Medical Terminology -- Female Reproductive System

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Medical Terminology -- Female Reproductive System - Quiz

Med. Term. 2 Final Study -- In Chabner: The Language of Medicine


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The ovum is the

    • A.

      Female gonad

    • B.

      Female gamete

    • C.

      Embryo

    • D.

      Egg

    • E.

      Ovary

    Correct Answer
    B. Female gamete
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Female gamete" because the ovum is the reproductive cell or gamete produced by the female reproductive system. It is released from the ovary during ovulation and is capable of being fertilized by a sperm to form a zygote, which develops into an embryo. The ovary, on the other hand, is the organ that produces and releases the ovum.

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  • 2. 

    The study and treatment of newborns is called

    • A.

      Obstetrics

    • B.

      Neonatology

    • C.

      Gynecology

    • D.

      Pediatrics

    • E.

      Endocrinology

    Correct Answer
    B. Neonatology
    Explanation
    Neonatology is the study and treatment of newborns. It focuses on the medical care of premature or sick infants, providing specialized care in areas such as respiratory distress, infections, and birth defects. Obstetrics deals with the care of pregnant women and delivery of babies. Gynecology focuses on the female reproductive system, while pediatrics deals with the medical care of children. Endocrinology is the study of hormones and their disorders. Therefore, Neonatology is the correct answer as it specifically pertains to the study and treatment of newborns.

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  • 3. 

    Endometrial carcinoma may be detected by

    • A.

      D & C

    • B.

      Cesarean section

    • C.

      Cystoscopy

    • D.

      Cryocauterization

    • E.

      Ovarian biopsy

    Correct Answer
    A. D & C
    Explanation
    D & C stands for dilation and curettage, which is a procedure used to diagnose and treat various conditions, including endometrial carcinoma. During a D & C, the cervix is dilated and a special instrument called a curette is used to scrape and collect tissue from the lining of the uterus. This tissue sample is then sent to a laboratory for examination, where the presence of endometrial carcinoma can be detected. Therefore, D & C is a suitable method for detecting endometrial carcinoma.

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  • 4. 

    Gynecomastia

    • A.

      Abnormal discharge of milk from the breast

    • B.

      Abnormal condition of pregnancy

    • C.

      Lumpectomy and chemotherapy are treatments

    • D.

      Occurs after lactation in females

    • E.

      Abnormal development of breast tissue in males

    Correct Answer
    E. Abnormal development of breast tissue in males
    Explanation
    Gynecomastia refers to the abnormal development of breast tissue in males. This condition causes the enlargement of the male breasts, often resulting in a swollen or tender chest area. It is typically caused by an imbalance of hormones, such as an increase in estrogen or a decrease in testosterone. Gynecomastia can occur at any age and is commonly seen in newborns, adolescents, and older men. Treatment options for gynecomastia include medication, surgery, or addressing the underlying cause of the hormonal imbalance.

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  • 5. 

    Pieces of the inner lining of the uterus are ectopic

    • A.

      Endocervicitis

    • B.

      Endometriosis

    • C.

      Ectopic pregnancy

    • D.

      Cystadenocarcinoma

    • E.

      Fibrocystic disease of the breast

    Correct Answer
    B. Endometriosis
    Explanation
    Endometriosis is the most suitable explanation for the given statement. Endometriosis is a condition where the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside of it. This can cause various symptoms such as pelvic pain, painful periods, and infertility. The statement suggests that pieces of the inner lining of the uterus are ectopic, meaning they are growing in abnormal locations. Endometriosis fits this description as it involves the growth of endometrial tissue in areas outside of the uterus, such as the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and pelvic cavity.

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  • 6. 

    Leukorrhea is associated with which of the following conditions

    • A.

      Cervicitis

    • B.

      Oophoritis

    • C.

      Ovarian cysts

    • D.

      Menorrhagia

    • E.

