Traveling to Rome to crush a mob threatening the pope.
Building an empire larger than any since Rome.
Visiting every part of his kingdom to ensure justice.
Halting the expansion of the Muslim empire.
They used a variety of written languages
They lived in small, closely knit communities.
They had a strong tradition of songs and legends.
Each tribe's chief had a group of warriors loyal only to him.
That the vassal would build a city on the lord's lands
That the lord would defend the vassal in battle.
That the lord would grant the vassal land in exchange for military service.
That the vassal would build a monastery in exchange for food.
It would deprive the king of his own personal salvation.
It gave other rulers permission to war against the offending king.
It decreed that the king must give up his kingdom and leave Europe forever.
It cost the king the loyalty of his subjects who feared for their own souls.
Rule of the Papal States.
Secular appointment of bishops.
The Church's collection of tithes.
Papa appointment of bishops.
A set of mutual social obligations and the teachings of the Church.
Loyalty to country and belief in God.
Pride in their Roman heritage and a thriving economic system.
The code of chivalry, the laws of Rome, and the teachings of the Church.
Feudalism was a social order, and the manor system was the economic arrangement that supported it.
Feudalism applied only to lords, while the manor system involved serfs.
The laws of feudalism were set by the king, and the laws of the manor were set by the Church.
Feudalism involved only war, while the manor system involved farming.
Women gained power by becoming nuns.
Womens' status improved because the Church held them in high esteem.
Womens' roles remained limited to the home and convent.
Women gained power.