# The Inflation Quiz: Economics Trivia!

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Inflation in economic terms is the rate in which the prices of daily goods increase. The increased rate puts weight in a country's economy up to a point where its currency does not have value. This quiz gives you a chance to test out just how much you know about inflation. Do give it a try and see how well you will do and learn.

• 1.

### What is the definition of inflation?

• A.

A. A kind of statistics which shows the changes in the prices of commonly bought goods and services from one year to another.

• B.

B. An amount of value which represents the total spending of the year.

• C.

C. A rise in the average prices of most goods and services in one year as compared to those in the previous year

• D.

D. A fall in the average prices of most goods and services in one year as compared to those in the previous year.

C. C. A rise in the average prices of most goods and services in one year as compared to those in the previous year
Explanation
Inflation is defined as a rise in the average prices of most goods and services in one year as compared to those in the previous year. This means that the overall cost of goods and services increases over time, leading to a decrease in the purchasing power of money. Option C accurately describes this concept by stating that inflation is a rise in average prices from one year to another.

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• 2.

### On the basis of speed, what are the 4 main types of inflation?

• A.

A. Mild inflation, walking inflation, running inflation and hyperinflation.

• B.

B. Mild inflation, walking inflation, running inflation and galloping inflation.

• C.

C. Mild inflation, walking inflation, galloping inflation and hyperinflation

• D.

D. Mild inflation, running inflation, galloping inflation and hyperinflation.

C. C. Mild inflation, walking inflation, galloping inflation and hyperinflation
• 3.

### The purchasing power of money is measured:

• A.

A. on an annual basis

• B.

B. on a monthly basis

• C.

C. by comparing the exchange rates

• D.

D. by comparing the prices of the two goods

B. B. on a monthly basis
Explanation
“In the US, the prices of the items in the CPI are checked monthly by the US government”

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• 4.

### The changes in the purchasing power of the national money result in:

• A.

A. inflation

• B.

B. deflation

• C.

C. Both A&B are correct

• D.

D. none of the above are correct

C. C. Both A&B are correct
Explanation
Changes in the purchasing power of national money can result in both inflation and deflation. Inflation occurs when there is an increase in the general price level of goods and services, leading to a decrease in the purchasing power of money. On the other hand, deflation occurs when there is a decrease in the general price level, leading to an increase in the purchasing power of money. Therefore, both options A (inflation) and B (deflation) are correct as they represent the possible outcomes of changes in purchasing power.

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• 5.

### The cost of changing prices:

• A.

A. Money Illusion

• B.

B. Shoeleather costs

• C.

C. Opportunity costs

• D.

Explanation
Menu costs refer to the expenses incurred by firms to change their prices. These costs include the printing and distribution of new menus, updating price tags, and notifying customers about the price changes. Menu costs are a real cost for businesses and can be significant, especially for those that frequently change their prices. Therefore, option D is the correct answer as it accurately describes the cost of changing prices.

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• 6.

### The value of the CPI for the reference period is always

• A.

A.Â 100

• B.

B.Â 0

• C.

C.Â 50

• D.

D. None of above we do not know

A. A.Â 100
Explanation
The value of the CPI for the reference period is always 100 because the CPI is calculated by comparing the price of a basket of goods and services in the current period to the price of the same basket in a base period. The base period is assigned a value of 100, so any reference period will have a CPI value of 100.

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• 7.

### If the amount of money remains unchanged, but production increases, then the prices will______

• A.

A. increase

• B.

B. decrease

• C.

C. reach the equilibrium level

• D.

D. stay the same

A. A. increase
Explanation
If the amount of money remains unchanged but production increases, it means that there is more supply in the market. With an increase in supply and a constant amount of money, there will be a surplus of goods. In order to sell the surplus, producers will have to lower their prices. Therefore, the correct answer is A. increase.

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• 8.

### What is the equation of exchange?

• A.

A. MV=PT

• B.

B. MT=PV

• C.

C. MP=TV

A. A. MV=PT
Explanation
The equation of exchange, also known as the quantity theory of money, states that the total amount of money in an economy (M) multiplied by the velocity of money (V) is equal to the total value of goods and services produced (PT). This equation emphasizes the relationship between the money supply, the velocity at which money circulates, and the overall level of economic activity.

