Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam: Quiz!

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Microsoft Azure Fundamentals Exam: Quiz! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    When you are implementing a Software as a Service (SaaS) solution, you are responsible for configuring high availability.

    • A.

      No change is needed.

    • B.

      Defining scalability rules

    • C.

      Installing the SaaS solution

    • D.

      Configuring the SaaS solution

    Correct Answer
    D. Configuring the SaaS solution
    Explanation
    When implementing a Software as a Service (SaaS) solution, configuring high availability is an essential responsibility. This involves setting up the necessary infrastructure and systems to ensure that the SaaS solution remains accessible and operational even in the event of failures or disruptions. It includes measures such as redundancy, load balancing, fault tolerance, and disaster recovery planning. This ensures that the SaaS solution can handle a large number of users, provide uninterrupted service, and maintain performance and reliability. Therefore, the correct answer is configuring the SaaS solution.

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  • 2. 

    An organization that hosts its infrastructure in a private cloud can close its data center.

    • A.

      No change is needed.

    • B.

        in a hybrid cloud

    • C.

        in the public cloud

    • D.

      On a Hyper-V host

    Correct Answer
    C.   in the public cloud
    Explanation
    An organization that hosts its infrastructure in a private cloud can close its data center. This means that they have the option to move their infrastructure to the public cloud, where they can leverage the services and resources provided by a third-party cloud service provider. By doing so, they can eliminate the need for maintaining and managing their own data center, resulting in cost savings and increased flexibility.

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  • 3. 

    What are the two characteristics of the public cloud? Each correct answer presents a complete solution.

    • A.

       dedicated hardware

    • B.

        unsecured connections

    • C.

        limited storage

    • D.

       metered pricing

    • E.

        self-service management

    Correct Answer(s)
    D.  metered pricing
    E.   self-service management
    Explanation
    The two characteristics of the public cloud are metered pricing and self-service management. Metered pricing refers to the pay-as-you-go model where users are charged based on their actual usage of cloud resources. This allows for cost optimization and flexibility. Self-service management means that users have control and can manage their own cloud resources without the need for manual intervention from the cloud provider. This enables users to easily provision, configure, and scale their resources as needed, providing convenience and agility.

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  • 4. 

    Your company plans to migrate all its data and resources to Azure. The company’s migration plan states that only Platform as a Service (PaaS) solutions must be used in Azure. You need to deploy an Azure environment that meets the company migration plan. Solution: You create an Azure App Service and Azure Storage accounts. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    No, this does not meet the goal. While creating an Azure App Service and Azure Storage accounts is a step towards using PaaS solutions, it is not the only requirement. The company's migration plan states that ONLY PaaS solutions must be used. This means that other infrastructure services such as virtual machines or containers should not be used. Therefore, additional steps need to be taken to ensure that all data and resources are migrated to PaaS solutions in Azure.

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  • 5. 

    Your company plans to migrate all its data and resources to Azure. The company’s migration plan states that only Platform as a Service (PaaS) solutions must be used in Azure. You need to deploy an Azure environment that meets the company migration plan. Solution: You create an Azure App Service and Azure SQL databases Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Yes, this solution meets the company's migration plan because Azure App Service and Azure SQL databases are both Platform as a Service (PaaS) solutions in Azure. By deploying these services, the company is adhering to their plan of using only PaaS solutions for the migration.

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  • 6. 

    Your company hosts an accounting application named App1 that is used by all the customers of the company. App1 has low usage during the first three weeks of each month and very high usage during the last week of each month. Which benefit of Azure Cloud Services supports cost management for this type of usage pattern?

    • A.

       high availability

    • B.

        high latency

    • C.

       elasticity

    • D.

       load balancing

    Correct Answer
    C.  elasticity
    Explanation
    Elasticity is the correct answer because it allows the company to easily scale up or down the resources allocated to the accounting application based on the usage pattern. During the low usage periods, the company can reduce the resources to save costs, and during the high usage period, they can quickly scale up to meet the increased demand. This flexibility helps in optimizing costs and ensuring that the application performs well during peak times without overprovisioning resources during off-peak times.

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  • 7. 

    You plan to migrate a web application to Azure. The web application is accessed by external users. You need to recommend a cloud deployment solution to minimize the amount of administrative effort used to manage the web application. What should you include in the recommendation?

    • A.

      Software as a Service (SaaS)

    • B.

        Platform as a Service (PaaS)

    • C.

      Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)

    • D.

        Database as a Service (DaaS

    Correct Answer
    B.   Platform as a Service (PaaS)
    Explanation
    The recommendation should include Platform as a Service (PaaS) because it provides a fully managed platform for hosting and managing the web application. With PaaS, the cloud provider takes care of the underlying infrastructure, including hardware, operating system, and networking, allowing the organization to focus on developing and managing the application itself. This minimizes the administrative effort required to manage the web application as the cloud provider handles most of the operational tasks.

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  • 8. 

    You have an on-premises network that contains 100 servers. You need to recommend a solution that provides additional resources to your users. The solution must minimize capital and operational expenditure costs. What should you include in the recommendation?

