Miembro Superior Quiz

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| By Emeiareei
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Emeiareei
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 22,379
Questions: 15 | Attempts: 22,383

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Miembro Superior Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Que musculo se inserta en el tuberculo menor del Humero?

    • A.

      Supraespinoso, Sub-escapular

    • B.

      Infraespinoso, Sub-escapular

    • C.

      Supraespinoso, Infraespinoso y redondo menor

    • D.

      Sub-escapular

    • E.

      Infraespinoso, Supraespinoso

    Correct Answer
    D. Sub-escapular
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sub-escapular". The subscapularis muscle is the muscle that inserts into the lesser tubercle of the humerus. It is one of the four muscles that make up the rotator cuff in the shoulder joint. Its main function is to internally rotate the arm and stabilize the shoulder joint.

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  • 2. 

    Que arteria y nervio pasan por la parte posterior del cuello quirurgico del humero?

    • A.

      Nervio Axilar, Arteria Circunfleja humeral posterior

    • B.

      Nervio Radial, Nervio Cubital, Arteria Circunfleja Humeral posterior

    • C.

      Nervio Axilar

    • D.

      Nervio Cubital, Nervio Axilar

    • E.

      Nervio Radial

    Correct Answer
    A. Nervio Axilar, Arteria Circunfleja humeral posterior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nervio Axilar, Arteria Circunfleja humeral posterior. The question is asking which artery and nerve pass through the posterior surgical neck of the humerus. The Nervio Axilar (Axillary Nerve) and Arteria Circunfleja humeral posterior (Posterior Circumflex Humeral Artery) both pass through this area.

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  • 3. 

    Que tipo de articulacion es la articulacion esterno-clavicular?

    • A.

      Bisagra y en silla de montar

    • B.

      Condiliea

    • C.

      Sinovial y en silla de montar

    • D.

      Sinovial, Hueco y Bola

    • E.

      Bisagra

    Correct Answer
    C. Sinovial y en silla de montar
    Explanation
    La articulación esterno-clavicular es del tipo sinovial y en silla de montar. Este tipo de articulación permite el movimiento en múltiples direcciones, incluyendo flexión, extensión, abducción, aducción, rotación y circunducción. La presencia de una superficie cóncava y otra convexa encajadas entre sí, como en una silla de montar, permite este amplio rango de movimiento. La presencia de una cápsula articular y líquido sinovial también indica que se trata de una articulación sinovial.

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  • 4. 

    Cuales son ligamentos de la articulacion esterno-clavicular?

    • A.

      Ligamento externo- clavicular anterior

    • B.

      Ligamento interclavicular

    • C.

      Ligamento Costoclavicular

    • D.

      Ligamento externo-clavicular posterior

    • E.

      Todas

    Correct Answer
    E. Todas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Todas" (All). This means that all of the ligaments mentioned in the options are ligaments of the sternoclavicular joint. The ligaments include the anterior sternoclavicular ligament, the interclavicular ligament, the costoclavicular ligament, and the posterior sternoclavicular ligament.

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  • 5. 

    La articulacion acromio-clavicular es del tipo:

    • A.

      Bisagra

    • B.

      Condilea

    • C.

      Sinovial

    • D.

      Todas

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    C. Sinovial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sinovial." The acromioclavicular joint is a synovial joint, which means it is a freely movable joint. It is a plane joint that allows gliding movements between the acromion process of the scapula and the clavicle. This type of joint is surrounded by a synovial capsule and contains synovial fluid, which helps to reduce friction and facilitate smooth movement between the bones.

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  • 6. 

    Questipo de articulacion es la glenohumeral?

    • A.

      Sinovial- En hueco y bola

    • B.

      Condilea- En Hueco y Bola

    • C.

      Bisagra- En hueco y bola

    • D.

      Todas

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    A. Sinovial- En hueco y bola
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sinovial- En hueco y bola. This means that the type of joint that the glenohumeral joint is classified as is a synovial joint. This type of joint allows for free movement and is characterized by the presence of a synovial cavity, which is a space filled with synovial fluid. The glenohumeral joint is a ball-and-socket joint, which means that it allows for movement in multiple directions, similar to a ball fitting into a socket.

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  • 7. 

    Cuales son los musclos de la eminencia tenar

    • A.

      Oponente del pulgar

    • B.

      Flexor Corto del Pulgar

    • C.

      Abductor corto del Pulgar

    • D.

      Todos

    • E.

      A y B

    Correct Answer
    D. Todos
    Explanation
    Todos los músculos mencionados en la pregunta son músculos de la eminencia tenar. La eminencia tenar es una prominencia muscular en la base del pulgar, y estos músculos son responsables de los movimientos y la función de la mano y el pulgar. El oponente del pulgar es responsable de oponer el pulgar a los otros dedos, el flexor corto del pulgar flexiona el pulgar y el abductor corto del pulgar abduce el pulgar. Por lo tanto, la respuesta correcta es "Todos".

