IELTS Hunter - Reading Test

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| By Toanquoctran96
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IELTS Hunter - Reading Test - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

     VENUSThe planet Venus, named after the Roman goddess of love, is the second closest planet to the Sun (Mercury is the closest), and the second brightest natural object in the night sky (after the Moon).  From Earth, Venus is brightest just after sunset and just before dawn. Because of this, the planet is often known as the Morning Star or the Evening Star. Venus is also sometimes known as the Earth's sister, because both planets share similarities in terms of size - Venus' surface area and volume are just a little smaller than Earth's. However, scientists believe that, several billion years ago, Venus and Earth were much more similar than they are today. Back then, Venus' atmosphere was more like Earth's, and there was almost certainly water in liquid form on the surface. Over time, Venus became hotter, and this water evaporated. Today, the planet's surface is a dry dusty desert. Above the ground on Venus are sulphuric acid clouds. These thick clouds prevent the surface of the planet being seen from Earth. Indeed, it is only in the last few decades that scientists have discovered what the surface of the planet is really like. In the early 1990s, NASA's Magellan spacecraft mapped the surface of Venus in detail for the first time. Its radar images of hills, ridges and craters are almost photographic in their quality.

  • 2. 

    Complete the sentences. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer. 

  • 3. 

    SUPERCONDUCTIVITY In 1908, Heike Kamerlingh Onnes became the first scientist to produce liquid helium, achieving the lowest temperatures recorded up to that point. A number of researchers had suggested that materials behaved differently at very low temperatures, and this substance was important in allowing experiments that confirmed it. Working with solid mercury, Onnes demonstrated the phenomenon of superconductivity. This is when the electrical resistance of the metal drops suddenly to zero. No energy is lost as an electric current travels through the material, making it very efficient for storing or transmitting power. Since the work done by Onnes, other superconducting materials have been discovered that can be used at higher temperatures and which are therefore more economical.There are a number of practical applications of superconducting materials. Many of these applications are based on the fact that the materials can be made into extremely powerful electromagnets. These are used in scientific experiments to direct beams of particles. They also form part of maglev trains - trains that float a small distance above the rails because of magnetic forces. Because there is no contact between the train and the rail, this form of transport is capable of very high speeds, although it is unlikely to be in widespread use until costs drop considerably.

  • 4. 

    Which THREE of the following statements are true, according to the reading passage?  NB Your answers may be given in any order.  A. The Moon is the brightest natural object in the night sky.  B. From Earth, Venus is at its brightest in the middle of the night.  C. Venus is a slightly larger planet than Earth.  D. Venus' atmosphere has changed greatly over billions of years.  E. A telescope is required to see Venus' surface from Earth.  F. Scientists now have a detailed map of the surface of Venus.  G. The surface of Venus is almost completely flat.

  • 5. 

    Do the following statements agree with the information given in the Reading Passage? Write  TRUE if the statement agrees with the information FALSE if the statement contradicts the information NOT GIVEN if there is no information on this

  • 6. 

    Complete the summary of the second paragraph. Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the passage for each answer. Superconductors are used in a variety of contexts. Very 16 _________can be made out of superconducting materials and scientists use them in 17 _________ . In transport, maglev trains rely on the 18 _________ produced in superconductors to raise the train above the rails, the lack of 19 _________ meaning that high velocities can be reached. The 20 _________ of maglev systems limit their use.

  • 7. 

    ________

  • 8. 

    ________

  • 9. 

    The ancient Romans had a  ________  called Venus. 

    Explanation
    The ancient Romans had a figure called Venus, who was known as a goddess.

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  • 10. 

    Only ________  is closer to the Sun than Venus. 

    Explanation
    Mercury is the correct answer because it is the planet that is closer to the Sun than Venus. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun in our solar system, while Venus is the second closest. Therefore, only Mercury is positioned between the Sun and Venus, making it the only planet that is closer to the Sun than Venus.

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  • 11. 

    ________

  • 12. 

    Venus has been called the ________ , the Morning Star and the Evening Star. 