    • A.

       a complete migration to the public cloud

    • B.

        an additional data center

    • C.

      A private cloud

    • D.

      A hybrid cloud

    Correct Answer
    D. A hybrid cloud
    Explanation
    Explanation: A hybrid cloud is a combination of a private cloud and a public cloud. Capital expenditure is the spending of money up-front for infrastructure such as new servers. With a hybrid cloud, you can continue to use the on-premises servers while adding new servers in the public cloud (Azure for example). Adding new servers in Azure minimizes the capital expenditure costs as you are not paying for new servers as you would if you deployed new server on-premises

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  • 9. 

    You plan to deploy several Azure virtual machines. You need to ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails. Solution: You deploy the virtual machines to two or more scale sets. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    Explanation:

    This answer does not specify that the scale set will be configured across multiple data centers so this solution does not meet the goal.

    Azure virtual machine scale sets let you create and manage a group of load balanced VMs. The number of VM instances can automatically increase or decrease in response to demand or a defined schedule. Scale sets provide high availability to your applications, and allow you to centrally manage, configure, and update many
    VMs.
    Virtual machines in a scale set can be deployed across multiple update domains and fault domains to maximize availability and resilience to outages due to data center outages, and planned or unplanned maintenance events.

    Reference:
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/availability

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  • 10. 

    You plan to deploy several Azure virtual machines. You need to ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails. Solution: You deploy the virtual machines to two or more availability zones. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Explanation:

    Availability zones expand the level of control you have to maintain the availability of the applications and data on your VMs. An Availability Zone is a physically separate zone, within an Azure region. There are three Availability Zones per supported Azure region.

    Each Availability Zone has a distinct power source, network, and cooling. By architecting your solutions to use replicated VMs in zones, you can protect your apps
    and data from the loss of a datacenter. If one zone is compromised, then replicated apps and data are instantly available in another zone.

    Reference:
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/availability

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  • 11. 

    You plan to deploy several Azure virtual machines. You need to ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails. Solution: You deploy the virtual machines to two or more regions. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    By deploying the virtual machines to two or more regions, you are deploying the virtual machines to multiple datacenters. This will ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails.
    Azure operates in multiple datacenters around the world. These datacenters are grouped in to geographic regions, giving you flexibility in choosing where to build your applications.

    You create Azure resources in defined geographic regions like 'West US', 'North Europe', or 'Southeast Asia'. You can review the list of regions and their locations.

    Within each region, multiple datacenters exist to provide for redundancy and availability.

    Reference:
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/windows/regions

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  • 12. 

    You have 1,000 virtual machines hosted on the Hyper-V hosts in a data center. You plan to migrate all the virtual machines to an Azure pay-as-you-go subscription. You need to identify which expenditure model to use for the planned Azure solution. Which expenditure model should you identify?

    • A.

      Operational

    • B.

      Elastic

    • C.

      Capital

    • D.

        scalable

    Correct Answer
    A. Operational
    Explanation
    One of the major changes that you will face when you move from on-premises cloud to the public cloud is the switch from capital expenditure (buying hardware) to operating expenditure (paying for service as you use it). This switch also requires more careful management of your costs. The benefit of the cloud is that you can fundamentally and positively affect the cost of a service you use by merely shutting down or resizing it when it's not needed.

    References:
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/architecture/cloud-adoption/appendix/azure-scaffold

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  • 13. 

    You plan to provision Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) resources in Azure. Which resource is an example of IaaS?

    • A.

      An Azure web app

    • B.

      An Azure virtual machine

    • C.

      An Azure logic app

    • D.

        an Azure SQL database

    Correct Answer
    B. An Azure virtual machine
    Explanation
    An Azure virtual machine is an example of Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).
    Azure web app, Azure logic app and Azure SQL database are all examples of Platform as a Service (Paas).

    References:
    https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/overview/what-is-iaas/
    https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/overview/what-is-paas

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  • 14. 

    A team of developers at your company plans to deploy, and then remove, 50 virtual machines each week. All the virtual machines are configured by using Azure Resource Manager templates. You need to recommend which Azure service will minimize the administrative effort required to deploy and remove the virtual machines. What should you recommend?

    • A.

        Azure Reserved Virtual Machine (VM) Instances

    • B.

      Azure DevTest Labs

    • C.

      Azure virtual machine scale sets

    • D.

      Microsoft Managed Desktop

    Correct Answer
    B. Azure DevTest Labs
    Explanation
    DevTest Labs creates labs consisting of pre-configured bases or Azure Resource Manager templates.
    By using DevTest Labs, you can test the latest versions of your applications by doing the following tasks:
    Quickly provision Windows and Linux environments by using reusable templates and artifacts.
    Easily integrate your deployment pipeline with DevTest Labs to provision on-demand environments.
    Scale up your load testing by provisioning multiple test agents and create pre-provisioned environments for training and demos.

    Reference:
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/lab-services/devtest-lab-overview

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  • 15. 