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  • 8. 

    Que arteria pasa por la tabaquera anatomica?

    • A.

      Arteria Cubital

    • B.

      Arteria Mediana

    • C.

      A y B

    • D.

      Ninguna

    • E.

      Arteria Radial

    Correct Answer
    E. Arteria Radial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Arteria Radial. The anatomical snuffbox is a triangular depression on the dorsum of the hand, and the radial artery passes through it. The radial artery is one of the major arteries in the forearm and supplies blood to the hand and fingers. It is commonly used for measuring the pulse and for arterial blood gas sampling.

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  • 9. 

    Que tipo de articulacion son las interfalangicas?

    • A.

      Condilea

    • B.

      Bisagra

    • C.

      Sinovial

    • D.

      A y B

    • E.

      Todas

    Correct Answer
    B. Bisagra
    Explanation
    Las articulaciones interfalángicas son del tipo bisagra. Este tipo de articulación permite el movimiento de flexión y extensión en una sola dirección, similar a una bisagra de una puerta. En el caso de las articulaciones interfalángicas, permiten el movimiento de flexión y extensión de los dedos. Por lo tanto, la respuesta correcta es "Bisagra".

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  • 10. 

    En cuales arterias se bifurca la arteria braquial?

    • A.

      Radial

    • B.

      Braquial

    • C.

      Cubital

    • D.

      A y C

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    D. A y C
    Explanation
    La arteria braquial se bifurca en las arterias radial y cubital. La arteria radial se encuentra en el antebrazo y se extiende hacia la mano, mientras que la arteria cubital se encuentra en el brazo y también se extiende hacia el antebrazo y la mano. Por lo tanto, la respuesta correcta es "A y C", ya que ambas opciones mencionan las arterias en las que se bifurca la arteria braquial.

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  • 11. 

    Que se encuentra en la fosa del codo?

    • A.

      El tendon del musculo Biceps Braquial

    • B.

      Arteria Braquial

    • C.

      Nervio Mediano

    • D.

      Todas

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    D. Todas
    Explanation
    En la fosa del codo se encuentran el tendón del músculo Bíceps Braquial, la arteria Braquial y el nervio Mediano. Por lo tanto, todas las opciones mencionadas son correctas.

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  • 12. 

    La invervacion del codo proviene principalmente de:

    • A.

      Nervio Radial y Musculo- cutaneo

    • B.

      Nervio Radial

    • C.

      Musculo -cutaneo

    • D.

      Nervio Cubital

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    A. Nervio Radial y Musculo- cutaneo
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Nervio Radial y Musculo- cutaneo". The explanation for this answer is that the innervation of the elbow primarily comes from the Radial nerve and the Musculo-cutaneous nerve. These nerves supply motor and sensory innervation to the muscles and skin around the elbow joint. The Radial nerve innervates the extensor muscles of the forearm, while the Musculo-cutaneous nerve innervates the biceps brachii muscle. Therefore, both nerves play a significant role in the innervation of the elbow.

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  • 13. 

    Principales elemento de la articulacion del codo:

    • A.

      Membrana Sinovial

    • B.

      Cartilago Hialino

    • C.

      Membrana Fibrosa de la capsula

    • D.

      Almohadillas grasas

    • E.

      Todas

    Correct Answer
    E. Todas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Todas" (All). This means that all of the listed elements are principal components of the elbow joint. The elbow joint consists of various structures that work together to enable movement and provide stability. These structures include the synovial membrane, hyaline cartilage, fibrous membrane of the capsule, and fatty pads. Each of these components plays a crucial role in the functioning of the elbow joint.

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  • 14. 

    Cual es la arteria del compartimiento anterior del brazo?

    • A.

      Arteria Braquial

    • B.

      Arteria Radial

    • C.

      A y B

    • D.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteria Braquial
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Arteria Braquial. The question asks for the artery of the anterior compartment of the arm, and the Arteria Braquial is the correct answer. The Arteria Braquial is a major artery that runs along the anterior aspect of the arm and is responsible for supplying blood to the muscles and tissues of the anterior compartment of the arm. The Arteria Radial, on the other hand, is a different artery that supplies blood to the lateral aspect of the forearm. Therefore, the correct answer is Arteria Braquial.

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  • 15. 

    Que nervio inerva el musculo deltoides?

    • A.

      Nervio Axilar

    • B.

      Nervio mediano

    • C.

      Nervio Radial

    • D.

      B y C

    • E.

      Ninguna

    Correct Answer
    A. Nervio Axilar
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Nervio Axilar. The question is asking which nerve innervates the deltoid muscle. The deltoid muscle is located in the shoulder and is responsible for abducting the arm. The nerve that innervates the deltoid muscle is the axillary nerve, which arises from the brachial plexus and provides motor innervation to the deltoid muscle.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Dec 05, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 17, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Emeiareei
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