    Explanation
    Venus has been referred to as Earth's sister because it is similar in size and composition to Earth. Both planets are rocky and have a similar mass. Additionally, Venus is the closest planet to Earth in terms of distance and they are often seen together in the sky. Venus is often visible as the Morning Star or the Evening Star, depending on its position relative to the Sun.

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  • 13. 

    It is highly likely that there was ________ on Venus in the past. 

    Explanation
    There is a high probability that there was water on Venus in the past. This assumption is based on various scientific studies and observations that suggest the presence of liquid water on the planet's surface billions of years ago. These studies include the detection of certain geological features on Venus that are typically formed by the action of water, as well as the presence of deuterium, a heavy isotope of hydrogen that is often associated with water. Additionally, the planet's proximity to the Sun and its relatively similar size to Earth further support the possibility of water being present on Venus in the past.

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  • 14. 

    Venus is a much ________ planet than it used to be. 

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "hotter" because Venus has experienced a significant increase in its surface temperature over time. This can be attributed to the greenhouse effect caused by the thick atmosphere composed mainly of carbon dioxide. The greenhouse gases trap heat from the Sun, leading to a rise in temperature on the planet's surface. As a result, Venus has become hotter compared to its previous state.

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  • 15. 

    Venus' thick clouds are made of  ________ . 

    Explanation
    Venus' thick clouds are composed of sulphuric acid. This is due to the high temperatures and pressure in Venus' atmosphere, which cause sulfur dioxide and water vapor to react and form sulphuric acid. The clouds of sulphuric acid on Venus create a dense and opaque layer that obscures the planet's surface from view.

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  • 16. 

    The spacecraft Magellan used ________ to create pictures of the surface of Venus.

    Explanation
    The spacecraft Magellan used radar to create pictures of the surface of Venus. Radar is a technology that uses radio waves to detect and map objects, and it was utilized by Magellan to penetrate Venus' thick atmosphere and gather data about its surface features. By bouncing radio waves off the planet's surface and measuring the time it took for the waves to return, Magellan was able to create detailed images of Venus' topography.

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  • 17. 

    Many people had tried to produce liquid helium before Onnes. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not Given

    Correct Answer
    C. Not Given
    Explanation
    The question is asking whether it is true or false that many people had tried to produce liquid helium before Onnes. However, the answer is given as "Not Given," indicating that the information about whether many people had tried to produce liquid helium before Onnes is not provided in the given context. Therefore, we cannot determine the correctness of the statement based on the given information.

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  • 18. 

    Onnes was the only scientist interested in very low temperatures. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not Given

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Onnes was the only scientist interested in very low temperatures." The correct answer is False. This means that Onnes was not the only scientist interested in very low temperatures. There were other scientists who were also interested in studying very low temperatures.

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  • 19. 

    Only metals can be used as superconductors. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not Given

    Correct Answer
    C. Not Given
    Explanation
    The question states that only metals can be used as superconductors. However, the answer given is "Not Given," indicating that the information about whether only metals can be used as superconductors is not provided in the given context. Therefore, we cannot determine the accuracy of the statement based on the information given.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Liquid helium was used for science at very low temperatures. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not Given

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Liquid helium is commonly used in scientific research and experiments that require extremely low temperatures. It has unique properties that make it ideal for cooling and studying various materials and phenomena. Its low boiling point of -268.93°C (-452.07°F) allows it to reach temperatures close to absolute zero, making it a valuable tool in fields such as physics, chemistry, and materials science. Therefore, the statement "Liquid helium was used for science at very low temperatures" is true.

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  • 21. 

    Superconductors that work at higher temperatures are more expensive. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Not Given

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is "Superconductors that work at higher temperatures are more expensive." The correct answer is False. This means that superconductors that work at higher temperatures are not more expensive. This suggests that the cost of superconductors is not directly proportional to the temperature at which they operate.

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  • 22. 

    ________

    Correct Answer
    powerful electromagnets
  • 23. 

    ________

    Correct Answer
    scientific experiments, experiments
  • 24. 

    ________

    Correct Answer
    magnetic forces
  • 25. 

    ________

    Correct Answer
    contact
  • 26. 

    ________

    Correct Answer
    costs

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 09, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Toanquoctran96

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