Microbiology Exam Hardest Trivia Questions! Quiz

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Microbiology Quizzes & Trivia

Different types of illnesses affect living things, and some of them do not have cures yet but have preventive measures. The study of microbiology gives us the chance to test out what you know about some of them and the various ways in which they pronounce themselves. Give it a try and be sure to study more on them.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Serum sickness may accompany the development in the body of
    • A. 

      Natural active immunity

    • B. 

      The complement cascade

    • C. 

      Cell-mediated immunity

    • D. 

      Artificial passive immunity

  • 2. 
    All the following are associated with hemolytic disease of the newborn except
    • A. 

      It involves a reaction between red blood cells and antibodies

    • B. 

      It is a type of cytotoxic hypersensitivity

    • C. 

      It is one of the most common diseases among americans

    • D. 

      It can be prevented by taking RhoGAM

  • 3. 
    Di'George's syndrome and Bruton's agammaglobulinemia differ in the
    • A. 

      Type of antibody produced by the immune system

    • B. 

      Cells that the body fails to produce

    • C. 

      Systems affected by the respected diseases

    • D. 

      Organs affected by the respected diseases

  • 4. 
    Cellular immunity is defective and susceptibility to many fungal and protozoal diseases is high in persons who suffer
    • A. 

      Edema

    • B. 

      Hemolytic disease of the unborn

    • C. 

      Hashimoto's syndrome

    • D. 

      Anaphylactic shock

    • E. 

      Di'Gerorge's syndrome

  • 5. 
    An essential element of all allergy reactions is the
    • A. 

      Release of interferons from tissue cells

    • B. 

      Accumulation of IgE on the surfaces of mast cells and basophils

    • C. 

      Passage of IgG of the immune system to local tissue cells

    • D. 

      Destruction of cells of the kidney by products of mast cells

    • E. 

      Elimination of all traces of plasma cells from the body

  • 6. 
    The transfusion reaction that arises from the mixing of incompatible blood types illustrates a(n)
    • A. 

      Infection allergy of the highest order

    • B. 

      Type 1 hypersensitivity

    • C. 

      Immune complex reaction

    • D. 

      Cytotoxic hypersensitivity

    • E. 

      Form of lupus erythematosus

  • 7. 
    All of the following are true of passive immunity except
    • A. 

      It may arise from an injection of antibodies

    • B. 

      An injection of vaccine is usually required

    • C. 

      It may be acquired by a child from its mother

    • D. 

      Antibodies are introduced into the body

    • E. 

      Convalscent serum may be administrated to bring it about

  • 8. 
    an individual naturally acquires natural active immunity after
    • A. 

      An injection of IgG

    • B. 

      An infusion of T-lymphs

    • C. 

      Treatment with an oral vaccine

    • D. 

      Suffering of an illness

    • E. 

      An injection of IgA

  • 9. 
    active immunity develops after
    • A. 

      Antibodies are injected into the body

    • B. 

      Antiserum is injected into the body

    • C. 

      Antibodies pass across the placenta to the fetus

    • D. 

      Antibodies pass in the colostrum to the fetus

    • E. 

      Antigens enter the body and induce an immune response

  • 10. 
    In the secondary anamnestic response
    • A. 

      The body is exposed to antigens

    • B. 

      Phagocytosis is stimulated by lymphokines

    • C. 

      The body is exposed to antibodies

    • D. 

      Polyvalent serum is injected into the body

    • E. 

      The T-lymphs are stimulated by antibody presence

  • 11. 
    antibodies produced against bacterial pili would inhibit
    • A. 

      Capsular polysaccharide production

    • B. 

      Penetration of bacteria through human tissue

    • C. 

      Destruction of human blood cells

    • D. 

      Bacterial motion

    • E. 

      Attachment of bacteria to human tissues

  • 12. 
    a child receiving antibodies in the colostrum during nursing has acquired immunity that is
    • A. 

      Passive and active

    • B. 

      Active and natural

    • C. 

      Natural and artificial

    • D. 

