Microbiology Study Questions #2

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Amandaregal
A
Amandaregal
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 7 | Total Attempts: 101,640
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 160

SettingsSettingsSettings
Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia

Rest of Micro questions


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Certain dyes may be added to culture media to:

    • A.

      Indicate metabolic activity of microorganisms

    • B.

      Selectively grow certain microogranisms by inhibiting the growth of others

    • C.

      Both

    • D.

      Neither

    Correct Answer
    C. Both
    Explanation
    Certain dyes may be added to culture media to both indicate the metabolic activity of microorganisms and selectively grow certain microorganisms by inhibiting the growth of others. The dyes can act as indicators of metabolic activity by changing color in the presence of certain metabolic byproducts. Additionally, some dyes can have antimicrobial properties, allowing them to inhibit the growth of certain microorganisms while promoting the growth of others. Therefore, the addition of dyes to culture media can serve both purposes simultaneously.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    One of the following is a selective medium used to isolate pathogenic gram negative bacilli from stool specimen:

    • A.

      Salmonella-shigella

    • B.

      Sheep blood agar

    • C.

      MacConkey

    • D.

      Eosin-methylene blue

    Correct Answer
    A. Salmonella-shigella
    Explanation
    Salmonella-shigella is a selective medium used to isolate pathogenic gram-negative bacilli from stool specimens. This medium contains inhibitors that suppress the growth of normal flora and allow the growth of Salmonella and Shigella species. These bacteria are known to cause gastrointestinal infections and are commonly found in contaminated food or water. By using Salmonella-shigella agar, the presence of these pathogenic bacteria can be detected and isolated for further identification and testing.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    The first man to use an antiseptic in surgery to prevent infection was:

    • A.

      Lister

    • B.

      Koch

    • C.

      Pasteur

    • D.

      Tyndal

    Correct Answer
    A. Lister
    Explanation
    Lister is credited as the first man to use an antiseptic in surgery to prevent infection. He introduced the use of carbolic acid as a disinfectant during surgical procedures, which significantly reduced the occurrence of infections. Lister's pioneering work in antiseptic surgery revolutionized the field and laid the foundation for modern surgical practices. Koch, Pasteur, and Tyndal made significant contributions to the field of microbiology, but they were not specifically known for their use of antiseptics in surgery.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    The study of the factors that determine the occurrence of disease in populations is called:

    • A.

      Morbidity

    • B.

      Public health

    • C.

      Epidemiology

    • D.

      Infection control

    Correct Answer
    C. Epidemiology
    Explanation
    Epidemiology is the study of the factors that determine the occurrence of disease in populations. It involves investigating patterns, causes, and effects of diseases in order to prevent and control them. This field focuses on understanding how diseases spread, identifying risk factors, and developing strategies to reduce the impact of diseases on public health.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    The best choice to disinfect a nonmetallic surfaces contaminated with blood would be:

    • A.

      A phenol solution

    • B.

      Fresh 5% bleach

    • C.

      70% isopropyl alcohol

    • D.

      Green soap

    Correct Answer
    B. Fresh 5% bleach
    Explanation
    Fresh 5% bleach is the best choice to disinfect nonmetallic surfaces contaminated with blood. Bleach is a powerful disinfectant that can effectively kill a wide range of microorganisms, including bacteria and viruses. The 5% concentration is strong enough to be effective but not too strong to cause damage to the surface being disinfected. Additionally, using fresh bleach ensures that the disinfectant is at its maximum potency, as bleach loses its effectiveness over time.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The most powerful method of sterilization by heat is:

    • A.

      Dry heat

    • B.

      Boiling

    • C.

      Live steam

    • D.

      Steam under pressure

    Correct Answer
    D. Steam under pressure
    Explanation
    Steam under pressure is the most powerful method of sterilization by heat because it allows for higher temperatures to be reached, which is essential for killing all types of microorganisms, including spores. The high pressure helps to increase the temperature of the steam, ensuring effective sterilization. This method is commonly used in autoclaves, where items are exposed to steam under pressure for a specific period of time to achieve complete sterilization. Dry heat, boiling, and live steam are also used for sterilization, but they are not as powerful or effective as steam under pressure.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Virulence is:

    • A.

      Infectiveness

    • B.

      Pathogenicity

    • C.

      Degree of pathogenicity

    • D.

      Invasiveness

    Correct Answer
    C. Degree of pathogenicity
    Explanation
    Virulence refers to the degree or extent to which a pathogen can cause disease or harm to its host. It is a measure of the pathogenicity of a microorganism, indicating how severe or harmful the infection can be. The term "virulence" encompasses factors such as the ability of the pathogen to invade host tissues, damage cells, evade the immune system, and produce toxins. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "degree of pathogenicity," as it accurately describes the concept of virulence.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    An opportunistic organism is a:

    • A.

      Harmless organism

    • B.

      Normal flora organism

    • C.

      Helpful organism

    • D.

      Potentially harmful organism

    Correct Answer
    D. Potentially harmful organism
    Explanation
    An opportunistic organism is a potentially harmful organism because it takes advantage of a weakened immune system or a specific opportunity to cause infection or disease. While it may not cause harm in a healthy individual, it can become dangerous when the conditions are favorable for its growth and proliferation. These organisms can cause infections like pneumonia, urinary tract infections, or bloodstream infections in individuals with compromised immune systems or underlying health conditions.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Organisms that have become established in an area of the human body are referred to as:

    • A.

      Normal flora

    • B.

      Opportunists

    • C.

      Symbiotic

    • D.

      Pathogens

    Correct Answer
    A. Normal flora
    Explanation
    Normal flora refers to the microorganisms that naturally reside in or on the human body without causing harm. These organisms have established a balanced and mutually beneficial relationship with the human host. They help in various physiological processes, such as digestion, vitamin synthesis, and immune system regulation. Normal flora can be found in different areas of the body, such as the skin, mouth, intestines, and reproductive organs. Unlike pathogens, they do not cause disease unless there is an imbalance or disruption in their normal population.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Organisms which grow in the presence of atmospheric oxygen are:

    • A.

      Anaerobes

    • B.

      Parasites

    • C.

      Aerobes

    • D.

      Hosts

    Correct Answer
    C. Aerobes
    Explanation
    Aerobes are organisms that require atmospheric oxygen for growth. They have the ability to use oxygen in their metabolic processes in order to produce energy. This is in contrast to anaerobes, which cannot survive in the presence of oxygen, and parasites, which are organisms that live off another organism called the host. Therefore, the correct answer is aerobes.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 28, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Amandaregal
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.