Quiz On Plato And Aristotle

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Quiz On Plato And Aristotle - Quiz

Questions has been asked from the Unit 1 - Plato and Aristotle


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Who is the disciple of Socrates?

    • A.

      Plato

    • B.

      Aristotle

    • C.

      Longinus

    • D.

      Dr. Johnson

    Correct Answer
    A. Plato
    Explanation
    Plato is the correct answer because he was indeed a disciple of Socrates. Plato was a Greek philosopher and mathematician who studied under Socrates and later became his most famous student. He went on to establish his own philosophical school, the Academy, and became one of the most influential figures in Western philosophy.

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  • 2. 

    Who is the disciple of Socrates?

    • A.

      Plato

    • B.

      Aristotle

    • C.

      Longinus

    • D.

      Dr. Johnson

    Correct Answer
    A. Plato
    Explanation
    Plato is the disciple of Socrates. Plato was a Greek philosopher and mathematician who studied under Socrates and became his most famous student. He went on to establish his own philosophical school, the Academy, and is known for his dialogues and writings on various topics, including ethics, politics, and metaphysics. Plato's works have had a significant influence on Western philosophy and continue to be studied and debated to this day.

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  • 3. 

    Which work of Plato is written in the form of Conversation?

    • A.

      Laws

    • B.

      Dialogues

    • C.

      Phaedrus

    • D.

      Republic

    Correct Answer
    B. Dialogues
    Explanation
    Plato's Dialogues are written in the form of conversations, making it the correct answer. These dialogues present philosophical ideas and arguments through discussions between Socrates and other characters. Each dialogue explores different topics and allows readers to engage in the intellectual discourse between the characters. The conversations serve as a method for Plato to convey his philosophical teachings and provoke critical thinking among readers.

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  • 4. 

    What are all the books written by Aristotle?

    • A.

      Republic

    • B.

      Poetics

    • C.

      Art of Poetry

    • D.

      Rhetoric

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Poetics
    D. Rhetoric
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Poetics" and "Rhetoric". These are two books written by Aristotle. "Poetics" is a work of literary criticism where Aristotle discusses the principles of poetry and drama. "Rhetoric" is a treatise on the art of persuasion and public speaking. Both of these books are important contributions to their respective fields and showcase Aristotle's intellectual prowess.

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  • 5. 

    Who is the teacher of Alexander, the Great?

    • A.

      Socrates

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      King John

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    D. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle is the correct answer because he was the teacher of Alexander the Great. Aristotle was a Greek philosopher and scientist who was the tutor of Alexander during his youth. He had a significant influence on Alexander's education, shaping his thinking and knowledge in various subjects such as philosophy, politics, and science. This close relationship between Aristotle and Alexander played a crucial role in Alexander's later achievements as a military leader and ruler.

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  • 6. 

    ______________________, Plato says with The Republic are the ultimate reality.

    • A.

      Ideas

    • B.

      Poetry

    • C.

      Drama

    • D.

      Style

    Correct Answer
    A. Ideas
    Explanation
    Plato's philosophy, as expressed in The Republic, centers around the concept of Forms or Ideas. According to Plato, these Ideas are the ultimate reality, the true essence of things that exist in a perfect and unchanging state. In The Republic, Plato explores various aspects of society and government, using the concept of Ideas to argue for the existence of an ideal state. Therefore, the correct answer to the question is "Ideas."

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  • 7. 

    Poetry, according to Aristotle, makes an immediate appeal to the ________________.

    • A.

      Intellect

    • B.

      Life

    • C.

      Emotions

    • D.

      Reality

    Correct Answer
    C. Emotions
    Explanation
    According to Aristotle, poetry makes an immediate appeal to emotions. Poetry is a form of art that aims to evoke emotional responses from its readers or listeners. It often uses language, imagery, and rhythm to create a powerful emotional impact. By tapping into the emotions of the audience, poetry can deeply resonate with them and convey its intended message or meaning.

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  • 8. 

    According to Plato, _______________ is superior to the Epic.

    • A.

      Drama

    • B.

      Tragedy

    • C.

      Comedy

    • D.