      Passive and natural

    • E. 

      Artificial and passive

  • 13. 
    the major histocompatibility complex of antigens may be found
    • A. 

      On the surface of body cells

    • B. 

      Only on cells sensitized during allergic reactions

    • C. 

      Only on cells involved in a xenograft

    • D. 

      On cells stimulated by the urushiol in poison ivy plants

    • E. 

      Together with immune complexes

  • 14. 
    an isograft is a tissue that has been transplanted
    • A. 

      Between an animal and a human

    • B. 

      Between a parent and a child

    • C. 

      Between members of different species

    • D. 

      Between one part of the body and another

    • E. 

      Between identical twins

  • 15. 
    agammaglobulinemia refers to a condition wherein a patient
    • A. 

      Cannot produce antibodies

    • B. 

      Is extrmemly allergic to dust

    • C. 

      Readily displays a butterfly rash

    • D. 

      Produces IgG but no IgA or IgM

    • E. 

      Suffers from an infection allergy

  • 16. 
    the diagnosis of turberculosis is aided by
    • A. 

      A positive Neufeld-quellung reaction

    • B. 

      Observation of cells with bipolar staining in the blood

    • C. 

      Recovery of acid fast rods from the septum

    • D. 

      A skin rash on the palms and soles

    • E. 

      A positive Weil-Felix test

  • 17. 
    all of the following apply to meningococcal meningitis except
    • A. 

      The causation organism is a gram negative diplococcus

    • B. 

      Skin rash usually occurs

    • C. 

      Transmission may be by respiratory droplets

    • D. 

      Meningococcemia can occur

    • E. 

      Fatalities are rare even in untreated cases

  • 18. 
    the erythrogenic toxin in streptococcal disease is responsible for
    • A. 

      The formation of lesions in the heart

    • B. 

      The skin rash

    • C. 

      The kidney infection which complicates the disease

    • D. 

      The Waterhous-Friderichsen syndrome

    • E. 

      The inability of nerve impulses to the jump the synapse

  • 19. 
    cases of psittacosis may be acquired by
    • A. 

      Contact with infected parrots or parakeets

    • B. 

      A deep puncture by a contaminated nail

    • C. 

      The bite of a mosquito

    • D. 

      Consumption of raw milk

    • E. 

      Eating contaminated diary products such as cheese

  • 20. 
    cases  pf pneumnococcal pneumonia commonly
    • A. 

      Occur only in children

    • B. 

      Are caused by gram-negative streptococci

    • C. 

      Are due to mycoplasmas

    • D. 

      Affect the bronchial tubes and lungs

    • E. 

      Affect the nerves in the heart muscle

  • 21. 
    Nosocomial infections are those that
    • A. 

      Are transmitted solely by droplets from the nose

    • B. 

      Are usually acquired in the hospital

    • C. 

      Are caused exclusively by protozoa

    • D. 

      Restrict themselves to the blood

    • E. 

      Cannot be caused by viruses

  • 22. 
    Penicillin is useless for the treatment of primary atypical pneumonia because the causative organisms
    • A. 

      Develop resistance rapidly

    • B. 

      Are gram negative

    • C. 

      Grow only within the cells

    • D. 

      Are types of protozoa

    • E. 

      Have no cell wall

  • 23. 
    Haemophilus influenzae is currently recognized as an important cause of
    • A. 

      Meningitis in young children

    • B. 

      Cervical tumors

    • C. 

      Renal failure in patients undergoing immunosuppresive therapy

    • D. 

      Skin ulcers in populations from tropical regions

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 24. 
    Case of Legionnaire's disease have been linked to bacteria which
    • A. 

      Are present in the urine

    • B. 

      Accumulate in standing water

    • C. 

      Appear as staphylococci

    • D. 

      Cannot be cultivated in the laboratory

    • E. 

      Have a cell wall but no cell membrane

  • 25. 
    all of the following are bacterial disease of the lower respiratory tract except
    • A. 

      Tuberculosis

    • B. 

