrontation or unsportsmanlike conduct toward the umpires, begins and ends:

• A.

Begins: At the plate meeting. Ends: When the umpires leave the field.

• B.

Begins: When the umpires arrive on the field. Ends: Following the final out.

• C.

Begins: With their arrival at the game site. Ends:With their departure from the game site.

• D.

Begins: When the umpires arrive on the field. Ends: When the umpires leave the field.

C. Begins: With their arrival at the game site. Ends:With their departure from the game site.
Explanation
The jurisdiction of the umpires, as it relates to any personal confrontation or unsportsmanlike conduct toward the umpires, begins when they arrive at the game site and ends when they depart from the game site. This means that they have authority over any such behavior from the moment they arrive until the moment they leave.

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• 19.

### About the force-play slide rule:

• A.

Applies at second, third and home.

• B.

Requires that contact occurs for interference to be called.

• C.

Only applies at second base.

• D.

Both A and B are correct.

A. Applies at second, third and home.
Explanation
The correct answer is "Applies at second, third and home." This means that the force-play slide rule is applicable in situations where there is a force play at second base, third base, or home plate. It does not apply to other bases. Additionally, the rule requires that there be contact for interference to be called.

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• 20.

### By rule, in order for an umpire to judge a half-swing as a strike:

• A.

The bat must cross the front edge of the plate.

• B.

The entire bat must pass the batter's back hip.

• C.

The umpire must be convinced the batter attempted to hit the ball, regardless of the bat's position.

• D.

The barrel head of the bat must pass the batter's front hip.

D. The barrel head of the bat must pass the batter's front hip.
Explanation
In order for an umpire to judge a half-swing as a strike, the barrel head of the bat must pass the batter's front hip. This means that even if the bat does not fully cross the front edge of the plate or pass the batter's back hip, as long as the barrel head of the bat goes past the batter's front hip, it can be considered a strike. The key factor in determining a half-swing as a strike is the position of the barrel head of the bat in relation to the batter's front hip.

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• 21.

### Following a home run:

• A.

The offense may congregate around the plate to congratulate the base runners and the hitter.

• B.

The offense is restricted to the warning-track area in front of the dugout (approximately 15 feet).

• C.

The offense must remain in the dugout to congratulate team members.

• D.

There are no restrictions because there have been no sportsmanship issues.

B. The offense is restricted to the warning-track area in front of the dugout (approximately 15 feet).
Explanation
Following a home run, the offense is restricted to the warning-track area in front of the dugout (approximately 15 feet). This means that they cannot go beyond this area to congratulate the base runners and the hitter. This restriction is likely in place to prevent any excessive celebration or interference with the game.

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• 22.

### With the changes in the obstruction rule:

• A.

Any fielder must have possession of the ball in order to block a runner's path at all times.

• B.

The defensive player is never allowed to block a runner's path.

• C.

On a pickoff throw, a fielder must have possession of the ball in order to block a base.

• D.

If a runner is obstructed, the ball is automatically dead.

C. On a pickoff throw, a fielder must have possession of the ball in order to block a base.
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that according to the changes in the obstruction rule, a fielder must have possession of the ball in order to block a base on a pickoff throw. This means that the defensive player cannot block a base without having control of the ball. This rule ensures fair play and prevents obstruction by the defensive team.

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• 23.

### Which of the following calls is not subject to the "Getting the Call Right" philosophy?

• A.

A ball that is dropped or juggled after a tag or force play.

• B.

A batted ball that leaves the field for a ground-rule double or home run.

• C.

A catch/no-catch with less than two outs and with runners on base.

• D.

A balk called with the pitcher's pivot foot off the rubber.

C. A catch/no-catch with less than two outs and with runners on base.
Explanation
The "Getting the Call Right" philosophy refers to the principle of making accurate and fair calls in a game. In this case, all of the options except for "A catch/no-catch with less than two outs and with runners on base" involve specific situations where the call needs to be made correctly. However, in the given situation, the catch/no-catch call is not subject to the "Getting the Call Right" philosophy because it does not have any specific circumstances or consequences attached to it.

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• 24.

### In order to use the halted-game rule:

• A.

It must be a conference game.

• B.

The coaches may decide, at any time the score is out-of-hand, to invoke the rule.

• C.

In the case of a non-conference game, it must be agreed upon at the plate conference prior to the start of the contest.

