Bentley Ch. 16 Christian Society In Western Europe

13 Questions | Total Attempts: 714

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Bentley Ch. 16 Christian Society In Western Europe - Quiz

Multiple-choice test based on Bentley Traditions and Encounters


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Charlemagne hoped to build a western European empire which might rival his contemporaries
    • A. 

      The Abbasids and Byzantines

    • B. 

      The Byzantines and the Umayyads

    • C. 

      The Qin and the Guptas

    • D. 

      The Olmecs and the Incas

  • 2. 
    Which of the following pairings is INCORRECT?
    • A. 

      Visigoths: Spain

    • B. 

      Saxons: Denmark

    • C. 

      Lombards: Italy

    • D. 

      Franks: Northwestern Europe

  • 3. 
    Which is the MOST important reason for the rise of the Frnaks as the dominant Germanic group in Europe circa the fifth through ninth centuries?
    • A. 

      Their strong military was undefeatable even by the Moors in Spain

    • B. 

      Clovis' conversion and allegiance to Roman Catholicism led to support from the Pope and the Roman Catholic church

    • C. 

      Clovis' wise and just rule throughout his realm made him a model for other kings to emulate

    • D. 

      Charlemagne's intellectual and cultural standards were recognized even by his enemies

  • 4. 
    Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding a serf's life on a manor?
    • A. 

      They could NOT be bought and sold like slaves

    • B. 

      They owned only a small piece of land on the manor

    • C. 

      They could appeal their legal cases to the King, if necessary

    • D. 

      Their spouses were chosen by the lord

  • 5. 
    Why was the moldboard plow an essential element in the production of an agricultural surplus in western Europe in eighth century C.E.?
    • A. 

      It made it possible to aerate the soil and break up the weeds and thereby farm lands that had been previously unsuitable for agriculture

    • B. 

      When used with heavy draft animals, it had enough energy to pull through moist northern soils

    • C. 

      Its successful use stimulated other agricultural innovations

    • D. 

      All of these statements are correct

  • 6. 
    What effect did the technology of watermills have on western European life?
    • A. 

      It began a process of water pollution which eventually destroyed fresh water sources for the manors

    • B. 

      It forced many serfs off the manors as there was no longer a need for their labor

    • C. 

      It freed human and animal labor for other work

    • D. 

      It made animal-powered technology obsolute

  • 7. 
    Towns in the Roman empire had served as commercial centers integrating the economic activities of distant regions, while towns in western Europe c.500-1000 C.E. served as
    • A. 

      Economic gathering places for the sale or exchange of locally produced goods

    • B. 

      Centers of intellectual and cultural exchanges of new ideas and concepts

    • C. 

      Social and religious refuges for wandering hermits and prophets

    • D. 

      Economic centers for the collection of tribute and taxes owed to the Holy Roman Emperor

  • 8. 
    The fact that the population of western Europe took eight centuries to recover from the demise of the western Roman empire reflects that
    • A. 

      People were reluctant to have children in such an uncertain world

    • B. 

      The Viking practice of kidnapping for ransom was widespread

    • C. 

      Disease and uncertainty limited agricultural surplus for 800 years

    • D. 

      The church closely monitored population numbers and growth

  • 9. 
    Which of the following individuals is credited with establishing a standard for monastic life?
    • A. 

      St. Augustine of Hippo

    • B. 

      St. Benedict of Nursia

    • C. 

      Charlemagne

    • D. 

      Clovis

  • 10. 
    What effect did monasteries have on the expansion of agricultural production in early modern Europe?
    • A. 

      They slowed expansion of agricultural production because they insisted on living a life of extreme poverty and asceticism

    • B. 

      They slowed expansion of agricultural production because they focused only on prayer and service to God

    • C. 

      They contributed to the expansion of agricultural production because they organized much of the labor needed to clear forests, drain swamps, and prepare lands for cultivation

    • D. 

      They contributed to the expansion of agricultural production by building commercial farms and employing freed serfs as agricultural laborers

  • 11. 
    What characteristic did medieval European monasteries share with Buddhist monasteries in Asia and Muslim charitable religious foundations?
    • A. 

      All three required poverty, chastity, and obedience of their believers

    • B. 

      All three worked with local, decentralized governments for support

    • C. 

      All three provided a variety of social services to people in surrounding communities

    • D. 

      All three were constantly invaded, looted, and pillaged for their wealth

  • 12. 
    Which of the folowing statements is TRUE about the agricultural surplus in western Europe during medieval times?
    • A. 

      After the introduction of the moldboard plow, the agricultural surplus grew rapidly enough to support a few large cities like Paris and London

    • B. 

      The agricultural surplus produced in the easier-to-farm regions around the Mediterranean made city growth in France and Italy possible

    • C. 

      The manors required all the food grown there to feed the increasing number of serfs displaced by the watermill technology

    • D. 

      The agricultural surplus was sufficient to sustain lords and their retainers, but not large city populations of artisans, merchants, and professionals

  • 13. 
    Politically, Medieval Europe c. 1000 C.E. is MOST like which of the following?
    • A. 

      India, during the postclassical era

    • B. 

      China, under the Tang dynasty

    • C. 

      The Abbasids in Baghdad

    • D. 

      The Byzantines in eastern Europe

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