      Legionnaires disease

    • C. 

      Psittacosis

    • D. 

      Klebsiella pneumonia

    • E. 

      Perttussis (whooping cough)

  • 26. 
    The incubation period for staphylococcal food poisioning is shorter than that for salmonellosis because
    • A. 

      Staphylococci grow more rapidly

    • B. 

      Staphylococcal food poisoning is due to a toxic rather than a growth of bacteria

    • C. 

      Salmonella serotypes must reach the blood before symptoms are experienced

    • D. 

      The food which contains Salmonella serotypes is usually uncooked

    • E. 

      Staphylococci grow only under high-salt conditions

  • 27. 
    The botulism toxin induces paralysis in the body by
    • A. 

      Degenerating the synaptic end brush

    • B. 

      Inhibiting protein synthesis in the end brush

    • C. 

      Degrading the cell membrane of nerve cells

    • D. 

      Preventing the release of acetylcholine in the synpase

    • E. 

      All of these

  • 28. 
    Antibiotics are of no value in the treating botulism because
    • A. 

      The person is intoxicated rather than infected

    • B. 

      The bacteria re generally resistant to antibiotics

    • C. 

      Antibiotics cannot reach the toxins in the nerve endings

    • D. 

      The intestine rapidly eliminates the antibiotic before it can function

    • E. 

      No antibotulism antibiotic has been yet found

  • 29. 
    The hallmark of established cases of cholera is
    • A. 

      Undulating fever

    • B. 

      Extensive loss of fluid

    • C. 

      Extreme jaundice

    • D. 

      Blood in the respiratory secretions

    • E. 

      Rose spots

  • 30. 
    All of the following apply to Clostridium botulinum except
    • A. 

      It produces a high molecular weight toxin

    • B. 

      It may be involved in sudden infant death syndrome

    • C. 

      It is an important cause of disease in agriculture crops

    • D. 

      It is a gram positive anaerobic sporeforming rod

    • E. 

      It may be the cause of food poisoning

  • 31. 
    Travelers to cholera regions of the world
    • A. 

      Should wear mosquito protection

    • B. 

      Should receive gamma globulin injections

    • C. 

      Can be immunized against cholera

    • D. 

      Cannot help contracting cholera

    • E. 

      Should avoid stray dogs

  • 32. 
    All the following characteristics apply to Salmonella serotypes except
    • A. 

      They can cause pneumonia

    • B. 

      They are gram negative rods

    • C. 

      They can be transmitted by food

    • D. 

      They commonly infect chickens and turkeys

    • E. 

      They can cause foodborne infections

  • 33. 
    All the following bacteria re recognized as causes of foodborne or waterborne infections except
    • A. 

      Salmonella typhosa

    • B. 

      Shgella sonnei

    • C. 

      Yersinia enterocolitica

    • D. 

      Vibrio choleria

    • E. 

      Yersinia pestis

  • 34. 
    Anthrax may be acquired by all of the following methods except
    • A. 

      Consumption of contaminated meat

    • B. 

      Inhalation of airborne spores

    • C. 

      Contact with infected animals

    • D. 

      Insect bite

    • E. 

      Contact with animal products

  • 35. 
    The toxins produced by tetanus bacilli
    • A. 

      Are endotoxins

    • B. 

      Induce uncontrolled contractions of the muscles

    • C. 

      Cause paralysis

    • D. 

      Are normally manufactured in the human intestine

    • E. 

      Are produced under aerobic conditions

  • 36. 
    The primary mode of transmission for Rocky Mountain spotted fever is
    • A. 

      Blood transfusion

    • B. 

      Sexual contact

    • C. 

      Bite of an infected tick

    • D. 

      Inhalation of organisms

    • E. 

      Contact with infected animals

  • 37. 
    Leptospirosis may pose a threat to those who
    • A. 

      Shear sheep for wool production

    • B. 

      Allergic to penicillin drugs

    • C. 

      Work with barnyard animals or household pets

    • D. 

      Consume raw vegetables

    • E. 