• D.

The home coach makes the decision when the halted-game rule will be used

C. In the case of a non-conference game, it must be agreed upon at the plate conference prior to the start of the contest.
Explanation
The correct answer is that in the case of a non-conference game, it must be agreed upon at the plate conference prior to the start of the contest. This means that both teams and the umpires must discuss and agree upon the use of the halted-game rule before the game begins.

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• 25.

### Coach of Team A goes to the mound to talk with his starter. After the starter gives up another hit, the coach returns to the mound and replaces the starter. Once the reliever has finished his eight warm-up pitches, a pinch hitter is announced. Team A coach then requests and is granted another time out to talk to his new relief pitcher.

• A.

The umpire will deny the request for the coach to visit the relief pitcher.

• B.

The coach may visit the relief pitcher but must remove him after he completes pitching to the first batter he faces or the side is retired.

• C.

The mound conference is legal. The coach does not have to remove the relief pitcher after he pitches to one batter or the side is retired, since this is the coach's first conference with his new pitcher.

• D.

This first visit to the relief pitcher is considered the second trip in that inning.

C. The mound conference is legal. The coach does not have to remove the relief pitcher after he pitches to one batter or the side is retired, since this is the coach's first conference with his new pitcher.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the mound conference is legal. The coach does not have to remove the relief pitcher after he pitches to one batter or the side is retired, since this is the coach's first conference with his new pitcher. This means that the coach is allowed to have a conversation with the relief pitcher without any consequences, such as having to remove him from the game.

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• 26.

### With no-one on base, the catcher requests "time" to go to the mound and talk to his pitcher.

• A.

The 20-second pitch clock is paused while the catcher talks with his pitcher.

• B.

The 20-second pitch clock is reset after the catcher has concluded his mound visit and has returned to the catcher's box.

• C.

The 20-second pitch clock is reset once the catcher has concluded his mound visit and reaches the dirt area around home plate.

• D.

The 20-second pitch clock continues to run during the time the catcher goes to the mound.

A. The 20-second pitch clock is paused while the catcher talks with his pitcher.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the 20-second pitch clock is paused while the catcher talks with his pitcher. This means that the countdown on the pitch clock stops when the catcher requests "time" to go to the mound and have a conversation with the pitcher. The clock will resume once the catcher has finished talking and returns to their position behind home plate.

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• 27.

### When a relief pitcher enters the game he is allowed:

• A.

90-seconds to get in his eight warm-up pitches.

• B.

Only the number of pitches he can throw in the 90-second or 108-second time frame.

• C.

The 90-second clock is started at the time the relief pitcher reaches the dirt area of the mound.

• D.

Even though the pitch clock is running, the relief pitcher is allowed eight warm-up throws without penalty.

D. Even though the pitch clock is running, the relief pitcher is allowed eight warm-up throws without penalty.
Explanation
The relief pitcher is allowed eight warm-up throws without penalty, even though the pitch clock is running. This means that the pitcher has a limited amount of time to warm up and throw his pitches, but he is not penalized if he takes the full eight warm-up throws within that time frame.

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• 28.

### With no one on base, after "time" has been called, when does the "paused" pitch clock restart?

• A.

When the defensive player returns to his position.

• B.

When the batter gets reset in the batter's box.

• C.

When the pitcher gets on the rubber and is ready to get his sign.

• D.

When the plate umpire points the ball back into play.

D. When the plate umpire points the ball back into play.
Explanation
The correct answer is when the plate umpire points the ball back into play. This means that once the plate umpire signals that the ball is back in play, the pitch clock will restart. This ensures that the game can continue with the pitcher delivering the pitch within the allotted time.

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• 29.

### On any obstruction, all runners are awarded:

• A.

At least one base beyond where they were obstructed.

• B.

As many bases as the umpire believes they would have reached had there not been obstruction but never less than one.

• C.

As many bases as the umpire believes they would have reached had there not been obstruction but always one base.

• D.

In Type 2, sometimes none, one, two, three or four bases depending on the situation.

D. In Type 2, sometimes none, one, two, three or four bases depending on the situation.
• 30.

### R1, R3, no outs. B4 hits a one-hopper back to the mound. R3 ends up in a rundown between home and third. As the catcher chases R3 back to third, he dives and makes a tag on R3, falls to the ground and the ball pops out of his mitt when he hits the ground.

