Academic Quiz On Section 1 Database Design Oracle

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Academic Quiz On Section 1 Database Design Oracle - Quiz

Do you know what the basic steps for designing a database are? Check out this academic quiz based on section 1 of database design Oracle. Here, we will ask a few questions in the true and false format about the oracle database to test your knowledge of this database software. Oracle is a multi-model database management system that stores and retrieves related information. Oracle is produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation. Play the quiz to review your understanding of it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    A row is called a record.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A row in a database is commonly referred to as a record. This is because a row represents a single instance or entry of data, similar to a record in a physical record-keeping system. Each row contains a set of related data that is grouped together as a record, making it easier to organize and retrieve information from a database. Therefore, the statement "A row is called a record" is true.

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  • 2. 

    A table is a collection of records.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A table is a data structure that organizes information into rows and columns, where each row represents a record and each column represents a specific attribute or field. Therefore, a table can be considered as a collection of records, making the statement "A table is a collection of records" true.

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  • 3. 

    By defining primary and foreign key, you can ensure that the integrity of the data in a table is maintained.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    By defining primary and foreign keys, you can establish a relationship between two tables in a database. The primary key uniquely identifies each record in the table, ensuring data integrity by preventing duplicate or null values. On the other hand, the foreign key establishes a link between tables, enforcing referential integrity by ensuring that values in the foreign key column correspond to values in the primary key column of the referenced table. This helps maintain the consistency and accuracy of the data in the database, making the statement true.

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  • 4. 

    It is important to identify and document business rules when designing a database.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Identifying and documenting business rules when designing a database is important because it helps ensure that the database accurately represents the requirements and constraints of the business. Business rules define the logic and constraints that govern how data is stored, processed, and accessed in the database. By documenting these rules, it becomes easier to understand and maintain the database over time, and it also helps in making informed decisions during the design process. Therefore, it is crucial to identify and document business rules when designing a database.

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  • 5. 

    All Business Rules can be modeled.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false because not all business rules can be modeled. Some business rules may be too complex or subjective to be accurately represented in a model. Additionally, there may be external factors or constraints that cannot be captured in a model. Therefore, it is not possible to model all business rules.

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  • 6. 

    A database is a centralized and structured set of data stored on a computer system and provides facilities for retrieving, adding, modifying and deleting the data when required.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A database is indeed a centralized and structured set of data stored on a computer system. It provides various facilities such as retrieving, adding, modifying, and deleting the data as needed. This statement accurately describes the characteristics and functionalities of a database, making the answer true.

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  • 7. 

    Information can be defined as facts from which you can deduce new facts.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement defines information as facts from which you can deduce new facts. However, information is not limited to just facts, it can also include data, knowledge, or even opinions. Therefore, the statement is false as it provides a limited definition of information.

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  • 8. 

    In the relational database model, each table name must be unique. The column names in the table must be unique too. You can have two different tables that have column names that are similar.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the relational database model, it is necessary for each table name to be unique because it helps in identifying and distinguishing between different tables. Similarly, column names in a table must also be unique to avoid confusion and ensure accurate data retrieval and manipulation. However, it is possible to have two different tables with similar column names as long as they are in separate tables and do not create any conflicts or ambiguities in the database structure.

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  • 9. 

    A relational model describes a database in terms of tables, columns, and joins between tables.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A relational model is a conceptual framework that describes how data is organized and structured in a database system. It represents data as tables, with each table consisting of rows and columns. The columns represent attributes or properties of the data, while the rows represent individual records or instances. The relational model also allows for establishing relationships or joins between tables, which enables the retrieval and manipulation of data from multiple tables simultaneously. Therefore, the statement that a relational model describes a database in terms of tables, columns, and joins between tables is true.

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  • 10. 

    A flat file may contain many fields, often, with duplicate data that are prone to data corruption.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    A flat file is a type of database that stores data in a plain text format, typically with each record on a separate line and each field separated by a delimiter. Since flat files do not have a structured schema, they can easily contain duplicate data. This can lead to data corruption as it becomes challenging to maintain data integrity and ensure consistency. Therefore, the statement that a flat file may contain many fields with duplicate data prone to data corruption is true.

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  • 11. 

    The market for IT professionals is still increasing and will continue to do so in the future as the world gets ever more dependent on computer systems.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the demand for IT professionals is growing because society is becoming increasingly reliant on computer systems. As technology continues to advance and play a crucial role in various industries, the need for skilled IT professionals to develop, maintain, and support these systems will continue to rise. This trend is expected to continue in the future, making the statement "The market for IT professionals is still increasing and will continue to do so in the future" true.

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  • 12. 

    Once you have learned how to write programs and build systems, you no longer need any input or involvement from any users as you are perfectly capable of delivering the systems that businesses need and want.

    • A.

      False. Business requirements can and will change. For instance new legal requirements may arise.

    • B.

      True. Users never know what they want anyway, so building systems is best left to the professionals.

    Correct Answer
    A. False. Business requirements can and will change. For instance new legal requirements may arise.
    Explanation
    The given answer is false because business requirements can and will change over time. New legal requirements may arise, and it is important to adapt and update systems accordingly. Users may also have evolving needs and preferences, so their input and involvement are necessary to ensure that the systems meet their requirements.

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  • 13. 

    A segment is a set of extents which have been allocated for a specific type of data structure, and all are stored in the same tablespace.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement is true because a segment in a database is a logical storage structure that represents a specific type of data structure, such as a table or an index. Segments are allocated within a tablespace, which is a logical storage container for segments. Therefore, all extents within a segment are stored in the same tablespace.

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  • 14. 

    Every instance of an Oracle Database has an associated redo log to protect the database in case of an instance failure.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the redo log in an Oracle Database is responsible for recording all changes made to the database. It acts as a safeguard in case of an instance failure, allowing the database to be restored to a consistent state by replaying the redo log. This ensures that any committed transactions that were not yet written to disk at the time of the failure are not lost and can be recovered. Therefore, every instance of an Oracle Database has an associated redo log for data protection purposes.

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  • 15. 

    Each database has one unique control file, although it may maintain identical copies of it.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In a database, the control file is a crucial component that stores metadata about the database. It contains information such as the database name, data file locations, log file names, and timestamps of recent backups. The control file is unique to each database, ensuring that it can accurately manage and track the database's operations and changes. However, to ensure data redundancy and availability, multiple identical copies of the control file can be maintained. Therefore, each database has one unique control file, but it may have identical copies as a backup.

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