General Server Questions! Trivia Quiz

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QUEENDA OWUSU
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General Server Questions! Trivia Quiz - Quiz


Computer networks are set up to ensure that different computers are connected to each other, and a general server makes the retrieval, sharing, and sending of files between the computers in the network easier. Do you know what characteristics make a server perform to par and how to solve some of the issues a server faces? This quiz will help to test your knowledge. Check it out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    DHCP (dynamic host configuration protocol) provides __________ to the client.

    • A.

      IP address

    • B.

      MAC address

    • C.

      Url

    • D.

       None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    A. IP address
    Explanation
    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) provides IP addresses to the client. It is a network protocol that allows devices to obtain IP addresses automatically from a DHCP server. This eliminates the need for manual configuration of IP addresses, making it easier to manage and allocate IP addresses in a network. DHCP ensures that each device on the network has a unique IP address, enabling communication and connectivity between devices.

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  • 2. 

    DHCP is used for ________

    • A.

      IPV6

    • B.

      IPV4

    • C.

      BOTH IPV4 AND IPV6

    • D.

      None of the Mentioned

    Correct Answer
    C. BOTH IPV4 AND IPV6
    Explanation
    DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network management protocol used to automatically assign IP addresses and other network configuration settings to devices on a network. It is used for both IPv4 and IPv6 networks. DHCP ensures that devices can connect to the network and communicate with other devices by providing them with unique IP addresses and necessary network information. Therefore, the correct answer is "BOTH IPV4 AND IPV6".

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  • 3. 

    The DHCP server _________

    • A.

      Maintains a database of available IP addresses

    • B.

      Maintains the information about client configuration parameters

    • C.

      Grants a IP address when receives a request from a client

    • D.

      All of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the mentioned
    Explanation
    The DHCP server performs multiple functions. It maintains a database of available IP addresses, which allows it to allocate and assign IP addresses to clients when they request one. Additionally, the DHCP server also maintains information about client configuration parameters, such as subnet mask, default gateway, and DNS servers. Therefore, it can be concluded that the DHCP server performs all of the mentioned functions.

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  • 4. 

    IP assigned for a client by DHCP server is

    • A.

      For a limited period

    • B.

      For an unlimited period

    • C.

      Not time dependent

    • D.

      None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    A. For a limited period
    Explanation
    The IP address assigned to a client by a DHCP server is for a limited period of time. DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) is a network protocol that automatically assigns IP addresses to devices on a network. The IP address lease provided by the DHCP server is temporary and has a specific duration. After the lease period expires, the client may need to renew the lease or request a new IP address. Therefore, the IP assigned by the DHCP server is not permanent and is valid for a limited period.

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  • 5. 

    DHCP uses UDP port _________ for sending data to the server.

    • A.

      66

    • B.

      67

    • C.

      68

    • D.

      69

    Correct Answer
    B. 67
    Explanation
    DHCP uses UDP port 67 for sending data to the server. The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) is a network management protocol used to automatically assign IP addresses and other network configuration parameters to devices on a network. UDP (User Datagram Protocol) is a connectionless protocol that operates at the transport layer of the OSI model. It is used for sending data packets between devices on a network. In the case of DHCP, the server listens for DHCP requests on port 67, and the client sends its requests to the server using this port.

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  • 6. 

    The DHCP server can provide the _______ of the IP addresses.

    • A.

       dynamic allocation

    • B.

      Automatic allocation

    • C.

      C) static allocation

    • D.

       all of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    D.  all of the mentioned
    Explanation
    The DHCP server can provide all of the mentioned types of IP address allocation. It can dynamically allocate IP addresses, automatically allocate IP addresses, or use static allocation depending on the configuration and requirements of the network.

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  • 7. 

    DHCP client and servers on the same subnet communicate via _________

    • A.

      UDP broadcast

    • B.

      UDP unicast

    • C.

      TCP broadcast

    • D.

      TCP unicast

    Correct Answer
    A. UDP broadcast
    Explanation
    DHCP clients and servers on the same subnet communicate via UDP broadcast. UDP (User Datagram Protocol) is a connectionless protocol that allows for broadcasting messages to multiple devices on a network. In the case of DHCP, the client sends a broadcast message requesting an IP address, and the server responds with a broadcast message containing the assigned IP address. This allows for efficient communication between clients and servers on the same subnet without the need for establishing individual connections.

