Medical Terminology Quiz #2 - Abbreviations - Pages 1 & 2

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Medical Terminology Quiz #2 - Abbreviations - Pages 1 & 2 - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    AC, ac (ante cibum)

    Explanation
    The abbreviation "AC" or "ac" stands for "ante cibum" in Latin, which translates to "before meals" in English. This term is commonly used in medical prescriptions to indicate that a medication should be taken before eating. It is important to take certain medications on an empty stomach to ensure proper absorption and effectiveness. Therefore, the correct answer is "BEFORE MEALS."

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  • 2. 

    Ad lib

  • 3. 

    AIDS

    Explanation
    ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME (AIDS) is a medical condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that weakens the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and diseases. It is acquired through the transmission of HIV, which can occur through unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing contaminated needles, or from mother to child during childbirth or breastfeeding. AIDS is characterized by a range of symptoms and complications, including opportunistic infections, weight loss, and the development of certain cancers. The term "ACQUIRED" refers to the fact that the condition is not inherited but acquired during a person's lifetime, while "IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME" describes the weakening of the immune system.

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  • 4. 

    AMA

    Explanation
    The correct answer is AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION because AMA is commonly used as an abbreviation for the American Medical Association. The American Medical Association is a professional organization for physicians in the United States, dedicated to promoting the art and science of medicine and improving public health.

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  • 5. 

    ANA

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "AMERICAN NURSES ASSOCIATION, AMERICAN NURSING ASSOCIATION" because both acronyms, ANA and ANA, can stand for either "American Nurses Association" or "American Nursing Association." Both organizations are professional associations that represent nurses in the United States.

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  • 6. 

    AP

    Explanation
    APICAL is the correct answer because it is the adjective form of AP, which means "related to the apex or highest point." In this context, APICAL refers to something that is located at the top or highest part of something.

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  • 7. 

    BE

    Explanation
    A barium enema is a medical procedure that involves the use of a contrast material called barium to examine the colon and rectum. It is commonly used to diagnose conditions such as colon cancer, polyps, and inflammatory bowel disease. During the procedure, the barium is inserted into the rectum and then X-rays are taken to provide detailed images of the colon. This allows healthcare professionals to identify any abnormalities or abnormalities in the colon and rectum.

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  • 8. 

    Bid, bid

    Explanation
    The given answer options all represent the same meaning, which is the frequency of doing something two times in a day. "Twice a day" and "two times a day" are both common phrases used to indicate this frequency. "2x a day" and "2 times a day" are abbreviated forms of the same concept, where "x" represents "times". Therefore, all of the answer options convey the same meaning.

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  • 9. 

    BM

    Explanation
    The given answer "BOWEL MOVEMENT" is the correct answer because the acronym "BM" commonly refers to "Bowel Movement." A bowel movement is the passing of stool through the rectum and anus, which is a normal bodily function. In medical terminology, BM is often used to discuss and document a person's digestive health and regularity.

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  • 10. 

    BpH

    Explanation
    The correct answer is BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY. BPH stands for Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, which is a non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland. This condition commonly affects older men and can cause urinary symptoms such as frequent urination, difficulty starting and stopping urination, weak urine flow, and incomplete emptying of the bladder. It is important to differentiate BPH from prostate cancer, as the symptoms can be similar. Treatment options for BPH include medication, minimally invasive procedures, and surgery, depending on the severity of the symptoms.

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  • 11. 

    BP

    Explanation
    The given answer "BLOOD PRESSURE" is the correct answer because the question mentions "BP" as an abbreviation, which commonly stands for "Blood Pressure". Therefore, the correct answer is "BLOOD PRESSURE".

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  • 12. 

    BR

  • 13. 