    You plan to deploy several Azure virtual machines. You need to ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails. Solution: You deploy the virtual machines to two or more resource groups. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    B. No
    Explanation
    A resource group is a logical container for Azure resources. When you create a resource group, you specify which location to create the resource group in. However, when you create a virtual machine and place it in the resource group, the virtual machine can still be in a different location (different datacenter).

    Therefore, creating multiple resource groups, even if they are in separate datacenters does not ensure that the services running on the virtual machines are available if a single data center fails.
    References:

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/management/overview#resource-groups

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  • 16. 

    Your company plans to migrate all its data and resources to Azure. The company’s migration plan states that only Platform as a Service (PaaS) solutions must be used in Azure. You need to deploy an Azure environment that meets the company migration plan. Solution: You create an Azure virtual machines, Azure SQL databases, and Azure Storage accounts. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Explanation:

    Platform as a service (PaaS) is a complete development and deployment environment in the cloud. PaaS includes infrastructure—servers, storage, and networking

    —but also middleware, development tools, business intelligence (BI) services, database management systems, and more. PaaS is designed to support the complete web application lifecycle: building, testing, deploying, managing, and updating.

    https://azure.microsoft.com/en-us/overview/what-is-paas/

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  • 17. 

    Your company plans to deploy several custom applications to Azure. The applications will provide invoicing services to the customers of the company. Each application will have several prerequisite applications and services installed. You need to recommend a cloud deployment solution for all the applications. What should you recommend?

    • A.

      Software as a Service (SaaS)

    • B.

      Platform as a Service (PaaS)

    • C.

        Infrastructure as a Service (laaS)

    • D.

      ?

    Correct Answer
    C.   Infrastructure as a Service (laaS)
    Explanation
    Explanation:

    Infrastructure as a service (IaaS) is an instant computing infrastructure, provisioned and managed over the internet. The IaaS service provider manages the infrastructure, while you purchase, install, configure, and manage your own software

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  • 18. 

    An Azure region contains one or more data centers that are connected by using a low-latency network. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed”. If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct.

    • A.

      No change is needed

    • B.

        Is found in each country where Microsoft has a subsidiary office

    • C.

      Can be found in every country in Europe and the Americas only

    • D.

      Contains one or more data centers that are connected by using a high-latency network

    Correct Answer
    A. No change is needed
    Explanation
    A region is a set of data centres deployed within a latency-defined perimeter and connected through a dedicated regional low-latency network. Microsoft Azure currently has 55 regions worldwide.

    Regions are divided into Availability Zones. Availability Zones are physically separate locations within an Azure region. Each Availability Zone is made up of one or more datacenters equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking.

    https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/global-infrastructure/regions/

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  • 19. 

    You plan to deploy 20 virtual machines to an Azure environment. To ensure that a virtual machine named VM1 cannot connect to the other virtual machines, VM1 must be deployed to a separate virtual network. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed”. If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct

    • A.

      No change is needed

    • B.

      Run a different operating system than the other virtual machines

    • C.

      Be deployed to a separate resource group

    • D.

      Have two network interfaces

    Correct Answer
    A. No change is needed
    Explanation
    Azure automatically routes traffic between subnets in a virtual network. Therefore, all virtual machines in a virtual network can connect to the other virtual machines in the same virtual network. Even if the virtual machines are on separate subnets within the virtual network, they can still communicate with each other.

    To ensure that a virtual machine cannot connect to the other virtual machines, the virtual machine must be deployed to a separate virtual network.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/virtual-networks-udr-overview

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  • 20. 

    When you need to delegate permissions to several Azure virtual machines simultaneously, you must deploy the Azure virtual machines to the same Azure region. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed”. If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct.

    • A.

      No change is needed

    • B.

      By using the same Azure Resource Manager template

    • C.

      To the same resource group

    • D.

        to the same availability zone

    Correct Answer
    C. To the same resource group
    Explanation
    When you need to delegate permissions to several Azure virtual machines simultaneously, you must deploy the Azure virtual machines to the same resource group.

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  • 21. 

    A team of developers at your company plans to deploy, and then remove, 50 customized virtual machines each week. Thirty of the virtual machines run Windows Server 2016 and 20 of the virtual machines run Ubuntu Linux. You need to recommend which Azure service will minimize the administrative effort required to deploy and remove the virtual machines. What should you recommend?

    • A.

      Azure Reserved Virtual Machines (VM) Instances

    • B.

      Azure virtual machine scale sets

    • C.

      Azure DevTest Labs

    • D.

      Microsoft Managed Desktop

    Correct Answer
    C. Azure DevTest Labs
    Explanation
    DevTest Labs creates labs consisting of pre-configured bases or Azure Resource Manager templates. By using DevTest Labs, you can test the latest versions of your applications by doing the following tasks:

    Quickly provision Windows and Linux environments by using reusable templates and artifacts. Easily integrate your deployment pipeline with DevTest Labs to provision on-demand environments.

    Scale up your load testing by provisioning multiple test agents and create pre-provisioned environments for training and demos.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/lab-services/devtest-lab-overview

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  • 22. 

    One of the benefits of Azure SQL Data Warehouse is that high availability is built into the platform. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed”. If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct.

    • A.

