Sarcodina, Cestoda and Sporozoa
Cestoda, Digenea and Nematoda
Protozoa, metazoa, and parasite worm
Trematoda, platyhelminths, mastigophora
Long thin unsegmented tube-like bodies with anterior mouths and longitudinal digestive tracts.
Small flat leaf-like bodies.
All Cestodes (tapeworms) have separate sexes with well-developed reproductive systems.
long flat ribbon-like bodies with a single anterior holdfast organ (scolex)
Swallowing infective eggs or larva via the fecal-oral route.
Swallowing infective larvae in the tissues of another host.
Active penetration of the skin by larval stages.
All of the above.
Examination of the stool for ova and parasites (O&P)
Eosinophil antibody by PCR
Sexual cycle; adult
Spore cycle; larva
Asexual cycle; larva
Binary fusion ; adult
Most Taeniasis is symptomatic
Taeniasis only occurs in human and cows
Taeniasis specifically refers to chronic ring worm with self mechanism to invade host immunity.
Taeniasis refers specifically to infection with the adult tapeworm in the gut of the definitive host.
Ingesting fish infected with larval stages
Ingesting vegetation with larva stages
Penetration of skin by larva stages from snails
Ingesting crabs infected with larva stages