    OOB ---> BR

    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "OUT OF BED TO THE BATHROOM, OUT OF BED BATHROOM PRIVILEGES," is the correct expansion for the abbreviation "OOB" to "BR." The abbreviation "OOB" stands for "Out of Bed," and it is expanded as "Out of Bed to the Bathroom" and "Out of Bed Bathroom Privileges." These expansions accurately represent the meaning of the abbreviation and provide a clear explanation of what it signifies.

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  • 14. 

    BRP

    Explanation
    The given acronym "BRP" stands for "Bathroom Privileges". This means that BRP refers to the rights or permissions granted to individuals to use the bathroom.

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  • 15. 

    BUN

    Explanation
    BUN stands for Blood Urea Nitrogen. It is a common blood test that measures the amount of urea nitrogen in the blood. Urea is a waste product formed in the liver when the body breaks down proteins. It is then transported to the kidneys where it is filtered out of the blood and excreted in the urine. The BUN test is used to assess kidney function and to diagnose and monitor conditions such as kidney disease or dehydration. Therefore, BLOOD UREA NITROGEN is the correct answer.

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  • 16. 

    C* (note: the asterisk should be a degree symbol)

    Explanation
    The given answer "CELSIUS" is the correct answer because it matches the given clue "C*" where the asterisk represents a degree symbol. "CELSIUS" is a unit of measurement for temperature on the Celsius scale, which is commonly used in many countries around the world.

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  • 17. 

    C (note: there should be a horizontal line over the c)

  • 18. 

    CA, Ca

    Explanation
    "Cancer" is the correct answer because it is the only word that can be formed using the given letters "CA" and "Ca". The other letters "N", "E", and "R" are not provided, so words like "Cane" or "Care" cannot be formed. Therefore, "Cancer" is the only possible word that can be created.

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  • 19. 

    CAT, CT Scan

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Computerized Axial Tomography" because CAT scan is an abbreviation for Computerized Axial Tomography. This medical imaging technique uses X-rays and computer processing to create detailed cross-sectional images of the body. "Computerized Tomography" is also a valid answer, as it is another term for CAT scan, but "Computerized Axial Tomography" is a more specific and accurate description of the technique.

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  • 20. 

    CBC

    Explanation
    The correct answer is COMPLETE BLOOD COUNT because CBC stands for Complete Blood Count. This test is a common blood test that provides information about the different components of blood, including red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. It is used to evaluate overall health and diagnose various conditions such as anemia, infections, and blood disorders.

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  • 21. 

    CBR

  • 22. 

    CC

    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "CHIEF COMPLAINT". This answer is likely referring to the acronym "CC" which stands for "Chief Complaint". In medical terminology, the chief complaint refers to the main reason or concern that a patient presents to a healthcare provider. It is typically the primary symptom or issue that the patient wants to address during their visit. Therefore, "CHIEF COMPLAINT" is the appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 23. 

    Cc

    Explanation
    The given correct answer "CUBIC CENTIMETER" is the unit of volume commonly used in the metric system. It is equal to a cube with sides measuring 1 centimeter. This unit is often used to measure the volume of small objects or substances.

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  • 24. 

    CCU

    Explanation
    The given answer, CORONARY CARE UNIT, is the correct explanation for the acronym CCU. CCU stands for Coronary Care Unit, which is a specialized hospital unit that provides intensive care for patients with heart conditions, particularly those who have had a heart attack or are at risk of one. This unit is equipped with advanced medical equipment and staffed by healthcare professionals trained in cardiac care. Patients in the CCU receive continuous monitoring, medication management, and interventions to stabilize their heart function and prevent further complications.

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  • 25. 

    CHF

    Explanation
    Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) is a medical condition where the heart is unable to pump enough blood to meet the body's needs. It occurs when the heart muscles weaken or become stiff, leading to fluid buildup in the lungs and other parts of the body. Symptoms of CHF include shortness of breath, fatigue, swelling in the legs, and rapid weight gain. The abbreviation CHF stands for Congestive Heart Failure, which accurately represents the condition described in the given information.

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  • 26. 

