1.
Select the base unit of the metric system for length.
Correct Answer
B. Meter
Explanation
The base unit of the metric system for length is the meter. It is defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. The meter is used to measure small distances, such as the length of a pencil, as well as larger distances, such as the height of a building or the length of a road. It is a fundamental unit of measurement in the metric system and is widely used in scientific and everyday applications.
2.
Select the base unit of the metric system for volume.
Correct Answer
A. Liter
Explanation
The liter is the base unit of the metric system for volume. It is a unit of measurement for liquid capacity and is equal to one cubic decimeter. It is commonly used for measuring the volume of liquids such as water, milk, and gasoline. Other units of volume in the metric system, such as milliliters and cubic meters, are derived from the liter.
3.
Select the base unit of the metric system for mass.
Correct Answer
C. Gram
Explanation
The gram is the base unit of the metric system for mass. It is a unit of measurement used to quantify the amount of matter in an object. The metric system is based on powers of ten, and the gram is the fundamental unit for measuring mass in this system. It is smaller than a kilogram and is commonly used for measuring small amounts of mass in everyday situations.
4.
Metric units have prefixes that represent multiples of the base. What is the prefix for 1000.0 ?
Correct Answer
A. Kilo
Explanation
The prefix for 1000.0 is "kilo". In the metric system, "kilo" represents a multiple of 1000. Therefore, when we say "kilogram," for example, we mean 1000 grams. In this case, "kilo" is the appropriate prefix for 1000.0.
5.
Metric units have prefixes that represent multiples of the base. What is the prefix for 0.000001 ?
Correct Answer
E. Micro
Explanation
The prefix for 0.000001 is micro. In the metric system, micro is the prefix that represents one millionth (1/1,000,000) of the base unit. Therefore, when we have a value of 0.000001, it can be expressed as 1 micro unit.
6.
Metric units have prefixes that represent multiples of the base. What is the prefix for 0.01 ?
Correct Answer
C. Centi
Explanation
The prefix "centi" represents a fraction of 1/100 or 0.01. In the metric system, prefixes are used to indicate multiples or fractions of the base unit. In this case, "centi" indicates a fraction of one hundredth, making it the correct prefix for 0.01.
7.
Convert the units 2.7 g into mg.
Correct Answer
C. 2700
Explanation
To convert grams to milligrams, you need to multiply the given value by 1000 since there are 1000 milligrams in 1 gram. Therefore, 2.7 grams is equal to 2700 milligrams.
8.
Convert the units 0.21 km to cm.
Correct Answer
B. 21,000
Explanation
To convert kilometers to centimeters, you need to multiply the given value by 100,000. In this case, 0.21 km multiplied by 100,000 equals 21,000 cm.
9.
Convert the units 12.0 ml to l.
Correct Answer
D. 0.012
Explanation
To convert milliliters (ml) to liters (l), you divide the value in milliliters by 1000. In this case, 12.0 ml divided by 1000 equals 0.012 liters.
10.
Convert 0.00023 to scientific notation. Note: "e" below represents exponent. For example, 2.3 x 10 e5 means 2.3 times 10 to the 5th power.
Correct Answer
D. 2.3 x 10e-4
Explanation
The given number, 0.00023, can be expressed in scientific notation as 2.3 x 10^-4.
11.
Convert 13,796,000 to scientific notation.Note: "e" below represents exponent. For example, 2.3 x 10 e5 means 2.3 times 10 to the 5th power.
Correct Answer
E. 1.3796 x 10e7
Explanation
The correct answer is 1.3796 x 10e7. This is because scientific notation is used to express very large or very small numbers in a more concise form. In this case, 13,796,000 is converted to 1.3796 and the exponent is 7, indicating that the decimal point is moved 7 places to the right. This results in a number that is 10 million times larger than the original number.
12.
What is the relationship between volume (ml) and mass (g) in the metric system?
Correct Answer
A. 1 ml = 1 g
Explanation
The relationship between volume and mass in the metric system is that 1 milliliter (ml) is equal to 1 gram (g). This means that the volume and mass of a substance are equivalent in the metric system.
13.
Convert 23.2 to scientific notation.Note: "e" below represents exponent. For example, 2.3 x 10 e5 means 2.3 times 10 to the 5th power.
Correct Answer
B. 2.32 x 10
Explanation
The correct answer is 2.32 x 10. This is because when converting a number to scientific notation, we want to express it as a number between 1 and 10 multiplied by a power of 10. In this case, 23.2 can be written as 2.32 x 10, where the exponent is 1.
14.
The density of water is 1.00. What is the relationship between ml, g and cc?
Correct Answer
B. 1 ml = 1 g = 1 cc
Explanation
The relationship between ml, g, and cc is that 1 ml is equal to 1 g and 1 cc.
15.
The density of water is 1.00. Convert 10 ml to g and cc.
Correct Answer
C. 10 g, 10 cc
Explanation
The given question asks to convert 10 ml to g and cc. The correct answer states that the conversion is 10 g and 10 cc. This is because the density of water is 1.00, which means that 1 ml of water weighs 1 g. Therefore, 10 ml of water would weigh 10 g. Additionally, 10 ml is equal to 10 cc, as 1 ml is equivalent to 1 cc.