Epidemiological Research Trivia Quiz!

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 107

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Epidemiological Research Trivia Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The hallmark feature of an analytic epidemiological study is:
    • A. 

      The use of an appropriate comparison group

    • B. 

      A clear definition of disease that does not change over time

    • C. 

      The random allocation of individuals to treatment

    • D. 

      Publication in a peer-reviewed journal

  • 2. 
    A case-control study differs from a cohort study in that:
    • A. 

      Subjects are asked about their exposure status in a cohort study but not in a case-control-study

    • B. 

      Subjects are enrolled or categorised on the basis of their disease status in a case-control study but not in a cohort study

    • C. 

      Subjects are enrolled or categorised on the basis of their disease status in a cohort study but not in a case-control study

    • D. 

      Cohort studies always require many years to conduct, but case-control studies do not

  • 3. 
    This table shows data from an epidemiological study. What type of study was this most likely to be? 
    • A. 

      Cross-sectional

    • B. 

      Case-control

    • C. 

      Cohort

    • D. 

      Randomized controlled trial

  • 4. 
    Considering the data shown in this table: What is the incidence rate among those who were exposed to the risk factor under study?
    • A. 

      13.3 per 100 person-years

    • B. 

      13.3 per 100,000 person-years

    • C. 

      35.9 per 100 person-years

    • D. 

      35.9 per 100,000 person-years

  • 5. 
    Considering the data shown in this table, what is the relative risk of disease for those exposed to the risk factor under study compared to the unexposed? RR=[Blank] (use 2 decimal places)
  • 6. 
    To assess the association between a certain rare type of cancer and a sedentary lifestyle, investigators conducted a case-control study with 100 cases (with cancer) and 200 controls (without cancer). Among the patients with cancer, 50 had a sedentary lifestyle history; among the controls, the number with a sedentary lifestyle history was also 50.  What is the odds ratio for the association between sedentary lifestyle and cancer? OR= [Blank] (use 1 decimal place)
  • 7. 
    Consider the following clinical question: To what extent teenage patients who are obese compared to those who have normal weight prior to open appendectomy, have a higher risk of post-operative complications? Which type of clinical question is this? Identify the clinical domain
    • A. 

      Aetiology

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Prognosis

    • D. 

      Therapy

  • 8. 
    Consider the following clinical question: To what extent teenage patients who are obese compared to those who have normal weight prior to open appendectomy, have higher risk of post-operative complications? What is the best study design to answer this clinical question?
    • A. 

      Case-control study

    • B. 

      Cohort study

    • C. 

      Cross-sectional study

    • D. 

      Randomised controlled trial

  • 9. 
    Consider the following clinical question: In male heavy smokers newly diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) would the administration of varenicline be more effective for long-term smoking cessation than nicotine replacement therapy? Which type of clinical question is this? Identify the clinical domain.
    • A. 

      Aetiology

    • B. 

      Diagnosis

    • C. 

      Prognosis

    • D. 

      Therapy

  • 10. 
    Consider the following clinical question: In male heavy smokers newly diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) would the administration of varenicline be more effective for long-term smoking cessation than nicotine replacement therapy? What is the best study design to answer this clinical question?
    • A. 

      Cohort study

    • B. 

      Case-control study

    • C. 

      Randomised controlled trial

    • D. 

      Cross-sectional study

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