    CNA

    Explanation
    The given correct answer, "CERTIFIED NURSING ASSISTANT," is the acronym for CNA. A CNA is a healthcare professional who provides basic nursing care to patients under the supervision of a registered nurse or licensed practical nurse. They assist patients with activities of daily living, such as bathing, dressing, and feeding, and also take vital signs and report any changes in the patient's condition to the nursing staff. CNAs play a crucial role in the healthcare team and provide essential support to patients in various healthcare settings.

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  • 27. 

    CNS

    Explanation
    The correct answer is CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM. The acronym CNS stands for Central Nervous System, which is composed of the brain and spinal cord. It is responsible for receiving and processing information from the body's senses, coordinating the body's actions, and controlling bodily functions. The CNS plays a crucial role in regulating and maintaining homeostasis in the body.

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  • 28. 

    C&S

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "CULTURE & SENSITIVITY, CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY". This answer suggests that both "CULTURE & SENSITIVITY" and "CULTURE AND SENSITIVITY" are acceptable ways to refer to the topic or concept being discussed.

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  • 29. 

    COPD

    Explanation
    COPD stands for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. This is a chronic lung disease that causes difficulty in breathing and is characterized by airflow limitation. It is typically caused by long-term exposure to irritants such as cigarette smoke or air pollution. The disease includes conditions such as chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD is a progressive disease that worsens over time and can significantly impact a person's quality of life. Treatment options include medications, pulmonary rehabilitation, and lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking.

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  • 30. 

    CPR

    Explanation
    The correct answer is CARDIO PULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR) or CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR). Both terms refer to a lifesaving technique used in emergency situations to manually maintain blood circulation and oxygenation in a person who has suffered cardiac arrest or respiratory failure. CPR involves chest compressions and rescue breaths to keep the person alive until further medical help arrives.

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  • 31. 

    CV

    Explanation
    The given answer "CARDIOVASCULAR" is correct because CV is an abbreviation commonly used to refer to the cardiovascular system. The cardiovascular system consists of the heart and blood vessels, which are responsible for circulating blood throughout the body. Therefore, "CARDIOVASCULAR" is the appropriate term to describe the abbreviation CV in this context.

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  • 32. 

    CVD

    Explanation
    The acronym CVD stands for Cardiovascular Disease. This term refers to a class of diseases that affect the heart and blood vessels. It includes conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure. The given answer correctly identifies CVD as an abbreviation for Cardiovascular Disease, which encompasses a range of conditions that can have serious health consequences.

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  • 33. 

    CVA

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "CEREBROVASCULAR ACCIDENT" or "CEREBRO VASCULAR ACCIDENT". Both terms refer to the same medical condition, commonly known as a stroke. A cerebrovascular accident occurs when there is a disruption in the blood supply to the brain, leading to damage of brain cells. This can result in various neurological symptoms, such as paralysis, difficulty speaking, and loss of coordination. The term "cerebrovascular" refers to the blood vessels in the brain, while "accident" indicates the sudden and unexpected nature of the condition.

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  • 34. 

    D&C

    Explanation
    The correct answer is Dilation and Curettage. Dilation and curettage (D&C) is a medical procedure performed to remove tissue from the uterus. It involves dilating (widening) the cervix and then using a curette (a small instrument) to scrape and remove the tissue from the uterine lining. Dilitation and curettage is often used for various reasons, including to diagnose and treat abnormal uterine bleeding, remove tissue after a miscarriage or abortion, or to perform a biopsy.

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  • 35. 

    DDS

    Explanation
    DDS stands for Doctor of Dental Surgery. This is a professional degree awarded to dentists who have completed their dental education and training. It signifies that the individual has acquired the necessary knowledge and skills to diagnose and treat various dental conditions, including performing dental surgeries. The DDS degree is recognized in many countries and is required for dentists to practice legally.

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  • 36. 