      Fall to sterilize canned food properly

  • 38. 
    Two forms of disease associated with Listeria monocytogenes are
    • A. 

      Intestinal ulcers and brain lesions

    • B. 

      Jaundice and destruction of phagocytosis

    • C. 

      Fetal damage and meningitis

    • D. 

      Pneumonia and blockage of the gall bladder

    • E. 

      Paralysis and rose spots

  • 39. 
    Infections due to Clostridium perfringens are accompanied by
    • A. 

      Rapid multiplication of leukocytes

    • B. 

      Intestinal lesions

    • C. 

      A red skin rash

    • D. 

      Gas in the muscle tissue

    • E. 

      Digestion of the lung tissues

  • 40. 
    The large joints can become stiff and swollen with arthritis as a complication of
    • A. 

      Listeric meningitis

    • B. 

      Relapsing fever

    • C. 

      The blood form of tularemia

    • D. 

      Lyme disease

    • E. 

      The spleen involvement of anthrax

  • 41. 
    Erythema chronicum migrans (ECM) is the distinctive skin lesion
    • A. 

      Associated with typhoid fever

    • B. 

      That appears with the lyme disease

    • C. 

      That develops to the maculopapular rash

    • D. 

      Associated with meningococcal meningitis

    • E. 

      That forecasts the development of anthrax

  • 42. 
    All the following apply to Lyme disease except
    • A. 

      The causative organism in Borrella burgdorferi

    • B. 

      Transmission is by the Xenopsylla flea

    • C. 

      The disease is named for a town in Connecticut

    • D. 

      The disease was unknown before the 1970s

    • E. 

      Treatment is possible with penicillin or tetracycline

  • 43. 
     The VDHL test is used
    • A. 

      In the diagnosis of syphilis

    • B. 

      To detect toxic shock syndrome

    • C. 

      To gauge the extent of dental decay

    • D. 

      To distinguish ureaplasmal and mycoplasmal urethritis

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 44. 
    two methods for transmitting leprosy are
    • A. 

      Arthropod bite and formites

    • B. 

      Skin contact respiratory droplets

    • C. 

      Arthropod bites and contaminated food

    • D. 

      Contaminated water and food

    • E. 

      Formites and contaminated food

  • 45. 
    Which of the following pairs is mismatched
    • A. 

      TSS - skin peeling

    • B. 

      Gonorrhea - urethritis

    • C. 

      Leprosy - liver damage

    • D. 

      Chancroid - soft chancre

  • 46. 
    Glucans and levans are carbohydrates usually
    • A. 

      Found in lepromas

    • B. 

      Causing tertiary syphilis

    • C. 

      Transmitted by animal saliva

    • D. 

      Secreted by the urethra in males

    • E. 

      Associated with dental caries

  • 47. 
    Newborns exposed to Chlamydia from an infected mother may experience
    • A. 

      Toxic shock syndrome or staphylococcal skin disease

    • B. 

      Dental caries when the teeth grow in

    • C. 

      Destruction of the reproduction organs

    • D. 

      Disease of the eyes or lungs

    • E. 

      None of these

  • 48. 
    The scalded skin syndrome is generaly associated with
    • A. 

      Hutchinsons triad

    • B. 

      Children born to parents who have had pasteurellois

    • C. 

      Tertiary syphilis

    • D. 

      Damage of the urethra from mycoplasmal urethritis

    • E. 

      Staphylococcus aureus

  • 49. 
    organisms that normally inhibit the body
    • A. 

      Include treponema pallidum

    • B. 

      Cause endogenous diseases

    • C. 

      May be detected by donovan bodies

    • D. 

      Resists the effect of antibiotics

    • E. 

      All of these

  • 50. 
    The conditions known as pseudomembranous colitis is associated with
    • A. 

      Excessive antibiotic use in the intestine

    • B. 

      Invasion of the tissued by streptococcus mutans

    • C. 

      Swollen lymph nodes

    • D. 

      The secondary stage of syphilis

    • E. 

      None of these