Lkp. Duta Course Tanjungbalai

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PELATIHAN TOEFL STRUCTURE 2

• 1.

1. According to the third law of thermodynamics, _____ possible is –273.16 degrees centigrade.

• A.

That temperature is lowest

• B.

The temperature is lower

• C.

Lowest temperature

• D.

The lowest temperature.

D. The lowest temperature.
Explanation
The correct answer is "the lowest temperature." According to the third law of thermodynamics, the lowest possible temperature is -273.16 degrees centigrade. This is known as absolute zero, where all molecular motion ceases.

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• 2.

After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movement known as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis, both __ her novels and shorts stories.

• A.

In which the influence

• B.

Of which influenced

• C.

To have influence

• D.

Its influence in

C. To have influence
Explanation
After the First World War, the author Anais Nin became interested in the art movement known as Surrealism and in psychoanalysis, both to have influence her novels and shorts stories. This suggests that Anais Nin actively sought to incorporate the ideas and techniques of Surrealism and psychoanalysis into her literary works, indicating that these influences were intentional and purposeful.

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• 3.

Muskrats generally _____ close to the edge of a bog, where their favorite plant foods grow plentifully.

• A.

Staying

• B.

They are staying

• C.

Stay

• D.

To stay there

C. Stay
Explanation
Muskrats generally stay close to the edge of a bog because it is where their favorite plant foods grow plentifully.

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• 4.

Oliver Ellsworth,____ of the United States Supreme Court, was the author of the bill that established the federal court system.

• A.

He was the third chief justice

• B.

The third chief justice was

• C.

Who the third chief justice

• D.

The third chief justice

D. The third chief justice
Explanation
Oliver Ellsworth, the third chief justice of the United States Supreme Court, was the author of the bill that established the federal court system.

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• 5.

_____ Colonial period the great majority of Connecticut’s settlers came from England.

• A.

Since

• B.

The time

• C.

During the

• D.

It was

C. During the
Explanation
During the Colonial period, the great majority of Connecticut's settlers came from England. This suggests that the influx of settlers from England occurred specifically during the Colonial period in Connecticut.

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• 6.

A politician can make a legislative proposal more _____ by giving specific examples of what its effect will be.

• A.

To understanding

• B.

Understandably

• C.

Understandable

• D.

When understood

C. Understandable
Explanation
A politician can make a legislative proposal more understandable by giving specific examples of what its effect will be. This means that by providing concrete examples, the politician can clarify and simplify the proposal, making it easier for people to comprehend and grasp its implications. This approach helps to eliminate confusion and ensures that the proposal is clear and comprehensible to the general public.

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• 7.

Playing the trumpet with dazzling originality,___ dominated jazz for 20 years.

• A.

Louis Armstrong

• B.

The influence of Louis Armstrong

• C.

The music of Louis Armstrong

• D.

Louis Armstrongâ€™s talent

A. Louis Armstrong
Explanation
Louis Armstrong dominated jazz for 20 years with his dazzling originality in playing the trumpet. His unique style and virtuosity revolutionized the genre, making him one of the most influential figures in the history of jazz. Armstrong's talent and innovative approach to music set him apart from his contemporaries, allowing him to leave a lasting impact on the development of jazz.

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• 8.

Before every presidential election in the United States, the statisticians try to guess the proportion of the population that __ for each candidate.

• A.

Are voted

• B.

Voting

• C.

To be voted

• D.

Will vote

D. Will vote
Explanation
The correct answer is "will vote" because the phrase "before every presidential election" indicates a future event, and the statisticians are trying to predict the proportion of the population that will vote for each candidate.

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• 9.

_____at a river ford on the Donner Pass route to California, the city of Reno grew as bridges and railroad were built.Which one do you like?

• A.

Settle

• B.

To settle

• C.

It was settling

• D.

Having been settled

D. Having been settled
Explanation
The correct answer is "Having been settled." This is because the sentence is referring to the past action of the city of Reno growing as bridges and railroads were built. The phrase "Having been settled" indicates that the settling of the city happened before the growth occurred.

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• 10.

The air inside a house or office building often has higher concentrations of contaminants_____ heavily polluted outside air.Which one do you like?

• A.

Than does

• B.

More

• C.

As some that are

• D.

Like of

A. Than does
Explanation
The correct answer is "than does". This is because the sentence is comparing the concentration of contaminants in the air inside a house or office building to the concentration of contaminants in heavily polluted outside air. The word "than" is used to indicate the comparison between the two.

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• 11.

Pop Art was a movement (a)of the 1950’s and 1960’s whom(b)imagery was based on(c)readily recognized American products and people(d)

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
The correct answer is "b". The explanation for this answer is that Pop Art was a movement of the 1950's and 1960's whose imagery was based on readily recognized American products and people. This suggests that the movement drew inspiration from popular culture and everyday objects, making it accessible and relatable to a wide audience.

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• 12.

Because the tachinid fly is a parasite of harmful(a)insects, much(b)species have been imported(c)into the United States to combat(d)insect pests.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

B. B
Explanation
The word "much" in this sentence should be replaced with "many" to maintain grammatical correctness. "Many" is used to describe countable nouns, while "much" is used for uncountable nouns. In this context, "species" is a countable noun, so "many" should be used instead of "much".

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• 13.

All almost(a)the electricity for industrial(b)use(c)comes from large generators driven(d)by steam turbines.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
Explanation
The word "almost" in the sentence indicates that not all electricity for industrial use comes from large generators driven by steam turbines. Therefore, the correct answer is "a" to indicate that only a significant portion, but not all, of the electricity comes from these generators.

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• 14.

The Egyptians first(a)discovered that drying(b)fruit preserved it made it sweeter(c)and improvement (d) its flavor.

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

D. D
Explanation
The correct answer is d. "its flavor." This is because the sentence is discussing the improvement of the flavor of dried fruit, indicating that there was already a flavor present before the drying process. The word "its" refers back to the fruit, indicating that the flavor of the fruit is being improved.

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• 15.

During his twelve year there(a)Ellsi Marsalis turned(b)the New Orleans Center for the Creative Arts into a rich(c)training place for future jazz stars(d).

• A.

A

• B.

B

• C.

C

• D.

D

A. A
Explanation
The sentence is describing the actions of Ellsi Marsalis during his twelve years. The word "there" is incorrect in this context as it does not make sense. It should be replaced with "tenure" or "time" to convey the intended meaning.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Apr 09, 2019
Quiz Created by
HENDRA SYAHPUTRA

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