    DO

    Explanation
    The given correct answer "DOCTOR OF OSTEOPATHY" is an explanation of the acronym "DO". It indicates that the acronym "DO" stands for "Doctor of Osteopathy". Osteopathy is a branch of medicine that focuses on the musculoskeletal system and its impact on overall health. A Doctor of Osteopathy is a medical professional who has completed medical school and specialized in osteopathic medicine, which includes a holistic approach to patient care and manual techniques for diagnosis and treatment.

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  • 37. 

    DX

  • 38. 

    ECG, EKG

    Explanation
    The correct answer is ELECTROCARDIOGRAM, ELECTRO CARDIOGRAM because both terms refer to the same medical procedure. An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a test that records the electrical activity of the heart to assess its overall health and function. The terms "electrocardiogram" and "electro cardio gram" are simply different ways of representing the same procedure.

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  • 39. 

    EEG

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ELECTROENCEPHALOGRAM, ELECTRO ENCEPHALOGRAM" because EEG is an abbreviation for Electroencephalogram, which is a test that measures and records the electrical activity of the brain. The term "Electroencephalogram" is also sometimes written as "Electro Encephalogram," but both spellings refer to the same medical procedure.

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  • 40. 

    EENT

    Explanation
    The answer "EYE, EAR, NOSE, THROAT,EYE EAR NOSE THROAT" is a repetition of the given phrase "EYE EAR NOSE THROAT". It seems that the question is asking for the correct order of the body parts EYE, EAR, NOSE, and THROAT, and the answer simply repeats that order.

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  • 41. 

    ECT

    Explanation
    ECT stands for Electroconvulsive Therapy, which is a medical procedure that involves passing electric currents through the brain to induce controlled seizures. It is primarily used as a treatment for severe depression, bipolar disorder, and certain other mental illnesses. ECT is thought to work by changing brain chemistry and relieving symptoms of mental disorders. It is typically administered under general anesthesia and is considered safe and effective when performed by trained professionals.

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  • 42. 

    FBS

    Explanation
    The correct answer is FASTING BLOOD SUGAR because FBS stands for Fasting Blood Sugar. This refers to the level of glucose in the blood after a period of fasting, usually overnight. It is commonly used to diagnose and monitor diabetes. By measuring fasting blood sugar levels, healthcare professionals can assess how well the body is able to regulate blood glucose and identify any potential issues with insulin production or utilization. Regular monitoring of fasting blood sugar is crucial for individuals with diabetes to maintain optimal blood sugar control.

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  • 43. 

    FS

  • 44. 

    FUO

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "FEVER OF UNKNOWN ORIGIN". This term refers to a persistent fever that lasts for more than three weeks, with no clear cause even after extensive medical evaluation. It is a diagnostic challenge for healthcare providers, as it can be caused by various underlying conditions such as infections, autoimmune diseases, malignancies, or drug reactions. The term "FUO" is commonly used in medical literature and discussions to describe this condition.

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  • 45. 

    FX

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "FRACTURE" because it is the only word that can be formed using the letters provided (F, X, A, C, T, U, R, E). The other word "FX" is not a valid word.

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  • 46. 

    GB

    Explanation
    The correct answer is GALL BLADDER or GALLBLADDER. Both terms refer to the same organ in the human body. The gallbladder is a small pear-shaped organ located beneath the liver. Its main function is to store and concentrate bile, a digestive fluid produced by the liver. When we consume fatty foods, the gallbladder contracts and releases bile into the small intestine to aid in the digestion and absorption of fats. Therefore, both "GALL BLADDER" and "GALLBLADDER" are correct terms to describe this organ.

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  • 47. 

    GI

    Explanation
    The correct answer is GASTROINTESTINAL because the abbreviation "GI" is commonly used to refer to the gastrointestinal system, which includes the organs involved in digestion, such as the stomach and intestines. Therefore, GASTROINTESTINAL is the most appropriate and logical answer based on the given information.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 15, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 23, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Geekee68
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