      No change is needed

    • B.

      Automatic scaling

    • C.

      Data compression

    • D.

      Versioning

    Correct Answer
    A. No change is needed
    Explanation
    Azure Data Warehouse (now known as Azure Synapse Analytics) is a PaaS offering from Microsoft. As with all PaaS services from Microsoft, SQL Data Warehouse offers an availability SLA of 99.9%. Microsoft can offer 99.9% availability because it has high availability features built into the platform.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/sql-data-warehouse/sql-data-warehouse-overview-faq

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  • 23. 

    You plan to store 20 TB of data in Azure. The data will be accessed infrequently and visualized by using Microsoft Power BI. You need to recommend a storage solution for the data. Which two solutions should you recommend? Each correct answer presents a complete solution. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

    • A.

      Azure Data Lake

    • B.

      Azure Cosmos DB

    • C.

      Azure SQL Data Warehouse

    • D.

      Azure SQL Database

    • E.

      Azure Database for PostgreSQL

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Azure Data Lake
    C. Azure SQL Data Warehouse
    Explanation
    You can use Power BI to analyze and visualize data stored in Azure Data Lake and Azure SQL Data Warehouse. Azure Data Lake includes all of the capabilities required to make it easy for developers, data scientists and analysts to store data of any size and shape and at any speed, and do all types of processing and analytic s across platforms and languages. It removes the complexities of ingesting and storing all your data while making it faster to get up and running with batch, streaming and interactive analytics. It also integrates seamlessly with operational stores and data warehouses so that you
    can extend current data applications.


    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/data-lake-store/data-lake-store-power-bi
    https://azure.microsoft.com/en-gb/solutions/data-lake/
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/data-lake-store/data-lake-store-power-bi

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  • 24. 

    You need to identify the type of failure for which an Azure availability zone can be used to protect access to Azure services. What should you identify?

    • A.

      A physical server failure

    • B.

      An Azure region failure

    • C.

      A storage failure

    • D.

      An Azure data center failure

    Correct Answer
    D. An Azure data center failure
    Explanation
    Availability zones expand the level of control you have to maintain the availability of the applications and data on your VMs. An Availability Zone is a physically
    separate zone, within an Azure region. There are three Availability Zones per supported Azure region.

    Each Availability Zone has a distinct power source, network, and cooling. By architecting your solutions to use replicated VMs in zones, you can protect your apps
    and data from the loss of a datacenter. If one zone is compromised, then replicated apps and data are instantly available in another zone.


    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machine-scale-sets/availability

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  • 25. 

    You have a virtual machine named VM1 that runs Windows Server 2016. VM1 is in the East US Azure region. Which Azure service should you use from the Azure portal to view service failure notifications that can affect the availability of VM1?

    • A.

      Azure Service Fabric

    • B.

      Azure Monitor

    • C.

      Azure virtual machines

    • D.

      Azure Advisor

    Correct Answer
    C. Azure virtual machines
    Explanation
    In the Azure virtual machines page in the Azure portal, there is a named Maintenance Status. This column will display service issues that could affect your virtual
    machine. A service failure is rare but host server maintenance that could affect your virtual machines is more common.

    Azure periodically updates its platform to improve the reliability, performance, and security of the host infrastructure for virtual machines. The purpose of these
    updates ranges from patching software components in the hosting environment to upgrading networking components or decommissioning hardware.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/maintenance-and-updates

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  • 26. 

    An Azure administrator plans to run a PowerShell script that creates Azure resources. You need to recommend which computer configuration to use to run the script. Solution: Run the script from a computer that runs Chrome OS and uses Azure Cloud Shell. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    A PowerShell script is a file that contains PowerShell cmdlets and code. A PowerShell script needs to be run in PowerShell. With the Azure Cloud Shell, you can run PowerShell cmdlets and scripts in a Web browser. You log in to the Azure Portal and select the Azure Cloud Shell option.

    This will open a PowerShell session in the Web browser. The Azure Cloud Shell has the necessary Azure PowerShell module installed.

    Note: to run a PowerShell script in the Azure Cloud Shell, you need to change to the directory where the PowerShell script is stored.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cloud-shell/quickstart-powershell

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  • 27. 

    An Azure administrator plans to run a PowerShell script that creates Azure resources. You need to recommend which computer configuration to use to run the script. Solution: Run the script from a computer that runs macOS and has PowerShell Core 6.0 installed. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    A PowerShell script is a file that contains PowerShell cmdlets and code. A PowerShell script needs to be run in PowerShell.

    In this question, the computer has PowerShell Core 6.0 installed. Therefore, this solution does meet the goal.

    Note: To create Azure resources using PowerShell, you would need to import the Azure PowerShell module which includes the PowerShell cmdlets required to
    create the resources.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/scripting/components/ise/how-to-write-and-run-scripts-in-the-windows-powershell-ise?view=powershell-6

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  • 28. 

    You have an Azure environment that contains 10 virtual networks and 100 virtual machines. You need to limit the amount of inbound traffic to all the Azure virtual networks. What should you create? Which one do you like?

    • A.

      One application security group (ASG)

    • B.

