Meteorology Pretest

47 Questions | Total Attempts: 719

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Meteorology Pretest

This is a pretest for our meteorology unit.   This test is meant to see how much you already know about the subject.   You will only be getting a completion grade for this assignment.   Your score will only be used by me to see what we should focus the most on for this unit.  


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which answer best describes Earth's atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Mostly oxygen with about 21% nitrogen

    • B. 

      Mostly nitrogen with about 21% oxygen

    • C. 

      Mostly carbon dioxide with about 21% oxygen

    • D. 

      Mostly oxygen with about 21% carbon dioxide

  • 2. 
    What is the highest layer of the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Stratosphere

    • B. 

      Mesosphere

    • C. 

      Troposphere

    • D. 

      Thermosphere

  • 3. 
    The Aurora borealis  are caused by electrically charged particles in the
    • A. 

      Mesosphere

    • B. 

      Troposphere

    • C. 

      Ionosphere

    • D. 

      Exosphere

  • 4. 
    Energy transferred as electromagnetic waves is called
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      Retaliation

  • 5. 
    Energy transferred as heat through a material is called
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      Retaliation

  • 6. 
    Energy transferred by circulation of a liquid or gas is called
    • A. 

      Conduction

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Radiation

    • D. 

      Retaliation

  • 7. 
    What causes wind?
    • A. 

      Differences in air pressure

    • B. 

      Differences in oxygen

    • C. 

      Differences in gravity

    • D. 

      Differences in atmosphere

  • 8. 
    In the Northern Hemisphere, winds traveling north appear to curve to the east because of the
    • A. 

      Trade winds.

    • B. 

      Coriolis effect.

    • C. 

      Convection currents.

    • D. 

      Polar easterlies.

  • 9. 
    • A. 

      Warm air rises at the equator and cold air sinks at the poles.

    • B. 

      Warm air sinks at the equator and cold air rises at the poles.

    • C. 

      Warm air rises at the equator and cold air rises at the poles.

    • D. 

      Cold air rises at the equator and warm air sinks at the poles.

  • 10. 
    How does a mountain affect the weather on either side of it?
    • A. 

      The mountain makes both sides wet

    • B. 

      The mountain makes both sides dry

    • C. 

      The mountain makes both sides cold

    • D. 

      the mountain makes one side wet and one side dry

  • 11. 
    Why is air pressure greatest at the Earth's surface?
    • A. 

      Due to the pressure of oxygen

    • B. 

      Gravity pulls gas molecules toward the surface

    • C. 

      Because of the weight of ice crystals

    • D. 

      Because of pollution

  • 12. 
    The protective ozone layer is found in the
    • A. 

      Thermosphere

    • B. 

      Troposphere

    • C. 

      Mesosphere

    • D. 

      Stratosphere

  • 13. 
    Radiation is the transfer of energy
    • A. 

      As electromagnetic waves

    • B. 

      From atmospheric gases

    • C. 

      By circulation of gases

    • D. 

      As heat though a material

  • 14. 
    The area around the equator where there is little or no wind is called
    • A. 

      Westerlies

    • B. 

      Trade winds

    • C. 

      The doldrums

    • D. 

      Polar easterlies

  • 15. 
    What is the greatest problem created by the ozone hole?
    • A. 

      It allows more lunar radiation to reach the Earth's surface

    • B. 

      It allows more Ultra Violet rays to reach the Earth's surface

    • C. 

      It allows meteors to enter the Earth's atmosphere

    • D. 

      It causes global warming

  • 16. 
    The thermosphere is split into the ____________ and ________________.
    • A. 

      Ionosphere and mesosphere

    • B. 

      Exosphere and troposphere

    • C. 

      Troposphere and stratosphere

    • D. 

      Ionosphere and exosphere

  • 17. 
    The warmth you feel when standing beneath a heat lamp is an example of what?
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Convection

    • C. 

      Conduction

    • D. 

      Greenhouse effect

  • 18. 
    Some ovens have a fan to circulate the hot air inside the oven cavity and to make food cook more quickly. What is this an example of?
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Convection

    • D. 

      Greenhouse effect

  • 19. 
    What explains the fact that a pan on a stove gets hot when it is above a flame?
    • A. 

      Radiation

    • B. 

      Conduction

    • C. 

      Convection

    • D. 

      Greenhouse effect

  • 20. 
    What role does runoff play in the water cycle?
    • A. 

      It is the process in which liquid turns to water vapor.

    • B. 

      It carries water from precipitation into oceans.

    • C. 

      It takes water out of the water cycle.

    • D. 

      It is not part of the water cycle.

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Condensation occurs.

    • B. 

      The humidity decreases.

    • C. 

      Relative humidity is 100%.

    • D. 

      Clouds form.

  • 22. 
    What kind of weather will nimbostratus clouds likely bring?
    • A. 

      Sunny

    • B. 

      Rainy

    • C. 

      Warm

    • D. 

      Thunderstorms

  • 23. 
    How does sleet differ from snow?
    • A. 

      It is not a form of precipitation.

    • B. 

      It is liquid and not ice.

    • C. 

      It starts as rain and freezes in the air.

    • D. 

      It starts as water vapor and changes to a solid.

  • 24. 
    How does a warm front form?
    • A. 

      Warm air becomes caught between cold air masses.

    • B. 

      Two air masses meet and stay separated.

    • C. 

      Warm air moves over cold air and replaces it.

    • D. 

      Cold air moves under warm air and pushes it up.

  • 25. 
    What kind of weather would an occluded front likely bring?
    • A. 

      Sunny and warm

    • B. 

      Thunderstorms

    • C. 

      Much precipitation

    • D. 

      Cold and dry