History of skin allergies
Cough, especially at night
Gastric reflux or heartburn
"I use my corticosteroid inhaler when I feel short of breath."
"I get a flu shot eery year and see my health care provider if I have an upper respiratory infection."
"I use my inhaler before I visit my aunt who has a cat, but I only visit for a few minutes because of my allergies."
"I walk 30 minutes every day but sometimes I have to use my bronchodilator inhaler before walking to prevent me from getting short of breath."
Exercise such as walking
High flow rate of O2 administration
Low-dose chronic oral corticosteroid therapy
Use of peak flow meter to monitor the progression of COPD
Breathing exercises such as pursed-lip breathing that focus on exhalation
Hypertrophy of capillaries causing hemoptysis
Hyperplasia of goblet cells and increased production of mucus
Proliferation of alveolar macrophages thus increasing chance of infection
Increased proliferation of cilia and decreased clearance of mucus
Deliver up to 80% O2
Provide continuous 100% humidity
Deliver a precise concentration of O2
Be used while a patient eats and sleeps
After activating the MDI, breathe in as quickly as you can.
Estimate the amount of remaining medicine in the MDI by floating the canister in water.
Disassemble the plastic canister from the inhaler and rinse both pieces under running water every week.
To determine how long the canister will last, divide the total number of puffs in the canister y the puffs needed per day
IV corticosteroids on a chronic basis
Airway clearance techniques (e.g., Acapella)
GoLYTELY given PRN for severe constipation
Inhaled tobramycin to combat Pseudomonas infection
Blood clots in the sputum
Sticky sputum on a hot day
Increased shortness of breath after eating a large meal
Production of large amounts of sputum on a daily basis