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  • 8. 

    After obtaining the IP address, to prevent the IP conflict the client may use _________

    • A.

      Internet relay chat

    • B.

      Broader gateway protocol

    • C.

      Address resolution protocol

    • D.

      None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    C. Address resolution protocol
    Explanation
    To prevent IP conflict, the client may use the Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). ARP is a protocol used to map an IP address to a physical (MAC) address on a local network. It allows devices to communicate with each other by resolving the IP address of a device to its corresponding MAC address. By using ARP, the client can ensure that there are no conflicts in IP addresses within the network, as each device will have a unique MAC address associated with its IP address.

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  • 9. 

    What is DHCP snooping?

    • A.

      Techniques applied to ensure the security of an existing DHCP infrastructure

    • B.

      Encryption of the DHCP server requests

    • C.

      Algorithm for DHCP

    • D.

      None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    A. Techniques applied to ensure the security of an existing DHCP infrastructure
    Explanation
    DHCP snooping refers to techniques applied to ensure the security of an existing DHCP infrastructure. It is a security feature that helps prevent unauthorized DHCP servers from providing IP addresses to network clients. By snooping on DHCP messages and verifying the legitimacy of DHCP servers, it provides a layer of protection against rogue DHCP servers and potential network attacks. This helps maintain the integrity and security of the DHCP infrastructure within a network.

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  • 10. 

    If DHCP snooping is configured on a LAN switch, then clients having specific ______ can access the network.

    • A.

      MAC address

    • B.

      IP address

    • C.

      Both MAC address and IP address

    • D.

      None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    C. Both MAC address and IP address
    Explanation
    If DHCP snooping is configured on a LAN switch, clients with specific MAC addresses and IP addresses can access the network. DHCP snooping is a security feature that prevents unauthorized devices from obtaining IP addresses from the DHCP server. By snooping on DHCP messages, the switch can verify the legitimacy of the MAC and IP addresses being used by clients. Therefore, both the MAC address and IP address are required for clients to access the network when DHCP snooping is enabled.

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  • 11. 

    Your company has a main office. The main office is located in a building that has 10 floors. A datacenter on the ground floor contains a Windows Server 2012 failover cluster. The failover cluster contains a DHCP server resource named DHCP1. All client computers receive their IP addresses from DHCP1. All client computers are part of the 131.107.0.0/16 IPv4 subnet. You plan to implement changes to the network subnets to include a separate subnet for each floor of the office building. The subnets will connect by using routers. You need to recommend changes to the DHCP infrastructure to ensure that all of the client computers can receive their IP configuration by using DHCP. What should you recommend?  

    • A.

      Install a remote access server on each floor. Configure a DHCP relay agent on each new DHCP server. Create a scope for each subnet on DHCP1.

    • B.

      Install a DHCP server on each floor. Create a scope for the local subnet on each new DHCP server. Enable DHCP Failover on each new DHCP server.

    • C.

      Configure each router to forward requests for IP addresses to DHCP1. Create a scope for each subnet on DHCP1.

    • D.

      Configure each router to forward requests for IP addresses to DHCP1. Create a scope for the 10.0.0.0/16 subnet on DHCP1.

    Correct Answer
    C. Configure each router to forward requests for IP addresses to DHCP1. Create a scope for each subnet on DHCP1.
    Explanation
    To ensure that all client computers on each floor can receive their IP configuration by using DHCP, it is recommended to configure each router to forward requests for IP addresses to DHCP1 and create a scope for each subnet on DHCP1. By forwarding the requests to DHCP1, the DHCP server can assign IP addresses to the client computers on each floor. Creating a scope for each subnet on DHCP1 ensures that the IP addresses assigned are within the appropriate subnet range for each floor. This setup allows for centralized management of DHCP and ensures that all client computers can receive their IP configuration correctly.

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  • 12. 

    You deploy an Active Directory domain named contoso.com to the network. The domain is configured as an Active Directory-integrated zone. All domain controllers run Windows Server 2012 R2 and are DNS servers. You plan to deploy a child domain named operations.contoso.com. You need to recommend changes to the DNS infrastructure to ensure that users in the operations department can access the servers in the contoso.com domain. What should you include in the recommendation?

