Historia De LA Iglesia Católica

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| By Santiago
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Santiago
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 100
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 100

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Historia De LA Iglesia Cat�lica - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    ¿En qué siglo comienza a expandirse el cristianismo por todo el Imperio Romano?

    • A.

      Siglo V

    • B.

      Siglo XV

    • C.

      Siglo VIII

    • D.

      Siglo XII

    Correct Answer
    A. Siglo V
    Explanation
    The expansion of Christianity throughout the Roman Empire began in the 5th century. During this time, Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire under the rule of Emperor Constantine. This led to the construction of numerous Christian churches and the conversion of many Romans to Christianity. The 5th century also saw the fall of the Western Roman Empire and the rise of various Christian kingdoms in Europe. Therefore, the correct answer is the 5th century.

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  • 2. 

    ¿Qué años comprende la reconquista española cristiana en contra de los territorios ibéricos dominados por los musulmanes?

    • A.

      722-1492

    • B.

      900-1200

    • C.

      1000-1500

    • D.

      500-800

    Correct Answer
    A. 722-1492
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 722-1492. This time period encompasses the Spanish Christian reconquest against the territories in the Iberian Peninsula that were dominated by the Muslims. It began in 722 with the Battle of Covadonga and ended in 1492 with the conquest of the Emirate of Granada by the Catholic Monarchs. This period of almost 800 years was marked by a series of military campaigns and territorial gains by the Christian kingdoms in Spain, leading to the eventual establishment of a unified Christian kingdom.

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  • 3. 

    ¿Cuál fue el resultado del Gran Cisma ocurrido en el siglo XI?

    • A.

      La separación del Papa de occidente con el emperador bizantino

    • B.

      La división de la Iglesia Católica en romana y ortodoxa

    • C.

      La creación de la Iglesia anglicana

    • D.

      El surgimiento del protestantismo

    Correct Answer
    B. La división de la Iglesia Católica en romana y ortodoxa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the division of the Catholic Church into Roman and Orthodox. This refers to the Great Schism that occurred in the 11th century, where the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Roman Catholic Church split due to theological and political differences. The schism resulted in the formation of two separate branches of Christianity, each with its own beliefs, practices, and leadership.

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  • 4. 

    ¿Qué nueva religión surgió en el siglo VII y llega hasta el presente?

    • A.

      Cristianismo 

    • B.

      Islam 

    • C.

      Budismo 

    • D.

      Catolicismo 

    Correct Answer
    B. Islam 
    Explanation
    Islam is the correct answer because it is a religion that emerged in the 7th century and continues to the present day. It was founded by the prophet Muhammad in the Arabian Peninsula and is based on the teachings of the Quran. Islam is one of the major world religions and has a significant number of followers globally.

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  • 5. 

    ¿Cuál fue el objetivo de fondo de las cruzadas?

    • A.

      Tener control sobre el Mediterráneo

    • B.

      Derrotar a los musulmanes

    • C.

      Dividir la iglesia católica

    • D.

      Generar el proceso de globalización 

    Correct Answer
    A. Tener control sobre el Mediterráneo
    Explanation
    The objective of the Crusades was to gain control over the Mediterranean. The Crusades were a series of military campaigns launched by Christian Europe in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries with the aim of reclaiming the Holy Land from Muslim control. However, one of the underlying reasons for the Crusades was the desire to gain control over the Mediterranean Sea and its lucrative trade routes. By controlling the Mediterranean, European powers could establish dominance in trade and expand their territories, leading to economic and political benefits.

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  • 6. 

    ¿Cuál fue el principal objetivo de la Inquisición?

    • A.

      Mantener los privilegios del clero

    • B.

      Perseguir a los herejes y evitar su difusión

    • C.

      Crear nuevas órdenes religiosas

    Correct Answer
    B. Perseguir a los herejes y evitar su difusión
    Explanation
    The main objective of the Inquisition was to persecute heretics and prevent their spread. The Inquisition was established by the Catholic Church in the Middle Ages to combat religious dissent and enforce religious orthodoxy. It aimed to identify, interrogate, and punish individuals who held beliefs that were deemed heretical or contrary to the teachings of the Church. The Inquisition used various methods, including torture and execution, to suppress heresy and maintain religious conformity.

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  • 7. 

    ¿Qué buscaba la Reforma protestante?

    • A.

      Reforzar el poder del papa y los reyes

    • B.

      Jerarquizar el catolicismo

    • C.

      Cambio radical de la estructura de la Iglesia

    Correct Answer
    C. Cambio radical de la estructura de la Iglesia
    Explanation
    La Reforma protestante buscaba un cambio radical en la estructura de la Iglesia. Durante este movimiento, liderado por Martín Lutero en el siglo XVI, se cuestionaron y rechazaron muchas de las prácticas y doctrinas de la Iglesia Católica, como la venta de indulgencias y la autoridad del Papa. Se buscaba una reforma profunda que devolviera a la Iglesia a sus raíces bíblicas y se promoviera la fe personal y la relación directa con Dios, sin la necesidad de intermediarios.

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  • 8. 

    ¿Qué hicieron los Jesuitas en los territorios conquistados?

    • A.

      Fundar iglesias en las ciudades cabecera 

    • B.

      Organizaron a los indígenas contra los conquistadores

    • C.

      Expandir el protestantismo por el mundo

    • D.

      Fundar la iglesia católica en la Nueva España

    Correct Answer
    B. Organizaron a los indígenas contra los conquistadores
    Explanation
    Los Jesuitas organizaron a los indígenas contra los conquistadores. Esto significa que los Jesuitas ayudaron a los indígenas a resistir y luchar contra los conquistadores en los territorios que fueron conquistados. Esta acción muestra el compromiso de los Jesuitas en proteger y apoyar a las comunidades indígenas frente a la opresión y explotación de los conquistadores.

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  • 9. 

    ¿Qué se concluyó en la reunión de obispos en el siglo XIX llamada Concilio Vaticano Primero?

    • A.

      Un cambio radical en los dogmas católicos

    • B.

      Crear un movimiento religioso: la Teología de la liberación

    • C.

      Es necesario aceptar las ideas Ilustradas

    • D.

      Considerar que la religión es la fuente de las máximas verdades

    Correct Answer
    A. Un cambio radical en los dogmas católicos
    Explanation
    The conclusion reached in the meeting of bishops in the 19th century called the First Vatican Council was a radical change in Catholic dogmas.

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  • 10. 

    La iglesia protestante surgió durante el cisma religioso del siglo XVI:

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Protestant Church emerged during the religious division of the 16th century, known as the Protestant Reformation. This movement was led by reformers such as Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Huldrych Zwingli, who challenged the teachings and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. They advocated for the authority of the Bible, salvation by faith alone, and the priesthood of all believers. This led to the establishment of various Protestant denominations, such as Lutheranism, Calvinism, and Anglicanism, which significantly impacted the religious landscape of Europe and beyond.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 17, 2020
    Quiz Created by
    Santiago
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