• A.

This is a tag and R3 is out.

• B.

This is not a tag. The runner is safe because the catcher did not display a voluntary release.

• C.

This is not a tag but the ball becomes dead when the umpire rules R3 safe at third base.

• D.

The umpire will always call time to consult with his partners to see if there was a voluntary release.

B. This is not a tag. The runner is safe because the catcher did not display a voluntary release.
Explanation
In this scenario, the catcher did not display a voluntary release of the ball when he made the tag on R3. According to the rules, a tag is only considered valid if the fielder voluntarily releases the ball after making the tag. Since the ball popped out of the catcher's mitt when he hit the ground, it can be inferred that he did not have full control of the ball and did not display a voluntary release. Therefore, the runner is safe.

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• 31.

### R1, R3, no outs, 1-1 count. The batter squares for a suicide squeeze but F1 pitches out when he sees R3 beginning his movement towards home. The batter attempts to bunt the ball but steps in front of the plate with his foot completely on the ground outside of the batter's box. The pitch is fouled off. R3 crosses the plate and R1 advances to 2nd.

• A.

Return R1 and R3 to their respective bases at the time of the pitch.

• B.

Call R3 out and return R1 to first and the batter continues to bat with a 1-2 count. Call the runner nearest home plate out for the batter stepping out of the box to hit the ball.

• C.

Return R1 and R3 to their respective bases and call the batter out for illegally batting the ball.

• D.

Call both R3 and the batter out and return R1 to first base for the batter's interference.

C. Return R1 and R3 to their respective bases and call the batter out for illegally batting the ball.
Explanation
In this scenario, the batter stepped out of the batter's box with his foot completely on the ground and attempted to bunt the ball. According to the rules, a batter must have both feet within the batter's box when attempting to bunt. By stepping out of the box, the batter has illegally batted the ball. Therefore, the correct action is to return R1 and R3 to their respective bases and call the batter out for illegally batting the ball.

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• 32.

### R1, no outs. B2 hits a short-hopper to F3. R1, thinking that F3 legally caught the ball, attempts to return to first base before F3 can touch him. However, the umpire rules no catch. F3 tags first base and then tags R1 while R1 is still on the base.

• A.

R1 is out.

• B.

R1 is safe.

• C.

This is a double play with R1 and B2 both being declared out.

• D.

If unsure, call time and confer with your plate umpire because you failed to cover this situation in your pre-game. Question #33

B. R1 is safe.
Explanation
R1 is safe because F3 did not legally catch the ball. Since the ball was not caught, R1 did not need to return to first base and therefore cannot be tagged out.

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• 33.

### R1, R3, one out. The batter's line drive is caught by F1. Both runners are moving on the pitch. F1 sees that R1 is way off first base and leisurely tosses the ball to F3 to double up R1 for the third out. While this is taking place, R3 has touched home plate prior to the third out at first base. The plate umpire waits until both teams have completely changed sides and awards the old offensive team a run.

• A.

The plate umpire awards the old offensive team a run and the inning continues.

• B.

There is no score on this play, the inning is over.

• C.

The previous defensive team's coach can have a valid dead-ball appeal to negate the run.

• D.

The previous defensive team cannot appeal because they did not do it before all infielders left the field and the catcher had left the dirt area around home plate.

D. The previous defensive team cannot appeal because they did not do it before all infielders left the field and the catcher had left the dirt area around home plate.
Explanation
The previous defensive team cannot appeal because they did not do it before all infielders left the field and the catcher had left the dirt area around home plate. In baseball, an appeal must be made before all infielders have left the field and the catcher has left the dirt area around home plate. Since the defensive team did not make the appeal in time, the plate umpire awards the old offensive team a run and the inning continues.

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• 34.

### Two outs. B9 bats in place of the proper batter, B8, and grounds out to end the inning. The defensive team did not notice the improper batter and leaves the field.

• A.

If B8 leads off the next inning, B8 is not batting out of order.

• B.

B9 should be the next proper batter to lead off the next inning.

• C.

B1 is the batter that should be leading off the next inning if there was no appeal.

• D.

The defensive team can appeal batting out-of-order from the previous half-inning if the next half-inning hasn't started.

C. B1 is the batter that should be leading off the next inning if there was no appeal.
• 35.

• A.