      Poetry

    Correct Answer
    B. Tragedy
    Explanation
    According to Plato, tragedy is superior to the epic. Plato believed that tragedy, with its ability to evoke emotions and catharsis in the audience, had a greater impact on moral and intellectual development. Tragedy, through its depiction of suffering and the consequences of human actions, allows individuals to reflect on their own lives and make moral judgments. In contrast, Plato considered the epic to be more focused on entertainment and storytelling, lacking the moral and intellectual depth that tragedy possesses. Therefore, Plato argued that tragedy holds a higher position in terms of its ability to educate and enlighten the audience.

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  • 9. 

    "A Poet is good artist only in so far as he is a good teacher" ________________ who, among the following made the statement?

    • A.

      Plato

    • B.

      Sidney

    • C.

      Dr. Johnson

    • D.

      Aristotle

    Correct Answer
    A. Plato
    Explanation
    Plato believed that a poet can only be considered a good artist if they are also a good teacher. This suggests that Plato valued the educational aspect of poetry and believed that a poet's ability to teach and impart knowledge was integral to their artistic skill.

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  • 10. 

    According to Plato, Art is _________________ removed from reality

    • A.

      Once

    • B.

      Thrice

    • C.

      Twice

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Twice
    Explanation
    According to Plato, art is twice removed from reality. This means that art is a representation of the physical world, which is already an imitation of the ideal forms. Therefore, art is a copy of a copy, making it two steps away from the true reality. Plato believed that art is a mere illusion and distracts people from seeking true knowledge and understanding.

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  • 11. 

    Plato wrote about the "Art of Good Speech" in his book ________________

    • A.

      Laws

    • B.

      Dialogues

    • C.

      History

    • D.

      Phaedrus

    Correct Answer
    D. Phaedrus
    Explanation
    Plato wrote about the "Art of Good Speech" in his book Phaedrus. In this dialogue, Plato explores the nature of rhetoric and the power of persuasive speech. He discusses the importance of using rhetoric ethically and emphasizes the role of reason and knowledge in effective communication. Through the character of Socrates, Plato engages in a critical examination of different styles of speech and their impact on the audience. The dialogue also delves into the relationship between love and rhetoric, making it a significant work in Plato's philosophical writings.

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  • 12. 

    Which work of Aristotle deals with Art of Speaking?

    • A.

      Poetics

    • B.

      Rhetoric

    • C.

      Laws

    • D.

      Phaedrus

    Correct Answer
    B. Rhetoric
    Explanation
    Rhetoric is the correct answer because it is the work of Aristotle that specifically deals with the art of speaking. Rhetoric is the study and practice of persuasive communication, including techniques for effective public speaking, argumentation, and persuasion. In this work, Aristotle explores various aspects of rhetoric, such as the three modes of persuasion (ethos, logos, pathos) and the different types of speeches. It is considered one of the most influential works on rhetoric and has had a significant impact on the field of communication and persuasion.

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  • 13. 

    According to Aristotle ___________________ is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete and of certain magnitude.

    • A.

      Tragic-Comedy

    • B.

      Comedy

    • C.

      Tragedy

    • D.

      Poetry

    Correct Answer
    C. Tragedy
    Explanation
    Aristotle believed that tragedy is an imitation of an action that is serious, complete, and of a certain magnitude. Tragedy, according to Aristotle, involves a protagonist who experiences a downfall or suffering due to a tragic flaw or external circumstances. It aims to evoke emotions such as pity and fear in the audience and provides a cathartic release. Tragedy often explores profound themes and raises questions about the human condition.

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  • 14. 

    In Tragedy, falling action is also known as ________________.

    • A.

      Denouement

    • B.

      Peripetia

    • C.

      Anagnorisis

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Denouement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Denouement. In a tragedy, the falling action refers to the events that occur after the climax and lead to the resolution of the story. The denouement is the final part of the falling action where the conflicts are resolved, loose ends are tied up, and the story comes to a conclusion. It is the moment where the audience gains a deeper understanding of the consequences of the protagonist's actions and the overall outcome of the story.

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  • 15. 

    "Anagnorisis" is a term used by Aristotle for describing:

    • A.

      The reversal of fortune for the Protagonist

    • B.