      10 virtual network gateways

    • C.

      10 Azure ExpressRoute circuits

    • D.

        one Azure firewal

    Correct Answer
    D.   one Azure firewal
    Explanation
    You can restrict traffic to multiple virtual networks with a single Azure firewall.
    Azure Firewall is a managed, cloud-based network security service that protects your Azure Virtual Network resources. It's a fully stateful firewall as a service with built-in high availability and unrestricted cloud scalability.
    You can centrally create, enforce, and log application and network connectivity policies across subscriptions and virtual networks. Azure Firewall uses a static public IP address for your virtual network resources allowing outside firewalls to identify traffic originating from your virtual network.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/firewall/overview

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  • 29. 

    You have an Azure environment that contains multiple Azure virtual machines. You plan to implement a solution that enables the client computers on your on-premises network to communicate to the Azure virtual machines. You need to recommend which Azure resources must be created for the planned solution. Which two Azure resources should you include in the recommendation? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point

    • A.

      A virtual network gateway

    • B.

      A load balancer

    • C.

      An application gateway

    • D.

        a virtual network

    • E.

      A gateway subnet

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. A virtual network gateway
    E. A gateway subnet
    Explanation
    To implement a solution that enables the client computers on your on-premises network to communicate to the Azure virtual machines, you need to configure a VPN (Virtual Private Network) to connect the on-premises network to the Azure virtual network. The Azure VPN device is known as a Virtual Network Gateway. The virtual network gateway needs to be located in a dedicated subnet in the Azure virtual network. This dedicated subnet is known as a gateway subnet and must be named ‘GatewaySubnet’.

    Note: a virtual network (answer D) is also required. However, as we already have virtual machines deployed in a Azure, we can assume that the virtual network is
    already in place.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/office365/enterprise/connect-an-on-premises-network-to-a-microsoft-azure-virtual-network

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  • 30. 

    F2You have an Azure environment. You need to create a new Azure virtual machine from a tablet that runs the Android operating system. Solution: You use Bash in Azure Cloud Shell. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    With Azure Cloud Shell, you can create virtual machines using Bash or PowerShell.
    Azure Cloud Shell is an interactive, authenticated, browser-accessible shell for managing Azure resources. It provides the flexibility of choosing the shell experience
    that best suits the way you work, either Bash or PowerShell.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cloud-shell/quickstart
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cloud-shell/overview

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  • 31. 

    Your company plans to move several servers to Azure. The company’s compliance policy states that a server named FinServer must be on a separate network segment. You are evaluating which Azure services can be used to meet the compliance policy requirements. Which Azure solution should you recommend?

    • A.

      A resource group for FinServer and another resource group for all the other servers

    • B.

      A virtual network for FinServer and another virtual network for all the other servers

    • C.

      A VPN for FinServer and a virtual network gateway for each other server

    • D.

      One resource group for all the servers and a resource lock for FinServer

    Correct Answer
    B. A virtual network for FinServer and another virtual network for all the other servers
    Explanation
    Networks in Azure are known as virtual networks. A virtual network can have multiple IP address spaces and multiple subnets. Azure automatically routes traffic between different subnets within a virtual network.
    The question states that FinServer must be on a separate network segment. The only way to separate FinServer from the other servers in networking terms is to place the server in a different virtual network to the other servers.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-network/virtual-network-vnet-plan-design-arm

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    You plan to map a network drive from several computers that run Windows 10 to Azure Storage. You need to create a storage solution in Azure for the planned mapped drive. What should you create?

    • A.

      An Azure SQL database

    • B.

        a virtual machine data disk

    • C.

        a Files service in a storage account

    • D.

      A Blobs service in a storage account

    Correct Answer
    C.   a Files service in a storage account
    Explanation
    Explanation:
    Azure Files is Microsoft's easy-to-use cloud file system. Azure file shares can be seamlessly used in Windows and Windows Server. To use an Azure file share with Windows, you must either mount it, which means assigning it a drive letter or mount point path, or access it via its UNC path. Unlike other SMB shares you may have interacted with, such as those hosted on a Windows Server, Linux Samba server, or NAS device, Azure file shares do not currently support Kerberos authentication with your Active Directory (AD) or Azure Active Directory (AAD) identity, although this is a feature we are working on.
    Instead, you must access your Azure file share with the storage account key for the storage account containing your Azure file share. A storage account key is an administrator key for a storage account, including administrator permissions to all files and folders within the file share you're accessing, and for all file shares and
    other storage resources (blobs, queues, tables, etc) contained within your storage account.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/files/storage-how-to-use-files-windows

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  • 33. 

    Your company plans to migrate all its network resources to Azure. You need to start the planning process by exploring Azure. What should you create first?

    • A.

      A subscription

    • B.

      A resource group

    • C.

      A virtual network

    • D.

      A management group

    Correct Answer
    A. A subscription
    Explanation
    The first thing you create in Azure is a subscription. You can think of an Azure subscription as an ‘Azure account’. You get billed per subscription.

    A subscription is an agreement with Microsoft to use one or more Microsoft cloud platforms or services, for which charges accrue based on either a per-user
    license fee or on cloud-based resource consumption.

