Mayan, Aztec, Inca Test

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Mayan, Aztec, Inca Test - Quiz

This test is on unit 6 (chapters 23-27) in the History alive.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Mayan civilization was located on the ___________ peninsula.

    • A.

      Texococo

    • B.

      Titicaca

    • C.

      Yucatan

    Correct Answer
    C. Yucatan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Yucatan because the Mayan civilization was indeed located on the Yucatan peninsula. The Yucatan peninsula is a large landmass in southeastern Mexico that juts out into the Caribbean Sea. This region was the heartland of the ancient Mayan civilization, which flourished between 2000 BC and 1500 AD. The Yucatan peninsula is known for its rich archaeological sites, such as Chichen Itza and Tulum, which showcase the impressive achievements of the Mayan people in architecture, mathematics, and astronomy.

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  • 2. 

    The Aztec civilization's capital was _________________.

    Correct Answer
    Tenochtitlan
    Explanation
    Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztec civilization. It was founded in 1325 and located on an island in Lake Texcoco, in present-day Mexico City. Tenochtitlan was a highly advanced city, with a complex system of canals, causeways, and bridges. It was also known for its impressive architecture, including the Templo Mayor, the main temple of the Aztec religion. The city was a center of trade, culture, and political power, and it played a significant role in the history of the Aztec empire.

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  • 3. 

    _______________- the time is takes Earth to travel once around the sun

    • A.

      Ritual

    • B.

      Solar year

    • C.

      Dowry

    Correct Answer
    B. Solar year
    Explanation
    A solar year refers to the time it takes for the Earth to complete one orbit around the sun. It is approximately 365.25 days long and is used as the basis for our calendar system. This answer is correct because it accurately describes the time period mentioned in the question. A ritual and dowry are unrelated to the time it takes for Earth to orbit the sun, so they can be eliminated as possible answers.

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  • 4. 

    A group of countries or city-states that agree to work together, often to fight common enemies, is called a (n) ____________________.

    Correct Answer
    alliance
    Explanation
    An alliance refers to a group of countries or city-states that come together and agree to work together, typically with the aim of fighting common enemies. This cooperation allows the member states to pool their resources, share information, and coordinate their efforts in order to achieve their common goals. By forming an alliance, the member states can strengthen their collective power and increase their chances of success in achieving their shared objectives.

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  • 5. 

    Aviary-__________________________________________________________

    • A.

      A regional variety of language

    • B.

      The region extending from modern-day Mexico through Central America

    • C.

      An enclosed space or cage for keeping birds

    Correct Answer
    C. An enclosed space or cage for keeping birds
    Explanation
    The word "aviary" refers to an enclosed space or cage specifically designed for keeping birds. This is the correct answer because an aviary is a structure that provides a controlled environment for birds, allowing them to fly and move around while keeping them safe and contained. It is commonly used in zoos, bird sanctuaries, and for individuals who keep birds as pets.

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  • 6. 

    ________- a public square or gathering space

    • A.

      Plaza

    • B.

      Dialect

    • C.

      Hereditary

    Correct Answer
    A. Plaza
    Explanation
    A plaza is a public square or gathering space. It is a place where people can come together, socialize, and engage in various activities. Plazas are usually open areas with benches, fountains, and sometimes even statues or monuments. They are often located in the center of a city or town and serve as a focal point for community events and celebrations. Plazas are designed to be accessible and welcoming to people of all ages and backgrounds, providing a place for relaxation, recreation, and interaction.

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  • 7. 

    _________- a wall or dam build to hold back water and prevent flooding

    Correct Answer
    dike
    Explanation
    A dike is a wall or dam that is constructed to hold back water and prevent flooding. It is designed to provide a barrier against the flow of water, redirecting it away from areas that could be affected by flooding. Dikes are commonly used in areas prone to heavy rainfall or near bodies of water such as rivers or lakes. By effectively containing the water, dikes help to protect surrounding land, infrastructure, and communities from the destructive forces of flooding.

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  • 8. 

    _________- a social structure with layers representing classes of different rank and status.

    Correct Answer
    social pyramid
    Explanation
    A social pyramid is a hierarchical structure that represents the different classes within a society based on their rank and status. It visually depicts the division of society into various layers, with the higher classes at the top and the lower classes at the bottom. This pyramid-like structure illustrates the unequal distribution of power, wealth, and privilege within a society, with the higher classes enjoying more advantages and influence compared to the lower classes. It is a way to understand and analyze social stratification and the dynamics of social inequality in a given society.

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  • 9. 

    _________- a person through whom a god or spirt is believed to speak

    • A.

      Stele

    • B.

      Oracle

    • C.

      Semidivine

    Correct Answer
    B. Oracle
    Explanation
    An oracle is a person who is believed to be a medium through whom a god or spirit communicates. They are considered to have the ability to receive divine messages and provide guidance or predictions to individuals seeking answers or advice. Oracles were highly respected and sought after in ancient civilizations, as their insights were believed to be directly from the divine realm.

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  • 10. 

    _________- a path or roadway that is held up by cables that are anchored on each end of the bridge

    Correct Answer
    suspension bridge
    Explanation
    A suspension bridge is a type of bridge that is supported by cables anchored on each end. These cables are suspended from towers and hold up the roadway or path. This design allows the bridge to span long distances and provides flexibility and stability. The weight of the bridge is distributed evenly along the cables, making it a suitable choice for crossing large bodies of water or deep valleys.

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  • 11. 

    Ritual-_______________________________________________________________

    • A.

      A set of actions that is always performed the same way as part of a religious ceremony

    • B.

      More than human but not fully a god

    • C.

      A public square or gathering

    Correct Answer
    A. A set of actions that is always performed the same way as part of a religious ceremony
    Explanation
    This answer accurately defines the term "ritual" as a set of actions that are consistently performed in a specific manner as part of a religious ceremony. It highlights the repetitive nature of rituals and their association with religious practices.

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  • Current Version
  • Jan 09, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • May 16, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Skiingcaroline
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