Economics Quiz: Business And Market Structures

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Economics Quiz: Business And Market Structures - Quiz

Given the type of business or industry below, identify what kind of market structure it belongs to.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Airlines in the United States:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligopoly
    Explanation
    The answer "Oligopoly" is correct because the airline industry in the United States is characterized by a small number of large firms that dominate the market. These few major airlines have significant market power and control over pricing and service offerings. This leads to intense competition among these players, with each airline trying to differentiate itself through branding, customer service, and route networks. The barriers to entry in the airline industry are high, making it difficult for new competitors to enter and challenge the existing players. Therefore, the airline industry in the United States can be classified as an oligopoly.

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  • 2. 

    Fruit markets:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    A. Perfect Competition
    Explanation
    Perfect competition is the correct answer because in a fruit market, there are typically many buyers and sellers, with no single seller having control over the market. In perfect competition, there is free entry and exit for businesses, homogeneous products, perfect information, and no market power for any individual seller. This means that each seller has to accept the prevailing market price and cannot influence it. In a fruit market, where there are many small-scale farmers and vendors, perfect competition is the most suitable market structure.

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  • 3. 

    Electricity:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    D. Monopoly
    Explanation
    A monopoly is the correct answer because it refers to a market structure where there is only one seller or producer of a particular good or service, giving them complete control over the market. In the context of electricity, a monopoly can occur when there is only one company or entity that provides electricity to a certain area or region, without any competition. This lack of competition can lead to higher prices, limited choices for consumers, and reduced incentives for innovation and efficiency.

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  • 4. 

    The movie industry:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligopoly
    Explanation
    The movie industry is best characterized as an oligopoly. This is because there are a few major players in the industry who dominate the market and have significant control over pricing and production. These major studios have the power to influence the industry and make strategic decisions that impact the entire market. While there may be some competition among the studios, the industry is largely controlled by a small number of dominant firms, making it an oligopoly.

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  • 5. 

    The soda industry:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    C. Oligopoly
    Explanation
    An oligopoly refers to a market structure where a few large firms dominate the industry. In the soda industry, there are a few major players such as Coca-Cola and PepsiCo that have significant market share and influence over pricing and product differentiation. These firms engage in strategic behavior, such as advertising and brand loyalty, to gain a competitive edge. This market structure is characterized by high barriers to entry, limited competition, and interdependence among the firms. Therefore, the answer "Oligopoly" accurately describes the soda industry.

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  • 6. 

    Books:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    B. Monopolistic Competition
    Explanation
    Monopolistic competition refers to a market structure where there are many sellers but each offers a slightly different product. This allows for some degree of product differentiation and gives firms some control over pricing. In this type of competition, there is a low barrier to entry, meaning new firms can easily enter the market. Monopolistic competition is characterized by a large number of buyers and sellers, non-price competition through advertising and branding, and some degree of market power for each firm. Unlike perfect competition where products are identical, monopolistic competition allows firms to differentiate their products and create a loyal customer base.

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  • 7. 

    Fish market:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    A. Perfect Competition
    Explanation
    Perfect competition is the correct answer because a fish market typically consists of numerous small sellers offering similar products. In a perfect competition market structure, there are many buyers and sellers, homogeneous products, easy entry and exit, perfect information, and no market power for any individual seller. This aligns with the characteristics of a fish market where multiple sellers compete with each other to sell their fish at market-determined prices.

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  • 8. 

    Schools:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    B. Monopolistic Competition
    Explanation
    Monopolistic competition refers to a market structure where there are many sellers offering differentiated products. In this type of competition, each firm has some control over the price of its product due to the differentiation, but there are still many competitors in the market. This allows for some degree of pricing power for each firm, while still facing competition from other sellers. Therefore, the answer "Monopolistic Competition" is the correct choice among the given options as it accurately describes a market structure characterized by differentiated products and some market power for individual firms.

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  • 9. 

    Monsanto Seeds:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    D. Monopoly
    Explanation
    The correct answer is monopoly because Monsanto Seeds is a well-known multinational agrochemical and agricultural biotechnology corporation that dominates the market for genetically modified seeds. It has a significant market share and controls the production and distribution of its seeds, giving it the power to set prices and exclude competitors. This level of control and dominance is characteristic of a monopoly market structure.

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  • 10. 

    Water supply:

    • A.

      Perfect Competition

    • B.

      Monopolistic Competition

    • C.

      Oligopoly

    • D.

      Monopoly

    Correct Answer
    D. Monopoly
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Monopoly." In a monopoly, there is only one supplier or producer of a particular good or service in the market. This means that there are no close substitutes available for consumers to choose from. In the context of water supply, a monopoly could occur when there is only one company or organization responsible for providing water to a specific area or region. This lack of competition can potentially lead to higher prices, lower quality, and limited choices for consumers.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 27, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Snavelyed
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