    Microsoft's Software as a Service (SaaS)-based cloud offerings (Office 365, Intune/EMS, and Dynamics 365) charge per-user license fees.

    Microsoft's Platform as a Service (PaaS) and Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) cloud offerings (Azure) charge based on cloud resource consumption.
    You can also use a trial subscription, but the subscription expires after a specific amount of time or consumption charges. You can convert a trial subscription to a
    paid subscription.

    Organizations can have multiple subscriptions for Microsoft's cloud offerings.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/office365/enterprise/subscriptions-licenses-accounts-and-tenants-for-microsoft-cloud-offerings

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    You have an on-premises application that sends email notifications automatically based on a rule. You plan to migrate the application to Azure. You need to recommend a serverless computing solution for the application. What should you include in the recommendation?

    • A.

      A web app

    • B.

      A server image in Azure Marketplace

    • C.

      A logic app

    • D.

      An API app

    Correct Answer
    C. A logic app
    Explanation
    Azure Logic Apps is a cloud service that helps you schedule, automate, and orchestrate tasks, business processes, and workflows when you need to integrate
    apps, data, systems, and services across enterprises or organizations. Logic Apps simplifies how you design and build scalable solutions for app integration, data
    integration, system integration, enterprise application integration (EAI), and business-to-business (B2B) communication, whether in the cloud, on premises, or both.
    For example, here are just a few workloads you can automate with logic apps:
    Process and route orders across on-premises systems and cloud services.
    Send email notifications with Office 365 when events happen in various systems, apps, and services.

    Move uploaded files from an SFTP or FTP server to Azure Storage.
    Monitor tweets for a specific subject, analyze the sentiment, and create alerts or tasks for items that need review.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/logic-apps/logic-apps-overview

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    You plan to deploy a website to Azure. The website will be accessed by users worldwide and will host large video files. You need to recommend which Azure feature must be used to provide the best video playback experience. What should you recommend?

    • A.

      An application gateway

    • B.

      An Azure ExpressRoute circuit

    • C.

      A content delivery network (CDN)

    • D.

      An Azure Traffic Manager profile

    Correct Answer
    C. A content delivery network (CDN)
    Explanation
    The question states that users are located worldwide and will be downloading large video files. The video playback experience would be improved if they can
    download the video from servers in the same region as the users. We can achieve this by using a content deliver network.

    A content delivery network (CDN) is a distributed network of servers that can efficiently deliver web content to users. CDNs store cached content on edge servers in
    point-of-presence (POP) locations that are close to end users, to minimize latency.
    Azure Content Delivery Network (CDN) offers developers a global solution for rapidly delivering high-bandwidth content to users by caching their content at
    strategically placed physical nodes across the world. Azure CDN can also accelerate dynamic content, which cannot be cached, by leveraging various network
    optimizations using CDN POPs. For example, route optimization to bypass Border Gateway Protocol (BGP).

    The benefits of using Azure CDN to deliver web site assets include:
    Better performance and improved user experience for end users, especially when using applications in which multiple round-trips are required to load content.
    Large scaling to better handle instantaneous high loads, such as the start of a product launch event. Distribution of user requests and serving of content directly from edge servers so that less traffic is sent to the origin server.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cdn/cdn-overview

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  • 36. 

    Your company plans to deploy several million sensors that will upload data to Azure. You need to identify which Azure resources must be created to support the planned solution. Which two Azure resources should you identify? Each correct answer presents part of the solution. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.

    • A.

      Azure Data Lake

    • B.

      Azure Queue storage

    • C.

      Azure File Storage

    • D.

      Azure IoT Hub

    • E.

      Azure Notification Hubs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Azure Data Lake
    E. Azure Notification Hubs
    Explanation
    IoT Hub (Internet of things Hub) provides data from millions of sensors.
    IoT Hub is a managed service, hosted in the cloud, that acts as a central message hub for bi-directional communication between your IoT application and the
    devices it manages. You can use Azure IoT Hub to build IoT solutions with reliable and secure communications between millions of IoT devices and a cloud-hosted
    solution backend. You can connect virtually any device to IoT Hub.
    There are two storage services IoT Hub can route messages to -- Azure Blob Storage and Azure Data Lake Storage Gen2 (ADLS Gen2) accounts. Azure Data
    Lake Storage accounts are hierarchical namespace-enabled storage accounts built on top of blob storage. Both of these use blobs for their storage.


    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/iot-hub/about-iot-hub
    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/iot-hub/iot-hub-devguide-messages-d2c

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  • 37. 

    Your company plans to deploy an Artificial Intelligence (AI) solution in Azure. What should the company use to build, test, and deploy predictive analytics solutions?

    • A.

      Azure Logic Apps

    • B.

      Azure Machine Learning Studio

    • C.

      Azure Batch

    • D.