The name must be on the lineup card exchanged at the pre-game meeting or anytime the manager wishes to insert a DH during the course of the game.

• B.

A DH and the player he is batting for are not locked into one spot in the batting order.

• C.

The DH is eliminated for that game when the pitcher moves to a defensive position.

• D.

Any DH that begins the game as the DH, must make at least one plate appearance during the game unless he becomes injured.

C. The DH is eliminated for that game when the pitcher moves to a defensive position.
Explanation
The designated hitter (DH) is eliminated for the game when the pitcher moves to a defensive position. This means that once the pitcher takes a position on the field, the team can no longer use a DH for the remainder of the game. The DH is a player who is designated to bat in place of the pitcher in the lineup. This rule ensures that the game follows a consistent set of rules and does not allow for the pitcher to bat after being replaced by a DH.

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• 36.

### Everyone listed below must wear a double ear-flap helmet:

• A.

The batter, base-runner(s), and the on-deck batter.

• B.

The batter, third base coach and the on-deck hitter.

• C.

The batter, the on-deck batter and the catcher.

• D.

The batter, bat-boy, on-deck batter, base coaches and all base runners.

A. The batter, base-runner(s), and the on-deck batter.
• 37.

### The line-up card submitted at the plate conference listed Dropo as the first baseman and Kluszewski as an eligible substitute. When the game begins, Kluszewski is at first base and Dropo is on the bench. Kluszewski is injured in the 5th inning and Dropo is inserted as the pinch runner.

• A.

Kluszewski became a legal player when he reached his position in the first inning and play began. Since Dropo never took the field, he is eligible to enter the game as a substitute.

• B.

Legal,Dropo was listed in the starting line-up, he may reenter the game.

• C.

Illegal, Kluszeski was an unannounced substitute and Dropo cannot reenter the line-up once he has left the line-up.

• D.

Legal, the coach is allowed one mistake on his line-up card without penalty.

C. Illegal, Kluszeski was an unannounced substitute and Dropo cannot reenter the line-up once he has left the line-up.
• 38.

### R1 and R2, one out, 1-1 count, double steal. The batter swings and misses and interferes with the catcher's attempt to throw to third. Because of the interference, the catcher does not continue his attempt to throw to third but instead, throws to second and retires R1.

• A.

Disregard the interference since the defense got an out on the play.

• B.

Call the batter out for interference and allow the out at second to stand.

• C.

The batter is out and return R1 to first and allow R2 to remain at third.

• D.

The batter is out and both R1 and R2 return to their respective bases at the time of the pitch.

D. The batter is out and both R1 and R2 return to their respective bases at the time of the pitch.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the batter is out and both R1 and R2 return to their respective bases at the time of the pitch. This is because the batter interfered with the catcher's attempt to throw to third, which nullifies any subsequent play. Therefore, the play is treated as if it never happened, and both runners must return to their original bases.

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• 39.

• A.

An offensive team may meet during a defensive conference without the meeting being charged as long as there is no additional delay.

• B.

A defensive team may meet during an offensive conference without the meeting being charged as long as there is no additional delay.

• C.

In extra innings, a team is allowed to have one defensive conferene every inning without having to replace the pitcher.

• D.

In extra innings, a team is not allowed to carry over unused defensive conferences.

A. An offensive team may meet during a defensive conference without the meeting being charged as long as there is no additional delay.
Explanation
The correct answer states that an offensive team may meet during a defensive conference without the meeting being charged as long as there is no additional delay. This means that if the offensive team wants to have a meeting while the defensive team is having their conference, they are allowed to do so without any penalty as long as they do not cause any further delay in the game.

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• 40.

### R3, no outs. The batter hits a high foul fly ball near third base. R3 has returned to third base and is touching the base when F5 bumps into him. The contact by R3 on F5 was not intentional. F5 makes the catch on the foul ball.

• A.

R3 is out and the hitter continues to bat with a strike being added to his count.

• B.

R3 is allowed to to stay at third base and the batter is out.

• C.

Both R3 and B2 are declared out for the interference by R3.

• D.

B2 remains at the plate but is charged with a strike. R3 is not out because it was incidental contact.

B. R3 is allowed to to stay at third base and the batter is out.
Explanation
R3 is allowed to stay at third base and the batter is out because the contact made by R3 on F5 was not intentional. In this situation, incidental contact is not considered interference, so R3 is not declared out. Since F5 made the catch on the foul ball, it is considered an out for the batter. Therefore, R3 is allowed to stay at third base and the batter is out.