      Eclampsia

    Correct Answer
    A. Cervicitis
    Explanation
    Leukorrhea is a condition characterized by a thick, whitish or yellowish vaginal discharge. It is commonly associated with cervicitis, which is the inflammation of the cervix. Cervicitis can be caused by infections, such as sexually transmitted infections or bacterial vaginosis. The inflammation leads to an increase in vaginal discharge, which is often accompanied by other symptoms like itching, pain, or discomfort. Oophoritis, ovarian cysts, menorrhagia, and eclampsia are not typically associated with leukorrhea.

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  • 7. 

    Secreted by the anterior pituitary gland to promote ovulation (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Leutinizing hormone

    • B.

      Lutienizing hormone

    • C.

      Luteinizing hormone

    • D.

      Leutenizing hormone

    • E.

      Leutinezing hormone

    Correct Answer
    C. Luteinizing hormone
    Explanation
    Luteinizing hormone is secreted by the anterior pituitary gland to promote ovulation. It plays a crucial role in the menstrual cycle and fertility in females. This hormone stimulates the release of an egg from the ovary and also triggers the production of progesterone. The correct spelling of this hormone is "luteinizing hormone."

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  • 8. 

    Development of female breasts in a male (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Gynomastia

    • B.

      Gynacomastia

    • C.

      Gynocomastia

    • D.

      Gynecomastia

    • E.

      Gymecombastia

    Correct Answer
    D. Gynecomastia
    Explanation
    Gynecomastia is the correct spelling for the development of female breasts in a male. This condition occurs due to an imbalance of hormones, specifically an increase in estrogen levels or a decrease in testosterone levels. It can be caused by various factors such as puberty, hormonal changes, certain medications, or underlying health conditions. Gynecomastia can result in breast tissue enlargement and tenderness in males.

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  • 9. 

    Instrument to visually examine the tube leading from the uterus (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Culposcope

    • B.

      Colposcope

    • C.

      Coldoscope

    • D.

      Clodoscope

    • E.

      Colpescope

    Correct Answer
    B. Colposcope
    Explanation
    A colposcope is an instrument used to visually examine the tube leading from the uterus, known as the cervix. It is used to detect any abnormalities or signs of disease, such as cervical cancer. The correct spelling of the instrument is "colposcope."

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  • 10. 

    Act of giving birth (Proper Spelling)

    • A.

      Parturition

    • B.

      Parrition

    • C.

      Paraturition

    • D.

      Parturtion

    • E.

      Partirition

    Correct Answer
    A. Parturition
    Explanation
    Parturition is the correct spelling for the act of giving birth. It refers to the process by which a baby is born from the mother's uterus. The other options listed are misspellings and do not accurately represent the term.

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  • 11. 

    Ovarian sac

    • A.

      Amnion

    • B.

      Chorion

    • C.

      Placenta

    • D.

      Endometrium

    • E.

      Corpus luteum

    Correct Answer
    E. Corpus luteum
    Explanation
    The corpus luteum is the correct answer because it is a temporary endocrine structure that develops in the ovary after ovulation. It is responsible for producing progesterone, which is essential for maintaining pregnancy. The other options listed are not directly related to the development or maintenance of pregnancy. The ovarian sac is not a recognized anatomical structure, the amnion and chorion are fetal membranes, the placenta is an organ that develops during pregnancy, and the endometrium is the lining of the uterus.

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  • 12. 

    Incision of the perineum during childbirth

    • A.

      Perineoplasty

    • B.

      Perineotomy

    • C.

      Epesiotomy

    • D.

      Episiotomy

    • E.

      Paracentesis

    Correct Answer
    D. Episiotomy
    Explanation
    Episiotomy is the correct answer because it refers to the surgical incision of the perineum during childbirth. This procedure is performed to widen the birth canal and prevent tearing of the perineum during delivery. It is commonly done when the baby's head is too large to pass through the vaginal opening without causing injury to the mother. The other options, perineoplasty, perineotomy, and paracentesis, do not specifically relate to the incision of the perineum during childbirth.

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