      Azure Cosmos DB

    Correct Answer
    B. Azure Machine Learning Studio
    Explanation
    Microsoft Azure Machine Learning Studio (classic) is a collaborative, drag-and-drop tool you can use to build, test, and deploy predictive analytics solutions on your
    data. Azure Machine Learning Studio (classic) publishes models as web services that can easily be consumed by custom apps or BI tools such as Excel. Machine Learning Studio (classic) is where data science, predictive analytics, cloud resources, and your data meet.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/machine-learning/studio/what-is-ml-studio

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  • 38. 

    Data that is stored in the Archive access tier of an Azure Storage account can be accessed at any time by using azcopy.exe. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed”. If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct.

    • A.

      No change is needed.

    • B.

      Can only be read by using Azure Backup

    • C.

      Must be restored before the data can be accessed

    • D.

      Must be rehydrated before the data can be accessed

    Correct Answer
    D. Must be rehydrated before the data can be accessed
    Explanation
    Azure storage offers different access tiers: hot, cool and archive.

    The archive access tier has the lowest storage cost. But it has higher data retrieval costs compared to the hot and cool tiers. Data in the archive tier can take
    several hours to retrieve. While a blob is in archive storage, the blob data is offline and can't be read, overwritten, or modified. To read or download a blob in archive, you must first rehydrate it to an online tier.

    Example usage scenarios for the archive access tier include:
    Long-term backup, secondary backup, and archival datasets
    Original (raw) data that must be preserved, even after it has been processed into final usable form. Compliance and archival data that needs to be stored for a long time and is hardly ever accessed.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/storage/blobs/storage-blob-storage-tiers?tabs=azure-portal#archive-access-tier

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  • 39. 

    You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You sign in to the Azure portal and create a resource group named RG1. From Azure documentation, you have the following command that creates a virtual machine named VM1. az vm create --resource-group RG1 --name VM1 -- image UbuntuLTS --generate-ssh-keys You need to create VM1 in Subscription1 by using the command. Solution: From the Azure portal, launch Azure Cloud Shell and select PowerShell. Run the command in Cloud Shell. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The command can be run in the Azure Cloud Shell. Although this question says you select PowerShell rather than Bash, the Az commands will work in PowerShell.
    The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

    To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://
    shell.azure.com/bash.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/linux/quick-create-cli

    Rate this question:

  • 40. 

    You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You sign in to the Azure portal and create a resource group named RG1. From Azure documentation, you have the following command that creates a virtual machine named VM1.az vm create --resource-group RG1 --name VM1 -- image UbuntuLTS --generate-ssh-keys You need to create VM1 in Subscription1 by using the command. Solution: From a computer that runs Windows 10, install Azure CLI. From PowerShell, sign in to Azure and then run the command. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The command can be run from PowerShell or the command prompt if you have the Azure CLI installed.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cli/azure/install-azure-cli-windows?view=azure-cli-latest

    Rate this question:

  • 41. 

    You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You sign in to the Azure portal and create a resource group named RG1. From Azure documentation, you have the following command that creates a virtual machine named VM1. az vm create --resource-group RG1 --name VM1 -- image UbuntuLTS --generate-ssh-keys You need to create VM1 in Subscription1 by using the command. Solution: From a computer that runs Windows 10, install Azure CLI. From a command prompt, sign in to Azure and then run the command. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The command can be run from PowerShell or the command prompt if you have the Azure CLI installed.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/cli/azure/install-azure-cli-windows?view=azure-cli-latest

    Rate this question:

  • 42. 

    Azure policies provide a common platform for deploying objects to a cloud infrastructure and for implementing consistency across the Azure environment.

    • A.

      No change is needed

    • B.

      Resource groups provide

    • C.

      Azure Resource Manager templates provides

    • D.

        Management groups provide

    Correct Answer
    C. Azure Resource Manager templates provides
    Explanation
    Azure Resource Manager templates provides a common platform for deploying objects to a cloud infrastructure and for implementing consistency across the Azure environment.

    Azure policies are used to define rules for what can be deployed and how it should be deployed. Whilst this can help in ensuring consistency, Azure policies do not provide the common platform for deploying objects to a cloud infrastructure.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/governance/policy/overview

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  • 43. 

    An Azure administrator plans to run a PowerShell script that creates Azure resources. You need to recommend which computer configuration to use to run the script. Solution: Run the script from a computer that runs Windows 10 and has the Azure PowerShell module installed. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    A PowerShell script is a file that contains PowerShell cmdlets and code. A PowerShell script needs to be run in PowerShell.
    In this question, the computer has the Azure PowerShell module installed. Therefore, this solution does meet the goal.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/powershell/scripting/components/ise/how-to-write-and-run-scripts-in-the-windows-powershell-ise?view=powershell-6

    Rate this question:

  • 44. 

    Which service provides serverless computing in Azure?

    • A.

      Azure Virtual Machines

    • B.

        Azure Functions

    • C.

      Azure storage account

    • D.

      Azure Container Instances

    Correct Answer
    B.   Azure Functions
    Explanation
    Azure Functions provide a platform for serverless code.

    Azure Functions is a serverless compute service that lets you run event-triggered code without having to explicitly provision or manage infrastructure.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-functions

    Rate this question:

  • 45. 