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• 41.

### Count 3-0 with the next pitch thrown inside. The right-handed batter turns toward the back of the batter's box in order to expose his back to the pitch and protect his arm. The batter is hit in the back; however, the batter did not move closer to home plate when he turned.

• A.

The bater is awarded first base on a hit-by-the pitch. The ball is dead immediately.

• B.

The batter is not awarded first base since he must move away from the pitch.

• C.

The batter is not awarded first base since he allowed himself to get hit by the pitch.

• D.

The batter is awarded first base on ball four. The ball remains live and in play.

A. The bater is awarded first base on a hit-by-the pitch. The ball is dead immediately.
Explanation
The batter is awarded first base on a hit-by-the-pitch because he did not move closer to home plate when he turned to expose his back to the pitch. This indicates that he did not intentionally allow himself to get hit by the pitch. The ball is dead immediately, meaning that play stops and the batter is awarded first base.

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• 42.

### R1, The batter has fouled off the first two sacrifice bunt attempts. The batter attempts to bunt a third time but pops it up where F2 makes the catch in foul territory. R1 was moving on the pitch and F2's throw to first arrives before R1 can get back.

• A.

The batter is out and the ball is dead immediately.

• B.

R1 is not called out.

• C.

The result is an immedioate dead ball when the catcher touches the foul pop up.

• D.

This results in a double play.

D. This results in a double play.
• 43.

### R1, one out. F5 catches a line drive by B3 and throws to F3 in an attempt to double up R1, The throw is wide and lodges in the fence behind first base.

• A.

The ball is live and R1 gets all the bases he can make.

• B.

Award R1 second base.

• C.

Award R1 third base.

• D.

R1 is not allowed to advance since F3 had no chance to retrieve the ball.

C. Award R1 third base.
Explanation
Since the throw from F5 was wide and lodged in the fence behind first base, R1 is awarded third base. This is because according to the rules, when an outfielder throws the ball out of play, the runner is awarded two bases from the time of the throw. In this case, R1 was already on first base, so he is awarded third base.

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• 44.

### R2, no outs, bottom of the last inning. F2 interferes with the batter's attempt to bunt. The batter gets the bunt down and is thrown out at first base. R2 reaches third but was not running on the pitch.

• A.

The plate umpire calls time immediately on the interference by F2.

• B.

The plate umpire calls time at the end of the play. The batter is awarded first base and R2 is returned to second.

• C.

The plate umpire calls time at the end of the play and then awards the batter first base and R2 third base.

• D.

The offensive coach or manager does not have any options on this play.

B. The plate umpire calls time at the end of the play. The batter is awarded first base and R2 is returned to second.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the plate umpire calls time at the end of the play. The batter is awarded first base and R2 is returned to second. This is because F2 interfered with the batter's attempt to bunt, which is a violation of the rules. The interference caused the batter to be thrown out at first base, but because of the interference, the batter is still awarded first base. R2, who was not running on the pitch, is returned to second base.

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• 45.

### R1, R3, no outs. B6 gets a base hit with R3 scoring and R1 advancing to third base. As the ball is being returned to the infield, the batter/runner attempts to advance to second and is trapped in a rundown. During the rundown, the batter-runner is called out for interference. R1 has not touched home plate at the time of the interference.

• A.

R3 and R1 both score and the batter/runner is called out.

• B.

R3 scores, R1 is returned to third and the batter-runner is out for interference.

• C.

R3 scores. The UIC may award R1 home if he feels he would have made it home had there been no interference and the batter-runner is out.

• D.

R3 scores but the defensive team may elect to have R1 called out instead of the batter-runner.

B. R3 scores, R1 is returned to third and the batter-runner is out for interference.
Explanation
In this scenario, R3 scores because he had already touched home plate before the interference occurred. However, R1 is returned to third base because he had not yet touched home plate at the time of the interference. The batter-runner is called out for interference because he impeded the defensive team's ability to make a play. Therefore, the correct answer is that R3 scores, R1 is returned to third, and the batter-runner is out for interference.

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• 46.

### R1. F1 is in the set position. During his preliminary motion, F1 changes direction but does not come to a complete and discernable stop and then steps back off the pitching rubber.