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• 9.

### “Too much money chasing too few goods” means:

• A.

Demand Pull

• B.

Cost-Push

A. Demand Pull
Explanation
The phrase "too much money chasing too few goods" refers to a situation where there is excessive demand for goods or services compared to the available supply. This leads to an increase in prices as consumers compete to purchase the limited quantity of goods. This concept is known as demand pull, as it is driven by the high demand from consumers. Cost-push, on the other hand, refers to a situation where the increase in prices is caused by an increase in production costs.

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• 10.

### Who are not likely to be the victims of inflation?

• A.

A. Retired people

• B.

B. People with savings

• C.

C. People with low income

• D.

D. People who invest in stocks

D. D. People who invest in stocks
Explanation
People who invest in stocks are not likely to be the victims of inflation because investing in stocks allows individuals to potentially earn returns that outpace inflation. When inflation occurs, the value of money decreases, but the value of stocks can increase. Therefore, people who invest in stocks have the potential to protect and grow their wealth even in an inflationary environment.

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• 11.

### Hyperinflation occurs when prices have risen by more than 50% per month over a period of time.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Hyperinflation is a severe and rapid increase in the general price level of goods and services in an economy. It is characterized by prices rising at an extremely high rate, typically exceeding 50% per month. This excessive inflation erodes the purchasing power of the currency, causing a loss of confidence in the economy and leading to further price increases. Therefore, the statement that hyperinflation occurs when prices have risen by more than 50% per month over a period of time is true.

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• 12.

### The purchasing power of money is the value of a region’s currency.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Region -> Nation

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• 13.

### If you wished to calculate the rate of price inflation for all goods produced in a nation, you would use the Consumer Price Index.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
The statement is false because if you wished to calculate the rate of price inflation for all goods produced in a nation, you would use the Producer Price Index (PPI) instead of the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The PPI measures the average change in prices received by domestic producers for their output, while the CPI measures the average change over time in the prices paid by urban consumers for a market basket of consumer goods and services.

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• 14.

### The velocity of circulation is the average number of times in a month a dollar is used to purchase goods and services.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
in a month -> in a year

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• 15.

### The use of electronic banking devices increases velocity?

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
The use of electronic banking devices increases velocity because they allow for faster and more efficient financial transactions. Electronic banking devices such as ATMs and online banking platforms enable users to perform various banking activities quickly and conveniently, without the need for physical visits to a bank branch. This increased speed and efficiency in conducting financial transactions ultimately leads to a higher velocity of money within the economy.

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• 16.

### Demand-pull inflation means that the demand for buyers is pulling prices of goods and services to lower and higher levels.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
lower -> higher

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• 17.

### In general, private pension incomes of retirees are flexible.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
flexible -> fixed

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• 18.

### An increase in prices during inflation makes a few differences to cheap labor.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
Low-wage employees are amongst the most vulnerable groups to be adversely affected by inflation. Due to a decline in money value, employees would not be able to afford the same living condition as they used to have before inflation.

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• 19.

### In a long run, inflation is of advantage to some particular types of people.

• A.

True

• B.

False

B. False
Explanation
In a long run, inflation is of NO advantage to ANY.

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• 20.

### People who borrow money before inflation comes might reap benefits.

• A.

True

• B.

False

A. True
Explanation
Borrowing money before inflation occurs can be beneficial because inflation erodes the purchasing power of money over time. By borrowing money at a fixed interest rate before inflation hits, borrowers can pay back the loan with money that is worth less in the future. This means they effectively pay back less in real terms. Therefore, borrowing money before inflation can be advantageous as it allows individuals to repay their debts with devalued currency.

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• 21.

### Moderate inflation includes mild inflation and ________.

walking inflation
Explanation
Moderate inflation includes mild inflation and walking inflation. Walking inflation refers to a situation where inflation is gradually increasing at a moderate pace. It is characterized by a slow but steady rise in prices over time. This type of inflation is typically manageable and does not cause significant disruptions to the economy. It is considered to be a normal and expected part of a healthy economy, as it indicates a growing demand for goods and services.