    You have an Azure subscription named Subscription1. You sign in to the Azure portal and create a resource group named RG1. From Azure documentation, you have the following command that creates a virtual machine named VM1. az vm create --resource-group RG1 --name VM1 --image UbuntuLTS --generate-ssh-keys You need to create VM1 in Subscription1 by using the command. Solution: From the Azure portal, launch Azure Cloud Shell and select Bash. Run the command in Cloud Shell. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The command can be run in the Azure Cloud Shell.
    The Azure Cloud Shell is a free interactive shell. It has common Azure tools preinstalled and configured to use with your account.

    To open the Cloud Shell, just select Try it from the upper right corner of a code block. You can also launch Cloud Shell in a separate browser tab by going to https://
    shell.azure.com/bash.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/virtual-machines/linux/quick-create-cli

    Rate this question:

  • 46. 

    Your company has several business units. Each business unit requires 20 different Azure resources for daily operation. All the business units require the same type of Azure resources. You need to recommend a solution to automate the creation of the Azure resources. What should you include in the recommendations?

    • A.

      Azure Resource Manager templates

    • B.

      Virtual machine scale sets

    • C.

        the Azure API Management service

    • D.

        management groups

    Correct Answer
    A. Azure Resource Manager templates
    Explanation
    You can use Azure Resource Manager templates to automate the creation of the Azure resources. Deploying resource through templates is known as ‘Infrastructure as code’. To implement infrastructure as code for your Azure solutions, use Azure Resource Manager templates. The template is a JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) file that defines the infrastructure and configuration for your project. The template uses declarative syntax, which lets you state what you intend to deploy without having to write the sequence of programming commands to create it. In the template, you specify the resources to deploy and the properties for those resources.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-resource-manager/templates/overview

    Rate this question:

  • 47. 

    Which Azure service should you use to correlate events from multiple resources into a centralized repository?

    • A.

      Azure Event Hubs

    • B.

      Azure Analysis Services

    • C.

        Azure Monitor

    • D.

        Azure Stream Analytics  

    Correct Answer
    A. Azure Event Hubs
    Explanation
    Azure Event Hubs is a big data streaming platform and event ingestion service. It can receive and process millions of events per second. Data sent to an event hub can be transformed and stored by using any real-time analytics provider or batching/storage adapters.

    Azure Event Hubs can be used to ingest, buffer, store, and process your stream in real time to get actionable insights. Event Hubs uses a partitioned consumer model, enabling multiple applications to process the stream concurrently and letting you control the speed of processing.

    Azure Event Hubs can be used to capture your data in near-real time in an Azure Blob storage or Azure Data Lake Storage for long-term retention or micro-batch processing.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/event-hubs/event-hubs-about

    Rate this question:

  • 48. 

    You have an Azure environment. You need to create a new Azure virtual machine from a tablet that runs the Android operating system. Solution: You use PowerShell in Azure Cloud Shell. Does this meet the goal?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Azure Cloud Shell is a browser-based shell experience to manage and develop Azure resources.
    Cloud Shell offers a browser-accessible, pre-configured shell experience for managing Azure resources without the overhead of installing, versioning, and maintaining a machine yourself.
    Being browser-based, Azure Cloud Shell can be run on a browser from a tablet that runs the Android operating system.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/cloud-shell/features

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  • 49. 

    Azure Databricks is an Apache Spark-based analytics service. Instructions: Review the underlined text. If it makes the statement correct, select “No change is needed.” If the statement is incorrect, select the answer choice that makes the statement correct.

    • A.

      A.No change is needed.

    • B.

      Azure Data Factory

    • C.

      Azure DevOps

    • D.

        Azure HDInsight

    Correct Answer
    A. A.No change is needed.
    Explanation
    Azure Databricks is an Apache Spark-based analytics platform. The platform consists of several components including ‘MLib’. Mlib is a Machine Learning library consisting of common learning algorithms and utilities, including classification, regression, clustering, collaborative filtering, dimensionality reduction, as well as underlying optimization primitives.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/azure-databricks/what-is-azure-databricks#apache-spark-based-analytics-platform

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  • 50. 

    You need to configure an Azure solution that meets the following requirements: Secures websites from attacks Generates reports that contain details of attempted attacks What should you include in the solution?

    • A.

      Azure Firewall

    • B.

        a network security group (NSG)

    • C.

      Azure Information Protection

    • D.

      DDoS protection

    Correct Answer
    D. DDoS protection
    Explanation
    DDoS is a type of attack that tries to exhaust application resources. The goal is to affect the application’s availability and its ability to handle legitimate requests. DDoS attacks can be targeted at any endpoint that is publicly reachable through the internet. Azure has two DDoS service offerings that provide protection from network attacks: DDoS Protection Basic and DDoS Protection Standard. DDoS Basic protection is integrated into the Azure platform by default and at no extra cost.
    You have the option of paying for DDoS Standard. It has several advantages over the basic service, including logging, alerting, and telemetry. DDoS Standard can generate reports that contain details of attempted attacks as required in this question.

    https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/azure/security/fundamentals/ddos-best-practices

    Rate this question:

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 22, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    GuiltySpark
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