• A.

F1 has balked.

• B.

R1 remains on first.

• C.

No balk, pitching sequence is begun anew.

• D.

A ball is awarded to the batter because the pitcher did not deliver the pitch in 20 seconds.

A. F1 has balked.
Explanation
The explanation for the given correct answer is that F1 has balked. This is because during his preliminary motion, F1 changed direction without coming to a complete and discernable stop before stepping back off the pitching rubber. This action constitutes a balk, which is an illegal act by the pitcher that results in a penalty.

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• 47.

### The Halted Game rule was not agreed upon before the start of the nonconference game. The score is tied at 4-4 going into the ninth inning. The visitors score one in their half of the ninth. After the first two batters in the bottom of the ninth strike out, the game is rained out.

• A.

The game is suspended with the visitors leading 5-4.

• B.

The game is over, the score is 4-4. The two teams will need to replay the game from its beginning the next chance they get.

• C.

The game is over and it is a "tie" game.

• D.

The game is halted, even though the Halted Game rule was not discussed until the ninth inning.

C. The game is over and it is a "tie" game.
Explanation
The game is over and it is a "tie" game because the Halted Game rule was not agreed upon before the start of the game. Since the game was rained out in the bottom of the ninth inning with the visitors leading 5-4, the game cannot be completed and the score at the time of the halt stands, resulting in a tie.

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• 48.

### R3, two outs, bottom of seventh. B4's slow ground ball to F5 is fielded and thrown to first base in time beat B4 by a step but F3 cannot hold the ball. B4 has touched the base but does not see F3 drop the ball. Thinking he is out, he continues jogging to the outfield where he is awaiting a teammate to bring him his glove because he thinks he is the third out.

• A.

B4 is out on appeal for overunning or oversliding first base and failing to return immediately and he or the base is tagged.

• B.

B4 is out for abandonment for leaving the infield but R3 scores on a time play.

• C.

B4 is out and R3's run does not count.

• D.

B4 is allowed to return to first base since the umpire had failed to make it clear that he was out. The run by R3 counts.

B. B4 is out for abandonment for leaving the infield but R3 scores on a time play.
Explanation
In this scenario, B4 is considered out for abandonment for leaving the infield. Even though he touched first base before leaving, he failed to immediately return to the base after F3 dropped the ball. However, since there were already two outs, R3's run counts as a time play, meaning that the run counts regardless of B4 being out. Therefore, B4 is out for abandonment, but R3's run still counts.

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• 49.

### R1, two outs, bottom of seventh, score tied, 1-1. On the pitch, R1 breaks for second base. As F4 moves to cover, the umpire bumps into him causing F4 to miss the ball and allowing R1 to advance to third base.

• A.

Return R1 to first on the umpire interference, the ball became dead at the time of the interference.

• B.

The defense must appeal the umpire interference before the play can be reversed and R1 is returned to first base.

• C.

Umpire interference can only be called when the umpire interferes with the catcher's attempt to throw anywhere or when a fair hit ball touches an umpire before passing all infielders, other than the pitcher, who have a chance to field the ball.

• D.

R1 is returned to second base.

C. Umpire interference can only be called when the umpire interferes with the catcher's attempt to throw anywhere or when a fair hit ball touches an umpire before passing all infielders, other than the pitcher, who have a chance to field the ball.
Explanation
The correct answer is that umpire interference can only be called when the umpire interferes with the catcher's attempt to throw anywhere or when a fair hit ball touches an umpire before passing all infielders, other than the pitcher, who have a chance to field the ball. In this scenario, the umpire bumped into F4 while he was attempting to cover second base, causing F4 to miss the ball and allowing R1 to advance to third base. Since this does not fall under the criteria for umpire interference, R1 is not returned to first base.

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• 50.

### R1, R2, score is 3-1 visitors, bottom of the ninth. Slow ground ball to F6's right allows R1 to beat the throw to second base. F4's relay to first on the back end of the play is ahead of the batter-runner's touching first base but is wide and goes into the first base dugout.

• A.

Award R2 home, R1 third and the batter-runner second base.

• B.

Award R2 and R1 home and place the batter-runner at second.

• C.

Award R2 and R1 home and place the batter-runner at third.

• D.

The ball is dead when it enters the dugout, R1 is at second, R2 is at third and the batter-runner is at first.