    • A.

      A zone delegation for _msdcs.contoso.com

    • B.

      Changes to the replication scope of contoso.com

    • C.

      Changes to the replication scope of _msdcs.contoso.com

    • D.

      Changes to the replication scope of operations.contoso.com

    Correct Answer
    B. Changes to the replication scope of contoso.com
  • 13. 

    Your network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. All servers run either Windows Server 2008 R2 or Windows Server 2012. Your company uses IP Address Management (IPAM) to manage multiple DHCP servers. A user named User1 is a member of the IPAM Users group and is a member of the local Administrators group on each DHCP server. When User1 edits a DHCP scope by using IPAM, the user receives the error message shown in the exhibit. You need to prevent User1 from receiving the error message when editing DHCP scopes by using IPAM. What should you do?

    • A.

      Add User1 to the DHCP Administrators group on each DHCP server.

    • B.

      Add User1 to the IPAM Administrators group.

    • C.

      Run the Set-IpamServerConfig cmdlet.

    • D.

      Run the Invoke-IpamGpoProvisioning cmdlet.

    Correct Answer
    B. Add User1 to the IPAM Administrators group.
    Explanation
    Adding User1 to the IPAM Administrators group will give the user the necessary permissions to edit DHCP scopes without receiving the error message. Being a member of the IPAM Administrators group grants User1 the required privileges to perform administrative tasks related to IPAM, including managing DHCP scopes. This will allow User1 to edit DHCP scopes seamlessly through IPAM without encountering any errors.

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  • 14. 

    Your company has a main office. The network contains an Active Directory domain named contoso.com. The main office contains a server named Server1 that runs Windows Server 2012 R2. Server1 has the Remote Access server role installed and is configured to accept incoming SSTP-based VPN connections. All client computers run Windows 10. The company plans to open a temporary office that will contain a server named Server2 that runs Windows Server 2012 R2 and has the DHCP Server server role installed. The office will also have 50 client computers and an Internet connection. You need to recommend a solution to provide the users in the temporary office with access to the resources in the main office. What should you recommend? More than one answer choice may achieve the goal. Select the BEST answer.

    • A.

      Use the Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) to create a connection package that specifies Server1 as the target for SSTP-based VPN connections. Manually distribute the CMAK package to each client computer in the temporary office.

    • B.

      Install the Remote Access server role on Server2. From Routing and Remote Access on Server2, add a SSTP-based VPN port. From DHCP on Server2, configure the default gateway server option.

    • C.

       Uses the Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) to create a connection package that specifies Server1 as the target for SSTP-based VPN connections. Use a Group Policy object (GPO) to distribute the CMAK package to each client computer in the temporary office.

    • D.

      Install the Remote Access server role on Server2. From Routing and Remote Access on Server2, configure a demand-dial interface. From DHCP on Server2, configure the default gateway server option.

    Correct Answer
    C.  Uses the Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) to create a connection package that specifies Server1 as the target for SSTP-based VPN connections. Use a Group Policy object (GPO) to distribute the CMAK package to each client computer in the temporary office.
    Explanation
    The recommended solution is to use the Connection Manager Administration Kit (CMAK) to create a connection package that specifies Server1 as the target for SSTP-based VPN connections. This package can then be distributed to each client computer in the temporary office using a Group Policy object (GPO). This solution allows the users in the temporary office to establish VPN connections to the main office's resources through Server1, ensuring secure access to the resources.

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  • 15. 

    Your network contains multiple servers that run Windows Server 2012. All client computers run Windows 8. You need to recommend a centralized solution to download the latest antivirus definitions for Windows Defender. What should you include in the recommendation?

    • A.

       Microsoft System Center 2012 Endpoint Protection

    • B.

      Network Access Protection (NAP)

    • C.

      Microsoft System Center Essentials

    • D.

       Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)

    Correct Answer
    D.  Windows Server Update Services (WSUS)
    Explanation
    Windows Server Update Services (WSUS) should be included in the recommendation. WSUS is a centralized solution that allows administrators to manage the distribution of updates released through Microsoft Update to computers in a corporate environment. By deploying WSUS, administrators can control the download and distribution of antivirus definitions for Windows Defender on client computers running Windows 8, ensuring that all computers have the latest updates and protection against malware.

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