      The happy resolution of the Plot

    • C.

      The convergence of the main plot and the sub plot

    • D.

      The Moment of discovery by the Protagonist

    Correct Answer
    D. The Moment of discovery by the Protagonist
    Explanation
    Anagnorisis refers to the moment of discovery by the protagonist. This term, coined by Aristotle, represents the pivotal moment in a story when the main character realizes a crucial piece of information or gains a new understanding that alters their perception of themselves, others, or the events unfolding around them. It is a significant turning point that often leads to a change in the protagonist's actions or motivations, driving the plot forward.

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  • 16. 

    According to Plato, art is highly an 

    • A.

      Imitation - Mimesis

    • B.

      Superior

    • C.

      Inferior

    • D.

      Ugly

    Correct Answer
    A. Imitation - Mimesis
    Explanation
    Plato believed that art is a form of imitation, or mimesis, of the physical world. He argued that art is a reflection of the imperfect and transient nature of the physical realm, making it inferior to the realm of ideas and forms. Plato believed that true knowledge and beauty could only be found in the realm of ideas, and that art was a mere imitation of this higher reality. Therefore, according to Plato, art is considered inferior compared to the realm of ideas and forms.

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  • 17. 

    According to Aristotle, Comedy has been born out of _______________________.

    • A.

      Lyric

    • B.

      Satire

    • C.

      Tragedy

    • D.

      Epic

    Correct Answer
    B. Satire
    Explanation
    Comedy has been born out of satire, according to Aristotle. Satire is a form of humor that uses irony, sarcasm, or ridicule to criticize and expose the flaws or vices of individuals, institutions, or society as a whole. Comedy often relies on satire to create humorous situations and to provide social commentary. Satire allows comedians and writers to highlight and mock the absurdities and contradictions of the world, making it a vital component in the development of comedy as an art form.

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  • 18. 

    Which poetic form grew out of Old Hymns to the Gods?

    • A.

      Satire

    • B.

    • C.

      Epic

    • D.

      Sonnet

    Correct Answer
    C. Epic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Epic. The question asks about a poetic form that originated from Old Hymns to the Gods. An epic is a long narrative poem that typically celebrates heroic deeds and legendary figures. Old Hymns to the Gods were religious songs or hymns dedicated to deities, and over time, these hymns evolved into epic poems that recounted the adventures and heroic feats of gods and heroes. Therefore, the epic form grew out of Old Hymns to the Gods.

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  • 19. 

    Who says, "The Poet should prefer probable impossibilities to impossible probabilities."

    • A.

      Johnson

    • B.

      Plato

    • C.

      Aristotle

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Aristotle
    Explanation
    Aristotle is the correct answer because he believed that a poet should prefer to write about things that are improbable but still possible, rather than things that are impossible but seem probable. This means that a poet should focus on creating believable and realistic stories, even if they involve unlikely events, rather than relying on unrealistic and fantastical elements.

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  • 20. 

    In which book, Aristotle commented on the style of writing?

    • A.

      Poetics

    • B.

      Laws

    • C.

      Rhetoric

    • D.

      Republic

    Correct Answer
    C. Rhetoric
    Explanation
    Aristotle commented on the style of writing in his book "Rhetoric". In this book, he discusses the art of persuasive communication and provides insights into various aspects of effective writing and speaking. Aristotle analyzes the different elements of style, such as word choice, sentence structure, and figurative language, and explores how they can be used to influence an audience. "Rhetoric" is considered one of the foundational texts on the subject and has had a significant impact on the study and practice of persuasive writing throughout history.

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  • 21. 

    What are all the styles of Words arrangement in Prose?

    • A.

      Linear

    • B.

      Loose

    • C.

      Non - Linear

    • D.

      Periodic

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Loose
    D. Periodic
    Explanation
    The answer is "Loose, Periodic" because these are two different styles of word arrangement in prose. In the loose style, the words are arranged in a less structured and more informal manner, allowing for a more relaxed and conversational tone. On the other hand, the periodic style involves organizing the words and phrases in a more structured and formal manner, with a clear and deliberate buildup towards a climax or main point. Both styles offer different approaches to writing and can be used to achieve different effects in prose.

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