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• 22.

### When the price of good rises, the purchasing power of money, the pound (for example), ________.

falls, decreases
Explanation
When the price of a good rises, the purchasing power of money decreases. This means that the pound (or any currency) can buy fewer goods or services than before. As the price of goods increases, the value of money decreases, making it less valuable in terms of what it can purchase. Therefore, the correct answer is falls, decreases.

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• 23.

### The consumer price index measure the average of prices by urban customers for an ________ of consumer goods and services.

Explanation
The consumer price index measures the average of prices by urban customers for a fixed market basket of consumer goods and services. This means that a specific set of goods and services is chosen as a representative sample, and the prices of these items are tracked over time. By using a fixed market basket, the consumer price index provides a consistent measure of inflation and allows for comparisons of price changes over time.

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• 24.

### The quantity theory of money is based on the ________ and the ________.

velocity of circulation
equation of exchange
Explanation
The quantity theory of money is a theory that states that the general price level of goods and services in an economy is directly proportional to the amount of money in circulation. It is based on two key concepts: the velocity of circulation and the equation of exchange. The velocity of circulation refers to the speed at which money is exchanged or spent in the economy. The equation of exchange is a mathematical formula that relates the quantity of money, the velocity of circulation, the price level, and the level of transactions in the economy. Together, these concepts form the basis of the quantity theory of money.

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• 25.

### Money circulates in the economy from ________ to ________, and back to customers several times a year.

customers
producers
Explanation
Money circulates in the economy from customers to producers, and back to customers several times a year. This means that customers spend money on goods and services produced by producers, who in turn receive that money as revenue. The producers then use this revenue to pay for their expenses, such as wages and raw materials, and the cycle continues as customers purchase more goods and services. This circulation of money is essential for the functioning of the economy and supports economic growth.

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• 26.

### The relation between money and price level is extremely ________ in a market economy.

significant, Significant
Explanation
In a market economy, the relationship between money and price level is extremely significant. This means that changes in the amount of money in circulation directly impact the overall price level in the economy. When there is an increase in the money supply, it leads to inflation and higher prices. Conversely, a decrease in the money supply can result in deflation and lower prices. Therefore, the connection between money and price level is crucial in understanding and analyzing the functioning of a market economy.

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• 27.

### ________ is the speed with which money changes hands.

Velocity, velocity
Explanation
Velocity refers to the speed at which money circulates in the economy. It measures the frequency with which money is spent or used to purchase goods and services. A higher velocity indicates that money is changing hands more frequently, suggesting a more active and robust economy. Conversely, a lower velocity suggests that money is being held onto or saved, indicating a slower economy. Therefore, the correct answer is velocity.

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• 28.

### Cost-push inflation can occur when ________ of production decrease the aggregate supply (the amount of total production) in the economy.

higher costs, Higher costs
Explanation
Cost-push inflation occurs when there is an increase in the costs of production, which leads to a decrease in the aggregate supply of goods and services in the economy. This can happen due to various factors such as an increase in wages, raw material prices, or taxes. When production costs rise, businesses are forced to increase the prices of their products to maintain profitability, leading to inflationary pressures in the economy. Therefore, higher costs can result in a decrease in aggregate supply, causing cost-push inflation.

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• 29.

### In the early 1970s, the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) took steps to decrease global oil supply. During the period there was no extraordinary increase in the volume of consumption, but the prices still surged. What sort of inflation this most likely is?

Cost-push inflation, cost-push inflation
Explanation
The increase in general level of prices due to increase in oil, which is an important input in every production process, is clearly a cost-push inflation. Since spending volume has not changed, there is little indication that such an inflation has any demand-pull factor.

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• 30.

### As a result of inflation, the value of savings would be ________ than when it was first deposited.

less
Explanation
As a result of inflation, the value of savings would be less than when it was first deposited. Inflation refers to the general increase in prices over time, which reduces the purchasing power of money. This means that the same amount of money will be able to buy fewer goods and services in the future. Therefore, the value of savings will decrease over time due to inflation, resulting in a lower amount than the initial deposit.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 06, 2020
Quiz Created by
Dangngoctram.uli

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