Rapid immunofluorescence tests to detect antigens in a pharyngeal specimen.
Rapid immunofluorescence tests to screen for antibody titer.
Serological testing to detect antigens in a pharyngeal specimen.
Serological testing to screen for antibody titer.
To eradicate the disease.
To cure the patient.
To control the symptoms.
Amantadine and rimantadine
Rimantadine and zanamivir
Zanamivir and oseltamivir
Oseltamivir and amantadine
Zanamivir is administered orally, oseltamivir nasally.
Both are administered orally.
Both are administered nasally.
Zanamivir is administered nasally, oseltamivir orally.
>5 hours after infection
>30 hours after infection
Influenza A subtype - H1N1
Influenza C subtype - H1N1
Influenza A subtype H3N2
Influenza B virus
Infuenza E virus
Are not dangerous.
Biosafety level 2 viruses.
Cause periodic epidemics.
California encephalitis, Rift Valley fever, Korean hemorrhagic fever, Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.
Lassa fever; Argentine hemorrhagic fever; Bolivian hemorrhagic fever; and Lymphocytic choriomeningitis.
California encephalitis, Rift Valley fever; Korean hemorrhagic fever, Hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome.
Lassa fever; Argentine hemorrhagic fever; Bolivian hemorrhagic fever; and Lympthocytic choriomeningitis.
A = parainfluenza, mumps virus, B = respiratory syncytia virus, C = measles virus
A = measles virus, B = parainfluenza, mumps virus, C = respiratory syncytia virus
A = parainfluenza, B = measles virus, C = respiratory syncytia virus
Live attenuated vaccine = influenza vaccine.
Humans and animals are the only reservoirs.
Epidemic parotitis; self-limited.
Associated with painful swelling of lymph nodes.
3000 cases in the US/year.
Less than 20
Less than 100
Subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE).
Also called Pneumovirus.
Produces mini multinucleate cells.
Portals of entry are throat and urogenital tract.
Treatment: Synagis and Ribavirin.
Family = Rhabdovirus, Genus = Lyssavirus.
Family = Lyssavirus, Genus = Rhabdovirus.
Enveloped, bullet-shaped virions.
Non-enveloped, bullet-shaped virions.
Enveloped, cocci-shaped virions.
Non-enveloped, cocci-shaped virions.
Skunk = east coast, raccoon = mid west, fox = Texas, Arizona, and Alaska
Skunk = Texas, Arizona, and Alaska, raccoon = east coast, fox = mid west
Skunk = mid west, raccoon = east coast, fox = Texas, Arizona, and Alaska